Rafflesia Arnoldii – Largest flower is parasite

Rafflesia Arnoldii - Bengkulu - 21-April-2015Rafflesia Arnoldii - Lake-Maninjau - Sumatra-Indonesia - 1-09-99Rafflesia ArnoldiiModel of Rafflesia flower - Lee Kong Chian - Natural History Museum Singapore - 08-08-2015

Rafflesia Arnoldii – Largest flower is parasite

Rafflesia Arnoldii – Rafflesia arnoldii, is the largest individual flower on Earth. It doesn’t have its own stems, leaves or roots. Parasites on vines of the Cissus genus, related to the vine. Deriving water and nutrients from the hosts. Rafflesia grows in a thicket of tropical jungles in Borneo and Sumatra.
It reaches a weight of 11 kg and a diameter of one meter. It consists of five fleshy, red, white speckled petals. Inside, it finds a few liters of nectar, and spike-like creations with an unknown function.
Rafflesia emit a specific, bad smell to rotten meat. In this way it attracts pollinating beetles and flies. That’s why the people of Indonesia call it a corpse flower. It blooms for 5-7 days, every few years. However, if pollinated, it produces round fruit. Containing thousands of tiny seeds.

Most dangerous volcanoes – Still unpredictable

Most dangerous volcanoes - KīlaueaMost dangerous volcanoes - Eruption of the Volcano Vesuvius - J.C.DahlMost dangerous volcanoes - Nevado del Ruiz - 1985Most dangerous volcanoes - Chaitén - Eruption 27.05.2008


Most dangerous volcanoes – Still unpredictable

Most dangerous volcanoes – Eruptions of volcanoes in ancient times were considered a divine punishment. Today, we know their causes, but they are still unpredictable. And they leave terrible havoc after themselves. Volcanoes that sow the greatest destruction and thus are the most dangerous for Earth.

List of the most dangerous volcanoes on Earth:


Mt.Etna from ISS - 2013Sailors aboard USNS Carson City - watching Mt.Etna during arrival in CataniaMost dangerous volcanoes - Mount Etna - CraterMost dangerous volcanoes - Etna in Sicily

Mount Etna – Italy, Sicily

Most dangerous volcanoes - Big Blast at Sakurajima Volcano, Japan - NASASakurajima Volcano in Kyushu, JapanMost dangerous volcanoes - Big Blast at Sakurajima Volcano, JapanView from Kagoshima - Kyushu, Japan

Sakurajima – Japan, Kyushu

Most dangerous volcanoes - Torii near summit of Mt.Fuji, Honshu, JapanMount Fuji on the island of Honshu, Japan - 2006Most dangerous volcanoes - Japan, Honshu, Mt.FujiMost dangerous volcanoes - Mount Fuji - NASA

Mount Fuji – Japan, Honshu

Most dangerous volcanoes - Mount Vesuvius - ISS - NASARAF Spitfires flying around a still steaming Vesuvius after the March 1944 eruptionVesuvius - AsterSeismograph on the Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius – Italy

Most dangerous volcanoes - Nyiragongo and NyamuragiraMost dangerous volcanoes - Nyiragongo - Eruption 01-2002Nyiragongo - 1994Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira - 31.01.2007

Nyiragongo – Congo

Most dangerous volcanoes - Kīlauea - USGS multimedia fileKīlauea Caldera and Mauna LoaKīlauea - Lava hits the Pacific Ocean - Hawaii - 2005Kīlauea - Explosion at Halema'uma'u crater

Kilauea – United States of America, Hawaii

Most dangerous volcanoes - Mount Merapi craterMerapi ash plume - MODIS sat image - (10.11.2010)Merbabu & MerapiMost dangerous volcanoes - Merapi from space

Merapi – Indonesia, Java

Nevado del Ruiz - Summit after the eruption that caused the Armero tragedy - 11.1985Nevado del Ruiz Volcano - Colombia - NASAMost dangerous volcanoes - Nevado del Ruiz - Almost 2 weeks after its deadly eruption in 1985, Viewed from the northeastNevado del Ruiz - View from bamboo plantation

Nevado del Ruiz – Colombia

Most dangerous volcanoes - Popocatépetl - Seen from Mexico CityPopocatépetl - The active volcano located about 70 km southeast of Mexico City - 23.01.2001 - NASAPopocatépetl - Cholula PyramidMost dangerous volcanoes - Popocatépetl

Popocatépetl – Mexico

Most dangerous volcanoes - Column of ash during the Chaitén eruption, 02.05.2008Plume of ash from eruption of Chaiten volcano, Chile - 03.05.2008Chaitén - NASAAerial view of the Chaitén Town - Chile - 02-2009

Chaitén – Chile

Pico del Teide - Volcano on Canary Islands, SpainMost dangerous volcanoes - Pico del Teide - PanoramaPico del Teide volcano, on Tenerife, Canary Islands - from planePico del Teide in clouds

Pico del Teide – Spain, Tenerife

Most dangerous volcanoes - Eruption of Krakatau, Indonesia - 2008Satellite image of the Krakatau volcano, Indonesia - May 18, 1992Krakatau MapSatellite image Plumes of volcanic ash - 17.11.2010

Krakatau – Indonesia

Merapi – Indonesia, Java

Mount Merapi craterMerapi - IndonesiaMerbabu&MerapiMerapi_ash_plume_MODIS_sat_image_10_Nov_2010Merapi_pyroclastic_flowsMerapiFromSpace


Merapi – Indonesia, Java


  • Lokalizacja: Indonesia, Java island
  • Peak: 2968 m a. s. l.

Merapi is one of the most dangerous volcanoes in all of Indonesia, active on average once every 10 years. This stratovolcano is located in the central part of the island of Java. Near the city of Yogyakarta. Despite the threat at the foot of the mountain, thousands of people live. The activity of the volcano is largely due to the slipping of the Australian tectonic plate under the Sundanese plate. According to scientists, the eruptions of this volcano began about 400,000 years ago.

In the year 1006 there was a big explosion that caused the fall of the Mataram kingdom. Almost 60 explosions have been registered since 1548. The most catastrophic eruption took place in 1930, resulting in the death of 1,300 people. Less victims were killed in 1994, when the volcanic dome collapsed.

According to local beliefs, the mountain has spiritual and supernatural abilities. Each year a priest enters the summit, carrying a mountain of sacrifice.

Krakatau – Indonesia

Process of the creation of the Anak Krakatau islandEruption of Krakatau, Indonesia - 2008Satellite image of the Krakatau volcano, Indonesia - May 18, 1992Krakatau MapSatellite image Plumes of volcanic ash 17 November, 2010


Krakatau – Indonesia


  • Location: Indonesia
  • Peak: m a.s.l.

Krakatau lies between Java and Sumatra, and belongs to the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. We can also find out about it in the last days when the mountain awoke. Its largest explosion occurred in 1883. When the Perboewatan crater threw away a 6 km high cloud of ash, visible from a distance of 160 km. The next eruption occurred a few months later. This time, volcanic dust has risen to 27 km. In the final phase of the eruption caused the creation of four tsunamis high at 30 meters. The sounds of the crash were heard even several thousand kilometers away. More than 36,000 people have died as a result of the explosion and tsunami. These events affected the entire planet, as a result of the explosion the average annual temperature decreased by approx. 1.2 ° C. This year, the volcano has woken up again. After the explosion, a large part of it collapsed and caused a deadly wave of tides that killed over 400 people.

Indonesian volcano explosion – Volcano Tambora

Indonesian volcano explosion - Volcano TamboraIndonesian volcano explosion - Volcano Tambora craterIndonesian volcano explosion - Sumbawa island map

Indonesian volcano explosion – Volcano Tambora

Indonesian volcano explosion – Volcano Tambora – 10. 04. 1815. On the Indonesian island of Sumbawa exploded volcano Tambora. Experts compared the strength of its 1000 US atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima. The explosion brought with it 50 thousand. human victims. From the crater blown up about 150 km³ stones. The volcano threw into the atmosphere huge amounts of dust and sulfur dioxidea cloud stretched across the earth and covered the sun, another period has been recorded as the “year without a summer.” Summer frosts have caused damage to the collections of Europe and North America. In many areas were the cause of starvation.

Amorphophallus titanum – Comes from Indonesia

Amorphophallus titanum - Amorphophallus titanum Nov20_2005

Amorphophallus titanum – Comes from Indonesia

Amorphophallus titanum – The plant reaches an average height of 1.5 m. Record holder measured up to 3 m. Amorphophallus is open-pollinated plant, which needs to dust the pollen to another plant of the same species. It comes from Indonesia. It likes warm, moist and airy space. The smell of amorphophallus resembles a mix of odors: dead fish, garbage, sweat and decaying carcasses. Botanical Gardens compete in the cultivating of these plants, whose unusual beauty lasts only three days, and the strong odor persists only for 8 – 12 hours. Although the plant is called “corpse flower” is not exactly a flower. With the underground tubers, which provides plant nutrients and water, inflorescence stems shaped flask.