Andre-Marie Ampere – Thoughtful and versatile scientist
Andre-Marie Ampere – (1775 – 1836) – The ancestor of electrodynamics did not go to primary school, his father taught him alone. Ampere sent his first scientific work to the Lyon Academy of Sciences (Academie de Lyon) at the age of 13! A quiet life and urgent studies were interrupted when his father was guillotined in 1793 for the Jacobin dictatorship. Eighteen-year-old Ampere has suffered this trauma. After the period of mourning, he returned to science and spiritual work. He was interested in mathematics and physics as well as in philosophy, botany, chemistry, as well as Latin, Italian and Greek.
Son Jean-Jacques Ampere (1800 – 1864) after his father’s death finished his work. Which was to classify the sciences –
Sketches from the philosophy of science, or an analytic representation of the general classification of all human knowledge
But his greatest merit is description of magnetism and subsequent establishment of the theory of electromagnetic phenomena as the basis of electrodynamics. He also created the first magnetic coil, which became the basis for the later telegraph.
At the age of 22, he began to teach mathematics in Lyon and later became a professor of chemistry and physics. For nineteen years he taught at the Polytechnique in Paris. During his lifetime he belonged to many scientific societies and he was also appreciated abroad. Unfortunately, his financial situation did not reflect merit. He often lacked money for experiments, which delayed his work.
He spent most of his life traveling, while on one of them in Marseilles, on June 10, 1836, he died. On the gravestone, according to his wishes, engraved: Tandem felix – Finally happy.
Isaac Newton – English physicist and mathematician
Isaac Newton – Died 20.03.1727 (born in 1643), English physicist and mathematician.
Developed the law of universal gravity and other laws of mechanics. He formulated the
principle of conservation of momentum and angular momentum. He created the calculus
of variations. 10. 12. 1684 – His work “De Motu Corporum” about the concept of gravity
and its effect on the orbits of the planets, referring to Kepler’s laws, was read to the
Royal Society by Edmund Halley.
Christian Doppler – Austrian physicist and mathematician
Christian Doppler – Died 17.03.1853 (born in 1803), Austrian physicist and mathematician.
Discoverer of the phenomenon of the impact of approaching and receding source of sound waves,
or light on its frequency.
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson – British mathematician, logician, writer
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson – British mathematician, logician, writer – In 27.01.1832 was born Charles L. Dodgson, a British mathematician, logician, photographer and writer. Known under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll. His book about the adventures of Alice in Wonderland are among the most read works in the world.
Provided solar eclipse – Made by Thales of Miletus
Provided solar eclipse – Made by Thales of Miletus – In 28.05.585 B.C. It was first provided solar eclipse. The calculations made by Thales of Miletus, a Greek philosopher, mathematician and astronomer. The creator of the foundations of science and European philosophy. He created the first rational theory of nature.
Nicolaus Copernicus – Heliocentric vision of universe
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473 – 24.05.1543) – heliocentric vision of universe – Astronomer, mathematician, lawyer and economist. He discovered the variability of the eccentric motion of the Earth and solar zenith with respect to the fixed stars. In his work “On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres“ he described the heliocentric vision of the universe. He published a treatise monetary.
Carl Friedrich Gauss – Mathematician, physicist, astronomer
Carl Friedrich Gauss – Mathematician, physicist, astronomer – In 02.23.1855 died German
mathematician, physicist and astronomer Carl F. Gauss (born in 1777). One of the founders of
non-Euclidean geometry. He introduced the concepts of the optical axis of the lens, focal length,
focus and center of the lens.
Alfred Tarski – Polish mathematician, philosopher
Alfred Tarski – Polish mathematician, philosopher – In 26.10.1983 died,
Polish mathematician A. Tarski. He worked on set theory, algebra, logic and metamathematics
and the philosophy. He is co-founder of the so-called. the paradox of Banach–Tarski,
definition of truth and model theory.
Investment risk – To estimate the risk of the investment is used very often higher mathematics and sophisticated computer models. “Everything collapsed, because the data that was introduced to the models came from the last 20 years, the period of economic euphoria“. He explained the recent financial crisis, Dr. Alan Greenspan, the longtime chairman of the American Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. According to scholars such as Prof. Nassim Nicholas Taleb from New York University statistical methods in general are not suitable for modeling economic events, and the crisis resulted in large part from the blind trust economists to computer predictions.
Corvids abilities – Can learn simple math
Corvids abilities – The researchers found that the birds of the crow family (Corvidae), which includes ravens, crows, rooks, jackdaws and many other species, understand the importance of a few human words. Ravens and rooks even know how to count at least seven and can learn simple math, such as addition and subtraction. Moreover, Crow recognize herself in the mirror.