TGV - High-speed trains are the pride and symbol of France
- Speed: 300 km/h
- Place: France
- Number of seats:
- Start of operation: September 27, 1981
TGV – High-speed trains are the pride and symbol of France. Their familiar designation is an abbreviation of four French words: Train à Grande Vitesse, which literally means high-speed train. They can be considered something like the Japanese Shinkansen system. Trains run on normal gauge tracks. However, in order to achieve the necessary speed, high-speed lines are built with extremely large curve radii. The first special line was launched in 1981 between Paris and Lyon. The then president Francois Mitterrand attended the ceremonial opening.
From then until 2013, about 550 trainsets in various variants were produced. The first one was powered by a gas turbine. However, due to the increase in oil prices during the oil crisis in 1973, the decision was made to electrify the train. The author of today’s aerodynamic shape is car designer Jacques Cooper, who was inspired by Porsche sports cars. Passengers describe the journey as a pleasant experience not only because of the speed but also because of the quietness of the train. The interior is hermetically sealed, so no noise reaches it even at higher speeds.
Although the travels at an average speed of around 300 km/h, in 2007 its train reached a record speed – an incredible 574.8 km/h.