Giant Wisteria – In California largest in the world

Giant WisteriaGiant WisteriaGiant WisteriaGiant WisteriaWistaria Festival 2016 - Sierra MadreWistaria Festival 2016

Giant Wisteria – In California largest in the world

Giant Wisteria – In California largest of world. In the wild state occurs, among others in Japan and the USA. It resembles a tree, but it is actually a climbing plant of the bean family. One of the most famous specimens is found in Ashikaga Park in Japan. It is supported by special piles. It is 150 years old and is recognized as the oldest plant of this species in the whole country. Although it covers an area of nearly 2 thousand. m², it is still more than half the size of the largest in the world. Record holder is growing in Sierra Madre, California. It covers an area of nearly 4 thousand. m², which corresponds to more than half of the football field. Its weight is estimated at about 259 tons. It’s about the same as the weight of 5 trucks loaded to the brim.

Long-lived companies – Record holders are real Methuselah’s

Kongo Gumi

Long-lived companies - Kongo Gumi

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan

Staffelter Hof

Zum Roten Bären

Long-lived companies

The Olde Bell

Long-lived companies

Sudo Honke

Sudo Honke

Long-lived companies - Sudo-Honke

Frapin

Long-lived companies - Frapin

R. Durtnell and Sons

R. Durtnell and Sons

Long-lived companies - Poundsbridge-Manor

Long-lived companies – Record holders are real Methuselah’s

Long-lived companies – Record holders are real Methuselah’s, operating continuously for over ten centuries. Tokyo Shoko Research agency dealing with market research since 1892. It found over 5.5 thousand enterprises that have existed for at least 200 years.
More than half of long-lived companies operate in Japan. There are six in the top ten. Among the aforementioned 5.5 thousand – up to 3100. As the reason for this dominance, scientists point to the island’s location of the country and centuries-old isolation.
Most of these long-lived businesses are family businesses, emphasizes prof. Toshio Goto from Japan University of Economics. He sees the root cause of their longevity in the system known as Ie. It is a set of rules determining the position of individual family members, and most importantly – the rules of inheritance of property.

Ie system

It began to take shape in the XII century, when Japan plunged into the chaos of civil wars. The survival of families living in constant danger depended on the strength and intellect of their leaders. According to eternal tradition, the eldest son should be the head of the family. In wartime, however, this only worked if he had the warrior’s qualities and talents. If he did not have them, the family was in grave danger.
To prevent it, the so-called adoption Ie. It consisted in the fact that the aging patriarch of the family found a young, promising man. Which he provided with appropriate education. When the chosen one met his expectations and proved himself in battle, he became the official heir. All other family members had to submit to him. The Ie system thus replaced traditional blood ties and prevented the division of property between heirs. As a result, the estate, workshop, and trading company passed from generation to generation in an unchanged form.
Rules tested in warrior families were adopted by other social groups, especially merchants and craftsmen. In the XVII century, Ie was formally introduced into the legal system and was in force until the end of World War II. When civil law changed under pressure from Americans, it gave all children equal shares in the parents’ estate. This threatened old family businesses, but the tradition turned out to be strong enough that many of them survived to this day. Professor Toshio Goto calls them the Japanese treasure.

Record holders list:

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder. 1427 years of existence,

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan – Traditional Japanese hotel – ryokan. 1315 years of existence,

Staffelter Hof – Oldest winery in Europe. 1158 years of existence,

Zum Roten Bären – Hotel The Red Bear. 900 years of existence,

The Olde Bell – Oldest english hotel in Hurley. 885 years of existence,

Sudo Honke – Sake brewery oldest of world. 879 years of existence,

Frapin – Cognac producer from Grande Champagne. 750 years of existence,

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company. 429 years of existence,

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan – Japanese hotel-ryokan

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan – Traditional Japanese hotel – ryokan

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan – Traditional Japanese hotel – ryokan. In 2011, this hotel, located about 130 km from Tokyo. Was entered in the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest in the world. The top 100 companies that have the longest existence have 20 hotels and inns. The list opens with Japanese Nishiyama in the town of Hayakawa, which after the fall of Kongo Gumi became the oldest enterprise in the world.
Founded in 705 by a court clerk Fujiwara Mahito. Currently managed by the 52th generation of his descendants – natural and adopted. Although you can use Wi-Fi and television and other achievements of civilization. In addition, it has kept the decor of a traditional Japanese hotel – ryokan.
It was built near hot springs, which the owners were able to use even during civil wars. They touted bathing in warm water as an excellent remedy for sore muscles. Which certainly attracted exhausted samurai and even powerful shoguns. Their stay was then used for advertising, because who would not like to immerse in the bath tub, in which they took baths the most important characters in history of Japan. With the great shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu?

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder

Kongo Gumi - Gate (16-03-2014)

Workers in early 20th century - 1930

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder, of 1427 years in business. It was established in 578 and led by 51 successive generations of the Korean Kongo family. Headquarters was based in Osaka, and in 2006 was absorbed by the Takamatsu consortium.
It specialized in building wooden structures. Firstly, temples and palaces. Secondly, hotels and restaurants. The unique skills of its carpenters, joiners and woodcarvers, have given Kongo Gumi the reputation of one of the most solid companies in the industry.

After World War II, it expanded into residential and industrial construction. It earned more, but lost the uniqueness. At the turn of the XX and XXI centuries, representatives of the 51st generation were seduced by the vision of huge profits. Brought by housing prices rising at a rapid pace. To multiply them, they took larger loans, and when the bubble in the real estate market burst. They were left with a giant debt. As a result, in 2005, the oldest company in the world went bankrupt.

Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Island is hell

Hashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanHashima - Kyushu, JapanGunkanjima - NagasakiGunkanjima - NagasakiGunkanjima - NagasakiGunkanjima - Nagasaki

Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Island is hell

Hashima – Kyushu, Japan – Five kilometers from the coast of Japan in the Kyushu region. An island emerges from the water that resembles, a rather powerful ship. No wonder Hashima is called Battleship by local residents. Or Ghost Island – because hundreds of people were killed cruelly. From the end of the 19th century, there were Mitsubishi concern mines. In which underwater coal seams were exploited.

During World War II:

Chinese and Korean forced laborers came to this Japanese island. As a result of inhuman living conditions and over-work. Almost 1,300 prisoners died here.
Later, workers came voluntarily, and the island itself expanded.
Reaching a length of 480 meters and a width of 160 meters. At its peak, this allowed over five thousand people to live there. With the cessation of mining in 1974, the inhabitants hurriedly left the island.

Despite the ideas of transforming island into a tourist attraction. Severe weather conditions and high costs of reconstruction, mean that only gloomy ruins threaten there – and the secrets hidden in them…

Shiki – Shima – Most luxurious trains

Shiki - ShimaShiki - ShimaShiki - ShimaShikishima trainTrain-Suite - JapanShin-Tsurmi - (07-09-2016)

Shiki – Shima – Most luxurious trains

  • Place: Japan
  • Route: Ueno – Noboribetsu
  • Number of seats: 834
  • Cost: from 12 000 PLN per person

Shiki – Shima – Train currently has an ultra-luxury label. It consists of 10 wagons, and passengers can travel from two to four days. The design of this exceptionally luxurious train was created by industrial architect Ken Okayama. Which became known mainly thanks to the cooperation with car manufacturers: Porsche, Ferrari and Maserati. He also designed several rail vehicles in Japan.

Interior:

The arrangement of the compartments is a combination of traditional Japanese culture with a modern futuristic breeze. The apartments have their own bedroom, living room, shower and toilet. The composition also includes wagons: Kizashi and Ibuki. Which offer a wonderful view on the whole route. However, they are intended only for six travelers. Passengers when traveling on this Japanese train also have the opportunity to experience culinary adventures. Food is prepared by the chef who won the Michelin star – Katsuhiro Nakamuru. These are mainly dishes from Eastern Japan.

Curiosity:

Interest in tickets is so huge that they were awarded using lotteries. There are 76 applicants for one seat.

Most dangerous volcanoes – Still unpredictable

Most dangerous volcanoes - KīlaueaMost dangerous volcanoes - Eruption of the Volcano Vesuvius - J.C.DahlMost dangerous volcanoes - Nevado del Ruiz - 1985Most dangerous volcanoes - Chaitén - Eruption 27.05.2008

 

Most dangerous volcanoes – Still unpredictable

 
Most dangerous volcanoes – Eruptions of volcanoes in ancient times were considered a divine punishment. Today, we know their causes, but they are still unpredictable. And they leave terrible havoc after themselves. Volcanoes that sow the greatest destruction and thus are the most dangerous for Earth.
 

List of the most dangerous volcanoes on Earth:

 

Mt.Etna from ISS - 2013Sailors aboard USNS Carson City - watching Mt.Etna during arrival in CataniaMost dangerous volcanoes - Mount Etna - CraterMost dangerous volcanoes - Etna in Sicily

Mount Etna – Italy, Sicily
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Big Blast at Sakurajima Volcano, Japan - NASASakurajima Volcano in Kyushu, JapanMost dangerous volcanoes - Big Blast at Sakurajima Volcano, JapanView from Kagoshima - Kyushu, Japan

Sakurajima – Japan, Kyushu
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Torii near summit of Mt.Fuji, Honshu, JapanMount Fuji on the island of Honshu, Japan - 2006Most dangerous volcanoes - Japan, Honshu, Mt.FujiMost dangerous volcanoes - Mount Fuji - NASA

Mount Fuji – Japan, Honshu
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Mount Vesuvius - ISS - NASARAF Spitfires flying around a still steaming Vesuvius after the March 1944 eruptionVesuvius - AsterSeismograph on the Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius – Italy
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Nyiragongo and NyamuragiraMost dangerous volcanoes - Nyiragongo - Eruption 01-2002Nyiragongo - 1994Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira - 31.01.2007

Nyiragongo – Congo
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Kīlauea - USGS multimedia fileKīlauea Caldera and Mauna LoaKīlauea - Lava hits the Pacific Ocean - Hawaii - 2005Kīlauea - Explosion at Halema'uma'u crater

Kilauea – United States of America, Hawaii
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Mount Merapi craterMerapi ash plume - MODIS sat image - (10.11.2010)Merbabu & MerapiMost dangerous volcanoes - Merapi from space

Merapi – Indonesia, Java
 
 


Nevado del Ruiz - Summit after the eruption that caused the Armero tragedy - 11.1985Nevado del Ruiz Volcano - Colombia - NASAMost dangerous volcanoes - Nevado del Ruiz - Almost 2 weeks after its deadly eruption in 1985, Viewed from the northeastNevado del Ruiz - View from bamboo plantation

Nevado del Ruiz – Colombia
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Popocatépetl - Seen from Mexico CityPopocatépetl - The active volcano located about 70 km southeast of Mexico City - 23.01.2001 - NASAPopocatépetl - Cholula PyramidMost dangerous volcanoes - Popocatépetl

Popocatépetl – Mexico
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Column of ash during the Chaitén eruption, 02.05.2008Plume of ash from eruption of Chaiten volcano, Chile - 03.05.2008Chaitén - NASAAerial view of the Chaitén Town - Chile - 02-2009

Chaitén – Chile
 
 


Pico del Teide - Volcano on Canary Islands, SpainMost dangerous volcanoes - Pico del Teide - PanoramaPico del Teide volcano, on Tenerife, Canary Islands - from planePico del Teide in clouds

Pico del Teide – Spain, Tenerife
 
 


Most dangerous volcanoes - Eruption of Krakatau, Indonesia - 2008Satellite image of the Krakatau volcano, Indonesia - May 18, 1992Krakatau MapSatellite image Plumes of volcanic ash - 17.11.2010

Krakatau – Indonesia
 
 


Sakurajima – Japan, Kyushu

Big Blast at Sakurajima Volcano, JapanVolcano in Kyushu, JapanBig Blast at Sakurajima Volcano, Japan - NASADense plume of ash over the Japanese island of Kyushu, 23.11.2013View from Kagoshima - Kyushu, JapanSakurajima from space

 
 
 

Sakurajima – Japan, Kyushu

 

  • Location: Japan, Kyushu island
  • Peak: 1117 m a. s. l.

 
Sakurajima – The volcano is located on the Japanese island of Kyushu. It is not without reason that it is considered one of the most dangerous volcanoes on Earth. Since 1955, it has exploded almost continuously. It age is estimated at 22,000 years. Sakurajima is very close to the city of Kagoshima, inhabited by 700,000 citizens.

The historical testimonies of explosions known to us date back to the 8th century. The largest eruption took place in 1914. Until then, the volcano has not shown any activity for more than a century, so it has already been declared extinct. Due to the strong earthquake, the inhabitants of the island luckily evacuated before the eruption. The lava leak lasted for over a month. As a result of this big explosion, the island began to grow, until it finally merged with the continent.

In 2016, the volcano exploded again. A fire was coming out of it, and a cloud of smoke and volcanic dust was rising above it. Broken pieces of rock fell two kilometers further. The main concern was caused by the relatively close location of Sendai nuclear power plant.

Mount Fuji – Japan, Honshu

Japan, Honshu, Mt.Fuji - USMCMount Fuji on the island of Honshu - JapanMount Fuji on the island of Honshu, Japan - 2006Mount Fuji - ISS-NASAFuji - USMCTopographic map of Mt. Fuji and TokyoTorii near summit of Mt.Fuji - Honshu, JapanMount Fuji - NASA

 
 

Mount Fuji – Japan, Honshu

 

  • Location: Japan, Honshu island
  • Peak: 3776 m a. s. l.

 
Mount Fuji is the highest Japanese peak. Located on the island of Honshu, 100 kilometers southwest of the capital – Tokyo. It is a stratovolcano that was created by repeatedly throwing lava and ash. The mountain, which has a perfectly symmetrical shape and a snowy peak, has become the symbol of the whole of Japan. The first documented eruption took place in the year 800 BC. Since then, there have been several of them – the last known explosion occurred in 1707, when the ash covered the whole city of Edo (Today’s Tokyo).

The Japanese have been worshiping the mountain since prehistoric times, they were gaining it by courageous priests and pilgrims, mainly followers of Shintoism and Buddhism. Supporters of shinto with the mountain combine many deities and legends. Above all, the female deity Konohana-no-sakuyahime. She is a beautiful woman who stops the volcano from erupting, and on the orders of which sakura blossoms in spring. From 1558 there is even a religious sect dedicated to this mountain.

The first to climb Mount Fuji was an unknown monk in 663. From 1868, access to the summit was allowed only for men. Currently, around 200,000 people visit the mountain each year.

Tv 8K – Japanese broadcaster NHK launched first channel

Tv 8K - NHK-BS8K (logo)Tv 8K - NHK-MoriokaTv 8K - NHK-FukushimaTv 8K - Diagram of resolution of different quality tv

Tv 8K – Japanese broadcaster NHK launched first channel

Tv 8K – Japanese broadcaster NHK launched first channel
Television 8K – In Europe, TV providers are still boasting of HD programs. Meanwhile, the Japanese went a step (or even two) further. At the beginning of December 2018, the local broadcaster NHK launched the world’s first TV channel in 8K quality. What does it mean? Image resolution 7680 x 4320 (33.2 megapixels), supplemented by multi-channel sound 22.2. In the future, the BS8K station is to broadcast, among others direct broadcasts from the Olympic Games, which will take place in this country in mid-2020. So far, viewers can watch breathtaking shots for 18 hours a day. Filmed in the most beautiful corners of the Earth, and concerts of famous orchestras.