Svalbard Global Seed Vault – Seed bank on the island of Spitsbergen

Svalbard Global Seed Vault – Seed bank on the island of Spitsbergen

Svalbard Global Seed Vault – Seed bank on the island of Spitsbergen.
 
In the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard. In the Arctic Sea, about 1000 km north of the Scandinavian Peninsula. A tunnel of approx. 150 meters and a warehouse of 1000 m² were dug in the permafrost. There is room for 4.5 million seeds in it. Only for edible plants of high importance for scientific research or biodiversity. Currently, there are just over a million, representing approx. 5,000. species.

Seed storage is free – donors (individual countries and scientific organizations) still own the seeds. The Kingdom of Norway provides only a place for their storage. The bank’s location and construction protect valuable seeds from wars, natural disasters and climate change.

The building is monitored with motion sensors and cameras. Access to the interior of the warehouse is protected by armored doors, digital locks and 1 m thick reinforced concrete walls. It is located 90 meters below the Plataberget mountain. Covered with snow and permafrost. It is designed so that even without power, the seeds will remain frozen for 200 years.

The only element of the structure visible from the outside is a concrete gate with armored doors. Above which there is an artistic installation with 200 optical fibers.

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