Dead Sea salinity – Salt lake without outflow

Dead Sea salinityDead Sea salinityDead Sea salinityDead Sea salinityDead Sea salinityDead Sea salinityDead Sea salinityDead Sea salinityDead Sea salinityIsrael - (07-07-2016)Sunset - Jordan - (2013)View from U.S. Space Shuttle mission-STS-28 - (01-08-1989)Stones at shore - IsraelBeit-HaArava - Before the 1948 Arab–Israeli WarNatural Bitumen from shoreCobble with rock-salt - from Israel

Dead Sea salinity – Salt lake without outflow

Dead Sea salinity – 33.7%, which is 10 times higher than for normal water use. About 40 billion tons of salt are contained in the sea. By evaporating one liter of its water, you can get about 250 grams of this mineral. Due to the high salinity in the Dead Sea, which is actually a salt lake without outflow. There is no right life. For comparison, the salinity of the Baltic Sea is only about 7 ‰.

Dead Sea mud has antiseptic and bactericidal properties.

Tanker Odyssey – Biggest oil spills

Tanker Odyssey - Oil spill and fire - 1988Tanker Odyssey - Oil stain after spill - 1988Tanker Odyssey - Art presenting tragedy of animals after oil spill in 1988Odyssey - Animals after oil spillOdyssey - Aerial view

Tanker Odyssey – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Canada
  • Date: 19 November 1988
  • Amount of spill: 162 180 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 86,7 mln

Tanker Odyssey – An American ship exploded about a thousand kilometers, off the east coast of Canada. About 162 million liters of crude oil spilled out of it into the open sea. That fateful day he sailed from Shetland to Canada. About 2,000 km off the coast of Newfoundland, a sea storm caught him. There was an explosion on the ship. As a result, it broke into two parts and sank. The Passat ship arrived the fastest, after an hour. But because of the flames, he couldn’t get close to one kilometer. 27 crew members were killed on board.

Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

Amoco Milford Haven - Fire of sinking tankerAmoco Milford Haven - Sinking tankerMT Haven - Burning tankerMT Haven - Tanker fire

Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Genoa, Italy
  • Date: 11 April 1991
  • Amount of spill: 159 000 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 85 mln

Amoco Milford Haven – The tanker was built in Cardiz shipyards in 1973. The ship was 334 meters long and 51 meters wide. In 1991 a catastrophic explosion took place near Genoa, Italy. During routine pumping operations, a part of the load. To adjust the draft of the ship. At one point, a powerful explosion shook the front tanks, and a few minutes later a huge fire began on board. Although sailors and firemen fought together with fire. They could do nothing.

Precautions did not help

Flames reached 100 meters in height and a total of six crew members were killed. To prevent a major ecological disaster. Experts recommended towing the ship as far as possible into the open sea and leaving it at the bottom. It also happened. After another explosion, the ship broke into two parts and sank after three days. Spilled fuel reached the coasts of Italy and France. Despite immediate action after installing 10 km long barriers. Oil flooded local beaches and caused great damage.

ABT Summer – Supertanker – Biggest oil spills

ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill and fire - 1991ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill - Angola - 1991Supertanker - Aerial viewOil spill - Map - 18.05.1991

ABT Summer – Supertanker – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Angola
  • Date: 18 May 1991
  • Amount of spill: 305 280 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 178 mln

ABT Summer – Supertanker, which in May 1991 exploded almost 1500 km off the coast of Angola. The ship was built in the South Korean shipyard Ulsan. It traveled on the sea since 1974. It was over 344 meters long and 54 meters wide. The disaster took place on the route from Iran to Rotterdam. As a result of the accident, millions of liters of oil spilled. Which resulted in the formation of a 34 km long oil spot. The tanker burned for three days before sinking in the sea. Five crew members were killed at the explosion site. At ecological point of view this disaster was not very serious. Because it happened far from the coast.

Castillo de Bellver – Biggest oil spills

Castillo de Bellver - Oil spill and fire - 1983Castillo de Bellver - Oil spill and fire fighting - 1983MTCastillo de Bellver - Left sideMTCastillo de Bellver - Right side

Castillo de Bellver – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: RSA
  • Date: 6 August 1983
  • Amount of spill: 286 200 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 153 mln

Castillo de Bellver – The tanker exploded unexpectedly and burned off the coast of South Africa in 1983. The ship traveled on the sea since 1978. On the memorable day of August 6, 1983, it sailed with oil from the Persian Gulf to Spain. Through an area where many sea birds live and where important fisheries are found. The coast was seriously threatened. Unfortunately, the wind changed and moved the stain towards the ocean. Ultimately, the environmental impact was minimal and no one was killed on board.

Oil stain in Kuwait – Biggest oil spills

Oil stain in Kuwait - 1.01.1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 1.01.1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 5–14 June 1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 08.03.1991Oil fires in Kuwait - 7-April-1991Oil well fires rage outside Kuwait City - 21.03.1991Oil well fires south of Kuwait City - 01.03.1991

Oil stain in Kuwait – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Kuwait
  • Date: 19 January 1991
  • Amount of spill: 906 300 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 484,5 million

Oil stain in Kuwait – The largest oil-related disaster took place during the Gulf War. This was not due to a technical defect or explosion, but to planned sabotage. Oil was released by the Iraqi army. Whose goal was to slow down US troops planning to take over Kuwait. To prevent further leakage, US Air Force destroyed the oil towers. According to international research, 5.7 barrels of oil spilled into the sea. Later, it was even speculated that Saddam Hussein wanted to light all continuous reserves. Thus destroy the global economy. Fortunately, this did not happen.

Animals in danger

A layer of oil, 12 centimeters thick, covered the sea over an area of ​​over 4,000 km². It has affected the entire marine ecosystem. While US soldiers could bypass the contaminated area. Animals did not have this option anymore. At least 30,000 sea birds wintering there have died. And a large number of fish. A quarter of the Kuwait desert was also flooded with oil.

Cartilaginous fish – 455 species of sharks

Cartilaginous fish - currently live 455 species of sharks

Cartilaginous fish – 455 species of sharks

Cartilaginous fish – 455 species of sharks – Found fossils show that sharks
living
today belong to a group of cartilaginous fish. There are still very similar to their ancestors
who
existed 150 million years ago. According to experts, currently in the waters of the seas
and oceans
live 455 species of sharks. Joe Quattro professor of biology at
the University of
South Carolina. In 2006 he discovered species, which is very similar to the
famous
hammerhead sharks, but differs from it in terms of genetics.

Antarctic temperature changes

Antarctic temperature changes - Antarctica_Subglacial_Lakes_Map

Antarctic temperature changes

Antarctic temperature changes – Researchers at the University of Washington in Seattle (USA),
after analyzing
data from satellites observing Antarctica, came to the conclusion that Antarctica
warmed
by 0.5 ° C between 1957 and 2006. Scientists noticed that the temperature
quickly
rises to the west Antarctica. Heating the continent has an impact on rising sea levels.

Whale skin – Sensitive to sunlight

Whale skin - Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus)

Whale skin – Sensitive to sunlight

Whale skin – Sensitive to sunlight – Whales skin is just as sensitive to sunlight as humans. Researchers from Newcastle University and the Mexican and Canadian marine biologists drew attention to the blisters of these sea animals. In most cases, they were not infected, which means that the cause must be sought elsewhere UV. Due to the fact that the blue whales are light skin tone, immediately appear on the changes caused by UV radiation – to increase the amount of pigment and mitochondrial DNA damage. Sperm whales spend for more time on the water surface, which also will not miss the effects of sunlight, even though their skin is much darker.

Robot from depth – Undersea depths conceal secrets

Robot from depth - Undersea depths conceal secrets - Kermadec Arc

Robot from depth – Undersea depths conceal secrets

Robot from depth – Undersea depths conceal secrets about which we have no idea. It is very difficult to access areas that focus the attention of researchers from around the world. This time, scientists for the purpose of their research they chose Kermadec Arc located in the vicinity of New Zealand at a depth of 10 km.