Minor metals – Breakthrough in perception of metals
Minor metals – Even before the World War II, many metals were known for which there was no practical use. It belonged to a kind of laboratory curiosities, obtained in a small amount and at enormous cost. It was so-called minor metals (rare metals) – unlike basic metals, which has been used en masse, the industry did not know how to use them. In those days, it was all the same, how rarely these metals occur in nature. It was not mined because it wasn’t needed for anything. A classic example of minority metals was nickel, up to the time when in 1919 stainless steel began to be manufactured. Then nickel became a very valued element.
Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks
Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks. It is also known as the Bridge of Goldsmiths. It managed to survive long centuries, wars and floods. Thanks to which, became a symbol of Florence. It was based on the design of the architect Neri di Fioravante. The original tenants of the picturesque stalls, however, were not artisans who dealt with the production of artistic objects from precious metals, but fish traders, tanners and butchers. The Arno River served them as a garbage dump, to which they threw all waste. This was what the space with the arcades under the central arches of the bridge served. At the end of the sixteenth century, Prince Ferdynand I of the Medici family removed from the stalls representatives of “smelly” professions, and offered their place to jewelers and goldsmiths. On the orders of Cosimo Medici over their studios, a covered corridor was created that connected his Florentine palaces.
It resisted destruction during World War II. When in 1944 the Germans withdrew from Italy, Adolf Hitler ordered the commanding German forces to the field marshal Albert Kesselring not to destroy the bridge. Who took him with his beauty while traveling to Italy.
When established chemotherapy
When established chemotherapy – During World War II, anti-cancer effect (cytostatic) discovered gas in combat, so-called. nitrogen mustard gas. Already in the early 40s he began to be used as the first cytostatic (under the name Mustargen). After the Second World War began further research cytostatics. This time is associated primarily with the activities of the “father of chemotherapy”, a doctor from Harvard, Sidney Farber (1903-1973).
Iran military situation – After the end of World War II
Iran military situation – After the end of World War II – The British withdrew their troops from Iran, the Russians – not. Moreover, in March 1946. Occupying Azerbaijan South. Soviet troops left the province, but marched on Tehran, and towards the border with Iraq. In this situation, US President Harry Truman, demanded the withdrawal of the Russians and threatened them with war. The Americans then had a monopoly on nuclear weapons. The Russians stopped the march on Tehran and quickly withdrew from Iran. With the Tehran government removed the communists and the army suppressed the resistance of Kurdish and Azeri separatists.
Continent after war – Europe at end of World War II
Continent after war – Europe at the end of World War II, called the continent of women and children. Traveling at this time the ruined Germany was vainly looking for men between 17 and 40 years of age. Only in the Soviet Union at the end of the war, there were as many as 13 million women more than men. As a result, every third woman, who at that time came into adulthood, never married.
British Labour Party director – Ed Miliband family
British Labour Party director – Family for Ed Miliband mean much. His grandmother, Dobra Kozak, born in good prosperous Jewish family in Czestochowa. During the World War II, she was kept by nuns, then Catholic family. Thanks to this, unlike some other members of the family avoided concentration camp. After the war, she changed name Dobra on the Marion and moved to the UK.
Winners award – A. Eichmann during the trial in 1961
Winners award – Adolf Eichmann in 1961. During the trial in Jerusalem claimed that his duty was to follow orders that came directly from Hitler. He acts in accordance with the advice of his counsel Robert Servatius and said:
I did what a man will be rewarded if he win, and for what end on the gallows if he lose.
Already in 1943. Joseph Goebbels wrote in his diary:
We go down in history as the greatest statesmen of all time or as the greatest criminals.