Maglev – In approx 8 min. covers a distance 30 km

Maglev - Train at - Pudong International Airport - Shanghai, China

Maglev - Train panorama

Maglev - Train at Longyang Road Station - Shanghai, China

Maglev - Coming out - Pudong International Airport - Shanghai, China

Maglev - Train at station - Pudong International Airport - Shanghai, China

Shanghai Transrapid train

Shanghai Maglev Train Line

The Shanghai Transrapid maglev train - Shanghai, China

Maglev – In approx 8 min. covers a distance 30 km

  • Speed: 431 km/h
  • Location: China (Shanghai)
  • Route: Pudong International Airport Shanghai – Shanghai center
  • Number of seats: 574
  • Commencement of exploitation: December 31, 2002

Maglev – This high-speed rail is not a traditional rail link. It is the route that connects the Shanghai Pudong International Airport with the center of Shanghai. The train covers a distance of 30 kilometers in about 8 minutes. It is 153 meters long and can carry 574 passengers. What distinguishes it from the others is the fact that it does not run on tracks, but rises above the “track” due to the action of a repulsive magnetic field. Superconducting electromagnets are built into not only the train but also the track itself. The German company Siemens participated in its production.

The main problem with this new mode of transport is cost. Because for safety reasons, the tracks must be routed over bridges or in tunnels. On the other hand, their speed is not limited by anything. That is why, in 2015, the test track managed to break the record when the train reached an incredible speed of 603 km / h. In practice, the speed is limited by energy consumption and aerodynamic drag. The advantage of magnetic cushions is also that while driving, no harmful exhaust gases or noise caused by the operation of the engine or wheels are produced. Moreover, energy consumption is lower than that of airplanes or cars.

The abbreviated name “maglev” began to be used in the 1960s by physicist Howard T. Coffey. In English, the word is not only used for technology transport systems, but also to describe the physical phenomenon – magnetic levitation.

Fuxing Hao – The Chinese railway also ranks second

Fuxing Hao - CR400AF-2011 - At Shanghai Station - Shanghai, China

Fuxing Hao - CR400AF-2016 - Departs from Shanghai Station - Shanghai, China

Fuxing Hao - CR400AF-2053 - At Dongxiao Signal Base, China

Fuxing Hao - CR400AF-2053 - In Jinhua, China

Fuxing Hao - CR400AF-2157 - At Yichangdong Station, China

CR400AF-A-2110 as G1731 - Enters into Hangzhoudong Station, China

CR400AF-A as G1305 - Enters into Jinhua Station, China

G1305 - Approaches to Dongxiao Signal Base, China

Fuxing Hao – The Chinese railway also ranks second

  • Speed: 400 km/h
  • Location: China
  • Route: Beijing – Shanghai
  • Number of seats: 1280
  • Commencement of exploitation: August 15, 2016

Fuxing Hao – Chinese rail transport, the Fuxing Hao model, also ranks second. A high-speed train that connects important Chinese cities such as Beijing and Shanghai. The constructor and sole carrier are the state railways China Railway Bejiing Group. Multiple units are constantly being improved and modified. Therefore, in 2019, the train was expanded from eight carriages to 17. At present, they can carry over 1,280 passengers.

Improved technology

During construction, Chinese engineers created new ones technologies, which increase sound insulation and reduce vibrations. Although the train can reach a speed of 400 km / h, it was lowered to 350 km / h due to the speed limit. The aerodynamic body is made of an aluminum alloy. The train is even adapted to difficult conditions and temperatures. Which in some regions of China reach minus 40 degrees Celsius in winter.

The train is equipped with 2,500 sensors that help to steer the train automatically. Including window control, air conditioning or lighting.

TGV – High-speed trains are the pride and symbol of France

TGV - The intersection of three networks

TGV - Front of 2nd locomotive

TGV - Brussel-Zuid - Brussels, Belgium

TGV - Fampoux, France

TGV - Train at Brussel-Zuid - Brussels, Belgium

Train at Brussel-Zuid station - Brussels, Belgium

Train Milan-Paris - On snow

Fastest trains - Train set 4525 as 9826 - Near Marseille, France

TGV – High-speed trains are the pride and symbol of France

  • Speed: 300 km/h
  • Location: France
  • Route:
  • Number of seats: 989
  • Commencement of exploitation: September 5, 1981

TGV – High-speed trains are the pride and symbol of France. Their famous designation is an abbreviation of four French words: Train à Grande Vitesse, which literally means a high-speed train. They can be considered something like the Japanese system Shinkansen. Trains run on tracks with normal gauge of the rails. However, in order to achieve the necessary speed, high-speed lines are built with extremely large radii of bends. The first special line was launched in 1981 between Paris and Lyon. The then President Francois Mitterrand attended the opening ceremony.

New prototypes

From then until 2013, about 550 trains in various variants were produced. The first was powered by a gas turbine. However, due to the rise in oil prices during the 1973 oil crisis, the decision was made to electrify the train. Today’s aerodynamic shape is designed by car designer Jacques Cooper, who was inspired by sport Porsche cars. Passengers describe the TGV journey as a pleasant experience not only because of the speed but also because of the quiet running of the train. The interior is hermetically sealed, so even at higher speeds, no noise can reach it.

While the TGV runs at an average speed of around 300 km / h, its line-up reached a record speed in 2007 – an unbelievable 574.8 km / h.

Sokol – Only for Intra-vehicular activity

Space suit - Expedition 49 - Crew members of Soyuz TMA spacecraftSpace suit - Expedition 63Expedition 50 - After landing of Soyuz MS-02 - KazakhstanExpedition 63 - Official crew portrait - Cassidy, Ivanishin, Vagner

Sokol – Only for Intra-vehicular activity

 

  • In use over the years: 1973 – to present.
  • Space ships: Soyuz, Shenzhou.
  • Mass: 10 kg.

 
Sokol – In 1973, soft survival suits were produced that are only intended for in-vehicle (IVA) activity. The currently used version of the KW-2 was introduced in 1980 for the Soyuz T-2 flight. It is the most modern model of the Falcon suit and currently the only one used not only by the Russians (the Chinese National Space Administration purchased many suits of this type from Roscosmos for the Shenzhou program. One of the Chinese manned Falcon missions was the flight Shenzhou 5). These suits are used by space agencies of various countries to this day.

SK-1 – Spacesuit of Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin

Space suit - SK-1 - Gateway to space 2016 - Budapest, HungarySpace suit - SK-1 - Gateway to space 2016Spacesuit SK-1 - Gateway to space 2016SK-1 - Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics - Moscow, Russia

SK-1 – Spacesuit of Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin

 

  • In use over the years: 1961 – 1963
  • Space ships: Vostok 1 – Vostok 6.
  • Mass: 20 kg.

 
SK-1 – The suit was not made to measure, but was fitted with steel cords. An insulating suit was worn over special underwear, followed by a pressure suit in case the cabin was decompressed. Soviet designers were struggling with problems because they had only four months to develop the suit. Ultimately, they did a great job, as they had produced eight SK-1 suit by the end of 1960.

This suit was wearing Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (1934 – 1968) while flying into space on April 12, 1961. To avoid problems with urinating in space, he peed on the back wheel of the bus that drove him to the rocket. The ritual that was supposed to bring good luck was repeated later by other space flight crews. The suit already had a small crotch sleeve laced at the end that could be used if needed.

Space suit – Cosmonautic symbol over the years

Space suit - USAF colonel - NASA astronaut - Jack Fischer

Space suit - U.S. Astronaut - Nicole Stott - participates in an EMU fit check

Space suit - ESA astronaut - Christer Fuglesang - STS-116 mission specialist

Space suit - USA astronauts - Rick Mastracchio (r.) and Mike Hopkins in EMU spacesuits

Space suit - ESA astronaut - Timothy Peake - During fit check

Space suit - Scott Kelly relocates hardware inside the Quest Airlock

Space suit - JAXA astronaut - Hoshide Akihiko - in space (EVA)

Space suit - Pictured with plush-doll mascots - Quest Airlock of ISS

Space suit – Cosmonautic symbol over the years

Space suit – The first suits for the Americans were produced by the B. F. Goodrich Company in 1959. It was a modernized version of high-pressure pressure suits that the company had already produced for naval aviation. Tailor-made for everyone to occupy as little space as possible in the rocket cabin. So the astronauts could not gain weight. Otherwise, they wouldn’t fit into it.

In the Soviet Union for the supplier of the spacesuit for the Vostok program selected plant nr. 918. Also known as NPP Zvezda. Since 1952, its employees have been involved in the construction of pressure suits for aviation. They also made a container that allowed the dog “Laika”, the first living creature, to travel into orbit. Unlike the Americans, the Soviets considered the suit redundant. Because they assumed that the probability of a pressure drop in the spaceship was very low. The one who insisted on using the suit was the “great constructor” of the Russian space program, Sergei Korolev (1907-1966).

List of space suits over the years:

 
Space suit - U.S. astronaut - Wally SchirraSpace suit - U.S. astronaut - John H. GlennU.S. astronaut - Alan B. Shepard - On deck of USS Lake ChamplainAstronaut Gus Grissom chats with spaceflight equip. spec. - Joe-W.-SchmidtMercury – Spacesuits for program of the same name
 
 


Space suit - SK-1 - Gateway to space 2016 - Budapest, HungarySpace suit - SK-1 - Gateway to space 2016Spacesuit SK-1 - Gateway to space 2016SK-1 - Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics - Moscow, RussiaSK-1 – Spacesuit of Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin
 
 


Space suit - Gemini-3 - Crew astronautsSpace suit - Gemini-3 - Astronaut and suit technician Gemini-G-3C - GlovesGemini-Titan 4 - Astronauts NASA - James A. McDivitt (l.) and Edward H. White - TrainingGemini – For program with two-person crew
 
 


Space suit - BerkutSpace suit - Memorial Museum of AstronauticsBerkut - Smithsonian National Air and Space MuseumBerkut - Smithsonian Air and Space MuseumBerkut – Spacesuit for spacecraft Voskhod 2
 
 


Space suit - KrechetSpace suit - Krechet - Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum - Washington D.C., USAKrechet - Soviet moon suitKrechet - Memorial Museum of Astronautics - Moscow, RussiaKrechet – Designed for travel to the moon
 
 


Space suit - Yastreb - Moscow, RussiaSpace suit Yastreb - For work in EVA - Moscow Polytechnical MuseumYastreb - Used by soviet cosmonauts - Aleksei Yeliseyev and Yevgeny KhrunovYastreb - Memorial Museum of Astronautics - Moscow, RussiaYastreb – For ships Soyuz 1, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5
 
 


Space suit - A7L - Apollo-11 lunar mission crewSpace suit - A7L - Apollo-12 lunar mission crewA7L - Buzz Aldrin near lunar Module legA7LB - Gateway to space 2016 - BudapestPro Apollo – Lunar suit, versions A7L and A7LB
 
 


Space suit - Expedition-26 - Russian cosmonaut Dmitry Kondratyev wearing Orlan-MKSpace suit - Russian cosmonaut - Gennady Padalka and OrlanISS-22 - Russian cosmonaut - Maxim Suraew and 2 Orlan-MKISS-22 - Russian cosmonaut - Oleg Kotov and 2 OrlanOrlan – For ships Soyuz and stations Salyut, Mir and ISS
 
 


Space suit - Expedition 49 - Crew members of Soyuz TMA spacecraftSpace suit - Expedition 63Expedition 50 - After landing of Soyuz MS-02 - KazakhstanExpedition 63 - Official crew portrait - Cassidy, Ivanishin, VagnerSokol – Only for Intra-vehicular activity
 
 


STS-115 - NASA astronaut Heidemarie M. Stefanyshyn Piper in suit EMU - trainingSTS-123 - NASA astronaut  Robert L. BehnkenESA astronaut - Samantha Cristoforetti in suit EMU - trainingSTS-134 - NASA astronaut Andrew Feustel in suit EMUEMU – Used in Space Shuttle, currently at the ISS
 
 


SpaceX Crew - NASA astronauts - (from l.) Walker, Glover, Hopkins and JAXA astronaut - NoguchiSpaceX - Astronauts Hurley (l.) and BehnkenSpaceX - Astronauts Behnken and Hurley - Chat with NASA Admin Bridenstine (l.) and Deputy Adm. MorhardSpaceX - Astronauts Behnken (r.) and Hurley walk down the hallway of Neil A. ArmstrongSpaceX Starman – For work on spacecrafts Dragon
 
 


Rimac C Two – One of fastest electric cars

Rimac C Two - Geneva Show 2018

Rimac C Two - Geneva Show

Rimac C Two - 2018

Rimac C Two - from left side, front

Rimac C Two - from right side, front

View of prototype from right side - Geneva Motor Show 2018

View of prototype from right side, back - Geneva

Geneva Motor Show 2018 - (10-03-2018)

Rimac C Two – One of fastest electric cars

Rimac C Two – One of the fastest electric cars in the world, currently going into production. R. Automobili is a company that operates in the Croatian town of Veliko Trgovišće. Work has been underway there for several years on a car capable of overcoming the barrier of 400 km / h. solely thanks to electricity.

First, a prototype of the C One was created, and its designers, as an incentive, began by stating the maximum speed (412 km / h) and acceleration values to a hundred (0-100 km / h in 2 seconds). After several years of work, when the small-series production of C Two will begin literally in a moment, these data are confirmed. The first 150 copies of the Croatian supercar will go to the hands of demanding and wealthy customers. F1 driver Nico Rosberg among them. The estimated price is: € 2.2 million.

The most important thing is monocoque, i.e. a self-supporting body element. To which the suspension with wheels and drivetrain are attached. It is light, stiff and durable – it is made of composites (carbon fiber). Inside, there are hundreds of different fixings that are made of aluminum and carefully glued. Drilling would weaken the structure too much.

The drive has all-wheel drive and four electric motors. The total power is: 1914 HP and the torque: 2300 Nm. A special battery with a capacity of 120 kWh is hidden between the seats. This is enough for 550 kilometers, or 2 laps of the Nurburgring race track, at full speed.

During the assembly process, the car is carefully scanned and this image is compared with an electronic project – “technical drawing”. It is undergoing the approval process, and to obtain it, several prototypes had to be crash-tested. It has also undergone polishing in the wind tunnel, and the first units are also checked for leakage.

Anise – Pimpinella anisum – Also called aniseed

Anise - Pimpinella anisum

Anise - Pimpinella anisum - seeds

Anise - Pimpinella anisum - (15-05-2018)

Anise - Pimpinella anisum - Growing plant

Anise - Plant

Aniseed - Pimpinella anisum

Pimpinella anisum

Pimpinella anisum

Anise – Pimpinella anisum – Also called aniseed

Anise – Pimpinella anisum – Also called aniseed, is one of the oldest known spices in the world. Whose tradition goes back to ancient Rome. Anise has a unique flavor and smell reminiscent of the Sun, the Mediterranean Sea, reminiscent of pastis, rakija, ouzo and licorice.

It is often used in the production of sweets, creams, cakes and other sweets. But anise is also used in salty dishes. Like fennel, it is added to soups, sauces, and is used as a spice for meat dishes and exotic vegetarian dishes.

AuReus system – Solar panels from vegetable waste

AuReus system - Montreal Convention Centre - Montreal, Canada

AuReus system - Montreal Convention Centre - Canada

AuReus system - Panorama - Exterior of Montreal Convention Centre

AuReus system - View on enter to Montreal Convention Centre - Montreal, Canada

AuReus system - Montreal Convention Centre - Montreal, Canada

Montreal Convention Centre - Montreal, Canada

Montreal Convention Centre interior - Montreal, Canada

Montreal Convention Centre - Montreal, Canada - panorama

AuReus system – Solar panels from vegetable waste

AuReus system – Student at engineering department of Mapua University in the Philippine capital of Manila – Carvey Ehren Maigue – created the thin cladding. They generate energy from ultraviolet rays. Traditional photovoltaic panels only perform work when they are directly exposed to the sun. On cloudy days, their energy production efficiency drops. On the other hand, a young inventor uses the material he create, which transforms UV rays directly into energy. Capable of penetrating through clouds. The new material is even able to catch rays that reflects from other surfaces.

Technology AuReus (named after the Latin term aurora borealis, which means the northern lights). It bases on molecules responsible for bioluminescence. Which occur, among others in chlorophyll. Maigue extracted them from plant waste bought back from farmers. Their crops destroy the weather disruptions caused by the climate change.

The ability of these compounds is to convert UV rays into visible light. Such light is captured. But they also converting into electricity by ordinary photovoltaic cells. They surround the outer part of this lining.

The young inventor’s future plan is to change the AuReus base into threads, but also to form them into fabrics. Which have mounting to vehicles and also to airplanes.

25 percent of the Philippines population lives from agriculture. Between 2006 and 2013, over 6 million ha of crops in the Philippines which destroy extreme weather events. AuReus produces energy roughly 50 percent of the time. Standard solar panels only produce energy about 15 – 20 percent of the time.

Diatoms – Microscopic size, single-celled algae

Diatoms - McMurdo Station, South Antarctica

Diatoms - Under Light Microscope

Diatoms - Under Light Microscope 40x

Diatoms - Lorella Kennedy Diatomea (silica algae)
 
 
 
Diatoms - Shell of the fossil diatom - Trinacria ariesStar stick diatomStephanopyxis grunow - Bottom view, under light microscopyWagon wheel diatom - NOAA

Diatoms – Microscopic size, single-celled algae

Diatoms – A component of the ocean plant plankton, diatoms are microscopic size, single-celled algae. The cell wall of these organisms is made of hard silica (noble opal, by the way), and forms a kind of box with a bottom and a lid. During reproduction by division, the new diatom takes with it a part of the “parent” shell and adds a smaller bottom to it. As a result, the next generations of these algae are getting smaller and smaller

However, the process does not last forever. When the minimum size limit is exceeded, the generally unarmored sexual generation (the so-called auxospore) appears in the sea. Which has the ability to grow unhindered – and then the cycle starts all over again …

We owe 25 percent of the oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere to diatoms that produce it in the process of photosynthesis. They also account for a quarter of the biomass of all seas and oceans.

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