ED250 Pendolino – High-speed railway in Poland
- Speed: 230 km/h
- Location: Poland
- Route: Warsaw – Bielsko-Biala, Gliwice, Gdynia, Jelenia Gora, Katowice, Kolobrzeg, Krakow, Rzeszow and Wroclaw
- Number of seats:
- Commencement of exploitation: December 14, 2014
ED250 Pendolino – High-speed rail also operates in Poland. Trains in the Express InterCity Premium category have been running since December 14, 2014 and serve the connections between Warsaw and Bielsko-Biala, Gliwice, Gdynia, Jelenia Gora, Katowice, Kolobrzeg, Krakow, Rzeszow and Wroclaw. The maximum speed at which EIP trains run is 200 km / h. Which is the highest speed achieved in Poland in regular operation with passengers. The speed of 200 km / h is developed on the approximately 140 km section of the railway line No. 4, known as the Central Railway Main Line.
EIP trains are air-conditioned and allow the transport of bicycles. They have a bar area, a quiet area, and free snacks are available there.
On August 12, 2013, the train, brought from Italy, was presented at the Wroclaw Glowny station.
Mount Vesuvius – Italy
- Location: Italy
- Peak: 1281 m a. s. l.
Mount Vesuvius is an active stratovolcano located on the Apennine Peninsula in Italy. It is one of the most famous volcanoes in the world. The cone of this mountain grew inside the Monte Somma massif, whose age is estimated to be several thousand years old. Vesuvius is dangerous not only because nearly 3 million people live in its vicinity, but also because its peaceful period has lasted for a very long time.
The volcano became infamous due to the eruption that took place in 79 A.D. Which led to the disappearance of the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabie. During the explosion, a huge amount of dust and volcanic gases got into the atmosphere, forming a cloud probably reaching as much as 37 meters in height. During the eruption, a fiery pyroclastic avalanche (a mixture of volcanic gases, ashes and rock crumbs) was produced from the volcano, which buried 25,000 people in one moment. Death was sudden, people were dying mainly due to thermal shock.
The volcano erupted for the last time in 1944 and destroyed the funicular that took tourists to the crater. The mountain spit out lava and hot ashes for 11 days. As a result of the explosion, 26 people died, and another 1200 were without a roof over their heads.
Worlds smallest countries – 10 record breakers
1. Vatican City – The record is church enclave in Italy with an area of only 0.44 km². Official languages: Italian and … Latin.
2. Monaco – This principality, covering only 2.02 km², has an impressive population density of 18,775 people per km².
3. Nauru – The island state in the Pacific Ocean has an area of 21.3 km², so it is smaller than Zielona Góra.
4. Tuvalu – Located also in the Pacific, the archipelago occupies 26 km², and its highest point rises only 5 meters above sea level.
5. San Marino – The enclave, surrounded by Italy, has an area of 61 km² and is the oldest republic in the world.
6. Liechtenstein – It is the only country located entirely in the Alps. It has an area of 160 km², and up to 33% of its inhabitants are foreigners.
7. Marshall Islands – More than 1,200 islands included in this Pacific located country have a total area of 181 km².
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis – This Caribbean federation covers 269 km². The islands were discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493.
9. Maldives – Located in the Indian Ocean, the archipelago includes 1196 islands. It has a total area of 300 km² and a height of max. 1 m above sea level.
10. Malta – This state in the Mediterranean Sea extends over an area of 316 km² (similar to Cracow) and consists of three inhabited and several uninhabited islands.
Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks
Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks. It is also known as the Bridge of Goldsmiths. It managed to survive long centuries, wars and floods. Thanks to which, became a symbol of Florence. It was based on the design of the architect Neri di Fioravante. The original tenants of the picturesque stalls, however, were not artisans who dealt with the production of artistic objects from precious metals, but fish traders, tanners and butchers. The Arno River served them as a garbage dump, to which they threw all waste. This was what the space with the arcades under the central arches of the bridge served. At the end of the sixteenth century, Prince Ferdynand I of the Medici family removed from the stalls representatives of “smelly” professions, and offered their place to jewelers and goldsmiths. On the orders of Cosimo Medici over their studios, a covered corridor was created that connected his Florentine palaces.
It resisted destruction during World War II. When in 1944 the Germans withdrew from Italy, Adolf Hitler ordered the commanding German forces to the field marshal Albert Kesselring not to destroy the bridge. Who took him with his beauty while traveling to Italy.
Galileo Galilei – Philosopher, physicist, astronomer
Galileo Galilei – In 15.02.1642 was born Italian philosopher, physicist and astronomer Galileo.
Developer basics of modern physics. He confirmed the heliocentric theory of Copernicus.
In 07.01.1610 he discovered the four largest moons of Jupiter, later named in his honor.
Luigi Galvani – 12.04.1798 died L. Galvani, Italian physicist, physician and physiologist.
While anatomical studies discovered the phenomenon of electrical stimulation organs.