Colchicum autumnale – Protected and very poisonous
Colchicum autumnale – It belongs to protected as well as very poisonous plants.
- Deadly dose: 20 – 40 mg (5 – 10 seeds)
- Death: to 4 days
- Poison: colchicine
- Aftermath: paralysis, pulmonary edema, renal failure
- Where it grows: Southern and Western Europe
- Occurrence in Poland: yes
One flower contains more than 20 alkaloids, the most dangerous of which is colchicine and its derivatives. Thanks to the appropriate dosage, they can be used for treatments of cancers. Medicinal products for rheumatism, ascites and kidney diseases are produced from wintering seeds. However, if you carelessly handle (for example when confusing with wild garlic leaves), poisoning may occur. Fowl and goat’s milk may also be dangerous. The first symptoms of taking harmful substances appear after 2 – 6 hours after ingestion. At the beginning you can observe mouth burning, vomiting or cramps. Without proper help, a man can die.