Merapi – Indonesia, Java
- Lokalizacja: Indonesia, Java island
- Peak: 2968 m a. s. l.
Merapi is one of the most dangerous volcanoes in all of Indonesia, active on average once every 10 years. This stratovolcano is located in the central part of the island of Java. Near the city of Yogyakarta. Despite the threat at the foot of the mountain, thousands of people live. The activity of the volcano is largely due to the slipping of the Australian tectonic plate under the Sundanese plate. According to scientists, the eruptions of this volcano began about 400,000 years ago.
In the year 1006 there was a big explosion that caused the fall of the Mataram kingdom. Almost 60 explosions have been registered since 1548. The most catastrophic eruption took place in 1930, resulting in the death of 1,300 people. Less victims were killed in 1994, when the volcanic dome collapsed.
According to local beliefs, the mountain has spiritual and supernatural abilities. Each year a priest enters the summit, carrying a mountain of sacrifice.
Amorphophallus titanum – Comes from Indonesia
Amorphophallus titanum – The plant reaches an average height of 1.5 m. Record holder measured up to 3 m. Amorphophallus is open-pollinated plant, which needs to dust the pollen to another plant of the same species. It comes from Indonesia. It likes warm, moist and airy space. The smell of amorphophallus resembles a mix of odors: dead fish, garbage, sweat and decaying carcasses. Botanical Gardens compete in the cultivating of these plants, whose unusual beauty lasts only three days, and the strong odor persists only for 8 – 12 hours. Although the plant is called “corpse flower” is not exactly a flower. With the underground tubers, which provides plant nutrients and water, inflorescence stems shaped flask.