Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Island is hell
Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Five kilometers from the coast of Japan in the Kyushu region. An island emerges from the water that resembles, a rather powerful ship. No wonder Hashima is called Battleship by local residents. Or Ghost Island – because hundreds of people were killed cruelly. From the end of the 19th century, there were Mitsubishi concern mines. In which underwater coal seams were exploited.
During World War II:
Chinese and Korean forced laborers came to this Japanese island. As a result of inhuman living conditions and over-work. Almost 1,300 prisoners died here.
Later, workers came voluntarily, and the island itself expanded.
Reaching a length of 480 meters and a width of 160 meters. At its peak, this allowed over five thousand people to live there. With the cessation of mining in 1974, the inhabitants hurriedly left the island.
Despite the ideas of transforming island into a tourist attraction. Severe weather conditions and high costs of reconstruction, mean that only gloomy ruins threaten there – and the secrets hidden in them…
St Kilda – Hirta – Atlantic, Scotland – Exiled people
St Kilda – Hirta – To reach the place called „the edge of the world”. You have to bounce off the west coast of Scotland and over 60 km across the cold Atlantic. There, among windswept and waves, several small islands protrude from the sea. They are so unfriendly and distant from the mainland, that it is not surprising that they are uninhabited, so it is surprising that Hirta, part of the St Kilda archipelago, was already inhabited in the Bronze Age.
The life of indigenous peoples almost all the time concentrated on making supplies for the winter. Harvesting: Peat, which was a source of heat for them. Sheep wool for yarns and sea birds as food. There was no possibility of fishing – the waters around were treacherous enough.
Weather is so hard and unpredictable, that up to the last century for eight months of the year. Hirta was completely cut off from the world. Even in the nineteenth century, its inhabitants, whose number ranged between 100 and 200, when they wanted to make contact with the world. They threw messages in bottles, into sea, at favorable winds. Hoping that someone in Scotland will catch one.
Community lived in great isolation
To the extent that her genetic pool has been weakened: brought from outside, quite innocent diseases. Which destroyed her almost completely. The last 36 survivors surrendered in the 1930s. After the decision of the British Parliament, they left a sinister place. It was the end of the settlement, which lasted over two thousand years…
Top 10 night fighter planes – WWI & WWII and post-war era
Top 10 night fighter planes:
World War I:
– Night flights were already taking place during World War I. It was not machines specially designed for these purposes. But fighters usually reworked. Such an example was a single-engine, two-seat, biplane – Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c.
– “Comic” Nightfighter – A modified version of the British military aircraft Sopwith Camel also participated in World War I. Manufactured by Sopwith Aviation Company. Equipped with an improved Neame sight.
World War II:
– Was a heavy twin-engine fighter aircraft. One of the best machines for conducting night raids. Because the machine was poorly manoeuvrable, the Germans decided to use it as a bombing and intercepting fighter.
– In the summer of 1943, the German Luftwaffe I/NJG 1 with a base in Venlo, the Netherlands, received a prototype of the Heinkel He 219 UHU night fighter. During tests it proved to be reliable and quickly gained recognition in battle. Throwing down 15 enemy bombers.
– Nazi Germany, for the third time. This time with a machine inspired by a hostile multi-purpose aircraft: de Havilland Mosquito. The original had a fairly old wooden structure. But it troubled the Germans so much that they decided to build something similar.
– The “Black Widow” aircraft from the manufacturer Northrop Corporation was the only fighter of World War II. From the beginning, designed exclusively for night flying.
– Trying to replace the “Black Widow” Northrop P-61. A slightly better night fighter, American designers developed the F-89. It was a self-supporting medium wing.
– First fighter manufactured by Gloster Aircraft Company was Meteor – with a jet propulsion. The first night machine, from this factory was Gloster Javelin.
– The first test flight of the French machine, took place on 16th October 1952. But it was not included in active service until 1958. The prototype was improved and finally created in three versions: IIA, IIB, IIN.
– The first in the USSR created to operate on the areas of Siberia and the Far East. A twin-engine long-range fighter, adapted to all weather conditions. And for day and night flights.
During the war, the time of day does not matter. The fight lasts around the clock, regardless of weather conditions or time. That’s why the designers created night fighters. Which could have carried out the attack when most people calmly rest.
Intelligent lighting system – Infrared cameras and lasers
Intelligent lighting system – Cars that see at night. In winter, when the day is very short, the role of lights and the so-called Night driving assistants (image analysis of the thermal imaging camera allows you to mark on the screen, for example, animals or pedestrians) is obvious. In Mercedes, the intelligent ILS system with adaptive bi-xenon headlamps automatically adapts to weather, light and road conditions, including fog. Audi, in turn, uses long-range laser spotlights – the range reaches even several hundred meters in optimal conditions.
In the latest Maybach, so-called digital lights. The beam is reflected in them from the matrix composed of a million miniature mirrors. Two headlights allow – at least theoretically – to create a HD resolution image on a roadway. They not only better illuminate the road, but also improve the visibility of lanes or pedestrian crossings. They can also display pictograms of relevant signs directly on the asphalt. What does it give? On the asphalt, for example, a snowflake can be shown to warn others of the risk of slipping. The headlights communicate with the navigation. They match the lighting level of the road to what is currently located on it – cars, pedestrians, motorcyclists and of course corners and hills.
2014 warmest year – According to analysis of NOAA
2014 warmest year – According to the analysis of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 2014 was the warmest year since the beginning of the measurements. For the first time since 1990. Record temperature achieved without the influence of the weather phenomenon El Niño.
Rainbow forming ways – Meteorological phenomenon
Rainbow forming ways – It meteorological phenomenon, optical (photo-meteor). Being produced by the refraction of light rays in the water droplets in the atmosphere. Where it is distributed across all colors.