Long-term stay in space – Accelerates skin aging

Long-term stay in space - Samantha Cristoforetti official portrait

Long-term stay in space – Accelerates skin aging

Long-term stay in space – Accelerates the aging of the skin. Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti after 199 days of the mission to the International Space Station ISS had a 20% thinner skin, but by no means not the only change that affects the body. Sensation of taste in space is somewhat impaired. In the state of weightlessness bodily fluids migrate to the top, mucous membranes swell, we feel a little rhinitis and we have a smaller appetite. There is also disorientation. Our labyrinth is not accustomed to the lack of gravity vector. Which on Earth says, where is down and where the top. There are headaches. Our body stretches. There is no gravity, so there is also what squeeze the spine, which can grow several centimeters. To muscles do not diminished, the astronauts in their daily schedule also have a designated time to exercise.

Dragon CRS-7 SpaceX

Dragon CRS-7 SpaceX

Dragon CRS-7 SpaceX – After the accident, 28 June 2015. At Cape Canaveral, the spacecraft Dragon CRS-7 company SpaceX. Which carried transport to the International Space Station (ISS). SpaceX issued a statement that it was suspending flights of its Falcon 9 launch vehicle accident caused the explosion of the rocket.

International Space Station ISS

International Space Station ISS - International Space Station 7.03.2011International Space Station ISS - International Space Station 30.05.2011

International Space Station ISS - International Space Station 19.07.2011

International Space Station ISS

International Space Station ISS – The date of the creation of the ISS is considered 20 November 1998. Then the orbit brought out the first element. It was the Russian module Zarya. ISS has been inhabited since 2 November 2000. It is located on a low earth orbit. Circling the Earth at an average altitude of 400 km. The height is adjusted, but the ISS is still lowers its flight. While planning the trajectory taken into account the availability of spaceports in Russia and the USA. One lap around the earth station takes approx. 92 minutes, so a day circling the planet 15.7 times. Compared to the Earth’s surface moves at a speed of 7700 m / s, or 27720 km / h.

Scott Kelly spent year orbit – At the ISS Station

Scott Kelly spent year orbit - Scott J. KellyScott Kelly spent year orbit - Scott J. Kelly after Soyuz TMA-01M landing Expedition 26 (16-03-2011)

Scott Kelly spent year orbit - Scott J. Kelly and Mikhail Kornienko

Scott Kelly spent year orbit - Scott Kelly seen inside the Cupola

Scott Kelly spent year orbit – At the ISS Station

Scott Kelly spent year orbit – March 1 when astronaut Scott Kelly returned to Earth after nearly a year spent at the International Space Station ISS, was surprised to discover that in that time has grown 5 cm. At his age, already it does not happen, unless, in the cosmos. Devoid of the influence of Earth’s gravity, the spine elongates because expanding the intervertebral discs. During the mission, the standard length of astronauts gain approx. 2.5 cm, but after returning to Earth quickly return to the previous size.

The aim of the annual mission of Kelly was among others examine how long-term stay in microgravity affects the human body. Determining this is necessary before a manned expedition American astronaut, who stayed in orbit about a year. An additional advantage of Scott, to render it an ideal candidate for research, is his twin brother Mark, who remained on Earth. Throughout their stay controlled health specialists from NASA.