Rafflesia Arnoldii – Largest flower is parasite

Rafflesia Arnoldii - Bengkulu - 21-April-2015Rafflesia Arnoldii - Lake-Maninjau - Sumatra-Indonesia - 1-09-99Rafflesia ArnoldiiModel of Rafflesia flower - Lee Kong Chian - Natural History Museum Singapore - 08-08-2015

Rafflesia Arnoldii – Largest flower is parasite

Rafflesia Arnoldii – Rafflesia arnoldii, is the largest individual flower on Earth. It doesn’t have its own stems, leaves or roots. Parasites on vines of the Cissus genus, related to the vine. Deriving water and nutrients from the hosts. Rafflesia grows in a thicket of tropical jungles in Borneo and Sumatra.
It reaches a weight of 11 kg and a diameter of one meter. It consists of five fleshy, red, white speckled petals. Inside, it finds a few liters of nectar, and spike-like creations with an unknown function.
Rafflesia emit a specific, bad smell to rotten meat. In this way it attracts pollinating beetles and flies. That’s why the people of Indonesia call it a corpse flower. It blooms for 5-7 days, every few years. However, if pollinated, it produces round fruit. Containing thousands of tiny seeds.

Krakatau – Indonesia

Process of the creation of the Anak Krakatau islandEruption of Krakatau, Indonesia - 2008Satellite image of the Krakatau volcano, Indonesia - May 18, 1992Krakatau MapSatellite image Plumes of volcanic ash 17 November, 2010

 
 

Krakatau – Indonesia

 

  • Location: Indonesia
  • Peak: m a.s.l.

 
Krakatau lies between Java and Sumatra, and belongs to the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. We can also find out about it in the last days when the mountain awoke. Its largest explosion occurred in 1883. When the Perboewatan crater threw away a 6 km high cloud of ash, visible from a distance of 160 km. The next eruption occurred a few months later. This time, volcanic dust has risen to 27 km. In the final phase of the eruption caused the creation of four tsunamis high at 30 meters. The sounds of the crash were heard even several thousand kilometers away. More than 36,000 people have died as a result of the explosion and tsunami. These events affected the entire planet, as a result of the explosion the average annual temperature decreased by approx. 1.2 ° C. This year, the volcano has woken up again. After the explosion, a large part of it collapsed and caused a deadly wave of tides that killed over 400 people.