KEPLER-442b – Stony exoplanet in superearth class
KEPLER-442b – Stony exoplanet in superearth class, which the parent star is the orange dwarf.
Size: 1,3 Earth
Mass: 2,3 Earth
Equivalent temperature: -65°C
The planet KEPLER-442b, from which light has been running for 1115 years, belongs to the so-called Super-Earth. In this way, rocky exoplanets are determined whose mass does not exceed tenfolds Earth. The parent star of this planet is an orange dwarf. The star larger than a red dwarf, but smaller than a yellow dwarf, which is the Sun. This type of star has calmer youth, and therefore does not send its planetary children too much UV. In addition, the planet is in the ecosphere, so it can not be ruled out that the ocean is splashing on its rocky surface. If it has a more complex atmosphere, it does not have to be at the same time a kingdom of cold. According to some calculations, it is the smaller superearth that are most suitable for life, even more than our own planet.
GJ 273b – Exoplanet in the constellation Little Dog
GJ 273b – Planet orbiting the Luyten star
Size: 1,47 Earth
Mass: 3 Earth
Equivalent temperature: -6°C
Twelve light-years from our solar system, Luyten’s star, the red dwarf, wanders from Earth in the constellation Little Dog. Astronomers have discovered two exoplanets next to it. At the same time one of them belongs to the superearth category and at the same time circulates at the edge of the ecosystem. In contrast to the many other planets whose parent star is a red dwarf, GJ273b knows what day is and what is the night. Usually, the planets move close enough that their rotation is connected, and their parent star only puts one hemisphere.
Falling planet – Phenomenon of extrasolar planet
Falling planet – The phenomenon of an extrasolar planet falling to its parent star. Observed by Dr. Gracjan Maciejewski of the Center for Astronomy, of the Nicolaus Copernicus University, along with guided their international research team. As for the planet WASP-12b, discovered in 2008. Planet is among the gas giants – planets similar to Jupiter or Saturn. There is, however, surprisingly close to its parent star, because within 3.4 million km (17 times closer than Mercury from the Sun). This causes the planet high temperatures, of the order of 2000 °C. Calculations show that the planet ultimately fall on the star for about one million years. It is a very short time compared with the estimated at about 2 billion years older tested planetary system. For closer orbits are responsible tides, which inspires the planet on its parent star.