ED250 Pendolino – High-speed railway in Poland
- Speed: 230 km/h
- Location: Poland
- Route: Warsaw – Bielsko-Biala, Gliwice, Gdynia, Jelenia Gora, Katowice, Kolobrzeg, Krakow, Rzeszow and Wroclaw
- Number of seats:
- Commencement of exploitation: December 14, 2014
ED250 Pendolino – High-speed rail also operates in Poland. Trains in the Express InterCity Premium category have been running since December 14, 2014 and serve the connections between Warsaw and Bielsko-Biala, Gliwice, Gdynia, Jelenia Gora, Katowice, Kolobrzeg, Krakow, Rzeszow and Wroclaw. The maximum speed at which EIP trains run is 200 km / h. Which is the highest speed achieved in Poland in regular operation with passengers. The speed of 200 km / h is developed on the approximately 140 km section of the railway line No. 4, known as the Central Railway Main Line.
EIP trains are air-conditioned and allow the transport of bicycles. They have a bar area, a quiet area, and free snacks are available there.
On August 12, 2013, the train, brought from Italy, was presented at the Wroclaw Glowny station.
Ricinus communis – Castor oil plant
Ricinus communis – It probably comes from the north of Africa. It is a 10-meter tall plant that enjoys great popularity in gardening.
- Deadly dose: 15 – 20 seeds
- Death: to 1 week
- Poison: ricin
- Aftermath: renal, liver and spleen failure
- Where it grows: in all tropical and subtropical areas of the world
- Occurrence in Poland: artificially bred
The most dangerous are the bars of its seeds, about 6,000 times more aggressive than cyanide. Causes agglutination of red blood cells and damages the liver, kidneys and spleen. The first symptoms are similar to a cold, followed by headaches, mouth burning, vomiting and internal bleeding. It gradually attacks the entire human circulatory system.
History of the plant:
Castor oil is squeezed from the seeds, from which soap, ointments, drops or perfumes are made. Apparently Cleopatra applied it to her eyes to have a “wider perspective”. In 1978, a Bulgarian secret interview was used to murder the writer and journalist Georgie Markov, who after several days of the fight for his life died of kidney failure in a London hospital.
Abrus precatorius – Originates from tropical Asia
Abrus precatorius – The climbing plant originates from tropical Asia, it is used for the production of rosaries and jewelry.
- Deadly dose: 3 µg of poison
- Death: within 3 – 4 days
- Poison: abrin
- Aftermath: vomiting, bloody diarrhea, hallucinations, renal, liver and spleen paresis
- Where it grows: Asia, Africa and America
- Occurrence in Poland: no
The plant is not poisonous in its entirety, the leaves and roots are edible. The most devious are seeds that contain abrin. A small dose of a substance is enough to kill a person, and the first symptoms will appear after a few hours – problems with breathing, fever, vomiting or severe sweating. Finally, the respiratory system is completely destroyed. Asians are drinking a decoction of the root and leaves as cough and runny nosemedicine.
Conium maculatum – Related to carrots, parsley, caraway
Conium maculatum – Plant related with carrots, parsley and caraway seeds. Its main weapon is the violent poison of the coniine, which causes the man to suffocate with full consciousness.
- Deadly dose: 0,15 g (contained in 20g of the plant)
- Death: within 2 – 3 days
- Poison: coniine
- Aftermath: strangulation through muscle paralysis
- Where it grows: Europe, Africa and Asia
- Occurrence in Poland: yes
Coniine easily penetrates the skin and respiratory system. However, the biggest danger is an easy mistake with the vegetable. At first, the poison has a stimulating effect and then starts blocking the spinal cord’s commands. In this way, muscle paralysis and strangulation occur.
History of the plant:
In ancient Greece and Rome often used during the execution. It enjoyed great popularity among the poisoners (allegedly, Socrates was executed with its help). In Europe, it appeared in the Middle Ages, and gradually disappeared during the 20th century. In the meadows and along roads, it began to grow massively in the 80’s.