Poisonous birds – Not venomous discovered so far

Poisonous birds - Pitohui dichrousPoisonous birds - Plectropterus gambensisPoisonous birds - Common quail (Coturnix coturnix)

Poisonous birds – Not venomous discovered so far

Poisonous birds – No venomous bird has been discovered so far. That is, one whose body would produce a poisonous substance. That would then be transmitted by pecking or wounding with a claw. There are several groups of poisonous birds, that is, poisoning us when we touch or eat them. Their organisms are also probably not producing toxins, but they are able to obtain them from poisonous insects or plants.

Most of them live in New Guinea. Where are several species of Pitohui. Also representatives of the families, store the strong neurotoxin (batrachotoxin) in the skin.

The Gambian Goose from the Anatidae family living in Africa. It accumulates in its tissues another poison, a kantaridine (it gets it from the eaten beetles). Plectropterus gambensis, however, are poisonous only after their consumption. So they gain little thanks to this weapon (except revenge from beyond the grave). On the other hand, other animals of this species benefit from this – a predator who once encountered goose meat will avoid it.

A similar phenomenon applies to the European Common Quail, whose meat is also poisonous, although only for part of the year. Probably quails get their toxin from being eaten plants, and poisoning them are known for a long time and referred to as a coturnism (from the Latin name of the quail Coturnix coturnix).

Conium maculatum – Related to carrots, parsley, caraway

Conium maculatum (1)Conium maculatum (2)Conium maculatum - Germany, 1910

Conium maculatum – Related to carrots, parsley, caraway

Conium maculatum – Plant related with carrots, parsley and caraway seeds. Its main weapon is the violent poison of the coniine, which causes the man to suffocate with full consciousness.

  • Deadly dose: 0,15 g (contained in 20g of the plant)
  • Death: within 2 – 3 days
  • Poison: coniine
  • Aftermath: strangulation through muscle paralysis
  • Where it grows: Europe, Africa and Asia
  • Occurrence in Poland: yes

Coniine easily penetrates the skin and respiratory system. However, the biggest danger is an easy mistake with the vegetable. At first, the poison has a stimulating effect and then starts blocking the spinal cord’s commands. In this way, muscle paralysis and strangulation occur.

History of the plant:
In ancient Greece and Rome often used during the execution. It enjoyed great popularity among the poisoners (allegedly, Socrates was executed with its help). In Europe, it appeared in the Middle Ages, and gradually disappeared during the 20th century. In the meadows and along roads, it began to grow massively in the 80’s.

World atomic arsenal

World atomic arsenal - Nuclear explosion in Nagasaki

World atomic arsenal

World atomic arsenal – Nuclear bombs are one of the most powerful and therefore most terrible weapons created by man. Here are the countries which have atomic arsenal:

– USA:

  • the first nuclear explosion: 16 July 1945.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: 31 October 1952.
  • the number of nuclear warheads: over 10 thousand.
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 1030

– Russia (USSR):

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 29 August 1949.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: 12 August 1953.
  • the number of nuclear warheads: over 10 thousand.
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 715

 

– Great Britain:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 3 October 1952.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: 15 May 1957.
  • the number of nuclear warheads: 185
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 45

 

– France:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 13 February 1960.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: 24 September 1966.
  • the number of nuclear warheads: 350
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 210

 

– China:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 16 October 1964.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: 17 June 1967.
  • the number of nuclear warheads: 400
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 45

 

– India:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 18 May 1974.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: –
  • the number of nuclear warheads: 60
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 3

 

– Pakistan:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 28 May 1998.
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: –
  • the number of nuclear warheads: ?
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 2

 

– Israel:

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: ?
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: –
  • the number of nuclear warheads: approx. 350
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 1 (?)

 

– North Korea (DPRK):

 

  • the first nuclear explosion: 9 October 2006
  • the first thermonuclear explosion: –
  • the number of nuclear warheads: ?
  • number of tests of nuclear weapons: 2 (?)

 

Looking in future

Looking in future - Stephen Hawking in Jerusalem, 10-12-2006

Looking in future

Looking in future – British physicist Stephen Hawking, paints a future in pessimistic tones

“Artificial intelligence can take over the financial markets or to create a weapon, which now are not themselves able to even imagine.”

His ideas agree with the opinion of researchers from CSER. There may come a moment in which intelligence no longer limited by biological factors, warns Huw Price. For now, nothing to worry about, but the fact that the problem of dealing with major research groups, testifies to the existing danger …

Iran military situation – After the end of World War II

Iran military situation - Map of Iran

Iran military situation – After the end of World War II

Iran military situation – After the end of World War II – The British withdrew their troops from Iran, the Russians – not. Moreover, in March 1946. Occupying Azerbaijan South. Soviet troops left the province, but marched on Tehran, and towards the border with Iraq. In this situation, US President Harry Truman, demanded the withdrawal of the Russians and threatened them with war. The Americans then had a monopoly on nuclear weapons. The Russians stopped the march on Tehran and quickly withdrew from Iran. With the Tehran government removed the communists and the army suppressed the resistance of Kurdish and Azeri separatists.