Ant – Doesn’t get sick because of the minority complex

Ant - In a wall

Ant - On a rotten fruit

Ant - Ramat Gan

Ant - Iran

Ant - Insect of the family Formicidae - Iran

Ant - Aretidris buenaventei - profile view

Ant - Camponotus novaeboracensis - Queen

Ant - Fearsome

Ant – Doesn’t get sick because of the minority complex

Ant – 100 million years of evolution has developed its characteristic features, social behavior, order, hierarchy and abundance unmatched in the entire animal kingdom. It is estimated that the weight of all ants on Earth is equal to the weight of all people. Formicidae form a family of insects belonging to the order Hymenoptera.

One ant has virtually no meaning, but a million colony of ants is a perfectly organized mass that knows what it wants and how to get it. They are among the most specialized insects that make up caste communities – in which each individual has a clearly defined task. The number of species is estimated at around 12,000, but some scientists say that it may be as much as 30,000. Probably even half of them are still not described.

40 thousand insects in one colony have a total of the same number of brain cells as one human. In relation to their body, they have the largest brain in the world. It accounts for about 6% of their total weight, while in humans the brain is about 2%. A queen can live over 20 years and sire up to 150 million descendants.

At night, they lay eggs and larvae deep into the anthill to protect them from the cold. During the day, they move them closer to the top of the nest to keep them warm. They can raise the temperature in the anthill 10 ° C above the ambient temperature. Temp. in the anthill there are ventilation shafts supervised by the worker caste.

Adult individuals are unable to chew and swallow solid food, therefore they eat the sweet juice squeezed out of the food. When the workers are full, after returning from hunting, they excrete some of the food for workers working in the nest.

List of Ants species:

Ant - Gigantiops destructor - WorkerAnt - Gigantiops destructor - DorsalGigantiops destructor - ProfileGigantiops destructor - HeadGigantiops destructor – Has the ability to navigate

Ant - Camponotus herculeanusAnt - Camponotus herculeanus - femaleCamponotus herculeanus - Queen - ItalyCamponotus herculeanus - QueenCarpenter ant – Camponotus herculeanus – Builds     nests in trees

Ant - Camponotus ligniperda - In old oakAnt - Camponotus ligniperda - WorkerBrown-black carpenter ant - QueenBrown-black carpenter ant - Camponotus ligniperdaBrown-black carpenter ant – Camponotus ligniperda –     Builds nests in decaying tree trunks

Meadow ant - Formica pratensis - profileMeadow ant - Formica pratensis - Queen - dorsal viewFormica pratensis - Queen - ventral viewFormica pratensis - Queen - Haute-Savoie, FranceMeadow ant – Formica pratensis – It is common     throughout Eurasia

Red wood ant - Formica rufa - ConversationRed wood ant - Formica rufa - Gmina Police, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, PolandFormica rufa - Mixed forest - UkraineFormica rufa - (27-07-2015)Red wood ant – Formica rufa – It lives mainly in     coniferous and mixed forests

Yellow meadow ant - Lasius flavusYellow meadow ant - Lasius flavus - Soborg, DenmarkLasius flavus - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyLasius flavus - Worker with root aphidYellow meadow ant – Lasius flavus – Extremely agile     and durable insect

Weaver ant - Oecophylla smaragdina - Charles Darwin National Park - Darwin, AustraliaWeaver ant - Oecophylla smaragdina - Kakadu National Park - AustraliaOecophylla smaragdina - On a leafOecophylla smaragdina - Cape Tribulation, Queensland, AustraliaWeaver ant – Oecophylla smaragdina – Often lives in     symbiosis with caterpillars

Inchman ant - Myrmecia forficata - WorkerInchman ant - Myrmecia - Nest in lateritic soils - Darling Range, Western AustraliaMyrmecia - Honeysuckle Creek, Namadgi National Park, AustraliaMyrmecia - Terrick Terrick National Park, Victoria, AustraliaInchman ant – Myrmecia forficata – It is big, fast and     extremely aggressive

European fire ant - Myrmica rubra - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyAnt - European fire - Myrmica rubra - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyEuropean fire ant - Myrmica rubraMyrmica rubra - (30-07-2020)European fire ant – Myrmica rubra – Queen is not     much bigger than worker

Yastreb – For ships Soyuz 1, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5

Space suit - Yastreb - Moscow, RussiaSpace suit Yastreb - For work in EVA - Moscow Polytechnical MuseumYastreb - Used by soviet cosmonauts - Aleksei Yeliseyev and Yevgeny KhrunovYastreb - Memorial Museum of Astronautics - Moscow, Russia

Yastreb – For ships Soyuz 1, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5


  • In use over the years: 1967 – 1969
  • Space ships: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5.
  • Mass: 41 kg.

Yastreb – In the 1960s, Sergei Korolev began to work on the idea of connecting two ships in orbit. For this purpose, a completely new suit was created, which was called Yastreb, meaning “hawk”. It was supposed to allow a cosmonaut to work in open space (EVA). Life protection system up to 2.5 hours.

The authors from NPP “Zvezda” finally decided on ventilation. In which the exhaled air returns to circulation after cleaning. This principle is still used in space suits today. The life support system was built into a 31.5 kg backpack that was placed on the legs.

With this suit, Vladimir Komarov flew into space on the ship Soyuz 1. His flight ended tragically, however, he did not connect with Soyuz 2, and on his return to Earth the braking parachutes got tangled and the cosmonaut died as a result of a fall on earth.

Only the crews of the Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 ships managed to successfully exit into the open space (EVA) and connect the ships in orbit. Admittedly, the Yastreb suits were fully utilized in this way. But at the same time, they were a dead end in the development of suits and were replaced by more modern types.

Mercury – Spacesuits for program of the same name

Mercury - U.S. astronaut - Wally SchirraMercury - U.S. astronaut - John H. GlennU.S. astronaut - Alan B. Shepard - On deck of USS Lake ChamplainAstronaut Gus Grissom chats with spaceflight equip. spec. - Joe-W.-Schmidt

Mercury – Spacesuits for program of the same name


  • In use over the years: 1961 – 1963
  • Space ships: Mercury.
  • Mass: 10 kg.

Mercury – Spacesuits for program of the same name. With the use of thermal insulation, on the inside of the suit there was a layer of nylon covered with neoprene. Aluminum nylon on the outside. The protective suit was first worn by Alan B. Shepard (1923-1998), who on May 5, 1961 made the first American space flight, although without orbiting the Earth.

An important drawback of this suit was immediately revealed, as it had no solution to the physiological needs of the cosmonaut. It was assumed that he would spend only a quarter of an hour in space. Although Shepard was weightless for only four minutes, preparations for take-off stretched to eight hours. His successor, Gus Grissom, received a rubber diaper. It was not until John H. Glenn (1921 – 2016), the first American in orbit, had a full-fledged urine collection device at his disposal.

TOI 700 d – Exoplanet from constellation Dorado

TOI 700 d - Exoplanet from constellation DoradoTOI 700 d - Exoplanet in planetary systemTOI 700 d - Dorado constellation mapDorado constellation

TOI 700 d – Exoplanet from constellation Dorado

TOI 700 d – In early 2020, astronomers managed to discover a planet about the size of the Earth. They discovered it thanks to the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellit (TESS) – NASA’s space telescope. Designed to search for extrasolar planets by transit. The planet TOI 700 d, located relatively close to our solar system, orbits its own star. It is located approximately 100 light-years from Earth.

An Earth-sized planet lies within the habitable zone of its parent star. That is, circulating at such a distance from it that there are suitable conditions for maintaining the presence of liquid water on the surface. This, in turn, gives rise to presumptions about the existence of life there. TOI700 is a small, cool M dwarf with a mass of 30% of the mass of the Sun. Three planets orbit a star within the constellation Dorado.

Several similar planets were found in the TRAPPIST-1 system, named after the TRAPPIST telescope in Chile. Another was discovered thanks to the Spitzer Space Telescope.

TOI-700 is approximately 20% larger than Earth. The year on it lasts 37 earthly days. It receives 86% of the energy supplied by the Sun to Earth from the star. The exact conditions on it are unknown. But with the information gathered, the scientists prepared 20 models of potential environments. Able to reign on TOI-700. Some of these models suggest that the planet may be livable and colonized in the future.

Diatoms – Microscopic size, single-celled algae

Diatoms - McMurdo Station, South Antarctica

Diatoms - Under Light Microscope

Diatoms - Under Light Microscope 40x

Diatoms - Lorella Kennedy Diatomea (silica algae)
Diatoms - Shell of the fossil diatom - Trinacria ariesStar stick diatomStephanopyxis grunow - Bottom view, under light microscopyWagon wheel diatom - NOAA

Diatoms – Microscopic size, single-celled algae

Diatoms – A component of the ocean plant plankton, diatoms are microscopic size, single-celled algae. The cell wall of these organisms is made of hard silica (noble opal, by the way), and forms a kind of box with a bottom and a lid. During reproduction by division, the new diatom takes with it a part of the “parent” shell and adds a smaller bottom to it. As a result, the next generations of these algae are getting smaller and smaller

However, the process does not last forever. When the minimum size limit is exceeded, the generally unarmored sexual generation (the so-called auxospore) appears in the sea. Which has the ability to grow unhindered – and then the cycle starts all over again …

We owe 25 percent of the oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere to diatoms that produce it in the process of photosynthesis. They also account for a quarter of the biomass of all seas and oceans.

Deep Space Network – Transmit-receive antennas

Deep Space Network - Antenna

Deep Space Network - Deep Dish Communications Complex - Canberra

Deep Space Network - Communication Complex - Canberra, Australia

Deep Space Network - Canberra, Australia
Deep Space Network - Deep Space StationDSS-43 - Canberra, AustraliaDeep Space Communication Complex-2017NASA complex - outside - Canberra, Australia

Deep Space Network – Transmit-receive antennas

Deep Space Network – Transmit-receive global network of large antennas, managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. It is a NASA interplanetary dashboard that allows constant communication with spacecraft. In March 2020, modernization works began at one of the largest antennas of this network – Deep Space Station 43 (DSS-43) in Canberra, Australia.

DSN, one of NASA’s three Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) program networks. It is located in three places in the world – in California, Spain and Australia. This allows mission controllers to communicate continuously with spacecraft on and off the Moon despite the rotation of the Earth.

DSS-43, a 70-meter antenna located in the southern hemisphere, is the only one that can send commands to the Voyager 2 probe, which travels southwards in relation to the Earth’s. orbit. (Other antennas at the Canberra complex can also receive Voyager 2 signals, but only the DSS-43 can send commands to it.)

Voyager 2, launched in 1977, is more than 11 billion miles (17.6 billion kilometers) from Earth. Therefore, it requires a powerful radio antenna to transmit its commands. Such a possibility is offered by a special transmitter operating in the S band of Deep Space Station 43.

This upgrade will not only benefit Voyager 2, but also improve connectivity with the Perseverance Mars rover. In addition, it will facilitate future activities in the field of exploration of the Moon and Mars. This network will play a key role in navigating and communicating with initial missions to the Moon and Mars, such as the manned Artemis mission.

Antenna was turned off in early March 2020. And will be turn on again when upgrade is completed in January 2021.

Helicopter Ingenuity – Capable fly in Mars atmosphere

Helicopter Ingenuity - (25-05-2018)

Helicopter Ingenuity - (25-05-2018)

Helicopter Ingenuity - On the Martian Surface

Helicopter Ingenuity - Mars
Helicopter Ingenuity - Pasadena, California, USAMars Helicopter and its Mars Helicopter Delivery System were attached to Perseverance Mars roverPerseverance Mars rover - Kennedy-Space-CenterMars 2020 - Helicopter presentation - Jet Propulsion Laboratory - Pasadena, California, USA

Helicopter Ingenuity – Capable fly in Mars atmosphere

Helicopter Ingenuity – Capable fly in Mars atmosphere, hundred times rarer than Earthian. We already knew about the possibility of flight in thin Martian air in the 90s of the last century. The problem was technology. We needed super-light and durable materials, a miniaturization of electronic components on a scale impossible to achieve 30 years ago. And to significantly increase the computing power and memory of computers. For example, a desktop PC had 16 MB of memory back then, today the average phone has 32 GB, which is two thousand times more.

The idea of building a Martian helicopter returned about five years ago – and here’s Ingenuity is flying with the Perseverance rover to the Red Planet. We’ll know in a few months if it will go up there. It is scheduled to land on Mars on February 18, 2021.

In flight, they are even more united. Ingenuity with folded propellers and solar panels is hidden in a tray on the rover’s chassis. Large and heavy Perseverance protects the tiny helicopter during space travel.

It is a unit that is absolutely independent of the rover. Their activities on Mars are not correlated with each other, they are not complementary. The helicopter is to demonstrate technological capabilities and that’s it. All he has to do is unfold properly, charge the batteries. Show that it can take to the air and land.

Vehicle data:

Weight: 1,8 kg
Length: 49 cm
The spacing of the propellers comes to 120 cm

The propellers can move at a frequency of 2400 rpm
Can fly at a time for 90 seconds, (the first flight of the Wright brothers took only 12 seconds).
During this time it can travel 300 m , flying at height of 3-4 m.

Powered by solar batteries.
A completely autonomous control system equipped with two cameras, sensors supporting navigation and a simple computer.

Earth atmosphere – High layers emit music

Earth atmosphere - NASA

Earth atmosphere - Happy New Year planet Earth

Earth atmosphere - Planetatierra - (07-12-1972)

The Amazing Earth atmosphere

Earth atmosphere - Top Images from NASA

Earth atmosphere - Blue Marble Rotation

Earth - NASA-EPIC-Team

Blue Marble Eastern Hemisphere

NASA-Earth - 17-April-2010

Stringed instruments - Musical Instrument Museum

Earth atmosphere – High layers emit music

Earth atmosphere – High layers emit music – Sound waves appear in the atmosphere of our planet. Which are between 1,000 and 10,000 kilometers long. Able to run at speeds of up to 1000 km / h. When their speed and the altitude at which they appear are properly aligned. Such waves can stay above the Earth for more than 30 hours.
The atmosphere then acts like a sound box, creating a huge musical instrument the size of an entire planet. These waves are moving disturbances of density and pressure, and therefore we could hear them, were it not for their extremely low frequency, making them unattainable by our ears.

Superfood – Products with high content healthy substances

Superfood - Dish with healthy substances

Chlorella - Unicellular algae

Superfood - Spirulina

Green Barley - Field in Thuringia

Superfood - Barley field - (22-05-2015)

Goji berries - (27-12-2008)

Superfood - Cranberry - Franklin Farm, section of Oak Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia, USA

Flax seed

Superfood - Chia seeds - Germany

Kefir - pouring into the glass

Superfood - Fermented dairy products - Buttermilk

Yoghurt in a steel vessel

Superfood - Oat Products - Oatmeal

Superfood - Red-Beetroot - before bolting

Superfood - Green tea Matcha - (06-07-2017)

Green tea Matcha - powder, leaf

Superfood – Products with high content of healthy substances

Superfood – Products with high content of healthy substances. The balanced diet, adequate physical activity, enough sleep and reduced stress all affect our health. For that reason, new foods are increasingly being sought. To support a healthy lifestyle. Nutritionists support this  kind of meal very often. These foods contain much more vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants and help the body to increase its immunity.

However, some critics say that there is no evidence that it have any “superpowers”. And even with food, a large amount does not mean a greater effect. Moreover, many of them are imported from abroad, which also entails some environmental burden. Additionally, you pay more for them.

Products list:

Green products:

Chlorella – Freshwater algae have been in the world for several billion years.

Spirulina – Blue-green cyanosis often confused with chlorella, this organism exists on Earth 3.5 billion years.

Green Barley – Cultivated as the world’s first sweet grass. Most often consumed in the form of a drink.

Dried fruits:

Goji berries – Main advantage of these fruits is the large amount of vitamin C and fiber.

Cranberry – It is especially valued for its high content of vitamins C, K and E.


Flax – The positive effects of eating were already known in ancient Babylon and Egypt.

Chia – Valued and liked by the ancient Aztecs and Mayans.


Fermented dairy products:

KefirEspecially important for the proper composition of the intestinal microflora.

Buttermilk – It protects the intestinal mucosa. From the formation and absorption of toxic substances.

Yogurt – It helps to strengthen the immune system and lower blood cholesterol.

Oat products:

Oat products – The pioneers in its cultivation were probably the Slavs.


Beetroot – It is one of the healthiest and most versatile vegetables. It comes from the Mediterranean basin.

Matcha Green tea:

Matcha Green tea – The oldest Japanese tea that is also used in Buddhist ceremonies.

Sunspots registry – Program run since 1826

Sunspots registry - Solar rotationSunspots registry - Largest Sunspot of the Solar Cycle - NASASunspots registry - Sunspots - TaiwanSunspots registry - Surface of the Sun - HMI-NASASunspots registry - Monster Sunspot AR1476 - NASA


Sunspots registry - X-flares - X1.4 and X1.9 - NASA, SDOSunspots registry - Big Sunspot 1520 - Releases X1.4 flare - NASASunspots registry - Sunspot 1112Sunspots sunset - Xihu, HangzhouSunspots


Sunspot butterfly - graphPeriodic changes of Sunspot numbersSunspot diagramChanges in total solar irradiance and monthly sunspot numbers - 1975-2013Samuel Heinrich Schwabe Astronomer - Plaque in Dessau

Sunspots registry – Program run since 1826

Sunspots registry – The longest regular scientific research in the world is the record of the number of spots on the Sun created since 1826.
The research program was initiated by the German amateur astronomer Samuel Heinrich Schwabe. He watched the Sun regularly for 17 years because he wanted to observe a planet previously unknown to science called the Volcano.
Moving against the backdrop of the solar disk. Of course, he found nothing – only Mercury and Venus are between Earth and the Sun. Known since antiquity – but his observations have determined that the activity of our nearest star changes regularly.
Schwabe’s achievements inspired Rudolf Wolf, head of the Bern observatory. Which from 1848 continued to record spots and collected historical data on this subject. Dating back to the early 17th century

Spot counting system developed by Wolf.

Accepted astronomers around the world. Almost 100 observatories are currently observing this phenomenon. Both professionals and amateurs.

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