ICE3 – These Intercity trains are among the fastest in Germany

ICE3 - VDE 8 Pemiere - Magdeburg, Germany

ICE3 x 3 - At Cologne main-station, Germany

ICE3 - To Frankfurt am Main, Germany

ICE3 - DB long-distance transport - Eschweiler, Germany

ICE3 - At Cologne main-station, Germany

Train DB to Frankfurt, Germany

VDE 8 Pemiere - Magdeburg, Germany

ICE-1539 - At Berlin Hauptbahnhof, Germany

ICE3 – These Intercity trains are among the fastest in Germany

  • Speed: 330 km/h
  • Location: Germany
  • Route: Mannheim – Frankfurt, Berlin – Munich
  • Number of seats:
  • Commencement of exploitation: June 2, 1991

ICE3 – Intercity trains, marked as ICE3, are one of the fastest trains that pass through Germany. The busiest route is between Mannheim and Frankfurt. But the highest speed is between Berlin and Munich. They can complete this route in less than four hours. The construction of a 107 km long section with numerous tunnels and bridges allowed for a significant acceleration. The project cost around ten billion euros.

International routes

Currently, there are 259 trains in use, which run not only in Germany. They also travel to neighboring countries, specifically Austria, Denmark, France, Belgium, Switzerland or the Netherlands. Trains do not have specially designated tracks, as is the case for example in Japanese Shinkansen, run on “normal” lines of the German railway infrastructure. Therefore, they only reach speeds of 300 km / h, but only in certain sections.

During operation, there was a fatal accident in Eschede in 1998. When the wheel rim broke while driving at 200 km / h. Out of 287 travelers, 99 people died and 88 were injured.

Yastreb – For ships Soyuz 1, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5

Space suit - Yastreb - Moscow, RussiaSpace suit Yastreb - For work in EVA - Moscow Polytechnical MuseumYastreb - Used by soviet cosmonauts - Aleksei Yeliseyev and Yevgeny KhrunovYastreb - Memorial Museum of Astronautics - Moscow, Russia

Yastreb – For ships Soyuz 1, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5

 

  • In use over the years: 1967 – 1969
  • Space ships: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5.
  • Mass: 41 kg.

 
Yastreb – In the 1960s, Sergei Korolev began to work on the idea of connecting two ships in orbit. For this purpose, a completely new suit was created, which was called Yastreb, meaning “hawk”. It was supposed to allow a cosmonaut to work in open space (EVA). Life protection system up to 2.5 hours.

The authors from NPP “Zvezda” finally decided on ventilation. In which the exhaled air returns to circulation after cleaning. This principle is still used in space suits today. The life support system was built into a 31.5 kg backpack that was placed on the legs.

With this suit, Vladimir Komarov flew into space on the ship Soyuz 1. His flight ended tragically, however, he did not connect with Soyuz 2, and on his return to Earth the braking parachutes got tangled and the cosmonaut died as a result of a fall on earth.

Only the crews of the Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 ships managed to successfully exit into the open space (EVA) and connect the ships in orbit. Admittedly, the Yastreb suits were fully utilized in this way. But at the same time, they were a dead end in the development of suits and were replaced by more modern types.

Haemophilia – Result is a morbid bleeding tendency

Haemophilia - American practice of surgery

Haemophilia - Protein registered with 1cfh code

Haemophilia - Protein registered with 2aer code - (18-02-2009)

Haemophilia - Family tree of Queen Victoria
 
 
 
Haemophilia - Javier Barbero - World Haemophilia Day 2018World Haemophilia Day 2018University Hospital La Paz, MadridThe diseases of infancy and childhood

Haemophilia – Result is a morbid bleeding tendency

Haemophilia – It is a hemorrhagic diathesis associated with the deficiency of blood coagulation factors. The disease manifests itself exclusively in men. The result of a blood clotting disorder in a patient is a morbid bleeding tendency. The disease spreads through a defective X chromosome allele. Women can only be carriers of haemophilia, while men who have this mutation will or may not have the disease. Daughters of sick men transmit the disease always because they inherit a defective X chromosome, while all sons remain healthy (inherit a Y chromosome).

Treatment of haemophilia is possible and is done with injections of a concentrated substance that helps blood to clot, which the patient’s body lacks. If untreated, the disease can lead to spontaneous bleeding, which most often manifests itself in severe pain in the affected joint. In extreme cases, it can even lead to intramuscular bleeding, into the digestive system or urinary tract. The worst option is bleeding into the brain, which can be fatal.

The most famous carrier of haemophilia was Queen Victoria.

Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Island is hell

Hashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanGunkanjima - NagasakiGunkanjima - NagasakiGunkanjima - NagasakiGunkanjima - Nagasaki

Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Island is hell

Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Five kilometers from the coast of Japan in the Kyushu region. An island emerges from the water that resembles, a rather powerful ship. No wonder Hashima is called Battleship by local residents. Or Ghost Island – because hundreds of people were killed cruelly. From the end of the 19th century, there were Mitsubishi concern mines. In which underwater coal seams were exploited.

During World War II:

Chinese and Korean forced laborers came to this Japanese island. As a result of inhuman living conditions and over-work. Almost 1,300 prisoners died here.
Later, workers came voluntarily, and the island itself expanded.
Reaching a length of 480 meters and a width of 160 meters. At its peak, this allowed over five thousand people to live there. With the cessation of mining in 1974, the inhabitants hurriedly left the island.

Despite the ideas of transforming island into a tourist attraction. Severe weather conditions and high costs of reconstruction, mean that only gloomy ruins threaten there – and the secrets hidden in them…

Annapurna – Himalayas, Nepal – Risky for climbers

Annapurna - Himalayas, NepalAnnapurna - Himalayas, NepalAnnapurna - Himalayas, NepalAnnapurna - Himalayas, NepalAnnapurna - Himalayas, NepalAnnapurna - Himalayas, NepalNepalese Mountains and a twinkling skyAaron Benson - Nepal - (27-01-2017)South Mountain - (17-01-2005)Base of Mount - (17-01-2017)

Annapurna – Himalayas, Nepal – Risky for climbers

„Annapurna takes life” – wrote in the diary Mingma Sherpa, conqueror of the Himalayan Crown and Karakoram. „To climb this mountain, you need perseverance – and happiness.” Before the start, the expedition leader once again looked deeply into the eyes of each member of his team. Everyone knew well that there are nine higher peaks than rising 8091 meters above sea level Annapurna. But none of them killed so many daredevils – statistically every fourth climber never returns from it.To this day more than 60 people have lost their lives there, and the bodies of many of them lie frozen somewhere in rocky cracks or under the snow. Extracting them is too risky.
For comparison: on the much more frequented Mount Everest mortality is only 4%. There is a reason why climbers call Annapurna the mountain of death. On the 2.6 km steep southern wall, there are avalanches – apart from altitude sickness, loss of orientation and freezing. Also for the 13-man expedition led by Mingma Sherpa. This eight-thousander turned out to be unlucky: although they all reached the top, but two of its members died on the way back. In the dark of night they fell into the abyss …

Annapurna is dangerous not only when climbing.

In October 2014, at least 43 people died during snowstorms and avalanches in the area. Including many himalaists. It was the most tragic accident in history of Nepal.

Great Sphinx in Giza – Egypt

Great Sphinx in Giza - Egypt - (01.01.1871)Great Sphinx in Giza - Egypt - (05.04.2007)Great Sphinx in Giza - Egypt - backGiza - Egypt - (18.03.2010)Giza - Egypt - (10.11.2015)Sphinx in Egypt - (08.09.2006)

Great Sphinx in Giza – Egypt

Great Sphinx in Giza – Egypt – Archaeologists discover centimeter by centimeter of the Sphinx itself and its surroundings. Ramps appeared before their eyes, from which through the gate entered the corridors of monumental temples . One of them is directed directly towards the Chefren Pyramid. The pharaoh’s funeral scene suddenly becomes clearer. Did they carry the mummy before the Sphinx? Did they bring before the death gate to the Sphinx Temple for the last goodbye? That’s what most scientists assume.

The canals dried up, and Giza was covered with sand.

It is not clear where the corridors leading from the temple end. Most of them are covered by sand. Just like the Sphinx 150 years ago. After the last funeral in the Giza necropolis, the real end of the world took place here. Workers left the construction site in the middle of work. The canals on which the boats previously sailed dried up. According to geologists, the sphinx sank into the swamp a few meters. The rest did the sand.

Curiosities:

  • To this day, it was not possible to determine what the ancient Egyptians called the Sphinx.
  • The ancient sphinx was invented by ancient Greeks. Apparently it comes from the Egyptian word “szesepankh”, meaning “living image”.
  • Egyptian Arabs used the term “Abul-Hol” for the Great Sphinx in Giza, which means “Father of fear”.

MT Exxon Valdez – Biggest oil spills

MT Exxon Valdez - Coast cleanupMT Exxon Valdez - Oil spillInterview with Dennis KelsoSea birds in oil - After spill from tanker

MT Exxon Valdez – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Alaska
  • Date: 24 March 1989
  • Amount of spill: 41 000 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 4 billion

MT Exxon Valdez – 24 March 1989 the tanker crashed off the coast of Alaska. About 257,000 barrels of oil leaked out. Which is a fraction of biggest oil spill. But the disaster severely affected the local ecosystem . It happened in Prince William’s Bay, where the ship crashed into a cliff. Having a full oil tank. It is estimated that 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 seals, 250 eagles and about 22 whales, and billions of salmon and herring eggs were killed as a result of this spill.

Drunken captain

Over 11,000 people participated in the liquidation of the effects of activities. According to the investigation, captain Joe Hazelwood caused the accident himself. Giving chaotic orders when he wanted to apply blows to rocks. Reach tests that had high blood alcohol levels. The resulting stretch stretched along 2,000 km of coastline and touched 28,000 km² of the ocean. The investigation also showed that the ship was not in good condition and had a damaged radar. Who was supposed to alert the crew of danger.

Tanker Odyssey – Biggest oil spills

Tanker Odyssey - Oil spill and fire - 1988Tanker Odyssey - Oil stain after spill - 1988Tanker Odyssey - Art presenting tragedy of animals after oil spill in 1988Odyssey - Animals after oil spillOdyssey - Aerial view

Tanker Odyssey – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Canada
  • Date: 19 November 1988
  • Amount of spill: 162 180 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 86,7 mln

Tanker Odyssey – An American ship exploded about a thousand kilometers, off the east coast of Canada. About 162 million liters of crude oil spilled out of it into the open sea. That fateful day he sailed from Shetland to Canada. About 2,000 km off the coast of Newfoundland, a sea storm caught him. There was an explosion on the ship. As a result, it broke into two parts and sank. The Passat ship arrived the fastest, after an hour. But because of the flames, he couldn’t get close to one kilometer. 27 crew members were killed on board.

Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

Amoco Milford Haven - Fire of sinking tankerAmoco Milford Haven - Sinking tankerMT Haven - Burning tankerMT Haven - Tanker fire

Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Genoa, Italy
  • Date: 11 April 1991
  • Amount of spill: 159 000 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 85 mln

Amoco Milford Haven – The tanker was built in Cardiz shipyards in 1973. The ship was 334 meters long and 51 meters wide. In 1991 a catastrophic explosion took place near Genoa, Italy. During routine pumping operations, a part of the load. To adjust the draft of the ship. At one point, a powerful explosion shook the front tanks, and a few minutes later a huge fire began on board. Although sailors and firemen fought together with fire. They could do nothing.

Precautions did not help

Flames reached 100 meters in height and a total of six crew members were killed. To prevent a major ecological disaster. Experts recommended towing the ship as far as possible into the open sea and leaving it at the bottom. It also happened. After another explosion, the ship broke into two parts and sank after three days. Spilled fuel reached the coasts of Italy and France. Despite immediate action after installing 10 km long barriers. Oil flooded local beaches and caused great damage.

ABT Summer – Supertanker – Biggest oil spills

ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill and fire - 1991ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill - Angola - 1991Supertanker - Aerial viewOil spill - Map - 18.05.1991

ABT Summer – Supertanker – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Angola
  • Date: 18 May 1991
  • Amount of spill: 305 280 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 178 mln

ABT Summer – Supertanker, which in May 1991 exploded almost 1500 km off the coast of Angola. The ship was built in the South Korean shipyard Ulsan. It traveled on the sea since 1974. It was over 344 meters long and 54 meters wide. The disaster took place on the route from Iran to Rotterdam. As a result of the accident, millions of liters of oil spilled. Which resulted in the formation of a 34 km long oil spot. The tanker burned for three days before sinking in the sea. Five crew members were killed at the explosion site. At ecological point of view this disaster was not very serious. Because it happened far from the coast.

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