Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Island is hell
Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Five kilometers from the coast of Japan in the Kyushu region. An island emerges from the water that resembles, a rather powerful ship. No wonder Hashima is called Battleship by local residents. Or Ghost Island – because hundreds of people were killed cruelly. From the end of the 19th century, there were Mitsubishi concern mines. In which underwater coal seams were exploited.
During World War II:
Chinese and Korean forced laborers came to this Japanese island. As a result of inhuman living conditions and over-work. Almost 1,300 prisoners died here.
Later, workers came voluntarily, and the island itself expanded.
Reaching a length of 480 meters and a width of 160 meters. At its peak, this allowed over five thousand people to live there. With the cessation of mining in 1974, the inhabitants hurriedly left the island.
Despite the ideas of transforming island into a tourist attraction. Severe weather conditions and high costs of reconstruction, mean that only gloomy ruins threaten there – and the secrets hidden in them…
Top 10 night fighter planes – WWI & WWII and post-war era
Top 10 night fighter planes:
World War I:
– Night flights were already taking place during World War I. It was not machines specially designed for these purposes. But fighters usually reworked. Such an example was a single-engine, two-seat, biplane – Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c.
– “Comic” Nightfighter – A modified version of the British military aircraft Sopwith Camel also participated in World War I. Manufactured by Sopwith Aviation Company. Equipped with an improved Neame sight.
World War II:
– Was a heavy twin-engine fighter aircraft. One of the best machines for conducting night raids. Because the machine was poorly manoeuvrable, the Germans decided to use it as a bombing and intercepting fighter.
– In the summer of 1943, the German Luftwaffe I/NJG 1 with a base in Venlo, the Netherlands, received a prototype of the Heinkel He 219 UHU night fighter. During tests it proved to be reliable and quickly gained recognition in battle. Throwing down 15 enemy bombers.
– Nazi Germany, for the third time. This time with a machine inspired by a hostile multi-purpose aircraft: de Havilland Mosquito. The original had a fairly old wooden structure. But it troubled the Germans so much that they decided to build something similar.
– The “Black Widow” aircraft from the manufacturer Northrop Corporation was the only fighter of World War II. From the beginning, designed exclusively for night flying.
– Trying to replace the “Black Widow” Northrop P-61. A slightly better night fighter, American designers developed the F-89. It was a self-supporting medium wing.
– First fighter manufactured by Gloster Aircraft Company was Meteor – with a jet propulsion. The first night machine, from this factory was Gloster Javelin.
– The first test flight of the French machine, took place on 16th October 1952. But it was not included in active service until 1958. The prototype was improved and finally created in three versions: IIA, IIB, IIN.
– The first in the USSR created to operate on the areas of Siberia and the Far East. A twin-engine long-range fighter, adapted to all weather conditions. And for day and night flights.
During the war, the time of day does not matter. The fight lasts around the clock, regardless of weather conditions or time. That’s why the designers created night fighters. Which could have carried out the attack when most people calmly rest.
Minor metals – Breakthrough in perception of metals
Minor metals – Even before the World War II, many metals were known for which there was no practical use. It belonged to a kind of laboratory curiosities, obtained in a small amount and at enormous cost. It was so-called minor metals (rare metals) – unlike basic metals, which has been used en masse, the industry did not know how to use them. In those days, it was all the same, how rarely these metals occur in nature. It was not mined because it wasn’t needed for anything. A classic example of minority metals was nickel, up to the time when in 1919 stainless steel began to be manufactured. Then nickel became a very valued element.
Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks
Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks. It is also known as the Bridge of Goldsmiths. It managed to survive long centuries, wars and floods. Thanks to which, became a symbol of Florence. It was based on the design of the architect Neri di Fioravante. The original tenants of the picturesque stalls, however, were not artisans who dealt with the production of artistic objects from precious metals, but fish traders, tanners and butchers. The Arno River served them as a garbage dump, to which they threw all waste. This was what the space with the arcades under the central arches of the bridge served. At the end of the sixteenth century, Prince Ferdynand I of the Medici family removed from the stalls representatives of “smelly” professions, and offered their place to jewelers and goldsmiths. On the orders of Cosimo Medici over their studios, a covered corridor was created that connected his Florentine palaces.
It resisted destruction during World War II. When in 1944 the Germans withdrew from Italy, Adolf Hitler ordered the commanding German forces to the field marshal Albert Kesselring not to destroy the bridge. Who took him with his beauty while traveling to Italy.