Sokol – Only for Intra-vehicular activity

Space suit - Expedition 49 - Crew members of Soyuz TMA spacecraftSpace suit - Expedition 63Expedition 50 - After landing of Soyuz MS-02 - KazakhstanExpedition 63 - Official crew portrait - Cassidy, Ivanishin, Vagner

Sokol – Only for Intra-vehicular activity

 

  • In use over the years: 1973 – to present.
  • Space ships: Soyuz, Shenzhou.
  • Mass: 10 kg.

 
Sokol – In 1973, soft survival suits were produced that are only intended for in-vehicle (IVA) activity. The currently used version of the KW-2 was introduced in 1980 for the Soyuz T-2 flight. It is the most modern model of the Falcon suit and currently the only one used not only by the Russians (the Chinese National Space Administration purchased many suits of this type from Roscosmos for the Shenzhou program. One of the Chinese manned Falcon missions was the flight Shenzhou 5). These suits are used by space agencies of various countries to this day.

Thermonuclear energy – Obtained by fusion

Thermonuclear energy - JET - Aerial view

Thermonuclear energy - JET - Telemanipulator

Thermonuclear energy - JET - Interior view

Thermonuclear energy - JET - Vessel internal view - Plasma blend

Thermonuclear energy - ITER - Aerial view

ITER - Tokamak complex

ITER - Aerial view - (26-03-2018)

ITER - Tokamak and Plant Systems

Thermonuclear energy – Obtained by fusion

Thermonuclear energy – Obtained by fusion – combining the nuclei of light elements. Under earthly conditions, it is possible to use isotopes, i.e. heavier forms of hydrogen: deuterium and tritium. The former has a proton and a neutron in its nucleus, and it is quite common in water. The second one, made of a proton and two neutrons, does not occur naturally. But it can be easily obtained from another light element – lithium.

JET (Joint European Torus)

Tritium is used in experiments at JET (Joint European Torus). Which is near Oxford, UK. It is a tokamak reactor – a bagel-shaped chamber in which the hot gas, i.e. plasma, will be trapped by the magnetic field. It must reach enormous temperatures, on the order of 100 million degrees Celsius, for the thermonuclear reactions to begin. – We have come to the point where we can try out in practice what we have been preparing for years. – explains Dr. Joelle Mailloux, co-leader of the JET science team.

This is the first major experiment with tritium since 1997. Because the use of this isotope as a fuel, along with deuterium, increases the level of radiation in the reactor. All the equipment had to be adapted to the new working conditions. It took two years. – Once the research begins, the inside of the reactor will be too dangerous for humans to enter. Everything must work or be repairable remotely, as on an unmanned spacecraft – says Prof. Ian Chapman, head of JET.

If successful in the UK trials, they will open the way to efficient and relatively clean energy production. One gram of hydrogen “burned” in a fusion reactor can yield as much as 8 tons of crude oil or 11 tons of coal. A few hundred kilograms of deuterium and tritium per year would be enough to meet the energy needs of the whole world. Relatively little radioactive waste is also expected to be generated in fusion reactors.

ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor)

The results of the JET experiments will be used in the development of ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor). This is a huge reactor under construction in Cadarache, France. Funded by the European Union, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Russia and the USA at a cost of $ 22 billion. The first launch of ITER is scheduled for 2025, 10 years later the reactor is to run on a mixture of deuterium and tritium. If all goes to plan, it will be the first plant to get more energy from fusion than was needed to initiate it.

Jakovlev Jak-25 – Top 10 night fighter planes

Jakovlev Jak-25 - Museum-Monino - Moscow-RussiaJakovlev Jak-25 - Interceptor - Museum-Monino - Moscow-RussiaJakovlev Jak-25 - Museum-Monino - Moscow-Russia - (27-08-2017)Jakovlev Jak-25 - Central-Air-Force - Museum-Monino - Moscow-RussiaMuseum-Monino - Moscow-Russia - (13-08-2004)Yakovlev - (01-01-1978)Technical-Museum - Arkhangelskoye - Moscow-Russia - (14-08-2012)Museum-Monino - Moscow-Russia - (17-08-2016)

Jakovlev Jak-25 – Top 10 night fighter planes

  • Place: Russia
  • First flight: 1952
  • Built: 483 + 155 pcs.

Jakovlev Jak-25 – The first in the USSR created to operate on the areas of Siberia and the Far East. A twin-engine long-range fighter, adapted to all weather conditions. And for day and night flights. The prototype was ready for factory testing in October 1947, and from 1954 the first units were in constant readiness close to the northern border of the USSR.

Top 10 night fighter planes – WWI & WWII and post-war era

Top 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planes

Top 10 night fighter planes – WWI & WWII and post-war era

Top 10 night fighter planes:


  • World War I:


  • Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c – Night flights were already taking place during World War I. It was not machines specially designed for these purposes. But fighters usually reworked. Such an example was a single-engine, two-seat, biplane – Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c.

  • Sopwith Camel “Comic” Nightfighter

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Sopwith Camel Sopwith Camel Sopwith Camel – “Comic” Nightfighter – A modified version of the British military aircraft Sopwith Camel also participated in World War I. Manufactured by Sopwith Aviation Company. Equipped with an improved Neame sight.


  • World War II:


  • Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4 – Was a heavy twin-engine fighter aircraft. One of the best machines for conducting night raids. Because the machine was poorly manoeuvrable, the Germans decided to use it as a bombing and intercepting fighter.

  • Heinkel He 219 UHU

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Heinkel He 219 UHUHeinkel He 219 UHUHeinkel He 219 UHU – In the summer of 1943, the German Luftwaffe I/NJG 1 with a base in Venlo, the Netherlands, received a prototype of the Heinkel He 219 UHU night fighter. During tests it proved to be reliable and quickly gained recognition in battle. Throwing down 15 enemy bombers.

  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Focke-Wulf Ta 154Focke-Wulf Ta 154Focke-Wulf Ta 154 – Nazi Germany, for the third time. This time with a machine inspired by a hostile multi-purpose aircraft: de Havilland Mosquito. The original had a fairly old wooden structure. But it troubled the Germans so much that they decided to build something similar.

  • Northrop P-61 Black Widow

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Northrop P-61 Black WidowNorthrop P-61 Black WidowNorthrop P-61 Black Widow – The “Black Widow” aircraft from the manufacturer Northrop Corporation was the only fighter of World War II. From the beginning, designed exclusively for night flying.


  • Post-war era:


  • Northrop F-89 Scorpion

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Northrop F-89 ScorpionNorthrop F-89 ScorpionNorthrop F-89 Scorpion – Trying to replace the “Black Widow” Northrop P-61. A slightly better night fighter, American designers developed the F-89. It was a self-supporting medium wing.

  • Gloster Javelin

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Gloster JavelinGloster JavelinGloster Javelin – First fighter manufactured by Gloster Aircraft Company was Meteor – with a jet propulsion. The first night machine, from this factory was Gloster Javelin.

  • Sud Aviation Vautour II

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Sud Aviation Vautour IISud Aviation Vautour IISud Aviation Vautour II – The first test flight of the French machine, took place on 16th October 1952. But it was not included in active service until 1958. The prototype was improved and finally created in three versions: IIA, IIB, IIN.

  • Jakovlev Jak-25

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Jakovlev Jak-25Jakovlev Jak-25Jakovlev Jak-25 – The first in the USSR created to operate on the areas of Siberia and the Far East. A twin-engine long-range fighter, adapted to all weather conditions. And for day and night flights.


During the war, the time of day does not matter. The fight lasts around the clock, regardless of weather conditions or time. That’s why the designers created night fighters. Which could have carried out the attack when most people calmly rest.

Most luxurious trains – Offer the highest quality

Most luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trains

Most luxurious trains – Offer the highest quality

Most luxurious trains:

  • Maharajas’ Express

    Maharajas' Express TrainMaharajas' Express TrainLuxury-Train - India - Rail-journey – He set off on the track for the first time in 2010. Since then, it has been one of the most luxurious trains in the world. Traveling with this express includes not only the experience of a unique journey. But also visits to many Indian monuments.

  • Shiki – Shima

    Shiki - ShimaShiki - ShimaShikishima train – Train currently has an ultra-luxury label. It consists of 10 wagons, and passengers can travel from two to four days. The design of this exceptionally luxurious train was created by industrial architect Ken Okayama.

  • Venice Simplon Orient-Express

    Venice Simplon Orient-ExpressVenice Simplon Orient-Express TrainIstanbul Grand Suite – It belongs to the most famous trains in the world. He also became a hero in the crime story of Agatha Christie. Entrepreneur James Sherwood took care of his current look. From 1977 began to collect original Orient Express wagons.

  • The Ghan

    The Ghan - Platinium Classhe Ghan - LocomotiveRestaurant - 1-Class (1-February-2009) – It has been driving on the route from Adelaide to Darwin since 1929. At that time, it was still a narrow-gauge railway, and construction work was suspended for several decades. After the construction of a new railway line in 1980.

  • Belmond Andean Explorer

    Belmond Andean ExplorerBelmond Andean ExplorerBelmond Andean Explorer - Peru – If you plan to visit Machu Picchu or see Lake Titicaca. This is no better option than choosing the Belmond train. It travels along the Andean peaks between historical headquarters of the Incas.

  • Rocky Mountaineer

    Rocky Mountaineer - (18-06-2006)SilverLeaf-service - (26-09-2016)Rocky Mountaineer Gold Leaf - Lower-dining-level – It set off for the first time between Calgary and Vancouver in June 1988. Currently, the train travels from Canada’s third largest city, Vancouver, to various destinations. Which passengers choose. They can choose a route from 2 to 14 days.

  • Golden Eagle

    Golden Eagle ExpressGolden EagleSiberian Express – The „Golden Eagle” route leads through Russia, the so-called Trans-Siberian Highway, which runs from Moscow to Vladivostok. During the journey, passengers see many sights along the way.

  • Blue Train

    Blue Train - Passes through the Karoo (9-04-2009)Blue Train - (01-05-2001)Logo of Blue - (20-08-2008) – This African train set off for the first time in 1923. However, due to problems with the construction of the railway, its activity was interrupted. It received its official name in 1937, when the wagons were painted blue.


Train travel is often perceived as a prolonged journey among people and dirt. However, there are wagons that look better than five-star hotels. Although the train ride may take longer, it is an unbelievable experience. Embark on a luxurious journey on the tracks.

Golden Eagle – Most luxurious trains

Golden Eagle - Imperial-classGolden Eagle ExpressGolden EagleSiberian ExpressTrans-Siberian

Golden Eagle – Most luxurious trains

  • Place: Russia, Mongolia, China
  • Route: Moscow – Vladivostok
  • Number of seats: 132
  • Cost: approx. 5000 PLN per person per day

The „Golden Eagle” route leads through Russia, the so-called Trans-Siberian Highway, which runs from Moscow to Vladivostok. During the journey, passengers see many sights along the way and can admire the beautiful Russian landscape. You can also choose the route leading to Mongolia or Beijing in China. the train overhaul, converted into Polish currency, cost PLN 112 million.

Interior:

A restaurant with international and Russian cuisine is available on the train. So passengers can try: delicious borscht, caviar, fish called Baikal Bait. Whose only habitat is Lake Baikal. Wines from around the world are served with meals, and of course vodka. This wonderful experience is complemented by a pianist who has mainly Russian songs in his repertoire. First and second class apartments are fully air-conditioned. Equipped with the best audio and video equipment, a comfortable sofa and showers. They differ only in size.

Curiosity:

This wonderful journey lasts almost two weeks. Traversing 10,000 km and 8 time zones.

Vladimir Leonidovich Levin – Caught by partner help

Vladimir Leonidovich Levin - Caught by partner help

Vladimir Leonidovich Levin – Caught by partner help

Vladimir Leonidovich Levin – born in 1971, St. Petersburg, Russia. He carried out the largest computer theft for 100 dollars. This hacker really stands out from the others. It is not widely known, but he was the initiator and executor of the largest computer theft in history .

After studying, Levin for $ 100 bought access codes and passwords from the ArkanoiD hacking group to the American Citibank. It was gradually transferring the sum of 10.7 million dollars to bills in the USA, the Netherlands, Finland, Germany and Israel. Any transactions were made during rush hour. At the bank, this was noticed when 400,000 dollars were missing. The Russian police did not want to cooperate with the FBI, which is why Levin’s shot was not easy. The Americans forced his partner to invite him to London, where he was captured and taken to the USA. Vladimir Leonidovich Levin was sentenced to 3 years in prison and to pay a fine of 240,000 dollars. Since then, Citibank has one of the best security systems.

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin – Soviet cosmonaut

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin - Soviet cosmonaut

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin – Soviet cosmonaut

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin – Soviet cosmonaut in space – In 9. 03. 1934 Was born
the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, which in 12. 04. 1961 Was the first man flew into space.
He started from the Baikonur cosmodrome piloting the spacecraft Vostok 1.
After 108 minutes of flight landed by parachute in the vicinity of Saratov.
He died 27. 03. 1968. In a plane crash.

Chernobyl Disaster – Accident in nuclear power plant

Chernobyl Disaster - Accident in nuclear power plant

Chernobyl Disaster – Accident in nuclear power plant

Chernobyl Disaster – Accident in nuclear power plant – In 26.04.1986 accident occurred
in the
nuclear power plant in Chernobyl, Ukraine. The cause was an explosion of hydrogen
in a nuclear reactor
. Contaminated surface was 125-146 thousands km² of Ukraine, Belarus,
Russia,
and the radioactive cloud was moving over Europe. Because of contamination
were evacuated
and resettled more than 350 thousands people.

World atomic arsenal

World atomic arsenal - Nuclear explosion in Nagasaki

World atomic arsenal

World atomic arsenal – Nuclear bombs are one of the most powerful and therefore most terrible weapons created by man. Here are the countries which have atomic arsenal:

– USA:

  • the first nuclear explosion: 16 July 1945.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: 31 October 1952.
  • the number of nuclear warheads: over 10 thousand.
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 1030

– Russia (USSR):

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 29 August 1949.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: 12 August 1953.
  • the number of nuclear warheads: over 10 thousand.
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 715

 

– Great Britain:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 3 October 1952.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: 15 May 1957.
  • the number of nuclear warheads: 185
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 45

 

– France:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 13 February 1960.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: 24 September 1966.
  • the number of nuclear warheads: 350
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 210

 

– China:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 16 October 1964.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: 17 June 1967.
  • the number of nuclear warheads: 400
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 45

 

– India:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 18 May 1974.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: –
  • the number of nuclear warheads: 60
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 3

 

– Pakistan:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 28 May 1998.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: –
  • the number of nuclear warheads: ?
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 2

 

– Israel:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: ?
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: –
  • the number of nuclear warheads: approx. 350
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 1 (?)

 

– North Korea (DPRK):

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 9 October 2006
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: –
  • the number of nuclear warheads: ?
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 2 (?)

 

Recent Posts

Recent Comments

Archives

Meta

Tags