Topiary – Artistic shaping shrubs and trees
Topiary – Artistic shaping shrubs and trees. Both shrubs and conifers as well as deciduous trees are used to form shapes. It is best to carve: boxwood, thuja, myrtle, laurel, privet or holly. Shaping tools as well as wire frames that give the plants the right shape are used when shaping the shrubs. The technique, which is actually called ars topiaria, was known in antiquity, and then forgotten for centuries, revived in Europe in the sixteenth century. Especially during the Baroque period, it flourished up to the 18th century. Although Versailles are the flagship examples of the outer gardens, they have never been as complex as the somewhat later artistic structures in the Netherlands or England. Where this art spread after 1660. This is one of the most difficult gardening techniques, requires a lot of time and patience. Creating perfect shapes and motifs is not a matter of one season, but often many years of powerful work. You always have to cut out individual twigs of shrubs and trees.
Isaac Newton – English physicist and mathematician
Isaac Newton – Died 20.03.1727 (born in 1643), English physicist and mathematician.
Developed the law of universal gravity and other laws of mechanics. He formulated the
principle of conservation of momentum and angular momentum. He created the calculus
of variations. 10. 12. 1684 – His work “De Motu Corporum” about the concept of gravity
and its effect on the orbits of the planets, referring to Kepler’s laws, was read to the
Royal Society by Edmund Halley.
English rivers waters – Substances blocking fertility
English rivers waters – Substances blocking fertility – British scientists claim that in the waters of
the English rivers is a group of substances blocking the male sex hormone testosterone.
Thus reducing fertility in men. After examining fished out of the rivers fishes.
It turned out that these compounds stimulate the development of female characteristics in males.
John Harrison – English carpenter and watchmaker
John Harrison – English carpenter and watchmaker – In 24.03.1693 born
English carpenter and watchmaker J. Harrison. Creator of the first clock (chronometer),
used on ships and helpful in determining longitude. He was involved in the construction
and modernization of clocks. One of the first chronometer weighed 34 kg, one of the last 1.5 kg.
John Dalton – English physicist, chemist, meteorologist
John Dalton – English physicist, chemist, meteorologist – In 27.07.1844 died English physicist,
chemist and meteorologist J. Dalton (born in 1766). Founder of modern atomic theory of matter.
He described the vision defect, which was later called daltonism. Atomic mass unit,
also acquired his name (Da).
Charles Darwin – English naturalist
Charles Darwin – English naturalist – In 02.12.1809 was born English naturalist Charles Darwin.
The creator of the theory of evolution. He claimed that living organisms are subject to
natural selection and are derived from earlier forms.
Viking tomb southern England
Viking tomb southern England – In southern England near the town of Weymouth. Was found a mass grave with 51 headless human remains. Scientists have discovered the bones of the DNA married, after studies found that the skeletons belong to the people coming from Scandinavia – the Vikings.
Forcing sheep across London Bridge
Forcing sheep across London Bridge – In London, every citizen has the right to forcing a flock of sheep through London Bridge without paying tolls.
Whales from British coast
Whales from British coast – In Great Britain, the head of each found on the British coast whale belongs to the king, and the tail to the queen.
Vikings mass grave in Oxford
Vikings mass grave in Oxford – When putting the foundations for a new building of the university in 2008. Have been found the remains of nearly 40 bodies. Analyses revealed that the bones find mass grave was killed settlers – Vikings.