Olympus Mons – Highest peak of the Solar System

Mars - Mariner 9 (1971 - 1972)Martian volcano - photographed by Viking 1 spacecraft - 5000 miles away - 14.02.1979Olympus Mons - Mars - MC-2 - Diacria RegionOlympus Mons - Image from Viking 1 orbiter

Olympus Mons – Highest peak of the Solar System

Olympus Mons – An extinct volcano on the Red Planet, rises almost 22 km! However, the issue of measurement is contentious. So depending on where we measure the vertex. It can grow up to 26 km.

Its diameter is also impressive – at the base it is 624 km.

The volcanic crater itself is about 85 km long, 60 km wide, and up to 3 km deep. However, future Martian climbers will not be particularly delighted. Because Olympus has a gentle, 5-degree slope.

Impressive sizes can also boast:

Rheasilvia, huge impact crater with a diameter of 505 km. Covering up to 90% of the West’s asteroid surface (22.5 km high).
Series of almost even peaks on the Saturn’s moonIapetus, (approx. 20 km). And South Boösaule, the highest hill on Jupiter’s moon – Io (approx. 18 km).

Rafflesia Arnoldii – Largest flower is parasite

Rafflesia Arnoldii - Bengkulu - 21-April-2015Rafflesia Arnoldii - Lake-Maninjau - Sumatra-Indonesia - 1-09-99Rafflesia ArnoldiiModel of Rafflesia flower - Lee Kong Chian - Natural History Museum Singapore - 08-08-2015

Rafflesia Arnoldii – Largest flower is parasite

Rafflesia Arnoldii – Rafflesia arnoldii, is the largest individual flower on Earth. It doesn’t have its own stems, leaves or roots. Parasites on vines of the Cissus genus, related to the vine. Deriving water and nutrients from the hosts. Rafflesia grows in a thicket of tropical jungles in Borneo and Sumatra.
It reaches a weight of 11 kg and a diameter of one meter. It consists of five fleshy, red, white speckled petals. Inside, it finds a few liters of nectar, and spike-like creations with an unknown function.
Rafflesia emit a specific, bad smell to rotten meat. In this way it attracts pollinating beetles and flies. That’s why the people of Indonesia call it a corpse flower. It blooms for 5-7 days, every few years. However, if pollinated, it produces round fruit. Containing thousands of tiny seeds.

Mexican cypress – Taxodium mucronatum

Mexican cypress - Taxodium mucronatum - El Árbol del TuleMexican cypress - El Árbol del TuleTaxodium mucronatum - El Árbol del Tule

Mexican cypress – Taxodium mucronatum – „El Árbol del Tule”

Mexican cypress – Taxodium mucronatum – The thickest tree in the world, called „El Árbol del Tule”. Which grows in Santa Maria del Tule, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. It is the Mexican cypress ( Taxodium mucronatum ). Which in 1519 aroused the delight of Ferdinand Cortez himself. Today, the circumference of the trunk of Cypress from Tule is about 42 m, which is equal to over 14 m in diameter.

Measuring asteroids – Shape and size

Measuring asteroids shape and size - Observatory de la Cote d’Azur

Measuring asteroids – Shape and size

Measuring asteroids – Shape and size – French scientists from the Observatoire de la Cote d’Azur have developed a new way of measuring the shape and size of asteroids. They used an interferometer constructed of 2 VLT telescopes, with diameters of 8.2 m. To measure the asteroid Barbara. The results indicate that the asteroid is composed of two parts with a diameter of 37 and 21 km. Apart from each other 24 km.

Largest helicopter – Russian Mil Mi-26

Largest helicopter - Helicopter Mil Mi-26

Largest helicopter – Russian Mil Mi-26

Largest helicopter – Russian Mil Mi-26, designed in the late 70s, which is in production today, it’s still the biggest helicopter in the world. It has over 40 m in length, 8.1 m in height and rotor diameter of 32 meters. Mil Mi-26 is the first and only helicopter, having an eight-bladed rotor. Without load weighs 28 tons and its maximum takeoff weight is 56 tons. It can fly at a speed of 295 km / h and carry 90 soldiers. It is used for military purposes, eg. In the framework of NATO, but during its history, also used in many civil cases. For instance, in 1999. With the Mil Mi-26 were transported frozen mammoth discovered in Siberia to the lab.