Fort Jefferson – Florida, USA – In left fortress-reserve

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Fort Jefferson – Florida, USA – In left fortress-reserve

Fort Jefferson – On the Florida Keys, it was supposed to be a fortress for eternity, but life verified these bold plans. It gave shelter to soldiers for only a few years. This is one of the most ambitious construction projects in US history: thousands of workers worked on the Garden Key island. Who used nearly 16 million bricks for nearly 30 years to build the largest fort on the American coast. It was built on a hexagon plan, its walls were 14 m high, and the space in it was enough for: 450 cannons, 1500 soldiers.

The problem was that the fortress was named after President Thomas Jefferson. Most of the time it was simply unnecessary. That is why the government began to use it as a place of isolation for political prisoners in the Civil War. That was until 1867.
When an epidemic of yellow fever broke out in the fort. One of her first victims was a prison doctor. So, to stop the rampant disease, he began, Dr. Samuel Mudd – serving life imprisonment for participating in the plot for the life of Abraham Lincoln. He succeeded: he saved hundreds of prisoners and guards. Mudd was pardoned and the prison was soon closed.

Today there is a bird sanctuary in the abandoned fortress. It is also one of the favorite diving spots on the Florida Keys.

Amoco Cadiz – Biggest oil spills

Amoco Cadiz - Grounding and oil spill - 01.03.1978Amoco Cadiz - Sinking tanker - Brittany-France - 01.03.1978Impact of oil spill - 01.03.1978Oil spill - 01.03.1978

Amoco Cadiz – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: France
  • Date: 16 March 1978
  • Amount of spill: 254 400 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 136 mln

Amoco Cadiz – In 1978, the tanker crashed off the coast of France. On its standard route, from the Persian Gulf to the Dutch port of Rotterdam. When a 335 meter ship passed the west coast of France. It got inside a violent storm. High waves damaged the rudder and directed the tanker directly to the coast. The ship first hit a coral reef, as a result of which water flooded the engine room. Another blow to the rocks caused the oil tanks to crack. The contents of all of them spilled into the sea in 14 days.

Could the disaster be prevented

The crew was warned of a possible disaster, but they were unable to stop the ship in time. Therefore, the tanker impacted the sanding. In total, over 2.5 million liters of oil spilled near Portsall. It reached about 360 km of coastline. About 14,000 volunteers and soldiers fought the effects of the accident. However, around 37,000 birds and 6,400 oysters died. Nature returned to balance seven years after the disaster.

Kiwi Chinese gooseberry – Most often cultivated Actinidia deliciosa

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Kiwi Chinese gooseberry – Most often cultivated Actinidia deliciosa

Kiwi Chinese gooseberry – With over 50 species of kiwi, the most popular is Actindia deliciosa. In China, the fruits of woody Actinidia vines with a green jelly-like flesh in a rough skin have been eaten for a long time. With time, this Chinese gooseberry was cultivated in New Zealand. There, American soldiers stomped on it, stationed on the island during World War II. In the 1960s, farmers introduced these fruits to their export offer. But to increase their market attractiveness, they changed their name to kiwi. Today, New Zealand is one of the largest kiwi exporters in the world, and its symbol is the non-flying kiwi birds.

Commodore – Founded in 1954 by Jack Tramiel

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Commodore – Founded in 1954 by Jack Tramiel

Commodore – The company was founded in 1954 by a soldier Jack Tramiel. Initially, it dealt with the repair of typewriters. Later started to produce their own typewriters and calculators. In 1980, released the first computer under the name MicroPET, later VIC20. In the days of the greatest splendor, up to 9,000 units were sold daily. It was the first color computer that changed the general view of this technology. Among the most successful models is Commodore – C64, which was the best-selling personal computer of all time. About 25 million copies were sold in total. The company collapsed on April 29, 1994.

Battle of Somme – The attack of French and British

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Battle of Somme – The attack of French and British

Battle of Somme – The great Somme offensive planned by the French and the British. Was to finally break the German resistance and end the war within a few weeks. The decisive significance in this plan was played by a series of secret tunnels. Dug up by the whole company for months. Leading the artillery fire of German trenches, the British imperceptibly placed under enemy positions 19 explosives.

On the first of July 1916, mines under German lines almost simultaneously exploded. The largest load was broken in the earth by a crater with a depth of 21 meters and a diameter of 91 meters. Contrary to the expectations of the generals, however, the enemy forces were not destroyed. And the offensive became a deadly trap for the soldiers.

Already in the first 30 minutes of the fire from German machine guns, thousands of Britons were killed. On the first day of the attack on German positions. About 21000 British and French soldiers died. The fights continued for another five months. Consuming over a million lives. Only to get a 35-kilometer piece of the front. Approx. 10 kilometers deep into the enemy’s territory.

Yueyaquan – Lake surrounded by desert dunes

Yueyaquan - Lake surrounded by desert dunes

Yueyaquan – Lake surrounded by desert dunes

Yueyaquan – literally means “a half-moon lake”. The reservoir really has a crescent shape of 200 m long and 50 m wide. According to the Chinese legend, long ago in the place where it is located, general Li Kuang’s soldiers were so thirsty that they did not have the strength to march on. Then the general struck the sand so much with the sword that water spurted out of him, which gradually formed a crescent-shaped lake. Yueyaquan for at least 2,000 years is a unique oasis, surrounded by the desert dunes of Takla Makan.

It is provided with an underground source, and moisture strengthens its banks, protecting the lake from covering with sand. In the oasis area the amount of precipitation is negligible, therefore the lake gradually dries up. According to measurements carried out in the 60’s. The average depth of the lake was then about 5 meters, while in the deepest place the bottom was 7 meters below the surface. In the 90’s, the depth of the lake was only 90 – 130 cm. Tourists come to the oasis on camels. In a hot and dry desert climate, staying at the lake is refreshing. The oasis is even more surprising in the winter. When the surrounding dunes are scattered with a thin layer of snow.

Largest helicopter – Russian Mil Mi-26

Largest helicopter - Helicopter Mil Mi-26

Largest helicopter – Russian Mil Mi-26

Largest helicopter – Russian Mil Mi-26, designed in the late 70s, which is in production today, it’s still the biggest helicopter in the world. It has over 40 m in length, 8.1 m in height and rotor diameter of 32 meters. Mil Mi-26 is the first and only helicopter, having an eight-bladed rotor. Without load weighs 28 tons and its maximum takeoff weight is 56 tons. It can fly at a speed of 295 km / h and carry 90 soldiers. It is used for military purposes, eg. In the framework of NATO, but during its history, also used in many civil cases. For instance, in 1999. With the Mil Mi-26 were transported frozen mammoth discovered in Siberia to the lab.