Albinism - Body does not produce melanin
Melanin is responsible for the color of the skin, hair, body hair and eyes. Its main function is to protect the body from ultraviolet rays, so albinos have to apply a protective cream even in winter. Melanin also protects the eyes by helping to regulate the amount of light that enters them. If the eyes lack this pigment, the patient develops diseases such as photophobia or strabismus.
Albinos are at a higher risk of skin cancer. Their skin is also prone to aging faster.