Albinism – Body does not produce melanin

Albinism - Body does not produce melanin

Albinism – Body does not produce melanin.
 
This is a fairly rare genetic disease, as a result of which the patient’s body does not produce melanin. You can recognize them at a glance. They generally have a white complexion reaching pink, very light hair and body hair. Their eyes are pink and sometimes even red, which is caused by the translucency of the capillaries. The cause of albinism is the lack of the enzyme tyrosinase, which is responsible for the production of melanin. If another pigment, such as carotene, remains intact, the patient’s skin need not be snow-white.

Melanin is responsible for the color of the skin, hair, body hair and eyes. Its main function is to protect the body from ultraviolet rays, so albinos have to apply a protective cream even in winter. Melanin also protects the eyes by helping to regulate the amount of light that enters them. If the eyes lack this pigment, the patient develops diseases such as photophobia or strabismus.

Albinos are at a higher risk of skin cancer. Their skin is also prone to aging faster.

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