Yellow meadow ant – Lasius flavus – Agile and durable

Yellow meadow ant - Lasius flavusYellow meadow ant - Lasius flavus - Soborg, DenmarkYellow meadow ant - Lasius flavus - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyYellow meadow ant - Lasius flavus - Worker with root aphidLasius flavus - HeadLasius flavus - MaleLasius flavus - QueenLasius flavus - Worker

Yellow meadow ant – Lasius flavus – Extremely agile and durable insect

Yellow meadow ant – It is one of the most numerous species of ants inhabiting our latitude. Most often it chooses open spaces, such as meadows, pastures, gardens, ditches, etc. Sometimes nests are built under stones or rotting stumps, in wet places.

Workers and males are 3 to 4 mm long, while the queen is 7 to 9 mm long. The size of the colony reaches several thousand. These ants lead an underground life, feeding on the honeydew of the root aphids they grow. Interestingly, the crustaceans Platyarthrus hoffmannseggii live in their nests, feeding on the remains of honeydew.

Red wood ant – Formica rufa – Prefer coniferous and mixed forests

Red wood ant - Formica rufa - ConversationRed wood ant - Formica rufa - Gmina Police, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, PolandFormica rufa - Mixed forest - UkraineFormica rufa - (27-07-2015)Formica rufa - Ant hill in Rila Mountains, BulgariaFormica rufa - (30-08-2019)Formica rufa - (12-07-2006)Formica rufa - Aggressive ant - Valnontey (Cogne) - Gran-Paradiso National Park

Red wood ant – Formica rufa – It lives mainly in coniferous and mixed forests

Red wood ant – Lives mainly in coniferous and mixed forests. It prefers sunny and bright places, especially forest edges or positions along forest paths. The body length of the worker ranges from 6 to 9 mm, and the male and female body length ranges from 9 to 11 mm. They are located a maximum of 100 meters from the anthill.

The anthill is up to 1 m high, sometimes even more. They build their nests in the shape of a dome, thanks to which the anthill is able to accumulate more solar energy. Numerous corridors lead to its surface from the chambers in the upper part of the anthill. One anthill can be inhabited by up to 100,000 ants.

Meadow ant – Formica pratensis

Meadow ant - Formica pratensis - profileMeadow ant - Formica pratensis - Queen - dorsal viewFormica pratensis - Queen - ventral viewFormica pratensis - Queen - Haute-Savoie, FranceFormica pratensis - (20-08-2006)Formica pratensis - Head viewFormica pratensis - QueenFormica pratensis - Queen - Dorsal

Meadow ant – Formica pratensis – It is common throughout Eurasia

Meadow ant – Belongs to the smallest ants: worker bees reach 4 to 9 mm, queens and males can grow up to 11 mm. It is quite common throughout Eurasia, in the Alps it lives even at altitudes of about 2,000 m above sea level, but lowlands and delicate hills are more typical for them. This species of ants prefers open meadows, steppes, meadows, pastures, etc.

He builds anthills with above-ground and underground parts. The above-ground part is made of larger materials, such as plant fragments, needles or clay. Anthills can be monogamous or polygamous, that is, with one queen or with several.

Carpenter ant – Camponotus herculeanus

Carpenter ant - Camponotus herculeanusCarpenter ant - Camponotus herculeanus - femaleCarpenter ant - Camponotus herculeanus - Queen - ItalyCarpenter ant - Camponotus herculeanus - QueenCamponotus herculeanusCamponotus herculeanus - Dorsal viewCamponotus herculeanus - HeadCamponotus herculeanus - Profile

Carpenter ant – Camponotus herculeanus – Builds nests in trees

Carpenter ant – It is one of the largest ants in the world. Workers reach 7-14 mm, males approx. 12 mm and queens up to 18 mm. They usually live in forests, especially in damp areas near or directly in trees. Most often they choose spruces. They build their nests in trees by gnawing corridors and chambers along the rings of annual growths in the center of the trunk. Thereby doing considerable damage to the tree.

The Carpenter ant lives practically everywhere in the higher regions, in Central and Northern Europe, also in the northern regions of Asia and North America.

Effective hangover cure – Article “Alcohol and Alcoholism”

Effective hangover cure - L-cysteine - 3D-balls

Effective hangover cure - L-cysteine - 3D-sticks

Effective hangover cure - L-cysteine - 3D

Effective hangover cure - L-cysteine

Effective hangover cure - L-cysteine - 3D

L-cysteine - zwitterion 3D-balls

Aminoacid L-cysteine - 3D-balls - (2009)

Aminoacid L-cysteine - 3D-balls - (2007)

Effective hangover cure – Article “Alcohol and Alcoholism”

Effective hangover cure – Article “Alcohol and Alcoholism”. Finnish researchers have published the results of their research in this journal. In which they claim, to discover an effective hangover cure. It is supposing to be the amino acid L-cysteine. Which can take in the form of a pill after chronic drunkenness. There is some suspicion that only 19 males were tested. And the project finance by a producer of cat food. Which also produces the pills in question.

Long-lived companies – Record holders are real Methuselah’s

Kongo Gumi

Long-lived companies - Kongo Gumi

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan

Staffelter Hof

Zum Roten Bären

Long-lived companies

The Olde Bell

Long-lived companies

Sudo Honke

Sudo Honke

Long-lived companies - Sudo-Honke


Long-lived companies - Frapin

R. Durtnell and Sons

R. Durtnell and Sons

Long-lived companies - Poundsbridge-Manor

Long-lived companies – Record holders are real Methuselah’s

Long-lived companies – Record holders are real Methuselah’s, operating continuously for over ten centuries. Tokyo Shoko Research agency dealing with market research since 1892. It found over 5.5 thousand enterprises that have existed for at least 200 years.
More than half of long-lived companies operate in Japan. There are six in the top ten. Among the aforementioned 5.5 thousand – up to 3100. As the reason for this dominance, scientists point to the island’s location of the country and centuries-old isolation.
Most of these long-lived businesses are family businesses, emphasizes prof. Toshio Goto from Japan University of Economics. He sees the root cause of their longevity in the system known as Ie. It is a set of rules determining the position of individual family members, and most importantly – the rules of inheritance of property.

Ie system

It began to take shape in the XII century, when Japan plunged into the chaos of civil wars. The survival of families living in constant danger depended on the strength and intellect of their leaders. According to eternal tradition, the eldest son should be the head of the family. In wartime, however, this only worked if he had the warrior’s qualities and talents. If he did not have them, the family was in grave danger.
To prevent it, the so-called adoption Ie. It consisted in the fact that the aging patriarch of the family found a young, promising man. Which he provided with appropriate education. When the chosen one met his expectations and proved himself in battle, he became the official heir. All other family members had to submit to him. The Ie system thus replaced traditional blood ties and prevented the division of property between heirs. As a result, the estate, workshop, and trading company passed from generation to generation in an unchanged form.
Rules tested in warrior families were adopted by other social groups, especially merchants and craftsmen. In the XVII century, Ie was formally introduced into the legal system and was in force until the end of World War II. When civil law changed under pressure from Americans, it gave all children equal shares in the parents’ estate. This threatened old family businesses, but the tradition turned out to be strong enough that many of them survived to this day. Professor Toshio Goto calls them the Japanese treasure.

Record holders list:

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder. 1427 years of existence,

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan – Traditional Japanese hotel – ryokan. 1315 years of existence,

Staffelter Hof – Oldest winery in Europe. 1158 years of existence,

Zum Roten Bären – Hotel The Red Bear. 900 years of existence,

The Olde Bell – Oldest english hotel in Hurley. 885 years of existence,

Sudo Honke – Sake brewery oldest of world. 879 years of existence,

Frapin – Cognac producer from Grande Champagne. 750 years of existence,

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company. 429 years of existence,

Mount Fuji – Japan, Honshu

Japan, Honshu, Mt.Fuji - USMCMount Fuji on the island of Honshu - JapanMount Fuji on the island of Honshu, Japan - 2006Mount Fuji - ISS-NASAFuji - USMCTopographic map of Mt. Fuji and TokyoTorii near summit of Mt.Fuji - Honshu, JapanMount Fuji - NASA


Mount Fuji – Japan, Honshu


  • Location: Japan, Honshu island
  • Peak: 3776 m a. s. l.

Mount Fuji is the highest Japanese peak. Located on the island of Honshu, 100 kilometers southwest of the capital – Tokyo. It is a stratovolcano that was created by repeatedly throwing lava and ash. The mountain, which has a perfectly symmetrical shape and a snowy peak, has become the symbol of the whole of Japan. The first documented eruption took place in the year 800 BC. Since then, there have been several of them – the last known explosion occurred in 1707, when the ash covered the whole city of Edo (Today’s Tokyo).

The Japanese have been worshiping the mountain since prehistoric times, they were gaining it by courageous priests and pilgrims, mainly followers of Shintoism and Buddhism. Supporters of shinto with the mountain combine many deities and legends. Above all, the female deity Konohana-no-sakuyahime. She is a beautiful woman who stops the volcano from erupting, and on the orders of which sakura blossoms in spring. From 1558 there is even a religious sect dedicated to this mountain.

The first to climb Mount Fuji was an unknown monk in 663. From 1868, access to the summit was allowed only for men. Currently, around 200,000 people visit the mountain each year.

Long ago forbidden – Today completely normal

Long ago forbidden – Today completely normal

Long ago forbidden – Today something completely normal:

Long ago forbidden - Football - icon

1. Football: 4 bln fans

In the XIV century England men have to train archery,
and do not waste time on games. Effect: banning football.

Long ago forbidden - Christmas in art

2. Christmas

England, between 1644 and 1660: the Puritans forbid festivities in days
winter solstice – already celebrated by pagans.

Long ago forbidden - Chess

3. Chess

Year 1254: King of France Louis IX considers this strategy game
too boring and useless, so it is forbidden to think about it.

Long ago forbidden - Popcorn

4. Popcorn

In the era of silent film popcorn is considered a cheap snack of the street people,
therefore it is banished from the “luxury” cinemas.

Long ago forbidden - Bowling game

5. Bowling game

In the years 1366-1477 in England only aristocrats can play bowling.
You have to pay 100 pounds for running the bowling alley.

Long ago forbidden - Trousers for women

6. Trousers for women

For 214 years law prohibits Parisiennes wearing trousers.
The law finally disappears in 2013.

Long ago forbidden - Credit card - front

7. Credit cards for women

Until 1974, American women can get a credit card,
only with the consent of her husband.

Long ago forbidden - Coffee - Antoccino Espresso

8. Coffee shops

In 1675, King of England Charles II tries to forbid coffee shops – from fear
that his critics could plan a rebellion there.

Long ago forbidden - Swimsuit

9. Swimsuits

In the early XX century, American cities issue regulations
with a minimum length of swimsuits.

Long ago forbidden - Scrabble

10. Scrabble

Communist dictator of Romania, Nicolae Ceausescu,
forbids this game as “over-intellectualized”.

Prehistoric human – Research of male Y chromosome

Prehistoric human - Human

Prehistoric human – Research of male Y chromosome

Prehistoric human – Thanks to the research of the male Y chromosome, scientists discovered when he lived approximately ancestor of all men. At about the same time as the geneticists appeared primeval mother of all women. Based on a thorough comparison of the genetic material, the researchers came to the conclusion that a hypothetical Adam lived approx. 126-150 thousand years ago.

Trouts pretend orgasm

Trouts pretend orgasm - Brown trout (Salmo trutta)

Trouts pretend orgasm

Trouts pretend orgasm – Trouts to spawn choose a place with shallow, calm waters and sandy or rocky bottom. In a dig belly oval cavity to half a meter in length. Which are used to make fertilized eggs. For a male signal to fertilize eggs is the moment in which the female opens his mouth and begins to shake. Then after a few seconds, the female lays eggs. If male is in a bad position or for some reason it considers that it is not the right candidate for father of her offspring, suspend the submission of eggs. The male, however, can not withhold production roes, and therefore to deceive the male, the female begins to fake an orgasm.

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