Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Island is hell

Hashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanGunkanjima - NagasakiGunkanjima - NagasakiGunkanjima - NagasakiGunkanjima - Nagasaki

Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Island is hell

Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Five kilometers from the coast of Japan in the Kyushu region. An island emerges from the water that resembles, a rather powerful ship. No wonder Hashima is called Battleship by local residents. Or Ghost Island – because hundreds of people were killed cruelly. From the end of the 19th century, there were Mitsubishi concern mines. In which underwater coal seams were exploited.

During World War II:

Chinese and Korean forced laborers came to this Japanese island. As a result of inhuman living conditions and over-work. Almost 1,300 prisoners died here.
Later, workers came voluntarily, and the island itself expanded.
Reaching a length of 480 meters and a width of 160 meters. At its peak, this allowed over five thousand people to live there. With the cessation of mining in 1974, the inhabitants hurriedly left the island.

Despite the ideas of transforming island into a tourist attraction. Severe weather conditions and high costs of reconstruction, mean that only gloomy ruins threaten there – and the secrets hidden in them…

St Kilda – Hirta – Atlantic, Scotland – Exiled people

St Kilda - Hirta - Atlantic, ScotlandSt Kilda - Hirta - Atlantic, ScotlandSt Kilda - Hirta - Atlantic, ScotlandSt Kilda - Hirta - Atlantic, ScotlandMap of archipelago - (15-08-2007)Fulmars hunting - (01-01-1898)Mailboat - (01-01-1898)Puffins hunting - (01-01-1898)

St Kilda – Hirta – Atlantic, Scotland – Exiled people

St Kilda – Hirta – To reach the place called „the edge of the world”. You have to bounce off the west coast of Scotland and over 60 km across the cold Atlantic. There, among windswept and waves, several small islands protrude from the sea. They are so unfriendly and distant from the mainland, that it is not surprising that they are uninhabited, so it is surprising that Hirta, part of the St Kilda archipelago, was already inhabited in the Bronze Age.

The life of indigenous peoples almost all the time concentrated on making supplies for the winter. Harvesting: Peat, which was a source of heat for them. Sheep wool for yarns and sea birds as food. There was no possibility of fishing – the waters around were treacherous enough.

Weather is so hard and unpredictable, that up to the last century for eight months of the year. Hirta was completely cut off from the world. Even in the nineteenth century, its inhabitants, whose number ranged between 100 and 200, when they wanted to make contact with the world. They threw messages in bottles, into sea, at favorable winds. Hoping that someone in Scotland will catch one.

Community lived in great isolation

To the extent that her genetic pool has been weakened: brought from outside, quite innocent diseases. Which destroyed her almost completely. The last 36 survivors surrendered in the 1930s. After the decision of the British Parliament, they left a sinister place. It was the end of the settlement, which lasted over two thousand years…

Jakovlev Jak-25 – Top 10 night fighter planes

Jakovlev Jak-25 - Museum-Monino - Moscow-RussiaJakovlev Jak-25 - Interceptor - Museum-Monino - Moscow-RussiaJakovlev Jak-25 - Museum-Monino - Moscow-Russia - (27-08-2017)Jakovlev Jak-25 - Central-Air-Force - Museum-Monino - Moscow-RussiaMuseum-Monino - Moscow-Russia - (13-08-2004)Yakovlev - (01-01-1978)Technical-Museum - Arkhangelskoye - Moscow-Russia - (14-08-2012)Museum-Monino - Moscow-Russia - (17-08-2016)

Jakovlev Jak-25 – Top 10 night fighter planes

  • Place: Russia
  • First flight: 1952
  • Built: 483 + 155 pcs.

Jakovlev Jak-25 – The first in the USSR created to operate on the areas of Siberia and the Far East. A twin-engine long-range fighter, adapted to all weather conditions. And for day and night flights. The prototype was ready for factory testing in October 1947, and from 1954 the first units were in constant readiness close to the northern border of the USSR.

Top 10 night fighter planes – WWI & WWII and post-war era

Top 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planes

Top 10 night fighter planes – WWI & WWII and post-war era

Top 10 night fighter planes:


  • World War I:


  • Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c – Night flights were already taking place during World War I. It was not machines specially designed for these purposes. But fighters usually reworked. Such an example was a single-engine, two-seat, biplane – Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c.

  • Sopwith Camel “Comic” Nightfighter

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Sopwith Camel Sopwith Camel Sopwith Camel – “Comic” Nightfighter – A modified version of the British military aircraft Sopwith Camel also participated in World War I. Manufactured by Sopwith Aviation Company. Equipped with an improved Neame sight.


  • World War II:


  • Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4 – Was a heavy twin-engine fighter aircraft. One of the best machines for conducting night raids. Because the machine was poorly manoeuvrable, the Germans decided to use it as a bombing and intercepting fighter.

  • Heinkel He 219 UHU

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Heinkel He 219 UHUHeinkel He 219 UHUHeinkel He 219 UHU – In the summer of 1943, the German Luftwaffe I/NJG 1 with a base in Venlo, the Netherlands, received a prototype of the Heinkel He 219 UHU night fighter. During tests it proved to be reliable and quickly gained recognition in battle. Throwing down 15 enemy bombers.

  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Focke-Wulf Ta 154Focke-Wulf Ta 154Focke-Wulf Ta 154 – Nazi Germany, for the third time. This time with a machine inspired by a hostile multi-purpose aircraft: de Havilland Mosquito. The original had a fairly old wooden structure. But it troubled the Germans so much that they decided to build something similar.

  • Northrop P-61 Black Widow

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Northrop P-61 Black WidowNorthrop P-61 Black WidowNorthrop P-61 Black Widow – The “Black Widow” aircraft from the manufacturer Northrop Corporation was the only fighter of World War II. From the beginning, designed exclusively for night flying.


  • Post-war era:


  • Northrop F-89 Scorpion

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Northrop F-89 ScorpionNorthrop F-89 ScorpionNorthrop F-89 Scorpion – Trying to replace the “Black Widow” Northrop P-61. A slightly better night fighter, American designers developed the F-89. It was a self-supporting medium wing.

  • Gloster Javelin

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Gloster JavelinGloster JavelinGloster Javelin – First fighter manufactured by Gloster Aircraft Company was Meteor – with a jet propulsion. The first night machine, from this factory was Gloster Javelin.

  • Sud Aviation Vautour II

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Sud Aviation Vautour IISud Aviation Vautour IISud Aviation Vautour II – The first test flight of the French machine, took place on 16th October 1952. But it was not included in active service until 1958. The prototype was improved and finally created in three versions: IIA, IIB, IIN.

  • Jakovlev Jak-25

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Jakovlev Jak-25Jakovlev Jak-25Jakovlev Jak-25 – The first in the USSR created to operate on the areas of Siberia and the Far East. A twin-engine long-range fighter, adapted to all weather conditions. And for day and night flights.


During the war, the time of day does not matter. The fight lasts around the clock, regardless of weather conditions or time. That’s why the designers created night fighters. Which could have carried out the attack when most people calmly rest.

Northrop F-89 Scorpion – Top 10 night fighter planes

Northrop F-89 Scorpion - (01-01-1954)Northrop F-89 Scorpion - (14-10-2006)Northrop F-89 ScorpionUSAF - Northrop F-89 Scorpion - 59th Fighter-Interceptor-Squadrons437th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron - (01.01.1955)119th Fighter Group - The Happy Hooligans - North Dakota-(01.01.1965)433d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron - Ladd-AFB-Alaska-(01.01.1956)USAF-Dyess Linear Air-Park - Dyess - AFB-Texas-USA - (28-04-2009)

Northrop F-89 Scorpion – Top 10 night fighter planes

  • Place: USA
  • First flight: 1948
  • Built: 1050 pcs.

Northrop F-89 Scorpion – Trying to replace the “Black Widow” Northrop P-61. A slightly better night fighter, American designers developed the F-89 Scorpion. It was a self-supporting medium wing, capable of operating regardless of weather conditions. It had: 2 seats, 2 Allison J35 engines, all-metal construction. It was the first aircraft armed with nuclear weapons – intended for aerial combat.

Light pillar – Sun pillar – Optical phenomenon in atmosphere

Light pillar - Sun pillar (1) - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar and Sun dog (parhelion) - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar forms as the sun rises over the Arctic plain - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar - (NOAA Photo Library)Light pillar - Sun pillar - Optical effect march sunset - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar - Halos, arcs and sundogs - Antarctica, South Pole Station, 1981(NOAA Photo Library)Light pillar - Sun pillar - Illuminated Clean Air Facility - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar - December sundog - NOAA
 
 
 
Light pillar - Sun Dog and Turbo TrainLight pillar - Sun pillar (2) - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar (3) - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar (4) - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar (5) - NOAALight pillar - Sun Dog - Ice crystals formed in the stable morning airLight pillar - Sun pillar - Lake LucerneLight pillar - Sunset at the port of Plouhinec Pors Poulhan in Brittany
 
 
 
Light pillar - Sun pillar - Seen when the sun is still behind the horizon - False SunriseLight pillar - Sun pillar - Susak, island in Croatia, view from the islandLight pillar - Sun pillar - Seen when the sun is still behind the horizon - False Sunrise (parhelion)

Light pillar – Sun pillar – Optical phenomenon in atmosphere

Light pillar is an optical phenomenon. That arises in very cold weather when there are ice crystals in the shape of tiles in the air. They are also visible in clearly illuminated parts of cities. They are typical of the clouds of the high floor, but in the big cold they form at earth. They reflect then light from strong sources such as lanterns or fireworks on new year’s eve. As a result of such a source of light, the observer can see high light. Most often you can see them just before sunrise, or soon after his west. Another name of the whole phenomenon is a solar pillar.

Giant Saguaro cactus – Symbol of American deserts

Giant Saguaro cactus - Saguaro National Park, Rincon ValleyGiant Saguaro cactus - Sentinel Peak, Tucson, ArizonaGiant Saguaro cactus - Arizona - Saguaro Cactus
 
 
 
 
 
Giant Saguaro cactus - Pachycereus pringlei, Sonora, MexicoGiant Saguaro cactus - Pachycereus pringlei with osprey nestGiant Saguaro cactus - Pachycereus pringlei, Rancho Punta Estrella, San Felipe, California, Mexico

Giant Saguaro cactus – Symbol of American deserts

Giant Saguaro cactus – It’s a symbol of American desert landscapes. Fascinates with its uniqueness both locals and tourists. Saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea), is the only representative of the genus Carnegiea, the highest cactus in the world. It reaches a height of 20 meters and is a decoration of desert scenery, especially Sonora and other parts of Arizona and California. Although it is not an endangered species, America is particularly concerned about its protection.
In the first place classification of the highest cactus in the world is a 150-year-old giant carnival, which grew in Arizona and reached the height of 23.8 meters. This admirable cactus fell victim to unfavorable weather conditions in 1986. Although it is still an invincible record holder, some species are trying to catch up with him. For example, the leader of the genus Pachycereus pringlei, reached 19.2 meters.

Intelligent lighting system – Infrared cameras and lasers

Intelligent lighting system - Mercedes-Benz Intelligent Light SystemIntelligent lighting system - Mercedes-Benz W176 Intelligent Light System

Intelligent lighting system – Infrared cameras and lasers

Intelligent lighting system – Cars that see at night. In winter, when the day is very short, the role of lights and the so-called Night driving assistants (image analysis of the thermal imaging camera allows you to mark on the screen, for example, animals or pedestrians) is obvious. In Mercedes, the intelligent ILS system with adaptive bi-xenon headlamps automatically adapts to weather, light and road conditions, including fog. Audi, in turn, uses long-range laser spotlights – the range reaches even several hundred meters in optimal conditions.

In the latest Maybach, so-called digital lights. The beam is reflected in them from the matrix composed of a million miniature mirrors. Two headlights allow – at least theoretically – to create a HD resolution image on a roadway. They not only better illuminate the road, but also improve the visibility of lanes or pedestrian crossings. They can also display pictograms of relevant signs directly on the asphalt. What does it give? On the asphalt, for example, a snowflake can be shown to warn others of the risk of slipping. The headlights communicate with the navigation. They match the lighting level of the road to what is currently located on it – cars, pedestrians, motorcyclists and of course corners and hills.

2014 warmest year – According to analysis of NOAA

2014 warmest year - Haze and clouds obscure the setting sun

2014 warmest year – According to analysis of NOAA

2014 warmest year – According to the analysis of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 2014 was the warmest year since the beginning of the measurements. For the first time since 1990. Record temperature achieved without the influence of the weather phenomenon El Niño.