Mostly practiced sports – 10 most popular disciplines in the world:
1. Football: 4 bln fans
It is practiced all over the world. In Poland, sports clubs play over 300,000 people.
2. Cricket: 2,5 bln fans
A team game based on bouncing the ball with a stick. The most popular is in Great Britain and its former colonies.
3. Field hockey: 2 bln fans
Team game is popular mainly in Western Europe, South Asia, South Africa and Australia.
4. Tennis: 1 bln fans
The History of tennis dates back to the 12th century. Its original form evolved in French … monasteries.
5. Volleyball: 900 mln fans
Volleyball is popular especially in Europe and America.
6. Table tennis: 875 mln fans
Also known as ping pong, it is played and is seen mainly in Europe and Asia.
7. Basketball: 875 mln fans
This sports discipline is particularly popular in the USA. Around 450 million people throw in the basket all over the world.
8. Baseball: 500 mln fans
Team game derived from with cricket, very popular in the United States.
9. Rugby: 475 mln fans
This discipline requiring great physical effort is mainly cultivated in the Great Britain, RSA and on the antipodes.
10. Golf: 450 mln fans
North America, Western Europe, East Asia – golf is popular primarily in developed countries.
Andre-Marie Ampere – Thoughtful and versatile scientist
Andre-Marie Ampere – (1775 – 1836) – The ancestor of electrodynamics did not go to primary school, his father taught him alone. Ampere sent his first scientific work to the Lyon Academy of Sciences (Academie de Lyon) at the age of 13! A quiet life and urgent studies were interrupted when his father was guillotined in 1793 for the Jacobin dictatorship. Eighteen-year-old Ampere has suffered this trauma. After the period of mourning, he returned to science and spiritual work. He was interested in mathematics and physics as well as in philosophy, botany, chemistry, as well as Latin, Italian and Greek.
Son Jean-Jacques Ampere (1800 – 1864) after his father’s death finished his work. Which was to classify the sciences –
Sketches from the philosophy of science, or an analytic representation of the general classification of all human knowledge
But his greatest merit is description of magnetism and subsequent establishment of the theory of electromagnetic phenomena as the basis of electrodynamics. He also created the first magnetic coil, which became the basis for the later telegraph.
At the age of 22, he began to teach mathematics in Lyon and later became a professor of chemistry and physics. For nineteen years he taught at the Polytechnique in Paris. During his lifetime he belonged to many scientific societies and he was also appreciated abroad. Unfortunately, his financial situation did not reflect merit. He often lacked money for experiments, which delayed his work.
He spent most of his life traveling, while on one of them in Marseilles, on June 10, 1836, he died. On the gravestone, according to his wishes, engraved: Tandem felix – Finally happy.
First photographing method – Invention of daguerreotype
First photographing method – Invention of daguerreotype – In 01.09.1839,
the French Academy of Sciences announced the invention of the daguerreotype,
the first shooting method. But it was a very expensive method. Which did not give the
possibility of obtaining multiple copies of a single negative.
Albert Schweitzer – French theologian, philosopher, physician
Albert Schweitzer – In 01.14.1875 born French theologian, philosopher and physician A. Schweitzer.
In 1912 he resigned from the post of associate professor of theology at the University of Strasbourg.
A year later, in Lambarene (Gabon today) founded a hospital where he treated residents and
led the missionary center. In 1952 he received the Nobel Peace Prize.
First Winter Olympics – Chamonix in the French Alps
First Winter Olympics – 25.01.1924 in Chamonix in the French Alps, opened the first
Winter Olympic Games. Called the Week of Winter Sports. At the conference,
the IOC in Prague a year later were considered to be the first Winter Olympics.
Measuring asteroids – Shape and size
Measuring asteroids – Shape and size – French scientists from the Observatoire de la Cote d’Azur have developed a new way of measuring the shape and size of asteroids. They used an interferometer constructed of 2 VLT telescopes, with diameters of 8.2 m. To measure the asteroid Barbara. The results indicate that the asteroid is composed of two parts with a diameter of 37 and 21 km. Apart from each other 24 km.
Pierre Curie – French physicist
Pierre Curie – French physicist – In 05.15.1859 was born French physicist Pierre Curie,
husband of Maria Curie-Sklodowska. He studied crystals and radioactivity.
He found with his wife elements radium and polonium. The first experience of
the use of radium in the fight against cancer conducted on himself.
In 1903 he received the Nobel Prize.
Antimalarial effective drug – Isolated Quinine
Antimalarial effective drug – Isolated Quinine. One of the first effective drugs for malaria was the bark of the Peruvian cinchona tree (Cinchona) containing alkaloid – quinine. Its action convinced the Jesuits and approx. 1640. Brought it from South America. to Europe. It was not until 1820. Quinine isolated the French chemists – Pierre Joseph Pelletier and Joseph Bienaime Caventou.