Records among trees – What we owe to trees

Records among trees - Palm Beach of Preveli -  with the mouth of Megalopotamos river - CreteRecords among trees - Trails in forest on a mountainside - Plužna, Slovenia - (2017-05-07)Records among trees - View of trail in forest - Jyväskylä, Finland - (2015-11-01)

Records among trees – What we owe to trees

Records among trees – The largest trees are often giant plants. Which began to grow at the same time as people founded the first cities.
Trees began to grow on Earth about 370 million years ago. Currently, about 100,000 grow on Earth. tree species. Of which 8,000 species are threatened with extinction, and almost 1,000 are in critical condition.
The forest presents a unified and connected system, capable of communication and mutual assistance. The trees communicate with each other. They help and provide each other with missing ingredients.

List of records among trees:

Sequoia sempervirens - Redwood National Park, CaliforniaRedwood National ParkSequoia sempervirens - Redwood National Park

Redwood evergreen – Sequoia sempervirens
 
 


Records among trees - Giant Mammoth - Sequoiadendron giganteum - General ShermanRecords among trees - Giant Mammoth - General ShermanRecords among trees - Sequoiadendron giganteum - (General Sherman)

Giant Mammoth – Sequoiadendron giganteum
 
 


Records among trees - Mexican cypress - Taxodium mucronatum - El Árbol del TuleRecords among trees - Mexican cypress - El Árbol del TuleRecords among trees - Taxodium mucronatum - El Árbol del Tule

Mexican cypress – Taxodium mucronatum
 
 


Records among trees - Abies squamata - Botanic Garden, Dresden, Germany - (2013-12-10)Records among trees - Fir - Abies squamata - Botanic_Garden_Dresden-Germany- (2013-12-10)

Fir – Abies squamata – Highest growing tree
 
 


Records among trees - Bengal ficus - Ficus benghalensis - Thimmamma marrimanu

Bengal ficus – Ficus benghalensis
 
 


Aspen grove - Fishlake National ForestPando - Utah, United StatesTrunk or stem

Pando – Thousands trunks grows out one root system
 
 


Old Tjikko - Fulufjället-Dalarna-Sweden - 9550-years - (2015-08-19)Norway spruce - Picea abies - Old TjikkoOld-Tjikko - Fulufjället - (2015-08-19)

Norway spruce – Picea abies – Old Tjikko
 
 


Highmountain willow - Salix herbacea - Botanic-Garden - Berlin, Germany (2018-05-22)Salix herbacea - Fruits found near Wildgrat - Austria - at 2490 m. - (2007-07-25)Salix herbacea - (2015-07-02)

Highmountain willow – Salix herbacea
 
 


Air cost in New York – Real Estate market project

Manhattan from space, NYC, USA - NASAThinscraper tower in Manhattan, NYC, USAAerial view on NYC, USA - 21, 07, 2017Air cost in New York - Hi Line construction, Manhattan - New YorkAir cost in New York - Hudson Yards, Manhattan - New YorkAir cost in New York - New York City High LineAir cost in New York - 30th Street High Line

 

Air cost in New York – Real Estate market project

Air cost in New York – work on a major project in the US real estate market is now entering a crucial phase. Hudson Yards consists of 15 skyscrapers and fills the last big gap in New York City Tissue. Investors spent $ 25 billion on this neighborhood. Not many people know they had to pay for anything else besides the plot, steel and glass. For something you can’t see or touch – for the air.
Although not very clean, it is in this 8,5-millionaire metropolis as expensive as anywhere else in the world. The reason for this is the reform of building law from 1961 Until then, there were no height limits in the “Big Apple”. In order to prevent the “arms proliferation” of developers, the city has determined how many floors and how many surfaces can be built per square meter of land.
The fact that companies can, since then, simply buy back unused airspace from their neighbours. For example, if the building has only 20 floors and 40. is allowed, the investor can acquire air rights above it and add 20 floors to his project next door. Thanks to this solution, New York schools, theatres and churches are unable to make use of their rights. They gain a lucrative source of income: they can sell rights to space not only to their immediate neighbours, but also to those across the street. In 2014 the church of st. Thomas in Manhattan for the rights to air above the roof received $ 72 million when Goldman Sachs needed an extra area for his skyscrapers.
Hudson Yards Investors couldn’t handle this cheap. They had to pay $ 265 million. But despite construction explosion, the air in New York won’t be long. Statistically speaking, unused rights to space over roofs would be enough to set up about 1300 skyscrapers of the Empire State Building.


432 Park Avenue - 57th Street432 Park Avenue

In New York City, the maximum permissible height of the skyscrapers is decided by the area of the plot. To be able to rise 432 Park Avenue, 426 m high. On a square with sides only 28 at 28 m., it was necessary to buy the airspace of adjacent buildings.
 
 

Construction of 111 West 57th Street - 25-05-2019111 West 57th

Measures 438 meters and with a ratio of width of facades, up to a height of 1:24-is the most beautiful cloud in the world. The construction of this luxury skyscraper was only possible thanks to the air above the plot.
 
 

Construction of Central Park Tower - 27-04-2019Central Park Tower

The construction of the 472-Foot Central Park Tower is to be completed in 2020 This height was also achieved only because investors bought a lot of airspace rights from neighbouring skyscrapers and used them to build their own skyscrapers.

Most dangerous volcanoes – Still unpredictable

Most dangerous volcanoes - KīlaueaMost dangerous volcanoes - Eruption of the Volcano Vesuvius - J.C.DahlMost dangerous volcanoes - Nevado del Ruiz - 1985Most dangerous volcanoes - Chaitén - Eruption 27.05.2008

 

Most dangerous volcanoes – Still unpredictable

 
Most dangerous volcanoes – Eruptions of volcanoes in ancient times were considered a divine punishment. Today, we know their causes, but they are still unpredictable. And they leave terrible havoc after themselves. Volcanoes that sow the greatest destruction and thus are the most dangerous for Earth.
 

List of the most dangerous volcanoes on Earth:

 

Mt.Etna from ISS - 2013Sailors aboard USNS Carson City - watching Mt.Etna during arrival in CataniaMost dangerous volcanoes - Mount Etna - CraterMost dangerous volcanoes - Etna in Sicily

Mount Etna – Italy, Sicily
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Big Blast at Sakurajima Volcano, Japan - NASASakurajima Volcano in Kyushu, JapanMost dangerous volcanoes - Big Blast at Sakurajima Volcano, JapanView from Kagoshima - Kyushu, Japan

Sakurajima – Japan, Kyushu
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Torii near summit of Mt.Fuji, Honshu, JapanMount Fuji on the island of Honshu, Japan - 2006Most dangerous volcanoes - Japan, Honshu, Mt.FujiMost dangerous volcanoes - Mount Fuji - NASA

Mount Fuji – Japan, Honshu
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Mount Vesuvius - ISS - NASARAF Spitfires flying around a still steaming Vesuvius after the March 1944 eruptionVesuvius - AsterSeismograph on the Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius – Italy
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Nyiragongo and NyamuragiraMost dangerous volcanoes - Nyiragongo - Eruption 01-2002Nyiragongo - 1994Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira - 31.01.2007

Nyiragongo – Congo
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Kīlauea - USGS multimedia fileKīlauea Caldera and Mauna LoaKīlauea - Lava hits the Pacific Ocean - Hawaii - 2005Kīlauea - Explosion at Halema'uma'u crater

Kilauea – United States of America, Hawaii
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Mount Merapi craterMerapi ash plume - MODIS sat image - (10.11.2010)Merbabu & MerapiMost dangerous volcanoes - Merapi from space

Merapi – Indonesia, Java
 
 


Nevado del Ruiz - Summit after the eruption that caused the Armero tragedy - 11.1985Nevado del Ruiz Volcano - Colombia - NASAMost dangerous volcanoes - Nevado del Ruiz - Almost 2 weeks after its deadly eruption in 1985, Viewed from the northeastNevado del Ruiz - View from bamboo plantation

Nevado del Ruiz – Colombia
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Popocatépetl - Seen from Mexico CityPopocatépetl - The active volcano located about 70 km southeast of Mexico City - 23.01.2001 - NASAPopocatépetl - Cholula PyramidMost dangerous volcanoes - Popocatépetl

Popocatépetl – Mexico
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Column of ash during the Chaitén eruption, 02.05.2008Plume of ash from eruption of Chaiten volcano, Chile - 03.05.2008Chaitén - NASAAerial view of the Chaitén Town - Chile - 02-2009

Chaitén – Chile
 
 


Pico del Teide - Volcano on Canary Islands, SpainMost dangerous volcanoes - Pico del Teide - PanoramaPico del Teide volcano, on Tenerife, Canary Islands - from planePico del Teide in clouds

Pico del Teide – Spain, Tenerife
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Eruption of Krakatau, Indonesia - 2008Satellite image of the Krakatau volcano, Indonesia - May 18, 1992Krakatau MapSatellite image Plumes of volcanic ash - 17.11.2010

Krakatau – Indonesia
 
 


Kilauea – United States of America, Hawaii

Dark Ash Plume Rising from Overlook Crater - 15.05.2018Entering the top of the volcanoKīlauea - USGS multimedia fileCaldera of Kīlauea with Halemaumau craterHalema'uma'u crater and Kīlauea calderaKīlauea Caldera and Mauna LoaKīlauea caldera - Hawaii Volcanoes National ParkKīlauea - Eruptions in last 200 yearsLava hits the Pacific Ocean - Hawaii - 2005Kīlauea - Crater of volcano on HawaiiExplosion at Halema'uma'u crater

 
 

Kilauea – United States of America, Hawaii

 

  • Location: United States of America, Hawaii
  • Szczyt: 1247 m a. s. l.

 
Kilauea is located on the Hawaiian island of Hawai’i (also known as Big Island) and is one of the volcanoes that form it. It occupies 14% of this island. The mountain, on the slope of which the lava flows, belongs to the most active volcanoes in the world. According to the Hawaiian history, it spits out lava uninterruptedly since 1983, an average of 400,000 m³ per day. The volcano was created as a result of tectonic movements of the Pacific plate. Which in 70 million years resulted in the creation of a chain of 6,000 km long submarine volcanoes.

The testimonies of the first eruptions come from 1750. However, we learn from the Polynesian myth that the mountain spit out lava much earlier. The lava flows covered the area of ​​hundreds of square kilometers and affected the appearance of the whole coast line. The indigenous islanders believe that Pele, the goddess of fire, lives on the mountain. Goddess punishes anyone who dares to steal volcanic stones. Being for her like children. A thief of such a stone can expect bad luck that will never leave him.

Locals, to the honor of the goddess Pele, perform ritual dances. According to tradition, they throw flowers and food into the volcano crater, which is to give them favor.

New type of clouds – Asperitas (Undulatus asperatus)

New type of clouds - AsperitasNew type of clouds - AsperitasNew type of clouds - AsperitasNew type of clouds - Asperitas

New type of clouds – Asperitas (Undulatus asperatus)

New type of clouds – Asperitas (formerly known as Undulatus asperatus). Meteorologists distinguish 10 types of clouds. But a certain mysterious formation discovered a decade ago. We are stubbornly involved in this degree that a separate variety has been introduced especially for it – for the first time in 60 years! It was introduced to the classification by the founder of cloud appreciation society, Gavin Pretor-Pinney. This is the first since 1951 (after cirrus intortus) added to the New International Cloud Atlas of the World Meteorological Organization. Which new edition appeared in 2017 What separates the so-called. Asperitas (what in translation means as much as “Stormy”) from other clouds, is their uneven and very uneven basis. This formation rarely appears in Poland, for this in the USA is observed regularly. Especially in the areas of the Great Plain, East of the Rocky Mountains.
Since their discovery, in the United States, there were observed m. In. In Norway, Scotland, France, Estonia and Poland.

Kiwi Chinese gooseberry – Most often cultivated Actinidia deliciosa

Kiwi Chinese gooseberry - Actinidia deliciosaKiwi Chinese gooseberry - KiwifruitKiwi Chinese gooseberry - Kiwifruit (2)Kiwi Chinese gooseberry - Kiwifruit cross section

Kiwi Chinese gooseberry – Most often cultivated Actinidia deliciosa

Kiwi Chinese gooseberry – With over 50 species of kiwi, the most popular is Actindia deliciosa. In China, the fruits of woody Actinidia vines with a green jelly-like flesh in a rough skin have been eaten for a long time. With time, this Chinese gooseberry was cultivated in New Zealand. There, American soldiers stomped on it, stationed on the island during World War II. In the 1960s, farmers introduced these fruits to their export offer. But to increase their market attractiveness, they changed their name to kiwi. Today, New Zealand is one of the largest kiwi exporters in the world, and its symbol is the non-flying kiwi birds.

We like aggressive music – Strong, sad, full of emotions

We like aggressive music - Sabaton performing at Bloodstock Open Air 2013We like aggressive music - Satyricon performing at Bloodstock Open Air in 2016We like aggressive music - Alice Cooper performing at Bloodstock Open Air in 2012We like aggressive music - Blind WitnessWe like aggressive music - Ashes of Eden at concert in Montreal in 2005We like aggressive music - Mercy Killing - ExodusWe like aggressive music - Onslaught performing at Bloodstock in 2006We like aggressive music - Rage performing at Bloodstock Open Air in 2006

We like aggressive music – Strong, sad, full of emotions

We like aggressive music – Strong, sad, full of emotions – We are more willing to choose sad, troubling and full of anger songs. This phenomenon was observed by analysts from Lawrence Technological University. They used an automated system to evaluate the lyrics of the most popular songs listed on the Billboard Hot 100 list from the end of the 1950s until the end of 2016. In total, about 6,000 works were examined. The algorithm assigned each emotional value, and then the average for the whole year.
As Kathleen Napier and Lior Shamir, who analyzed this data, observed, the most optimistic, joyful songs are the oldest ones. From that time on, anger, fear and sadness began to take over to reach the apogee in 2015. Only the middle of the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s breaks from this trend.
As the researchers emphasize, it does not mean that the music itself has changed

Increasing aggression in the text layer does not mean growing aggression of the creators. This is a sign that the tastes of music consumers have changed

– says Lior Shamir. –

We just want to listen such things.

Long ago forbidden – Today completely normal

Long ago forbidden – Today completely normal

Long ago forbidden – Today something completely normal:
 
 

Long ago forbidden - Football - icon

1. Football: 4 bln fans

In the XIV century England men have to train archery,
and do not waste time on games. Effect: banning football.
 
 
 

Long ago forbidden - Christmas in art

2. Christmas

England, between 1644 and 1660: the Puritans forbid festivities in days
winter solstice – already celebrated by pagans.
 
 
 

Long ago forbidden - Chess

3. Chess

Year 1254: King of France Louis IX considers this strategy game
too boring and useless, so it is forbidden to think about it.
 
 
 

Long ago forbidden - Popcorn

4. Popcorn

In the era of silent film popcorn is considered a cheap snack of the street people,
therefore it is banished from the “luxury” cinemas.
 
 
 

Long ago forbidden - Bowling game

5. Bowling game

In the years 1366-1477 in England only aristocrats can play bowling.
You have to pay 100 pounds for running the bowling alley.
 
 
 

Long ago forbidden - Trousers for women

6. Trousers for women

For 214 years law prohibits Parisiennes wearing trousers.
The law finally disappears in 2013.
 
 
 

Long ago forbidden - Credit card - front

7. Credit cards for women

Until 1974, American women can get a credit card,
only with the consent of her husband.
 
 
 

Long ago forbidden - Coffee - Antoccino Espresso

8. Coffee shops

In 1675, King of England Charles II tries to forbid coffee shops – from fear
that his critics could plan a rebellion there.
 
 
 

Long ago forbidden - Swimsuit

9. Swimsuits

In the early XX century, American cities issue regulations
with a minimum length of swimsuits.
 
 
 

Long ago forbidden - Scrabble

10. Scrabble

Communist dictator of Romania, Nicolae Ceausescu,
forbids this game as “over-intellectualized”.

AMD – Advanced Micro Devices

AMD - Radeon HD-7870AMD - Ryzen 1800XAMD - Sapphire Radeon HD-7750

AMD – Advanced Micro Devices

AMD – Advanced Micro Devices – An enterprise that manufactures processors, APUs, GPUs and chipsets. It was established on May 1, 1969 in Sunnyvale in the United States. Currently, AMD also provides APU and GPU for Playstation and Xbox consoles. A known product is, for example, Radeon graphics processors. They are mounted on Radeon and FireGL graphics cards. Other well-known companies involved in the production of graphics cards and other computer accessories are ATI and nVidia.

Intel Corporation – Largest integrated circuits manufacturer

Intel Corporation - logoIntel Corporation - Intel Centrino 2 ASUS U6V - TaiwanIntel Corporation - HQ (Santa-Clara, CA, USA)

Intel Corporation – Largest integrated circuits manufacturer

Intel Corporation – An American company founded in 1968 is one of the largest manufacturers of semiconductor chips. It is particularly known for computer processors. They are able to release over 100 million units annually, which is about 75% of the world production. In addition to personal computer processors, they also produce PDAs, chipsets, flash memories, telecommunications chips and home multimedia devices. But there are also graphics cards in the resources.