Ant – Doesn’t get sick because of the minority complex

Ant - In a wall

Ant - On a rotten fruit

Ant - Ramat Gan

Ant - Iran

Ant - Insect of the family Formicidae - Iran

Ant - Aretidris buenaventei - profile view

Ant - Camponotus novaeboracensis - Queen

Ant - Fearsome

Ant – Doesn’t get sick because of the minority complex

Ant – 100 million years of evolution has developed its characteristic features, social behavior, order, hierarchy and abundance unmatched in the entire animal kingdom. It is estimated that the weight of all ants on Earth is equal to the weight of all people. Formicidae form a family of insects belonging to the order Hymenoptera.

One ant has virtually no meaning, but a million colony of ants is a perfectly organized mass that knows what it wants and how to get it. They are among the most specialized insects that make up caste communities – in which each individual has a clearly defined task. The number of species is estimated at around 12,000, but some scientists say that it may be as much as 30,000. Probably even half of them are still not described.

40 thousand insects in one colony have a total of the same number of brain cells as one human. In relation to their body, they have the largest brain in the world. It accounts for about 6% of their total weight, while in humans the brain is about 2%. A queen can live over 20 years and sire up to 150 million descendants.

At night, they lay eggs and larvae deep into the anthill to protect them from the cold. During the day, they move them closer to the top of the nest to keep them warm. They can raise the temperature in the anthill 10 ┬░ C above the ambient temperature. Temp. in the anthill there are ventilation shafts supervised by the worker caste.

Adult individuals are unable to chew and swallow solid food, therefore they eat the sweet juice squeezed out of the food. When the workers are full, after returning from hunting, they excrete some of the food for workers working in the nest.

List of Ants species:

 
Ant - Gigantiops destructor - WorkerAnt - Gigantiops destructor - DorsalGigantiops destructor - ProfileGigantiops destructor - HeadGigantiops destructor – Has the ability to navigate
 
 


Ant - Camponotus herculeanusAnt - Camponotus herculeanus - femaleCamponotus herculeanus - Queen - ItalyCamponotus herculeanus - QueenCarpenter ant – Camponotus herculeanus – Builds     nests in trees
 


Ant - Camponotus ligniperda - In old oakAnt - Camponotus ligniperda - WorkerBrown-black carpenter ant - QueenBrown-black carpenter ant - Camponotus ligniperdaBrown-black carpenter ant – Camponotus ligniperda –     Builds nests in decaying tree trunks
 


Meadow ant - Formica pratensis - profileMeadow ant - Formica pratensis - Queen - dorsal viewFormica pratensis - Queen - ventral viewFormica pratensis - Queen - Haute-Savoie, FranceMeadow ant – Formica pratensis – It is common     throughout Eurasia
 


Red wood ant - Formica rufa - ConversationRed wood ant - Formica rufa - Gmina Police, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, PolandFormica rufa - Mixed forest - UkraineFormica rufa - (27-07-2015)Red wood ant – Formica rufa – It lives mainly in     coniferous and mixed forests
 


Yellow meadow ant - Lasius flavusYellow meadow ant - Lasius flavus - Soborg, DenmarkLasius flavus - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyLasius flavus - Worker with root aphidYellow meadow ant – Lasius flavus – Extremely agile     and durable insect
 


Weaver ant - Oecophylla smaragdina - Charles Darwin National Park - Darwin, AustraliaWeaver ant - Oecophylla smaragdina - Kakadu National Park - AustraliaOecophylla smaragdina - On a leafOecophylla smaragdina - Cape Tribulation, Queensland, AustraliaWeaver ant – Oecophylla smaragdina – Often lives in     symbiosis with caterpillars
 


Inchman ant - Myrmecia forficata - WorkerInchman ant - Myrmecia - Nest in lateritic soils - Darling Range, Western AustraliaMyrmecia - Honeysuckle Creek, Namadgi National Park, AustraliaMyrmecia - Terrick Terrick National Park, Victoria, AustraliaInchman ant – Myrmecia forficata – It is big, fast and     extremely aggressive
 


European fire ant - Myrmica rubra - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyAnt - European fire - Myrmica rubra - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyEuropean fire ant - Myrmica rubraMyrmica rubra - (30-07-2020)European fire ant – Myrmica rubra – Queen is not     much bigger than worker
 


Inchman ant – Myrmecia forficata – Extremely aggressive

Inchman ant - Myrmecia forficata - WorkerInchman ant - Myrmecia - Nest in lateritic soils - Darling Range, Western AustraliaInchman ant - Myrmecia - Honeysuckle Creek, Namadgi National Park, AustraliaInchman ant - Myrmecia - Terrick Terrick National Park, Victoria, AustraliaMyrmecia forficata - Worker - Darling Range, Western AustraliaMyrmecia - Terrick Terrick National Park, Victoria, AustraliaMyrmecia forficata - Kialla, AustraliaMyrmecia forficata - Austins Ferry, Tasmania, Australia

Inchman ant – Myrmecia forficata – It is big, fast and extremely aggressive

Inchman ant – Also called a bull ant. It has a jaw that is strong enough to chew through human skin. She is big, fast and extremely aggressive. It lives endemically on the Australian continent and is considered the largest ant in the world. It grows up from 15 to 40 mm.

They attack their prey from hiding, grab and hold with their powerful jaws, and then stab with a deadly sting. The sting is very painful and can cause anaphylactic shock. Australian scientists are studying the chemical composition of the poison injected by ants and hope to fight cancer with it.

Brown-black carpenter ant – Camponotus ligniperda

Brown-black carpenter ant - Camponotus ligniperda - In old oakBrown-black carpenter ant - Camponotus ligniperda - WorkerBrown-black carpenter ant - QueenBrown-black carpenter ant - Camponotus ligniperdaCamponotus ligniperda - DorsalCamponotus ligniperda - Head viewCamponotus ligniperda - Profile viewCamponotus ligniperda - Queen - (11-06-2013)

Brown-black carpenter ant – Camponotus ligniperda – Builds nests in decaying tree trunks

Brown-black carpenter ant – It is a species of the largest Polish and European ant inhabiting forests and open areas overgrown with shrubs. Adult specimens range from 6 to 18 mm. Workers live over 10 years. They build nests in decaying tree trunks and large trees in the underground part. Sometimes they choose old decaying wooden buildings as their nests.

While these ants may appear to feed on wood, they do not actually digest cellulose. On hot days they become aggressive and can even bite people severely. Their bites are painful and stinging.

Pro Apollo – Lunar suit, versions A7L and A7LB

Space suit - A7L - Apollo-11 lunar mission crewSpace suit - A7L - Apollo-12 lunar mission crewA7L - Buzz Aldrin near lunar Module legA7LB - Gateway to space 2016 - Budapest

Pro Apollo – Lunar suit, versions A7L and A7LB

 

  • In use over the years: 1967 – 1975
  • Space ships: A7L – missions Apollo 7 – 14, A7LB – missions Apollo 15 – 17, Skylab and Apollo-Soyuz.
  • Mass: A7L – 28,1 kg, to Extra-vehicular activity 34,5 kg, A7LB 29,3 kg and 35,4 kg to (EVA).

 
Pro Apollo – Since 1961, Americans have focused on the Apollo program, the goal of which was to get man to the moon. After the Apollo 1 fire, the emphasis was on fire-resistant properties. This is how the A7L type suit was created, which was used by Apollo 7 to 14. So also Neil Armstrong (1930 – 2012) and Buzz Aldrin (born 1930). The suit had better protection against dust and temperatures. Basic life support up to 6 hours.

Along with the suit, a portable life support system (called a backpack) was also developed. For short stays in open space (EVA). During the Apollo 15 to 17 missions, and at the Skylab space station, an improved version of the A7LB suit was created. Instead of a backpack, it had special instrumentation attached to the astronaut’s belt.

Ellora – religious complex – Largest temple of world

Ellora - religious complex

Maharashtra - Hindu temple

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora Caves - (06-09-2016)

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - (06-09-2016) - 85

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - Aurangabad-Maharashtra-India - (08-03-2015)

Ellora - religious complex

Art at Ellora caves - (06-06-2017)

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - panorama

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora – religious complex – Largest temple of world

Ellora – religious complex – The largest temple of world. One of the largest monastic rock cave complexes in the world. It is located approximately 29 km southwest of Aurangabad, in Maharashtra, India. Due to its uniqueness, beauty and cultural value, it has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1983.

34 temples :

17 – Ancient Hindu (dated to the 600-900 A.D.),

Kailasa – Hindu temple, considered the most beautiful of all buildings in Ellora.

12 – Buddhist (dated to the 600-800 A.D.),

5 – Jain (dated to the 800-1000 A.D.).

Jainism arose in response to Hinduism and its caste system. Its main idea was non-violence and respect for all living things.

On the walls of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples there are frescoes depicting serpent creatures. They are much smaller than the people and the authorship of this place is questioned. There are theories that it is man-made. And that it was created by representatives of extraterrestrial civilization. Which used the special technologies from other worlds that cut stone like butter. It is estimated that today, with ten punching machines in operation, the construction of such a complex would require 200 days of uninterrupted excavation.

There are many different ventilation shafts in Ellora leading to underground and narrow corridors and under earth tunnels that cannot fit humans. There are hundreds of drilled holes in the floors.

Ricinus communis – Castor oil plant

Ricinus communis - Southern MexicoRicinus communis - Botanic Garden (Frankfurt, Germany)Ricinus communis - Venezuela
 
 
 
 
 
Ricinus communis - Castor oil plant (1)Ricinus communis - Castor oil plant (2)

Ricinus communis – Castor oil plant

Ricinus communis – It probably comes from the north of Africa. It is a 10-meter tall plant that enjoys great popularity in gardening.

  • Deadly dose: 15 – 20 seeds
  • Death: to 1 week
  • Poison: ricin
  • Aftermath: renal, liver and spleen failure
  • Where it grows: in all tropical and subtropical areas of the world
  • Occurrence in Poland: artificially bred

The most dangerous are the bars of its seeds, about 6,000 times more aggressive than cyanide. Causes agglutination of red blood cells and damages the liver, kidneys and spleen. The first symptoms are similar to a cold, followed by headaches, mouth burning, vomiting and internal bleeding. It gradually attacks the entire human circulatory system.

History of the plant:
Castor oil is squeezed from the seeds, from which soap, ointments, drops or perfumes are made. Apparently Cleopatra applied it to her eyes to have a “wider perspective”. In 1978, a Bulgarian secret interview was used to murder the writer and journalist Georgie Markov, who after several days of the fight for his life died of kidney failure in a London hospital.

DNA chain – Ladders with millions rungs

Dna chain - ladders with millions rungs

DNA chain – Ladders with millions rungs

DNA chain – ladders with millions rungs – DNA strands looks like spiral ladders
with the millions rungs, each of which carries the instructions written by chemical code.
If we could unravel and stretch the DNA of a single human cell, measure the approx.
2 meters, its thickness, however, would amount to approx. 0.000002 mm. Chain DNA from
the body of one man is 16 times longer than the path from Earth to the Moon.

First human heart transplant – management Christiaan Barnard

First human heart transplant - management Christiaan BarnardFirst human heart transplant - management Christiaan Barnard

First human heart transplant – management Christiaan Barnard

First human heart transplant – management Christiaan Barnard – In 03.12.1967 medical team under the direction of Professor Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon. Performed at the hospital Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, the first human heart transplant operation.

Human body bacteria – Digestive tract microorganisms

Human body bacteria - weight of digestive tract microorganisms

Human body bacteria – Weight of digestive tract microorganisms

Human body bacteria┬á– Weight of digestive tract microorganisms – The total weight of bacteria
living
in the human digestive system is approx.
1.5 kg. In the large intestine,
we have
100 trillion microorganisms. 10 times more than the number of all cells in the body.
They are divided into
roughly 400 species.

Studies have shown that it is the changes in the number and species of bacteria in the gut
have a negative impact
on the psyche of the patients. According to specialists bacterial flora
may be responsible
not only prone to depression, but depression symptoms in themselves.

At one cm square elbow stays on average 10 thousand. bacteria 113 different species,
but more than
90% are 10 of them. The least bacteria on human skin found between the toes,
the largest
habitat of the navel.

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