Fort Jefferson – Florida, USA – In left fortress-reserve

Fort Jefferson - Florida, USAFort Jefferson - Florida, USAFort Jefferson - Florida, USAFort Jefferson - Florida, USAFort Jefferson - Florida, USAFort Jefferson - Florida, USAGarden and Bush Keys - FloridaGarden and Bush Keys - FloridaFlorida Keys - (02-05-2014)Florida Keys - (02-05-2014)

Fort Jefferson – Florida, USA – In left fortress-reserve

Fort Jefferson – On the Florida Keys, it was supposed to be a fortress for eternity, but life verified these bold plans. It gave shelter to soldiers for only a few years. This is one of the most ambitious construction projects in US history: thousands of workers worked on the Garden Key island. Who used nearly 16 million bricks for nearly 30 years to build the largest fort on the American coast. It was built on a hexagon plan, its walls were 14 m high, and the space in it was enough for: 450 cannons, 1500 soldiers.

The problem was that the fortress was named after President Thomas Jefferson. Most of the time it was simply unnecessary. That is why the government began to use it as a place of isolation for political prisoners in the Civil War. That was until 1867.
When an epidemic of yellow fever broke out in the fort. One of her first victims was a prison doctor. So, to stop the rampant disease, he began, Dr. Samuel Mudd – serving life imprisonment for participating in the plot for the life of Abraham Lincoln. He succeeded: he saved hundreds of prisoners and guards. Mudd was pardoned and the prison was soon closed.

Today there is a bird sanctuary in the abandoned fortress. It is also one of the favorite diving spots on the Florida Keys.

Top 10 night fighter planes – WWI & WWII and post-war era

Top 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planes

Top 10 night fighter planes – WWI & WWII and post-war era

Top 10 night fighter planes:


  • World War I:


  • Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c – Night flights were already taking place during World War I. It was not machines specially designed for these purposes. But fighters usually reworked. Such an example was a single-engine, two-seat, biplane – Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c.

  • Sopwith Camel “Comic” Nightfighter

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Sopwith Camel Sopwith Camel Sopwith Camel – “Comic” Nightfighter – A modified version of the British military aircraft Sopwith Camel also participated in World War I. Manufactured by Sopwith Aviation Company. Equipped with an improved Neame sight.


  • World War II:


  • Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4 – Was a heavy twin-engine fighter aircraft. One of the best machines for conducting night raids. Because the machine was poorly manoeuvrable, the Germans decided to use it as a bombing and intercepting fighter.

  • Heinkel He 219 UHU

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Heinkel He 219 UHUHeinkel He 219 UHUHeinkel He 219 UHU – In the summer of 1943, the German Luftwaffe I/NJG 1 with a base in Venlo, the Netherlands, received a prototype of the Heinkel He 219 UHU night fighter. During tests it proved to be reliable and quickly gained recognition in battle. Throwing down 15 enemy bombers.

  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Focke-Wulf Ta 154Focke-Wulf Ta 154Focke-Wulf Ta 154 – Nazi Germany, for the third time. This time with a machine inspired by a hostile multi-purpose aircraft: de Havilland Mosquito. The original had a fairly old wooden structure. But it troubled the Germans so much that they decided to build something similar.

  • Northrop P-61 Black Widow

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Northrop P-61 Black WidowNorthrop P-61 Black WidowNorthrop P-61 Black Widow – The “Black Widow” aircraft from the manufacturer Northrop Corporation was the only fighter of World War II. From the beginning, designed exclusively for night flying.


  • Post-war era:


  • Northrop F-89 Scorpion

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Northrop F-89 ScorpionNorthrop F-89 ScorpionNorthrop F-89 Scorpion – Trying to replace the “Black Widow” Northrop P-61. A slightly better night fighter, American designers developed the F-89. It was a self-supporting medium wing.

  • Gloster Javelin

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Gloster JavelinGloster JavelinGloster Javelin – First fighter manufactured by Gloster Aircraft Company was Meteor – with a jet propulsion. The first night machine, from this factory was Gloster Javelin.

  • Sud Aviation Vautour II

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Sud Aviation Vautour IISud Aviation Vautour IISud Aviation Vautour II – The first test flight of the French machine, took place on 16th October 1952. But it was not included in active service until 1958. The prototype was improved and finally created in three versions: IIA, IIB, IIN.

  • Jakovlev Jak-25

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Jakovlev Jak-25Jakovlev Jak-25Jakovlev Jak-25 – The first in the USSR created to operate on the areas of Siberia and the Far East. A twin-engine long-range fighter, adapted to all weather conditions. And for day and night flights.


During the war, the time of day does not matter. The fight lasts around the clock, regardless of weather conditions or time. That’s why the designers created night fighters. Which could have carried out the attack when most people calmly rest.

Northrop F-89 Scorpion – Top 10 night fighter planes

Northrop F-89 Scorpion - (01-01-1954)Northrop F-89 Scorpion - (14-10-2006)Northrop F-89 ScorpionUSAF - Northrop F-89 Scorpion - 59th Fighter-Interceptor-Squadrons437th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron - (01.01.1955)119th Fighter Group - The Happy Hooligans - North Dakota-(01.01.1965)433d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron - Ladd-AFB-Alaska-(01.01.1956)USAF-Dyess Linear Air-Park - Dyess - AFB-Texas-USA - (28-04-2009)

Northrop F-89 Scorpion – Top 10 night fighter planes

  • Place: USA
  • First flight: 1948
  • Built: 1050 pcs.

Northrop F-89 Scorpion – Trying to replace the “Black Widow” Northrop P-61. A slightly better night fighter, American designers developed the F-89 Scorpion. It was a self-supporting medium wing, capable of operating regardless of weather conditions. It had: 2 seats, 2 Allison J35 engines, all-metal construction. It was the first aircraft armed with nuclear weapons – intended for aerial combat.

Northrop P-61 – Top 10 night fighter planes

Northrop P-61 Black WidowNorthrop P-61 Black WidowNorthrop P-61 Black Widow - NACANorthrop P-61 Black Widow - CaliforniaBlack Widow - 427th Night Fighter Squadron - (01-01-1944)Black Widow - 548th Night Fighter Squadron - The Spook - (01-01-1944)Green airborne - (05-06-2005)Black Widow - San-Diego - Air-and-Space-Museum - (01-07-2016)

Northrop P-61 Black Widow – Top 10 night fighter planes

  • Place: USA
  • First flight: 1942
  • Built: 742 pcs.

Northrop P-61 Black Widow – The “Black Widow” aircraft from the manufacturer Northrop Corporation was the only fighter of World War II. From the beginning, designed exclusively for night flying. The basic equipment included: a large American SCR-720 Al radar mounted on the bow, a turret with 4 12.7 mm machine guns, and four 20 mm cannons mounted permanently under the fuselage. Immediately after the war, several dozen of these aircraft were rebuilt to the F-15 Reporter version. Dedicated only to take photographic images. From 1955, the US withdrew both types of aircraft.

Focke-Wulf Ta 154 – Top 10 night fighter planes

Focke-Wulf Ta 154 - Model - Aviation-museumFocke-Wulf Ta 154 - ModelFocke-Wulf Ta 154Horizontal - (15-03-2012)Profil3D view - (20-08-2012)

Focke-Wulf Ta 154 – Top 10 night fighter planes

  • Place: Germany
  • First flight: 1943
  • Built: approx. 8 pcs.

Focke-Wulf Ta 154 – Nazi Germany, for the third time. This time with a machine inspired by a hostile multi-purpose aircraft: de Havilland Mosquito. The original had a fairly old wooden structure. But he troubled the Germans so much that they decided to build something similar. In this way Focke-Wulf Ta 154 was created. Which had a partly wooden skeleton. During test flights, it won with stronger competitors: Junkers Ju 388 and Heinkel He 219 UHU. It should be added here that, it was the only one not armed. Weapons received only the third version of the aircraft: 2 30 mm pistols, 2 20 mm cannons, good quality FuG 212 Lichtenstein C-1 radar. In 1944 the program was completed.

Royal Aircraft Factory – Top 10 night fighter planes

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cB.E.2c (08-06-2014)BE2C-(15-07-2018)

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c – Top 10 night fighter planes

  • Place: Great Britain
  • First flight: 1912
  • Built: approx. 3500 pcs.

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c – Night flights were already taking place during World War I. It was not machines specially designed for these purposes. But fighters usually reworked. Such an example was a single-engine, two-seat, biplane – Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c. An improved version of the original designed by Royal Baloon Factory for Royal Flying Corps.

The Ghan – Most luxurious trains

The Ghan - Overview Alice-Springs with RailwaystationThe Ghan - Platinium Classhe Ghan - LocomotiveRestaurant - 1-Class (1-February-2009)Restaurant - 2-Class (1-February-2009)Salon - 1-Class (1-February-2009)

The Ghan – Most luxurious trains

  • Place: Australia
  • Route: Adelaide – Alice Springs – Darwin
  • Number of seats: 348
  • Cost: from 10 000 PLN per person

The Ghan – It has been driving on the route from Adelaide to Darwin since 1929. At that time, it was still a narrow-gauge railway, and construction work was suspended for several decades. After the construction of a new railway line in 1980, it was possible to return to this project. But it didn’t happen until 2004. The train got its original name from Afghan camel breeders. Who traveled through Central Australia. The original name was “Afghan Express”, but Australians shortened it to “Ghan”.

Interior:

Modern apartments with wooden panels contrast with the characteristic Australian character. Travelers can also admire the beautiful landscapes of Australia, thanks to the panoramic windows. In Ghan, passengers have a choice of three travel classes: the first two have bedding, and meals are also included. The train has one more specialty – you can try kangaroo dishes on board.

Curiosity:

This Australian train maintains a unique record. A total of 49 wagons reach a length of 1.2 km. Which makes it the longest train in the world.

Shiki – Shima – Most luxurious trains

Shiki - ShimaShiki - ShimaShiki - ShimaShikishima trainTrain-Suite - JapanShin-Tsurmi - (07-09-2016)

Shiki – Shima – Most luxurious trains

  • Place: Japan
  • Route: Ueno – Noboribetsu
  • Number of seats: 834
  • Cost: from 12 000 PLN per person

Shiki – Shima – Train currently has an ultra-luxury label. It consists of 10 wagons, and passengers can travel from two to four days. The design of this exceptionally luxurious train was created by industrial architect Ken Okayama. Which became known mainly thanks to the cooperation with car manufacturers: Porsche, Ferrari and Maserati. He also designed several rail vehicles in Japan.

Interior:

The arrangement of the compartments is a combination of traditional Japanese culture with a modern futuristic breeze. The apartments have their own bedroom, living room, shower and toilet. The composition also includes wagons: Kizashi and Ibuki. Which offer a wonderful view on the whole route. However, they are intended only for six travelers. Passengers when traveling on this Japanese train also have the opportunity to experience culinary adventures. Food is prepared by the chef who won the Michelin star – Katsuhiro Nakamuru. These are mainly dishes from Eastern Japan.

Curiosity:

Interest in tickets is so huge that they were awarded using lotteries. There are 76 applicants for one seat.

Most luxurious trains – Offer the highest quality

Most luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trainsMost luxurious trains

Most luxurious trains – Offer the highest quality

Most luxurious trains:

  • Maharajas’ Express

    Maharajas' Express TrainMaharajas' Express TrainLuxury-Train - India - Rail-journey – He set off on the track for the first time in 2010. Since then, it has been one of the most luxurious trains in the world. Traveling with this express includes not only the experience of a unique journey. But also visits to many Indian monuments.

  • Shiki – Shima

    Shiki - ShimaShiki - ShimaShikishima train – Train currently has an ultra-luxury label. It consists of 10 wagons, and passengers can travel from two to four days. The design of this exceptionally luxurious train was created by industrial architect Ken Okayama.

  • Venice Simplon Orient-Express

    Venice Simplon Orient-ExpressVenice Simplon Orient-Express TrainIstanbul Grand Suite – It belongs to the most famous trains in the world. He also became a hero in the crime story of Agatha Christie. Entrepreneur James Sherwood took care of his current look. From 1977 began to collect original Orient Express wagons.

  • The Ghan

    The Ghan - Platinium Classhe Ghan - LocomotiveRestaurant - 1-Class (1-February-2009) – It has been driving on the route from Adelaide to Darwin since 1929. At that time, it was still a narrow-gauge railway, and construction work was suspended for several decades. After the construction of a new railway line in 1980.

  • Belmond Andean Explorer

    Belmond Andean ExplorerBelmond Andean ExplorerBelmond Andean Explorer - Peru – If you plan to visit Machu Picchu or see Lake Titicaca. This is no better option than choosing the Belmond train. It travels along the Andean peaks between historical headquarters of the Incas.

  • Rocky Mountaineer

    Rocky Mountaineer - (18-06-2006)SilverLeaf-service - (26-09-2016)Rocky Mountaineer Gold Leaf - Lower-dining-level – It set off for the first time between Calgary and Vancouver in June 1988. Currently, the train travels from Canada’s third largest city, Vancouver, to various destinations. Which passengers choose. They can choose a route from 2 to 14 days.

  • Golden Eagle

    Golden Eagle ExpressGolden EagleSiberian Express – The „Golden Eagle” route leads through Russia, the so-called Trans-Siberian Highway, which runs from Moscow to Vladivostok. During the journey, passengers see many sights along the way.

  • Blue Train

    Blue Train - Passes through the Karoo (9-04-2009)Blue Train - (01-05-2001)Logo of Blue - (20-08-2008) – This African train set off for the first time in 1923. However, due to problems with the construction of the railway, its activity was interrupted. It received its official name in 1937, when the wagons were painted blue.


Train travel is often perceived as a prolonged journey among people and dirt. However, there are wagons that look better than five-star hotels. Although the train ride may take longer, it is an unbelievable experience. Embark on a luxurious journey on the tracks.

Blue Train – Most luxurious trains

Blue Train - Passes through the Karoo (9-04-2009)Blue Train - (01-05-2001)Bedroom - (08-08-2008)Logo of Blue - (20-08-2008)

Blue Train – Most luxurious trains

  • Place: South Africa
  • Route: Pretoria – Cape Town
  • Number of seats: 84
  • Cost: 4000 PLN per person

Blue Train – This African train set off for the first time in 1923. However, due to problems with the construction of the railway, its activity was interrupted. It received its official name in 1937, when the wagons were painted blue. General reconstruction of the train was completed only in 1997, after which it returned to the tracks. According to experts, the jewel of the train is primarily the salon and dining car. Which is considered a true designer miracle. A route with a length of over 1500 km. The train travels within 31 hours.

Interior:

On board passengers are provided with 24-hour service, they can order, for example, caviar and champagne. Luxury can also be seen in the restaurant car. For meals, guests use Sheffield cutlery, with music , usually classical or jazz. Each apartment has its own bathroom, in which taps in marble baths and wash basins are gold-plated. As in the bathroom, also in the bedroom, floor heating is installed.

Curiosity:

Passengers can admire the views in front of the driver. In the car called Club on the big screen, live coverage is displayed.