Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks
Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks. It is also known as the Bridge of Goldsmiths. It managed to survive long centuries, wars and floods. Thanks to which, became a symbol of Florence. It was based on the design of the architect Neri di Fioravante. The original tenants of the picturesque stalls, however, were not artisans who dealt with the production of artistic objects from precious metals, but fish traders, tanners and butchers. The Arno River served them as a garbage dump, to which they threw all waste. This was what the space with the arcades under the central arches of the bridge served. At the end of the sixteenth century, Prince Ferdynand I of the Medici family removed from the stalls representatives of “smelly” professions, and offered their place to jewelers and goldsmiths. On the orders of Cosimo Medici over their studios, a covered corridor was created that connected his Florentine palaces.
It resisted destruction during World War II. When in 1944 the Germans withdrew from Italy, Adolf Hitler ordered the commanding German forces to the field marshal Albert Kesselring not to destroy the bridge. Who took him with his beauty while traveling to Italy.
Galileo Galilei – Philosopher, physicist, astronomer
Galileo Galilei – In 15.02.1642 was born Italian philosopher, physicist and astronomer Galileo.
Developer basics of modern physics. He confirmed the heliocentric theory of Copernicus.
In 07.01.1610 he discovered the four largest moons of Jupiter, later named in his honor.
Luigi Galvani – 12.04.1798 died L. Galvani, Italian physicist, physician and physiologist.
While anatomical studies discovered the phenomenon of electrical stimulation organs.
Guglielmo Marconi – Italian inventor of radio
Guglielmo Marconi – Italian inventor of radio – 25.04.1874 born Italian physicist
G. Marconi. He works on the construction of the radio. In 1897.
He received a patent for “The transmission of electrical signals“ and in 1901.
Conducted a radio transmission across the Atlantic. In 1909. together with Karl Braun,
he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for the development of wireless telegraphy.
– Successful penalty kick (74.7 %)
– Saved by goalkeeper (18.2 %)
– Shot missed the goal (3.6 %)
– Hit the woodwork (and not ended with goal) (3.5 %)
Penalty kick statistics – European three seasons
Penalty kick statistics – In 2008. Castrol has commissioned a detailed study of penalty kicks executed in three seasons in football leagues: English, Spanish, Italian, French and German. The whole is complemented by the results of the Champions League, UEFA Cup and European Championship. With the 1527 penalty shoot the ball landed in the net in 75.7% of cases. It follows that the ¼ of penalties will not translate into goals. 3.6% of all shots landed outside the goal, stopped the remaining 3.5% of the posts or crossbar. Goalkeepers managed to defend up 18.2% strokes.
Female smell sense – Menstrual cycle effects
Female smell sense – In 2001. Italian scientists have studied the effects of the menstrual cycle on the sense of smell. It turned out that the nose is the most sensitive in the ovulation period, at a time when they are most fertile women. After three months of hormonal contraception women lost their greater sensitivity to odors in about ovulation.
Scientific journal PLoS ONE – Research findings
Scientific journal PLoS ONE – Researchers from Italy and the US scientific journal “PLoS ONE” published their findings. Which looked at the behavior of more than a million Facebook users, and 73 sites promoting scientific and pseudo-scientific content. The main conclusions of these publications are: Facebook users have a strong tendency to polarize opinion and search for content corresponding to or rather confirm their beliefs.
Copper cube cryostat – Cryostat construction
Copper cube cryostat – Italian researchers from the Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN). Put the copper cube with a volume of 1 m³ and 400 kg in a special cryostat designed so that extremely cool down items. This is the first cryostat, which maintains the temperature course barely above the absolute zero (0 Kelvin = -273.15 ° C). In the case of copper cube thermometer stopped just 6 milikelwinach, or 0.006 degree above absolute zero.
Mirror neurons – Responsible for empathy
– For our extraordinary abilities are responsible mirror neurons, the nerve cells scattered in different regions of the brain. They allow you to feel the emotions and intentions of others. Responsible for empathy.
– says Prof.. Rafal Ohme, psychologist and specialist in neuroscience consumer.
– Without mirror neurons would not be possible, most human relationships. We could not understand each other
– adds Prof. Giacomo Rizzolatti of the University of Parma in the Italy. He got on the trail of mirror neurons by accident, when in the late 80’s led research on the effects of motor cortex in the brain. He wanted to know how the brain behaves monkeys family of macaques, when performing simple tasks.
Church tower protruding from water
Church tower protruding from water – The Lake Reschensee in South Tyrol (Italy) waiting an unusual sight: a protruding from the water Church tower. Only that was from the village of Alt-Graun. In the 50’s of the last century energy company decided to create there a reservoir for electricity and water. Alt–Graun residents were displaced, and the valley around the village – was poured. Today, almost nothing after it has been – apart from protruding from the water tower of the ancient parish church of St. Catherine.