Oil stain in Kuwait – Biggest oil spills

Oil stain in Kuwait - 1.01.1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 1.01.1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 5–14 June 1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 08.03.1991Oil fires in Kuwait - 7-April-1991Oil well fires rage outside Kuwait City - 21.03.1991Oil well fires south of Kuwait City - 01.03.1991

Oil stain in Kuwait – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Kuwait
  • Date: 19 January 1991
  • Amount of spill: 906 300 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 484,5 million

Oil stain in Kuwait – The largest oil-related disaster took place during the Gulf War. This was not due to a technical defect or explosion, but to planned sabotage. Oil was released by the Iraqi army. Whose goal was to slow down US troops planning to take over Kuwait. To prevent further leakage, US Air Force destroyed the oil towers. According to international research, 5.7 barrels of oil spilled into the sea. Later, it was even speculated that Saddam Hussein wanted to light all continuous reserves. Thus destroy the global economy. Fortunately, this did not happen.

Animals in danger

A layer of oil, 12 centimeters thick, covered the sea over an area of ​​over 4,000 km². It has affected the entire marine ecosystem. While US soldiers could bypass the contaminated area. Animals did not have this option anymore. At least 30,000 sea birds wintering there have died. And a large number of fish. A quarter of the Kuwait desert was also flooded with oil.

Plants posing stones – Lithops of the succulents type

Plants posing stones - Lithops of the succulents type

Plants posing stones – Lithops of the succulents type

Plants posing stones – In the deserts of Namibia and Republic of South Africa grow Lithops, plants of the type of succulents, called living stones. It have to face not only high temperature, lack of water and nutrients, but also with animals, for which it is a tasty morsel. This plants use special camouflage. It thick, bulging and fused leaves resemble stones. Lithops reveal identity for a short time during flowering. In order not to lose water, many succulents do not develop stems and leaves. Thanks to this, it have a smaller evaporation surface.

Giant Saguaro cactus – Symbol of American deserts

Giant Saguaro cactus - Saguaro National Park, Rincon ValleyGiant Saguaro cactus - Sentinel Peak, Tucson, ArizonaGiant Saguaro cactus - Arizona - Saguaro Cactus
 
 
 
 
 
Giant Saguaro cactus - Pachycereus pringlei, Sonora, MexicoGiant Saguaro cactus - Pachycereus pringlei with osprey nestGiant Saguaro cactus - Pachycereus pringlei, Rancho Punta Estrella, San Felipe, California, Mexico

Giant Saguaro cactus – Symbol of American deserts

Giant Saguaro cactus – It’s a symbol of American desert landscapes. Fascinates with its uniqueness both locals and tourists. Saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea), is the only representative of the genus Carnegiea, the highest cactus in the world. It reaches a height of 20 meters and is a decoration of desert scenery, especially Sonora and other parts of Arizona and California. Although it is not an endangered species, America is particularly concerned about its protection.
In the first place classification of the highest cactus in the world is a 150-year-old giant carnival, which grew in Arizona and reached the height of 23.8 meters. This admirable cactus fell victim to unfavorable weather conditions in 1986. Although it is still an invincible record holder, some species are trying to catch up with him. For example, the leader of the genus Pachycereus pringlei, reached 19.2 meters.

ALMA – Atacama Large Millimeter Array

ALMA - From aboveALMA - Atacama Large Millimeter ArrayALMA - Atacama Large Millimeter ArrayALMA - Atacama Large Millimeter ArrayALMA - Atacama Large Millimeter ArrayALMA - Star explosion in the constellation of Orion
ALMA - Observes a giant sunspotALMA - Atacama Large Millimeter Array

ALMA – Atacama Large Millimeter Array

ALMA – Atacama Large Millimeter Array – 5000 meters above sea level in the Atacama Desert in Chile. So in one of the driest places in our globe. Also one of the least friendly places on our planet. Especially Chajnantor plateau. Here, in northern Chile, the temperature can drop from 20 degrees Celsius to -20 at night. A strong wind rages over the infertile, red-shining plateau, lashing sharp rocks and few bushes that survive here. The air contains half as much oxygen as at sea level. Humidity is almost zero, which makes the atmosphere more transparent. What penetrates from space, reaches the plateau almost unfiltered. Thanks to this, the Atacama desert is the Mecca of astronomers.

The largest radio telescope in the world was created on it. Using the Atacama Large Millimeter Array, a device with revolutionary design. Scientists can reach extremely cold and dark areas in the universe for the first time. Thanks to this network of radio telescopes, specialists are even able to penetrate the impenetrable nebulae. In this way, discover the stars that were created shortly after the Big Bang.

Sixty-six ALMA antennas were mounted in the base at a height of 3000 meters and trucks were transported to the plateau. There they were set with millimeter precision. After their launch and connection, a receiver with an area of ​​approx. 16 km² was created.

Yueyaquan – Lake surrounded by desert dunes

Yueyaquan - Lake surrounded by desert dunes

Yueyaquan – Lake surrounded by desert dunes

Yueyaquan – literally means “a half-moon lake”. The reservoir really has a crescent shape of 200 m long and 50 m wide. According to the Chinese legend, long ago in the place where it is located, general Li Kuang’s soldiers were so thirsty that they did not have the strength to march on. Then the general struck the sand so much with the sword that water spurted out of him, which gradually formed a crescent-shaped lake. Yueyaquan for at least 2,000 years is a unique oasis, surrounded by the desert dunes of Takla Makan.

It is provided with an underground source, and moisture strengthens its banks, protecting the lake from covering with sand. In the oasis area the amount of precipitation is negligible, therefore the lake gradually dries up. According to measurements carried out in the 60’s. The average depth of the lake was then about 5 meters, while in the deepest place the bottom was 7 meters below the surface. In the 90’s, the depth of the lake was only 90 – 130 cm. Tourists come to the oasis on camels. In a hot and dry desert climate, staying at the lake is refreshing. The oasis is even more surprising in the winter. When the surrounding dunes are scattered with a thin layer of snow.

Synthetic exendin – Previously only from saliva

Synthetic exendin - Arizona Gila monster (Heloderma suspectum)

Synthetic exendin – Previously only from saliva

Synthetic exendin – Eli Lilly & Co. has developed synthetically exendin – 4. Previously only obtainable from the saliva of the Gila monster (Heloderma suspectum) – one of two venomous lizards in the world. Living in the deserts of the northwestern Mexico and south western United States. During the manufacturing process used the latest methods of biogenetics. Exendin is intended for the treatment of type 2 diabetes has become a forerunner in a new series of drugs known as mimetic (imitation) incretin. They imitate the action of incretin hormones found in nature. In addition to the pancreas incretins also affect other organs in connection with the regulation of glucoseliver, kidney, muscle and brain.

Cutting down amazonian forests – Brazilian Rainforest

Cutting down amazonian forests - Brazilian Rainforest

Cutting down amazonian forests – Brazilian Rainforest

Cutting down amazonian forests – Annually, only in the Brazilian portion of the Amazon as a result of deforestation. Into the air is released 54 billion tons of coal. Which accounts for approx. 40% of world production. The destruction in the Amazonia covers 75000 km² per year, which is tragic, but from the point of view of the remaining surface still bearable.

Especially compared to what is happening in Asia. There the process of destroying the jungle proceeds terribly quickly. Forests disappear disappearing at 1.2% area per year. Beautiful, green areas of Malaysia. They became human hands turned into deserts. For Borneo, the death sentence was to find tin deposits. It is terribly on the island of Java. Which was almost completely devoid of trees. Fortunately, there are exceptions in the world. Papua New Guinea has preserved almost entirely the original rainforest area. The “only” 25% dropped out of them. An interesting fact is how long it will be so …