Tanker Odyssey – Biggest oil spills

Tanker Odyssey - Oil spill and fire - 1988Tanker Odyssey - Oil stain after spill - 1988Tanker Odyssey - Art presenting tragedy of animals after oil spill in 1988Odyssey - Animals after oil spillOdyssey - Aerial view

Tanker Odyssey – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Canada
  • Date: 19 November 1988
  • Amount of spill: 162 180 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 86,7 mln

Tanker Odyssey – An American ship exploded about a thousand kilometers, off the east coast of Canada. About 162 million liters of crude oil spilled out of it into the open sea. That fateful day he sailed from Shetland to Canada. About 2,000 km off the coast of Newfoundland, a sea storm caught him. There was an explosion on the ship. As a result, it broke into two parts and sank. The Passat ship arrived the fastest, after an hour. But because of the flames, he couldn’t get close to one kilometer. 27 crew members were killed on board.

Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

Amoco Milford Haven - Fire of sinking tankerAmoco Milford Haven - Sinking tankerMT Haven - Burning tankerMT Haven - Tanker fire

Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Genoa, Italy
  • Date: 11 April 1991
  • Amount of spill: 159 000 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 85 mln

Amoco Milford Haven – The tanker was built in Cardiz shipyards in 1973. The ship was 334 meters long and 51 meters wide. In 1991 a catastrophic explosion took place near Genoa, Italy. During routine pumping operations, a part of the load. To adjust the draft of the ship. At one point, a powerful explosion shook the front tanks, and a few minutes later a huge fire began on board. Although sailors and firemen fought together with fire. They could do nothing.

Precautions did not help

Flames reached 100 meters in height and a total of six crew members were killed. To prevent a major ecological disaster. Experts recommended towing the ship as far as possible into the open sea and leaving it at the bottom. It also happened. After another explosion, the ship broke into two parts and sank after three days. Spilled fuel reached the coasts of Italy and France. Despite immediate action after installing 10 km long barriers. Oil flooded local beaches and caused great damage.

ABT Summer – Supertanker – Biggest oil spills

ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill and fire - 1991ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill - Angola - 1991Supertanker - Aerial viewOil spill - Map - 18.05.1991

ABT Summer – Supertanker – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Angola
  • Date: 18 May 1991
  • Amount of spill: 305 280 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 178 mln

ABT Summer – Supertanker, which in May 1991 exploded almost 1500 km off the coast of Angola. The ship was built in the South Korean shipyard Ulsan. It traveled on the sea since 1974. It was over 344 meters long and 54 meters wide. The disaster took place on the route from Iran to Rotterdam. As a result of the accident, millions of liters of oil spilled. Which resulted in the formation of a 34 km long oil spot. The tanker burned for three days before sinking in the sea. Five crew members were killed at the explosion site. At ecological point of view this disaster was not very serious. Because it happened far from the coast.

Castillo de Bellver – Biggest oil spills

Castillo de Bellver - Oil spill and fire - 1983Castillo de Bellver - Oil spill and fire fighting - 1983MTCastillo de Bellver - Left sideMTCastillo de Bellver - Right side

Castillo de Bellver – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: RSA
  • Date: 6 August 1983
  • Amount of spill: 286 200 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 153 mln

Castillo de Bellver – The tanker exploded unexpectedly and burned off the coast of South Africa in 1983. The ship traveled on the sea since 1978. On the memorable day of August 6, 1983, it sailed with oil from the Persian Gulf to Spain. Through an area where many sea birds live and where important fisheries are found. The coast was seriously threatened. Unfortunately, the wind changed and moved the stain towards the ocean. Ultimately, the environmental impact was minimal and no one was killed on board.

Atlantic Empress – Aegean Captain – Biggest oil spills

Atlantic Empress - Aegean Captain - Aerial viewAtlantic Empress - Aegean Captain - In the dockyardAtlantic Empress & Aegean Captain - Oil spill and fireAtlantic Empress & Aegean Captain - Oil spill and fire fightingAegean Captain in portCollision of Atlantic Empress and Aegean Captain - Map

Atlantic Empress – Aegean Captain – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Tobago
  • Date: 19 July 1979
  • Amount of spill: 349 800 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 187 million

Atlantic Empress – Aegean Captain – An accident that occurred near Tobago. It was not caused by the failure of the oil rig, but the collision of two tankers during a tropical storm. Greek ship Atlantic Empress with Aegean Captain. Both ships broke, leaving behind a huge amount of oil. Fortunately, the disaster happened quite far from the mainland. So the nearest islands were not threatened by this huge pollution

Accident could not be avoided

Due to the storm, none of the ships had the chance to avoid failure. Because it was raining that day and a strong wind was blowing. According to witness statements, the tankers registered their mutual presence only 500 meters before the start. The captain of the ship Aegean Captain, who changed the course slightly at the last moment. He prevented a major disaster. Otherwise, no one would survive. Still, at Atlantic Empress, 26 people were killed. Perhaps because the firefighters failed to take control of the fire and further explosions occurred. Finally, the tanker Aegean Captain was saved. When at that time Atlantic Empress sank in a fire.

Ixtoc 1 – Biggest oil spills

Ixtoc 1 - Oil well blowoutIxtoc 1 - Oil well blowoutOil well blowout - NOAA PhotoOil well blowout - NOAA Photo

Ixtoc 1 – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Gulf of Mexico
  • Date: 3 June 1979
  • Amount of spill: 531 017 565 liters
  • Costs: $ 283,9 million

Ixtoc 1 – An oil well belonging to the Mexican oil company Pemex. It was in the Gulf of Mexico, almost 1,000 km off the coast of Texas. At that time, the company was extracting oil from a 3 km deep well. When a huge explosion broke out. This caused a pressure difference, resulting in the leakage of tens of thousands of barrels of oil. In a few days, a huge oil spill, 640 km long. It approached the coast of Texas.

How to stop oil

Attempts to stop the oil flow failed. Because the wind was constantly changing and the heavy oil fell below sea level. And although floating limiters were placed on the surface, the oil continued to flow through them. The United States government has been struggling with the stain for over two months. Pemex himself refused to participate in the costs of cleaning work.

Deepwater Horizon – Biggest oil spills

Deepwater Horizon - Fire on the drilling rigDeepwater Horizon - Dark smoke and fire on drilling rig (6 May 2010) Deepwater Horizon - Coast cleanupDeepwater Horizon - Oil spillGulf of Mexico - 28-04-2010Aerial view reconnaissance of Louisiana coastline, USAU.S. Coast-Guard, BP, other federal agencies working after explosion in Gulf of Mexico

Deepwater Horizon – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Gulf of Mexico
  • Date: 22 april 2010
  • Amount of spill: 779 100 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 5 billion

Deepwater Horizon – It was a floating oil rig. Built in 2001. In 2009, it bore the largest well in history – 10 km. A year later, this record was overshadowed by a tragic explosion. Which created biggest oil spill in history. This tragedy happened at a depth of 1500 m. Two days after the explosion the platform sank. A few months later, technicians managed to introduce a special sealing compound into the damaged well. Which blocked the crack.

The explosion kills

The accident occurred due to highly compressed methane. Which tore the top cover of the drilling rig and exploded after contact with air. It killed 11 people on the spot and then disrupted the platform statistics. Within days, the stain reached the shores of Louisiana. Ravaging nature on the way. The coast of five US states was affected by this. Including the rare Mississippi wetlands. As a result of this disaster, died 6,000 sea turtles, 26 thousand dolphins and whales, 82 thousand birds and huge numbers of fish and invertebrates.

Oil stain in Kuwait – Biggest oil spills

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Oil stain in Kuwait – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Kuwait
  • Date: 19 January 1991
  • Amount of spill: 906 300 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 484,5 million

Oil stain in Kuwait – The largest oil-related disaster took place during the Gulf War. This was not due to a technical defect or explosion, but to planned sabotage. Oil was released by the Iraqi army. Whose goal was to slow down US troops planning to take over Kuwait. To prevent further leakage, US Air Force destroyed the oil towers. According to international research, 5.7 barrels of oil spilled into the sea. Later, it was even speculated that Saddam Hussein wanted to light all continuous reserves. Thus destroy the global economy. Fortunately, this did not happen.

Animals in danger

A layer of oil, 12 centimeters thick, covered the sea over an area of ​​over 4,000 km². It has affected the entire marine ecosystem. While US soldiers could bypass the contaminated area. Animals did not have this option anymore. At least 30,000 sea birds wintering there have died. And a large number of fish. A quarter of the Kuwait desert was also flooded with oil.

Merapi – Indonesia, Java

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Merapi – Indonesia, Java

 

  • Lokalizacja: Indonesia, Java island
  • Peak: 2968 m a. s. l.

 
Merapi is one of the most dangerous volcanoes in all of Indonesia, active on average once every 10 years. This stratovolcano is located in the central part of the island of Java. Near the city of Yogyakarta. Despite the threat at the foot of the mountain, thousands of people live. The activity of the volcano is largely due to the slipping of the Australian tectonic plate under the Sundanese plate. According to scientists, the eruptions of this volcano began about 400,000 years ago.

In the year 1006 there was a big explosion that caused the fall of the Mataram kingdom. Almost 60 explosions have been registered since 1548. The most catastrophic eruption took place in 1930, resulting in the death of 1,300 people. Less victims were killed in 1994, when the volcanic dome collapsed.

According to local beliefs, the mountain has spiritual and supernatural abilities. Each year a priest enters the summit, carrying a mountain of sacrifice.

Chaitén – Chile

Satellite image of Chaitén Volcano and Town - NASAAerial view of the Chaitén Town - Chile - 02-2009Chaitén - NASARoad to Chaitén TownColumn of ash during the Chaiten eruption, 02.05.2008Ashes after the eruption of Chaiten volcano - 28.05.2008Plume of ash from eruption of Chaiten volcano, Chile - 03.05.2008Chaitén - Eruption 27.05.2008

 
 

Chaitén – Chile

 

  • Location: Chile
  • Peak: 1122 m a.s.l.

 
Chaitén volcano for a long time was considered as expired. Over the last millenniums, no activity has been noticed. Caldera with a diameter of 3 km located in the southern part of Chile. It woke up suddenly in 2008, exactly after 9400 years. When the day before the explosion there was a series of smaller earthquakes. The cloud of ash and volcanic ash was 18 km high. After the outbreak, nearly all its inhabitants left the city. The soil was covered with a 15-cm layer of ash, which contaminated even water, which was a threat not only for people, but also for about 25,000 cattle.