Isaac Newton – English physicist and mathematician
Isaac Newton – Died 20.03.1727 (born in 1643), English physicist and mathematician.
Developed the law of universal gravity and other laws of mechanics. He formulated the
principle of conservation of momentum and angular momentum. He created the calculus
of variations. 10. 12. 1684 – His work “De Motu Corporum” about the concept of gravity
and its effect on the orbits of the planets, referring to Kepler’s laws, was read to the
Royal Society by Edmund Halley.
Christian Doppler – Austrian physicist and mathematician
Christian Doppler – Died 17.03.1853 (born in 1803), Austrian physicist and mathematician.
Discoverer of the phenomenon of the impact of approaching and receding source of sound waves,
or light on its frequency.
Albert Einstein – In 14. 03. 1879. Was born German – Jewish physicist Albert Einstein,
creator the theory of relativity, which apparently seems to be devoid of applications.
However, it is a device which, without this theory would not work – a GPS receiver.
In 1921. He won the Nobel Prize for his explanation of the photoelectric effect and
contribution to the development of theoretical physics. From the age of four he played
the violin. Elsa, his wife recalled:
“As a little girl I fell in love Albert, because so beautifully played Mozart on the violin. […] “
Galileo Galilei – Philosopher, physicist, astronomer
Galileo Galilei – In 15.02.1642 was born Italian philosopher, physicist and astronomer Galileo.
Developer basics of modern physics. He confirmed the heliocentric theory of Copernicus.
In 07.01.1610 he discovered the four largest moons of Jupiter, later named in his honor.
Luigi Galvani – 12.04.1798 died L. Galvani, Italian physicist, physician and physiologist.
While anatomical studies discovered the phenomenon of electrical stimulation organs.
Werner Karl Heisenberg
Werner Karl Heisenberg – In 05.12.1901 was born Werner K. Heisenberg, German physicist,
philosopher, co-founder of quantum mechanics. In 1932. He won the Nobel Prize in physics,
a fundamental contribution to the creation of quantum mechanics.
Maria Curie-Sklodowska – Polish PhD in physics
Maria Curie-Sklodowska – Polish PhD in physics – In 10.12.1903 M. Curie-Sklodowska
was the first woman to receive a PhD in physics and the Nobel Prize.
Wilhelm Roentgen – German physicist – In 27.03.1845 born German physicist W. Roentgen.
In 1895 he discovered a new kind of radiation, which he called X-rays. In 1901 received the
first Nobel Prize in physics. He was also the physics of fluids and crystallography.
Max Planck – German physicist
Max Planck – German physicist – In 04.23.1858 born German physicist Max Planck.
In 1889. He discovered a physical constant, later called his name. He was awarded
the Nobel Prize. He defined thermodynamics, heat radiation, energy dispersion,
optics, relativity and quantum theory.
Guglielmo Marconi – Italian inventor of radio
Guglielmo Marconi – Italian inventor of radio – 25.04.1874 born Italian physicist
G. Marconi. He works on the construction of the radio. In 1897.
He received a patent for “The transmission of electrical signals“ and in 1901.
Conducted a radio transmission across the Atlantic. In 1909. together with Karl Braun,
he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for the development of wireless telegraphy.