Atlantic Empress – Aegean Captain – Biggest oil spills

Atlantic Empress - Aegean Captain - Aerial viewAtlantic Empress - Aegean Captain - In the dockyardAtlantic Empress & Aegean Captain - Oil spill and fireAtlantic Empress & Aegean Captain - Oil spill and fire fightingAegean Captain in portCollision of Atlantic Empress and Aegean Captain - Map

Atlantic Empress – Aegean Captain – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Tobago
  • Date: 19 July 1979
  • Amount of spill: 349 800 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 187 million

Atlantic Empress – Aegean Captain – An accident that occurred near Tobago. It was not caused by the failure of the oil rig, but the collision of two tankers during a tropical storm. Greek ship Atlantic Empress with Aegean Captain. Both ships broke, leaving behind a huge amount of oil. Fortunately, the disaster happened quite far from the mainland. So the nearest islands were not threatened by this huge pollution

Accident could not be avoided

Due to the storm, none of the ships had the chance to avoid failure. Because it was raining that day and a strong wind was blowing. According to witness statements, the tankers registered their mutual presence only 500 meters before the start. The captain of the ship Aegean Captain, who changed the course slightly at the last moment. He prevented a major disaster. Otherwise, no one would survive. Still, at Atlantic Empress, 26 people were killed. Perhaps because the firefighters failed to take control of the fire and further explosions occurred. Finally, the tanker Aegean Captain was saved. When at that time Atlantic Empress sank in a fire.

Battle of Somme – The attack of French and British

Battle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater (1)Battle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater (2)Battle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater (3)Battle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater (4)Battle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater (5)Battle of Somme - Cheshire Regiment trench Somme 1916Battle of Somme 1916 - MapBattle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater Map

Battle of Somme – The attack of French and British

Battle of Somme – The great Somme offensive planned by the French and the British. Was to finally break the German resistance and end the war within a few weeks. The decisive significance in this plan was played by a series of secret tunnels. Dug up by the whole company for months. Leading the artillery fire of German trenches, the British imperceptibly placed under enemy positions 19 explosives.

On the first of July 1916, mines under German lines almost simultaneously exploded. The largest load was broken in the earth by a crater with a depth of 21 meters and a diameter of 91 meters. Contrary to the expectations of the generals, however, the enemy forces were not destroyed. And the offensive became a deadly trap for the soldiers.

Already in the first 30 minutes of the fire from German machine guns, thousands of Britons were killed. On the first day of the attack on German positions. About 21000 British and French soldiers died. The fights continued for another five months. Consuming over a million lives. Only to get a 35-kilometer piece of the front. Approx. 10 kilometers deep into the enemy’s territory.

John Dalton – English physicist, chemist, meteorologist

John Dalton - English physicist, chemist, meteorologist

John Dalton  – English physicist, chemist, meteorologist

John Dalton – English physicist, chemist, meteorologist – In 27.07.1844 died English physicist,
chemist and meteorologist J. Dalton (born in 1766). Founder of modern atomic theory of matter.
He described the vision defect, which was later called daltonism. Atomic mass unit,
also acquired his name (Da).

Ignacy Domeyko – Mineralogical researcher of Chile

Ignacy Domeyko - Mineralogical, geological researcher of Chile

Ignacy Domeyko – Mineralogical researcher of Chile

Ignacy Domeyko – Mineralogical, geological researcher of Chile – In 14.07.1867 Was born
I.
Domeyko. Polish geologist, mineralogist. Mining engineer and researcher of South America.
Thanks
initiated by him numerous mineralogical and geological research in Chile.
It developed
mining industry, giving poor country a chance to enrich themselves
and
become independent from foreign countries.

Maria Curie-Sklodowska – Radiochemistry, radioactivity precursor

Maria Curie-Sklodowska - precursor of radiochemistry and radioactivity

Maria Curie-Sklodowska – Radiochemistry,
radioactivity precursor

Maria Curie-Sklodowska – Radiochemistry, radioactivity precursor – In 04.07.1934
died M. CurieSklodowska, Polish physicist and chemist, precursor of radiochemistry,
winner of
the Nobel Prize. Her major achievements include the development of the theory of radioactivity,
radioisotope
separation techniques. The discovery of two new elements radium and polonium.

First in vitro

First in vitro - John Rock

First in vitro

First in vitro – Scientists have debated whether the experiment  of John Rock and Miriam Menkin in 1944. Actually been fertilized. However, even if announced to the world the success was a mistake, fulfilled its role in the history of medicinepushed forward research on in vitro fertilization. 25 July 1978 through in vitro fertilization was born the first baby – Louise Brown today – more than 5 million children.

Neil Armstrong’s footprints – Where Apollo landed

Neil Armstrong's footprints - Apollo 11 bootprint

Neil Armstrong’s footprints – Where Apollo 11 landed

Neil Armstrong’s footprints – Photos places where Apollo missions landed, made by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows that the footprints left there by Neil Armstrong July 21, 1969 the year you can see today. Moon hasn’t atmosphere, and hence erosion. Its surface changes only due to meteorite impacts, seismic and cosmic radiation.