Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

Amoco Milford Haven - Fire of sinking tankerAmoco Milford Haven - Sinking tankerMT Haven - Burning tankerMT Haven - Tanker fire

Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Genoa, Italy
  • Date: 11 April 1991
  • Amount of spill: 159 000 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 85 mln

Amoco Milford Haven – The tanker was built in Cardiz shipyards in 1973. The ship was 334 meters long and 51 meters wide. In 1991 a catastrophic explosion took place near Genoa, Italy. During routine pumping operations, a part of the load. To adjust the draft of the ship. At one point, a powerful explosion shook the front tanks, and a few minutes later a huge fire began on board. Although sailors and firemen fought together with fire. They could do nothing.

Precautions did not help

Flames reached 100 meters in height and a total of six crew members were killed. To prevent a major ecological disaster. Experts recommended towing the ship as far as possible into the open sea and leaving it at the bottom. It also happened. After another explosion, the ship broke into two parts and sank after three days. Spilled fuel reached the coasts of Italy and France. Despite immediate action after installing 10 km long barriers. Oil flooded local beaches and caused great damage.

Amoco Cadiz – Biggest oil spills

Amoco Cadiz - Grounding and oil spill - 01.03.1978Amoco Cadiz - Sinking tanker - Brittany-France - 01.03.1978Impact of oil spill - 01.03.1978Oil spill - 01.03.1978

Amoco Cadiz – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: France
  • Date: 16 March 1978
  • Amount of spill: 254 400 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 136 mln

Amoco Cadiz – In 1978, the tanker crashed off the coast of France. On its standard route, from the Persian Gulf to the Dutch port of Rotterdam. When a 335 meter ship passed the west coast of France. It got inside a violent storm. High waves damaged the rudder and directed the tanker directly to the coast. The ship first hit a coral reef, as a result of which water flooded the engine room. Another blow to the rocks caused the oil tanks to crack. The contents of all of them spilled into the sea in 14 days.

Could the disaster be prevented

The crew was warned of a possible disaster, but they were unable to stop the ship in time. Therefore, the tanker impacted the sanding. In total, over 2.5 million liters of oil spilled near Portsall. It reached about 360 km of coastline. About 14,000 volunteers and soldiers fought the effects of the accident. However, around 37,000 birds and 6,400 oysters died. Nature returned to balance seven years after the disaster.

New type of clouds – Asperitas (Undulatus asperatus)

New type of clouds - AsperitasNew type of clouds - AsperitasNew type of clouds - AsperitasNew type of clouds - Asperitas

New type of clouds – Asperitas (Undulatus asperatus)

New type of clouds – Asperitas (formerly known as Undulatus asperatus). Meteorologists distinguish 10 types of clouds. But a certain mysterious formation discovered a decade ago. We are stubbornly involved in this degree that a separate variety has been introduced especially for it – for the first time in 60 years! It was introduced to the classification by the founder of cloud appreciation society, Gavin Pretor-Pinney. This is the first since 1951 (after cirrus intortus) added to the New International Cloud Atlas of the World Meteorological Organization. Which new edition appeared in 2017 What separates the so-called. Asperitas (what in translation means as much as “Stormy”) from other clouds, is their uneven and very uneven basis. This formation rarely appears in Poland, for this in the USA is observed regularly. Especially in the areas of the Great Plain, East of the Rocky Mountains.
Since their discovery, in the United States, there were observed m. In. In Norway, Scotland, France, Estonia and Poland.

Long ago forbidden – Today completely normal

Long ago forbidden – Today completely normal

Long ago forbidden – Today something completely normal:

Long ago forbidden - Football - icon

1. Football: 4 bln fans

In the XIV century England men have to train archery,
and do not waste time on games. Effect: banning football.

Long ago forbidden - Christmas in art

2. Christmas

England, between 1644 and 1660: the Puritans forbid festivities in days
winter solstice – already celebrated by pagans.

Long ago forbidden - Chess

3. Chess

Year 1254: King of France Louis IX considers this strategy game
too boring and useless, so it is forbidden to think about it.

Long ago forbidden - Popcorn

4. Popcorn

In the era of silent film popcorn is considered a cheap snack of the street people,
therefore it is banished from the “luxury” cinemas.

Long ago forbidden - Bowling game

5. Bowling game

In the years 1366-1477 in England only aristocrats can play bowling.
You have to pay 100 pounds for running the bowling alley.

Long ago forbidden - Trousers for women

6. Trousers for women

For 214 years law prohibits Parisiennes wearing trousers.
The law finally disappears in 2013.

Long ago forbidden - Credit card - front

7. Credit cards for women

Until 1974, American women can get a credit card,
only with the consent of her husband.

Long ago forbidden - Coffee - Antoccino Espresso

8. Coffee shops

In 1675, King of England Charles II tries to forbid coffee shops – from fear
that his critics could plan a rebellion there.

Long ago forbidden - Swimsuit

9. Swimsuits

In the early XX century, American cities issue regulations
with a minimum length of swimsuits.

Long ago forbidden - Scrabble

10. Scrabble

Communist dictator of Romania, Nicolae Ceausescu,
forbids this game as “over-intellectualized”.

Atari – Founded in 1972 by N.Bushnell and T.Dabney

Atari-800 - Computer 8-bitAtari-2600 - Console (black)Atari-2600 - Console

Atari – Founded in 1972 by N. Bushnell and T. Dabney

Atari – Company founded in 1972 by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney, was a pioneer in the field of computer games. In the 1980s, it belonged to the most important manufacturers of personal computers and computer games. The Pong game was the first video game console to be connected to TV. It subscribed to history thanks to game consoles such as Atari 2600 or the revolutionary 64-bit Atari Jaguar console. It also created one of the first portable Atari Lynx gaming consoles. Among the personal computers, the hit was the 16-bit Atari ST computer system, and later the 8-bit versions of Atari 400/800 / XL / XE, which production lasted until 1992. Four years later, the company was in crisis and the brand Atari was slowly disappearing.
In 2000, the company was taken over by the French company Infogrames. Under the Atari brand, several games have been released. However, on January 21, 2013, the company officially declared bankruptcy.

Mostly practiced sports – 10 most popular disciplines

Mostly practiced sports – 10 most popular disciplines in the world:

Mostly practiced sports - Football - pictogram1. Football: 4 bln fans
It is practiced all over the world. In Poland, sports clubs play over 300,000 people.
Mostly practiced sports - Cricket - pictogram2. Cricket: 2,5 bln fans
A team game based on bouncing the ball with a stick. The most popular is in Great Britain and its former colonies.
Mostly practiced sports - Field hockey - pictogram3. Field hockey: 2 bln fans
Team game is popular mainly in Western Europe, South Asia, South Africa and Australia.
Mostly practiced sports - Tennis - pictogram4. Tennis: 1 bln fans
The History of tennis dates back to the 12th century. Its original form evolved in French … monasteries.
Mostly practiced sports - Volleyball - pictogram5. Volleyball: 900 mln fans
Volleyball is popular especially in Europe and America.
Mostly practiced sports - Table tennis - pictogram6. Table tennis: 875 mln fans
Also known as ping pong, it is played and is seen mainly in Europe and Asia.
Mostly practiced sports - Basketball - pictogram7. Basketball: 875 mln fans
This sports discipline is particularly popular in the USA. Around 450 million people throw in the basket all over the world.
Mostly practiced sports - Baseball - pictogram8. Baseball: 500 mln fans
Team game derived from with cricket, very popular in the United States.
Mostly practiced sports - Rugby - pictogram9. Rugby: 475 mln fans
This discipline requiring great physical effort is mainly cultivated in the Great Britain, RSA and on the antipodes.
Mostly practiced sports - Golf - pictogram10. Golf: 450 mln fans
North America, Western Europe, East Asia – golf is popular primarily in developed countries.

Battle of Somme – The attack of French and British

Battle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater (1)Battle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater (2)Battle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater (3)Battle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater (4)Battle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater (5)Battle of Somme - Cheshire Regiment trench Somme 1916Battle of Somme 1916 - MapBattle of Somme - Lochnagar Crater Map

Battle of Somme – The attack of French and British

Battle of Somme – The great Somme offensive planned by the French and the British. Was to finally break the German resistance and end the war within a few weeks. The decisive significance in this plan was played by a series of secret tunnels. Dug up by the whole company for months. Leading the artillery fire of German trenches, the British imperceptibly placed under enemy positions 19 explosives.

On the first of July 1916, mines under German lines almost simultaneously exploded. The largest load was broken in the earth by a crater with a depth of 21 meters and a diameter of 91 meters. Contrary to the expectations of the generals, however, the enemy forces were not destroyed. And the offensive became a deadly trap for the soldiers.

Already in the first 30 minutes of the fire from German machine guns, thousands of Britons were killed. On the first day of the attack on German positions. About 21000 British and French soldiers died. The fights continued for another five months. Consuming over a million lives. Only to get a 35-kilometer piece of the front. Approx. 10 kilometers deep into the enemy’s territory.

Interior heating – Heat from battery or pump

Interior heating - Nissan Leaf - Paris Motor Show (2012)Interior heating - Nissan Leaf - DashboardInterior heating - Nissan Leaf - Wind farm daylightInterior heating - Nissan Leaf

Interior heating - Mercedes-Benz EQC - Motor Show in Paris (2018)Interior heating - Mercedes-Benz EQC - Paris Motor Show (2018)Interior heating - Mercedes-Benz EQC - DashboardInterior heating - Mercedes-Benz EQC - Motor Show, Paris, France (2018)

Interior heating – Heat from battery or pump

Interior heating – The car’s engine can be started remotely not only in the BMW 7 Series, where the key allows you to control the car on the touch screen. But also in Swedish Volvo produced for a cool climate. Pre-heating the cabin and cooling the windows will be easier in electric cars. At Nissan Leaf, or the latest Mercedes-Benz EQC, you do not need to run the engine for this purpose. Mercedes does not take energy to ventilate directly from the battery. The Germans have used a modern heat pump to reduce energy consumption.

Andre-Marie Ampere – Thoughtful and versatile scientist

Andre-Marie AmpereAndre-Marie AmpereAndre-Marie AmpereAndre-Marie Ampere - Museum of Ampere - Poleymieux, Mont d'Or, France, 2007Andre-Marie Ampere - Ampere grave in Montmartre, Paris, 2006Andre-Marie Ampere - Ampere grave (detail) - Montmartre, Paris, France, 2006Andre-Marie Ampere - Museum of Ampere - Poleymieux, Mont d'Or, FranceAndre-Marie Ampere - Museum of Ampere - Poleymieux, Mont d'Or, France

Andre-Marie Ampere – Thoughtful and versatile scientist

Andre-Marie Ampere – (1775 – 1836) – The ancestor of electrodynamics did not go to primary school, his father taught him alone. Ampere sent his first scientific work to the Lyon Academy of Sciences (Academie de Lyon) at the age of 13! A quiet life and urgent studies were interrupted when his father was guillotined in 1793 for the Jacobin dictatorship. Eighteen-year-old Ampere has suffered this trauma. After the period of mourning, he returned to science and spiritual work. He was interested in mathematics and physics as well as in philosophy, botany, chemistry, as well as Latin, Italian and Greek.

Son Jean-Jacques Ampere (1800 – 1864) after his father’s death finished his work. Which was to classify the sciences –

Sketches from the philosophy of science, or an analytic representation of the general classification of all human knowledge

But his greatest merit is description of magnetism and subsequent establishment of the theory of electromagnetic phenomena as the basis of electrodynamics. He also created the first magnetic coil, which became the basis for the later telegraph.

At the age of 22, he began to teach mathematics in Lyon and later became a professor of chemistry and physics. For nineteen years he taught at the Polytechnique in Paris. During his lifetime he belonged to many scientific societies and he was also appreciated abroad. Unfortunately, his financial situation did not reflect merit. He often lacked money for experiments, which delayed his work.
He spent most of his life traveling, while on one of them in Marseilles, on June 10, 1836, he died. On the gravestone, according to his wishes, engraved: Tandem felix – Finally happy.

First photographing method – Invention of daguerreotype

First photographing method - invention of daguerreotype

First photographing method – Invention of daguerreotype

First photographing method – Invention of daguerreotype – In 01.09.1839,
the French Academy of Sciences
announced the invention of the daguerreotype,
the first
shooting method. But it was a very expensive method. Which did not give the
possibility of obtaining
multiple copies of a single negative.