Xerox – Known for production of copiers and printers
Xerox – The company, known primarily for the production of copiers and printers, was founded in 1906 in Rochester in the USA. Initially, it focused on the production of photographic paper. Chester Carlson in 1938 created the first photocopier in the laboratory. Gradually, the company began to specialize in the production of copiers. In 1956, the 914 model was released to the market. It was the first fully automatic office copier. Later, the company started cooperation with Apple. It is no secret that in 1963, Douglas Engelbart presented the design of the device, which began to be called a mouse. It was to make it easier to control a computer with a graphical interface. Xerox also produced personal computers. The most famous is Alto. Despite the revolutionary idea, the board decided not to sell the device. They invited Steve Jobs, who liked the project so much that he immediately used it in his project Lisa, which he worked on. Other known products include the 9700 laser printer, Ethernet and electronic paper known as the SmartPaper.
Mostly practiced sports – 10 most popular disciplines in the world:
1. Football: 4 bln fans
It is practiced all over the world. In Poland, sports clubs play over 300,000 people.
2. Cricket: 2,5 bln fans
A team game based on bouncing the ball with a stick. The most popular is in Great Britain and its former colonies.
3. Field hockey: 2 bln fans
Team game is popular mainly in Western Europe, South Asia, South Africa and Australia.
4. Tennis: 1 bln fans
The History of tennis dates back to the 12th century. Its original form evolved in French … monasteries.
5. Volleyball: 900 mln fans
Volleyball is popular especially in Europe and America.
6. Table tennis: 875 mln fans
Also known as ping pong, it is played and is seen mainly in Europe and Asia.
7. Basketball: 875 mln fans
This sports discipline is particularly popular in the USA. Around 450 million people throw in the basket all over the world.
8. Baseball: 500 mln fans
Team game derived from with cricket, very popular in the United States.
9. Rugby: 475 mln fans
This discipline requiring great physical effort is mainly cultivated in the Great Britain, RSA and on the antipodes.
10. Golf: 450 mln fans
North America, Western Europe, East Asia – golf is popular primarily in developed countries.
Vladimir Leonidovich Levin – Caught by partner help
Vladimir Leonidovich Levin – born in 1971, St. Petersburg, Russia. He carried out the largest computer theft for 100 dollars. This hacker really stands out from the others. It is not widely known, but he was the initiator and executor of the largest computer theft in history .
After studying, Levin for $ 100 bought access codes and passwords from the ArkanoiD hacking group to the American Citibank. It was gradually transferring the sum of 10.7 million dollars to bills in the USA, the Netherlands, Finland, Germany and Israel. Any transactions were made during rush hour. At the bank, this was noticed when 400,000 dollars were missing. The Russian police did not want to cooperate with the FBI, which is why Levin’s shot was not easy. The Americans forced his partner to invite him to London, where he was captured and taken to the USA. Vladimir Leonidovich Levin was sentenced to 3 years in prison and to pay a fine of 240,000 dollars. Since then, Citibank has one of the best security systems.
Kevin Mitnick – Broke-into US Gov. and NASA nets
Kevin Mitnick – b. 6.08.1963, Los Angeles, United States of America. Nickname: “Condor”. He belongs to the most famous hackers in the world. As a teenager, during a conversation with the bus driver, he learned where to get the ticket validation. He used the so-called social engineering, or manipulation to obtain information. He won it for 15 dollars. At the age of 13, he got the opportunity to travel by bus and public transport in the Los Angeles area. During IT studies he explored the secrets of IT.
He managed to get all the secret access codes for IBM computers. He broke into the Pentagon and NASA networks several times. In 1979 he copied the IT system of the DEC company. He was sentenced to one year in prison and an additional three years under the supervision of freedom. At the end of the trial period, Mitnick broke into the Pacific Bell voicemail computers. Fearing re-arrest, he hid for 2.5 years. He was employed as a security consultant.
Kevin Poulsen – Thanks to fraud won Porsche 994
Kevin Poulsen – born 30.11.1965, Pasadena, United States of America. Nickname: “Dark dante”. He started hacking as a 17-year-old in high school. He then broke into several systems on the Arpanet network, which was the predecessor of the Internet operated since 1969 by the US Defense Ministry. Telephones for Poulsen were more fascinating than computers. He managed to gain access to Bell, which was one of the best secured telephone companies in the US. In 1991 he made his biggest fraud. The KISS-FM radio station announced a competition in which competitor could win the Porsche 994. It was enough to be the 102 person who will connect with studio. Kevin and his friends took control of the telephone exchanges and at the right moment blocked the phones from other participants. Thanks to this fraud, Poulsen “won” the car. He was captured by the police in the same year. He spent 51 months in prison and had to pay a fine of $ 56,000.
Kim Schmitz – Became a hacker as a nine-year-old
Kim Schmitz – born 21.01.1974, Kiel, Germany. Nickname: “Dotcom”. A German-Finnish internet entrepreneur became a hacker as a nine-year-old when he managed to break the security of various games. He sold the information he obtained to his colleagues for little money. At the age of 15, he offered access to hacked games around the world. During the same period, he broke the security of the American Calling Cards, using them to call the Talk-Lines he founded, collecting huge sums of money. As an adult, he wanted to become the best hacker in the world. During the day he worked as a programmer, he carried out the biggest attacks from home. He broke into the Pentagon network, where he found pictures from satellites and top secret information. The most known hacker attack, which brought him fame, is the collection of a small amounts from bank accounts of almost 4 million Citibank customers. The sum of about 20 million dollars was then sent to Greenpeace’s account.