Kilauea – United States of America, Hawaii
- Location: United States of America, Hawaii
- Szczyt: 1247 m a. s. l.
Kilauea is located on the Hawaiian island of Hawai’i (also known as Big Island) and is one of the volcanoes that form it. It occupies 14% of this island. The mountain, on the slope of which the lava flows, belongs to the most active volcanoes in the world. According to the Hawaiian history, it spits out lava uninterruptedly since 1983, an average of 400,000 m³ per day. The volcano was created as a result of tectonic movements of the Pacific plate. Which in 70 million years resulted in the creation of a chain of 6,000 km long submarine volcanoes.
The testimonies of the first eruptions come from 1750. However, we learn from the Polynesian myth that the mountain spit out lava much earlier. The lava flows covered the area of hundreds of square kilometers and affected the appearance of the whole coast line. The indigenous islanders believe that Pele, the goddess of fire, lives on the mountain. Goddess punishes anyone who dares to steal volcanic stones. Being for her like children. A thief of such a stone can expect bad luck that will never leave him.
Locals, to the honor of the goddess Pele, perform ritual dances. According to tradition, they throw flowers and food into the volcano crater, which is to give them favor.
We like aggressive music – Strong, sad, full of emotions
We like aggressive music – Strong, sad, full of emotions – We are more willing to choose sad, troubling and full of anger songs. This phenomenon was observed by analysts from Lawrence Technological University. They used an automated system to evaluate the lyrics of the most popular songs listed on the Billboard Hot 100 list from the end of the 1950s until the end of 2016. In total, about 6,000 works were examined. The algorithm assigned each emotional value, and then the average for the whole year.
As Kathleen Napier and Lior Shamir, who analyzed this data, observed, the most optimistic, joyful songs are the oldest ones. From that time on, anger, fear and sadness began to take over to reach the apogee in 2015. Only the middle of the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s breaks from this trend.
As the researchers emphasize, it does not mean that the music itself has changed
Increasing aggression in the text layer does not mean growing aggression of the creators. This is a sign that the tastes of music consumers have changed
– says Lior Shamir. –
We just want to listen such things.