Ant – Doesn’t get sick because of the minority complex

Ant - In a wall

Ant - On a rotten fruit

Ant - Ramat Gan

Ant - Iran

Ant - Insect of the family Formicidae - Iran

Ant - Aretidris buenaventei - profile view

Ant - Camponotus novaeboracensis - Queen

Ant - Fearsome

Ant – Doesn’t get sick because of the minority complex

Ant – 100 million years of evolution has developed its characteristic features, social behavior, order, hierarchy and abundance unmatched in the entire animal kingdom. It is estimated that the weight of all ants on Earth is equal to the weight of all people. Formicidae form a family of insects belonging to the order Hymenoptera.

One ant has virtually no meaning, but a million colony of ants is a perfectly organized mass that knows what it wants and how to get it. They are among the most specialized insects that make up caste communities – in which each individual has a clearly defined task. The number of species is estimated at around 12,000, but some scientists say that it may be as much as 30,000. Probably even half of them are still not described.

40 thousand insects in one colony have a total of the same number of brain cells as one human. In relation to their body, they have the largest brain in the world. It accounts for about 6% of their total weight, while in humans the brain is about 2%. A queen can live over 20 years and sire up to 150 million descendants.

At night, they lay eggs and larvae deep into the anthill to protect them from the cold. During the day, they move them closer to the top of the nest to keep them warm. They can raise the temperature in the anthill 10 ° C above the ambient temperature. Temp. in the anthill there are ventilation shafts supervised by the worker caste.

Adult individuals are unable to chew and swallow solid food, therefore they eat the sweet juice squeezed out of the food. When the workers are full, after returning from hunting, they excrete some of the food for workers working in the nest.

List of Ants species:

 
Ant - Gigantiops destructor - WorkerAnt - Gigantiops destructor - DorsalGigantiops destructor - ProfileGigantiops destructor - HeadGigantiops destructor – Has the ability to navigate
 
 


Ant - Camponotus herculeanusAnt - Camponotus herculeanus - femaleCamponotus herculeanus - Queen - ItalyCamponotus herculeanus - QueenCarpenter ant – Camponotus herculeanus – Builds     nests in trees
 


Ant - Camponotus ligniperda - In old oakAnt - Camponotus ligniperda - WorkerBrown-black carpenter ant - QueenBrown-black carpenter ant - Camponotus ligniperdaBrown-black carpenter ant – Camponotus ligniperda –     Builds nests in decaying tree trunks
 


Meadow ant - Formica pratensis - profileMeadow ant - Formica pratensis - Queen - dorsal viewFormica pratensis - Queen - ventral viewFormica pratensis - Queen - Haute-Savoie, FranceMeadow ant – Formica pratensis – It is common     throughout Eurasia
 


Red wood ant - Formica rufa - ConversationRed wood ant - Formica rufa - Gmina Police, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, PolandFormica rufa - Mixed forest - UkraineFormica rufa - (27-07-2015)Red wood ant – Formica rufa – It lives mainly in     coniferous and mixed forests
 


Yellow meadow ant - Lasius flavusYellow meadow ant - Lasius flavus - Soborg, DenmarkLasius flavus - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyLasius flavus - Worker with root aphidYellow meadow ant – Lasius flavus – Extremely agile     and durable insect
 


Weaver ant - Oecophylla smaragdina - Charles Darwin National Park - Darwin, AustraliaWeaver ant - Oecophylla smaragdina - Kakadu National Park - AustraliaOecophylla smaragdina - On a leafOecophylla smaragdina - Cape Tribulation, Queensland, AustraliaWeaver ant – Oecophylla smaragdina – Often lives in     symbiosis with caterpillars
 


Inchman ant - Myrmecia forficata - WorkerInchman ant - Myrmecia - Nest in lateritic soils - Darling Range, Western AustraliaMyrmecia - Honeysuckle Creek, Namadgi National Park, AustraliaMyrmecia - Terrick Terrick National Park, Victoria, AustraliaInchman ant – Myrmecia forficata – It is big, fast and     extremely aggressive
 


European fire ant - Myrmica rubra - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyAnt - European fire - Myrmica rubra - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyEuropean fire ant - Myrmica rubraMyrmica rubra - (30-07-2020)European fire ant – Myrmica rubra – Queen is not     much bigger than worker
 


Haemophilia – Result is a morbid bleeding tendency

Haemophilia - American practice of surgery

Haemophilia - Protein registered with 1cfh code

Haemophilia - Protein registered with 2aer code - (18-02-2009)

Haemophilia - Family tree of Queen Victoria
 
 
 
Haemophilia - Javier Barbero - World Haemophilia Day 2018World Haemophilia Day 2018University Hospital La Paz, MadridThe diseases of infancy and childhood

Haemophilia – Result is a morbid bleeding tendency

Haemophilia – It is a hemorrhagic diathesis associated with the deficiency of blood coagulation factors. The disease manifests itself exclusively in men. The result of a blood clotting disorder in a patient is a morbid bleeding tendency. The disease spreads through a defective X chromosome allele. Women can only be carriers of haemophilia, while men who have this mutation will or may not have the disease. Daughters of sick men transmit the disease always because they inherit a defective X chromosome, while all sons remain healthy (inherit a Y chromosome).

Treatment of haemophilia is possible and is done with injections of a concentrated substance that helps blood to clot, which the patient’s body lacks. If untreated, the disease can lead to spontaneous bleeding, which most often manifests itself in severe pain in the affected joint. In extreme cases, it can even lead to intramuscular bleeding, into the digestive system or urinary tract. The worst option is bleeding into the brain, which can be fatal.

The most famous carrier of haemophilia was Queen Victoria.

Chia seeds – Valued by ancient Aztecs and Mayans

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Chia seeds - Germany

Frankfurt, Germany

Chia seeds - Salvia hispanica - Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Salvia hispanica - (18-02-2016)

Chia seeds - Salvia hispanica - (18-02-2016)

Chia seeds - (31-08-2017)

Salvia hispanica - (31-08-2017)

Chia seeds – Valued by the ancient Aztecs and Mayans

Chia seeds – Valued by the ancient Aztecs and Mayans. Even the ancient Aztecs and Mayans liked to use the beneficial effects of chia seeds, which provided them with energy. Named by the Maya for “seeds”, which is an expression of strength. They are valued mainly for the high content of antioxidants that fight the effects of free radicals. They contain significant amounts of manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, selenium and iron.

Because they contain a large amount of fiber, people with weight problems use them. At the same time, they must maintain an appropriate level of hydration so that the seeds can swell. Thanks to this, they reliably remove hunger. They also contain a large proportion of proteins and essential amino acids from which the body draws its energy. The seeds stabilize blood sugar and influence the activity of the intestines. Due to the high content of healthy omega-3 fatty acids, they affect the heart, blood vessels and nerves and improve brain function. They can therefore prevent Alzheimer’s disease, psoriasis, osteoporosis and cancer.

Matcha green tea – The oldest Japanese tea

Matcha green tea - Superfood

Matcha green tea - leaf tea and powder

Green tea Matcha - (22-04-2007)

Japanese tea - latte

Japanese cup of matcha during the tea ceremony - Hamarikyu-garden, Tokyo, Japan

Matcha green tea – The oldest Japanese tea

Green tea Matcha – Considered to be healthy and detoxifying. Matcha is the oldest Japanese tea. It is also used in Buddhist ceremonies. However, this special powdered green tea has other effects. It contains an amino acid called L-theanine, which is the most in matcha tea of all dishes, 100 times more than in other green teas. Thanks to the theophylline content, it stimulates our body, increases alertness and improves concentration.

Very commonly used for weight loss as it helps burn fat. Moreover, without negative side effects such as increased heart rate and high blood pressure. It also affects the activity of our brain, improving memory and concentration. It also contains other nutrients like potassium, vitamins A and C, iron, protein, and calcium. L-theanine supports the production of dopamine and serotonin hormones that improve mood.

Naked mole – rat – Heterocephalus glaber

Naked mole-rat - Heterocephalus glaber - EatingNaked mole-rat - Heterocephalus glaberHeterocephalus glaber - Louisville-ZooHeterocephalus glaber - Museum of Natural History - Genova, Italy

Naked mole-rat – Heterocephalus glaber

Naked mole-rat – Heterocephalus glaber – Is practically blind and has no pain. This rodent lives in East Africa. It is digging underground corridors in search of tubers and roots. For this he uses the incisors that are in front of the lips, so that the soil does not get into the mouth.
Mole-rats spend almost their entire lives underground without going to the surface. They are unusual for many reasons. Not only are they the only cold-blooded mammals, they are also resistant to cancer, aging, hypoxia and pain.
Their almost completely hairless, thick and wrinkled skin. It is insensitive to abrasions or scratches. Because Mole-rats do not have the key neurotransmitter for pain conduction (substance P).

Naked mole-rats are the longest-living rodents (they live to 30 years)

And their risk of death doesn’t increase with age. These animals have very active mechanisms repair DNA.
They also tolerate extreme hypoxia, which often occurs in narrow and stuffy underground tunnels. When there is a lack of air, mole-rats reduce life activity. They change the energy supply process (break down fructose instead of glucose). In this way they avoid brain damage.
The equally interesting is structure Social. Which resembles swarms of bees or ant colonies. Flocks of these rodents count from several dozen to 300 individuals. At the same time, only the queen and prolific male breeds. The rest are sterile and conscientiously work for the herd.

Sans Forgetica – Font that improves memory

Sans Forgetica - formSans ForgeticaSans Forgetica - example

Sans Forgetica – Font that improves memory

Sans Forgetica – Font that streamlines memory – Australian researchers from the RMIT University (Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology) have found that our brain reads the fonts that it already knows more quickly, such as Arial or Times New Roman. By which, however, it remembers less content contained in a given text. Therefore, in collaboration with ethologists, psychologists and professor of typography, they have developed a font that is harder to read. Sans Forgetica called it – which in translation means more or less “without forgetting”.
The letters have gaps, are slightly tilted to the left and are in contradiction with the typical way of reading. Deciphering them requires more effort from the brain. Which activates the gray cells and forces you to stop at each word for a little longer. It improves memory and allows you to learn about 7% more information!

Deadly plants – Which are the most poisonous

Deadly plants - Skull and crossbones (1)Deadly plants - Poison bottleDeadly plants - Skull and crossbones (2)

Deadly plants – Which are the most poisonous

Deadly plants – Although some of them look completely harmless, they can contain a cocktail of toxic substances. Venom developed so that no one could prevent them from growing. Plant poisons have a different effect on the human body. They most often attack the nervous system, respiratory organs, heart, liver, digestive system or kidneys. They can also affect muscle function, cause brain damage and even lead to death.

List of the most poisonous plants:

Aconitum napellus (2)Aconitum napellus (2)Aconitum napellus (3)

Aconitum napellus – One of the most poisonous plants
 
 


Atropa belladonnaAtropa belladonna (2)Atropa belladonna (3)Atropa belladonna (4)

Atropa belladonna – Most dangerous in Central Europe
 
 


Oleander - Nerium oleander (1)Oleander - Nerium oleander (2)Oleander - Nerium oleander (3)

Oleander – Nerium oleander
 
 


Datura stramonium (1)Datura stramonium (2)Datura stramonium (3)Datura stramonium (4)

Datura stramonium – Weed appearing on fertile soils
 
 


Cicuta virosa - Oulu, Finland (18.07.2013)Cicuta virosa (1)Cicuta virosa (2)

Cicuta virosa – It is 150 centimeters high
 
 


Conium maculatum (1)Conium maculatum (2)Conium maculatum - Germany, 1910

Conium maculatum – Related to carrots, parsley, caraway
 
 


Abrus precatorius - Kohler's Medicinal plantsAbrus precatorius - Leaves and pods, Northern Buton Island,  IndonesiaAbrus precatorius - Saigon Zoo and Botanical Gardens, Ho Chi Minh City, VietnamAbrus precatorius (pods)

Abrus precatorius – Originates from tropical Asia
 
 


Colchicum autumnale - Jena, Germany (16-09-2007)Colchicum autumnale (1)Colchicum autumnale (2)Colchicum autumnale (3)

Colchicum autumnale – Protected and very poisonous
 
 


Ricinus communis - Southern MexicoRicinus communis - Botanic Garden (Frankfurt, Germany)Ricinus communis - Venezuela

Ricinus communis – Castor oil plant
 

Ricinus communis - Castor oil plant (1)Ricinus communis - Castor oil plant (2)

 
 


VR may cause vomiting – Because of motion sickness

VR may cause vomiting - VR-Helm

VR may cause vomiting – Because of motion sickness

VR may cause vomiting – Because of motion sickness – In order to fully enter the virtual reality,
one has to deceive not only the eyes but also the other senses.
This is also the reason why
many virtual reality users can cause problems with motion sickness.
Then the impressions
received by the liar do not agree with the visual stimulus.
In motion sickness,
the eyes see that the body is not moving, and that the labyrinth registers continuous motion,
tilting and acceleration, in the case of nausea caused by virtual reality is quite the opposite.

Eyes see the perfect simulation of space, covering the entire field of view.

However, the brain does not record any motion signals from the labyrinth or other senses.

In both cases there is a sensual dissonance that causes malaise, dizziness, fatigue,
and even vomiting.

Old age mental activity – Number of neurons

Old age mental activity - Brain weight with age

Old age mental activity – number of neurons

Old age mental activity – number of neuronsThe decrease in mental activity in old age
was attributed to the decreasing with age, the number of brain cells.
Neurologists from universities in Boston and Washington, however, proved.
That almost
all of the 10 billion cells used while thinking, they are active even in 80-year-olds.

Alcoholism effects – Repairing damaged neurons

Alcoholism effects - Alcoholic on street in Spain

Alcoholism effects – Repairing damaged neurons

Alcoholism effects – repairing damaged neurons – Scientists from Wurzburg in Germany
found that
damage to brain cells caused by excessive alcohol consumption can be repaired only partially.

They note that
in the interest of alcoholics is the fastest return to sobriety. Longer heavy drinking
causes
brain regeneration proceeds with great difficulty.

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