Mount Vesuvius – Italy
- Location: Italy
- Peak: 1281 m a. s. l.
Mount Vesuvius is an active stratovolcano located on the Apennine Peninsula in Italy. It is one of the most famous volcanoes in the world. The cone of this mountain grew inside the Monte Somma massif, whose age is estimated to be several thousand years old. Vesuvius is dangerous not only because nearly 3 million people live in its vicinity, but also because its peaceful period has lasted for a very long time.
The volcano became infamous due to the eruption that took place in 79 A.D. Which led to the disappearance of the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabie. During the explosion, a huge amount of dust and volcanic gases got into the atmosphere, forming a cloud probably reaching as much as 37 meters in height. During the eruption, a fiery pyroclastic avalanche (a mixture of volcanic gases, ashes and rock crumbs) was produced from the volcano, which buried 25,000 people in one moment. Death was sudden, people were dying mainly due to thermal shock.
The volcano erupted for the last time in 1944 and destroyed the funicular that took tourists to the crater. The mountain spit out lava and hot ashes for 11 days. As a result of the explosion, 26 people died, and another 1200 were without a roof over their heads.
Worlds smallest countries – 10 record breakers
1. Vatican City – The record is church enclave in Italy with an area of only 0.44 km². Official languages: Italian and … Latin.
2. Monaco – This principality, covering only 2.02 km², has an impressive population density of 18,775 people per km².
3. Nauru – The island state in the Pacific Ocean has an area of 21.3 km², so it is smaller than Zielona Góra.
4. Tuvalu – Located also in the Pacific, the archipelago occupies 26 km², and its highest point rises only 5 meters above sea level.
5. San Marino – The enclave, surrounded by Italy, has an area of 61 km² and is the oldest republic in the world.
6. Liechtenstein – It is the only country located entirely in the Alps. It has an area of 160 km², and up to 33% of its inhabitants are foreigners.
7. Marshall Islands – More than 1,200 islands included in this Pacific located country have a total area of 181 km².
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis – This Caribbean federation covers 269 km². The islands were discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493.
9. Maldives – Located in the Indian Ocean, the archipelago includes 1196 islands. It has a total area of 300 km² and a height of max. 1 m above sea level.
10. Malta – This state in the Mediterranean Sea extends over an area of 316 km² (similar to Cracow) and consists of three inhabited and several uninhabited islands.
Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks
Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks. It is also known as the Bridge of Goldsmiths. It managed to survive long centuries, wars and floods. Thanks to which, became a symbol of Florence. It was based on the design of the architect Neri di Fioravante. The original tenants of the picturesque stalls, however, were not artisans who dealt with the production of artistic objects from precious metals, but fish traders, tanners and butchers. The Arno River served them as a garbage dump, to which they threw all waste. This was what the space with the arcades under the central arches of the bridge served. At the end of the sixteenth century, Prince Ferdynand I of the Medici family removed from the stalls representatives of “smelly” professions, and offered their place to jewelers and goldsmiths. On the orders of Cosimo Medici over their studios, a covered corridor was created that connected his Florentine palaces.
It resisted destruction during World War II. When in 1944 the Germans withdrew from Italy, Adolf Hitler ordered the commanding German forces to the field marshal Albert Kesselring not to destroy the bridge. Who took him with his beauty while traveling to Italy.
Galileo Galilei – Philosopher, physicist, astronomer
Galileo Galilei – In 15.02.1642 was born Italian philosopher, physicist and astronomer Galileo.
Developer basics of modern physics. He confirmed the heliocentric theory of Copernicus.
In 07.01.1610 he discovered the four largest moons of Jupiter, later named in his honor.
Luigi Galvani – 12.04.1798 died L. Galvani, Italian physicist, physician and physiologist.
While anatomical studies discovered the phenomenon of electrical stimulation organs.
Guglielmo Marconi – Italian inventor of radio
Guglielmo Marconi – Italian inventor of radio – 25.04.1874 born Italian physicist
G. Marconi. He works on the construction of the radio. In 1897.
He received a patent for “The transmission of electrical signals“ and in 1901.
Conducted a radio transmission across the Atlantic. In 1909. together with Karl Braun,
he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for the development of wireless telegraphy.
– Successful penalty kick (74.7 %)
– Saved by goalkeeper (18.2 %)
– Shot missed the goal (3.6 %)
– Hit the woodwork (and not ended with goal) (3.5 %)
Penalty kick statistics – European three seasons
Penalty kick statistics – In 2008. Castrol has commissioned a detailed study of penalty kicks executed in three seasons in football leagues: English, Spanish, Italian, French and German. The whole is complemented by the results of the Champions League, UEFA Cup and European Championship. With the 1527 penalty shoot the ball landed in the net in 75.7% of cases. It follows that the ¼ of penalties will not translate into goals. 3.6% of all shots landed outside the goal, stopped the remaining 3.5% of the posts or crossbar. Goalkeepers managed to defend up 18.2% strokes.
Female smell sense – Menstrual cycle effects
Female smell sense – In 2001. Italian scientists have studied the effects of the menstrual cycle on the sense of smell. It turned out that the nose is the most sensitive in the ovulation period, at a time when they are most fertile women. After three months of hormonal contraception women lost their greater sensitivity to odors in about ovulation.