Great Sphinx in Giza – Egypt

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Great Sphinx in Giza – Egypt

Great Sphinx in Giza – Egypt – Archaeologists discover centimeter by centimeter of the Sphinx itself and its surroundings. Ramps appeared before their eyes, from which through the gate entered the corridors of monumental temples . One of them is directed directly towards the Chefren Pyramid. The pharaoh’s funeral scene suddenly becomes clearer. Did they carry the mummy before the Sphinx? Did they bring before the death gate to the Sphinx Temple for the last goodbye? That’s what most scientists assume.

The canals dried up, and Giza was covered with sand.

It is not clear where the corridors leading from the temple end. Most of them are covered by sand. Just like the Sphinx 150 years ago. After the last funeral in the Giza necropolis, the real end of the world took place here. Workers left the construction site in the middle of work. The canals on which the boats previously sailed dried up. According to geologists, the sphinx sank into the swamp a few meters. The rest did the sand.

Curiosities:

  • To this day, it was not possible to determine what the ancient Egyptians called the Sphinx.
  • The ancient sphinx was invented by ancient Greeks. Apparently it comes from the Egyptian word “szesepankh”, meaning “living image”.
  • Egyptian Arabs used the term “Abul-Hol” for the Great Sphinx in Giza, which means “Father of fear”.

MT Exxon Valdez – Biggest oil spills

MT Exxon Valdez - Coast cleanupMT Exxon Valdez - Oil spillInterview with Dennis KelsoSea birds in oil - After spill from tanker

MT Exxon Valdez – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Alaska
  • Date: 24 March 1989
  • Amount of spill: 41 000 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 4 billion

MT Exxon Valdez – 24 March 1989 the tanker crashed off the coast of Alaska. About 257,000 barrels of oil leaked out. Which is a fraction of biggest oil spill. But the disaster severely affected the local ecosystem . It happened in Prince William’s Bay, where the ship crashed into a cliff. Having a full oil tank. It is estimated that 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 seals, 250 eagles and about 22 whales, and billions of salmon and herring eggs were killed as a result of this spill.

Drunken captain

Over 11,000 people participated in the liquidation of the effects of activities. According to the investigation, captain Joe Hazelwood caused the accident himself. Giving chaotic orders when he wanted to apply blows to rocks. Reach tests that had high blood alcohol levels. The resulting stretch stretched along 2,000 km of coastline and touched 28,000 km² of the ocean. The investigation also showed that the ship was not in good condition and had a damaged radar. Who was supposed to alert the crew of danger.

Tanker Odyssey – Biggest oil spills

Tanker Odyssey - Oil spill and fire - 1988Tanker Odyssey - Oil stain after spill - 1988Tanker Odyssey - Art presenting tragedy of animals after oil spill in 1988Odyssey - Animals after oil spillOdyssey - Aerial view

Tanker Odyssey – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Canada
  • Date: 19 November 1988
  • Amount of spill: 162 180 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 86,7 mln

Tanker Odyssey – An American ship exploded about a thousand kilometers, off the east coast of Canada. About 162 million liters of crude oil spilled out of it into the open sea. That fateful day he sailed from Shetland to Canada. About 2,000 km off the coast of Newfoundland, a sea storm caught him. There was an explosion on the ship. As a result, it broke into two parts and sank. The Passat ship arrived the fastest, after an hour. But because of the flames, he couldn’t get close to one kilometer. 27 crew members were killed on board.

Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

Amoco Milford Haven - Fire of sinking tankerAmoco Milford Haven - Sinking tankerMT Haven - Burning tankerMT Haven - Tanker fire

Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Genoa, Italy
  • Date: 11 April 1991
  • Amount of spill: 159 000 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 85 mln

Amoco Milford Haven – The tanker was built in Cardiz shipyards in 1973. The ship was 334 meters long and 51 meters wide. In 1991 a catastrophic explosion took place near Genoa, Italy. During routine pumping operations, a part of the load. To adjust the draft of the ship. At one point, a powerful explosion shook the front tanks, and a few minutes later a huge fire began on board. Although sailors and firemen fought together with fire. They could do nothing.

Precautions did not help

Flames reached 100 meters in height and a total of six crew members were killed. To prevent a major ecological disaster. Experts recommended towing the ship as far as possible into the open sea and leaving it at the bottom. It also happened. After another explosion, the ship broke into two parts and sank after three days. Spilled fuel reached the coasts of Italy and France. Despite immediate action after installing 10 km long barriers. Oil flooded local beaches and caused great damage.

ABT Summer – Supertanker – Biggest oil spills

ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill and fire - 1991ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill - Angola - 1991Supertanker - Aerial viewOil spill - Map - 18.05.1991

ABT Summer – Supertanker – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Angola
  • Date: 18 May 1991
  • Amount of spill: 305 280 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 178 mln

ABT Summer – Supertanker, which in May 1991 exploded almost 1500 km off the coast of Angola. The ship was built in the South Korean shipyard Ulsan. It traveled on the sea since 1974. It was over 344 meters long and 54 meters wide. The disaster took place on the route from Iran to Rotterdam. As a result of the accident, millions of liters of oil spilled. Which resulted in the formation of a 34 km long oil spot. The tanker burned for three days before sinking in the sea. Five crew members were killed at the explosion site. At ecological point of view this disaster was not very serious. Because it happened far from the coast.

Atlantic Empress – Aegean Captain – Biggest oil spills

Atlantic Empress - Aegean Captain - Aerial viewAtlantic Empress - Aegean Captain - In the dockyardAtlantic Empress & Aegean Captain - Oil spill and fireAtlantic Empress & Aegean Captain - Oil spill and fire fightingAegean Captain in portCollision of Atlantic Empress and Aegean Captain - Map

Atlantic Empress – Aegean Captain – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Tobago
  • Date: 19 July 1979
  • Amount of spill: 349 800 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 187 million

Atlantic Empress – Aegean Captain – An accident that occurred near Tobago. It was not caused by the failure of the oil rig, but the collision of two tankers during a tropical storm. Greek ship Atlantic Empress with Aegean Captain. Both ships broke, leaving behind a huge amount of oil. Fortunately, the disaster happened quite far from the mainland. So the nearest islands were not threatened by this huge pollution

Accident could not be avoided

Due to the storm, none of the ships had the chance to avoid failure. Because it was raining that day and a strong wind was blowing. According to witness statements, the tankers registered their mutual presence only 500 meters before the start. The captain of the ship Aegean Captain, who changed the course slightly at the last moment. He prevented a major disaster. Otherwise, no one would survive. Still, at Atlantic Empress, 26 people were killed. Perhaps because the firefighters failed to take control of the fire and further explosions occurred. Finally, the tanker Aegean Captain was saved. When at that time Atlantic Empress sank in a fire.

Deepwater Horizon – Biggest oil spills

Deepwater Horizon - Fire on the drilling rigDeepwater Horizon - Dark smoke and fire on drilling rig (6 May 2010) Deepwater Horizon - Coast cleanupDeepwater Horizon - Oil spillGulf of Mexico - 28-04-2010Aerial view reconnaissance of Louisiana coastline, USAU.S. Coast-Guard, BP, other federal agencies working after explosion in Gulf of Mexico

Deepwater Horizon – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Gulf of Mexico
  • Date: 22 april 2010
  • Amount of spill: 779 100 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 5 billion

Deepwater Horizon – It was a floating oil rig. Built in 2001. In 2009, it bore the largest well in history – 10 km. A year later, this record was overshadowed by a tragic explosion. Which created biggest oil spill in history. This tragedy happened at a depth of 1500 m. Two days after the explosion the platform sank. A few months later, technicians managed to introduce a special sealing compound into the damaged well. Which blocked the crack.

The explosion kills

The accident occurred due to highly compressed methane. Which tore the top cover of the drilling rig and exploded after contact with air. It killed 11 people on the spot and then disrupted the platform statistics. Within days, the stain reached the shores of Louisiana. Ravaging nature on the way. The coast of five US states was affected by this. Including the rare Mississippi wetlands. As a result of this disaster, died 6,000 sea turtles, 26 thousand dolphins and whales, 82 thousand birds and huge numbers of fish and invertebrates.

Naked mole – rat – Heterocephalus glaber

Naked mole-rat - Heterocephalus glaber - EatingNaked mole-rat - Heterocephalus glaberHeterocephalus glaber - Louisville-ZooHeterocephalus glaber - Museum of Natural History - Genova, Italy

Naked mole-rat – Heterocephalus glaber

Naked mole-rat – Heterocephalus glaber – Is practically blind and has no pain. This rodent lives in East Africa. It is digging underground corridors in search of tubers and roots. For this he uses the incisors that are in front of the lips, so that the soil does not get into the mouth.
Mole-rats spend almost their entire lives underground without going to the surface. They are unusual for many reasons. Not only are they the only cold-blooded mammals, they are also resistant to cancer, aging, hypoxia and pain.
Their almost completely hairless, thick and wrinkled skin. It is insensitive to abrasions or scratches. Because Mole-rats do not have the key neurotransmitter for pain conduction (substance P).

Naked mole-rats are the longest-living rodents (they live to 30 years)

And their risk of death doesn’t increase with age. These animals have very active mechanisms repair DNA.
They also tolerate extreme hypoxia, which often occurs in narrow and stuffy underground tunnels. When there is a lack of air, mole-rats reduce life activity. They change the energy supply process (break down fructose instead of glucose). In this way they avoid brain damage.
The equally interesting is structure Social. Which resembles swarms of bees or ant colonies. Flocks of these rodents count from several dozen to 300 individuals. At the same time, only the queen and prolific male breeds. The rest are sterile and conscientiously work for the herd.

Gary Gabelich – Exceeded by car 1000 km/h in 1970

Gary Gabelich - Blue FlameBlue Flame - 2Blue Flame - 3Gary Gabelich - The Blue Flame - Goodwood 2007Gary Gabelich - The Blue Flame - 1Auto und Technik Museum Sinsheim - Blue Flame

 

Gary Gabelich – Exceeded by car 1000 km/h in 1970

Gary Gabelich – Exceeded with „Blue Flame” 1000 km/h in 23.10.1970. The average speed was 1001.011968 km / h. Mile, which is measured the speed of the vehicle must overcome two times: back and forth.
The big shiny „The Blue Flame” to save fuel even more. Was pushed by the service car at the start. It further helped him to accelerate to 60 km / h.
During the first run, Gabelich achieved a speed of 993.722 km / h as a result. He drove in the opposite direction, but a little faster – that’s why the speed was 1009.305 km / h.

Until then, records were set with jet engines.

„The Blue Flame” rocket engine was powered by a combination of hydrogen peroxide, and liquid natural gas. Chilled to a temperature of -161 degrees Celsius. As a result, achieved 58 000 HP.
In this way, the engine was running with maximum thrust for 20 seconds. „Blue Flame” was similar to a rocket, except with additional catches at the front and rear for attaching wheels.
Tires, specially designed by Goodyear, had a rather smooth surface to reduce heat.
The vehicle was 11.4 m long and 2.3 m wide. He weighed 1814 kg, with fuel – 2994 kg. One of the biggest troubles just before the start. There was burning through the engine, braking parachute ropes. If you had to stop the car with only disc brakes. You would probably need stretch, a 19 km length.

„The Blue Flame” designed and built by Reaction Dynamics.

With the help of the Illinois Institute of Technology lecturers and students. Dr. T. Paul Torda and Dr. Sarunas C. Uzgiris, professors at IIT, worked on the aerodynamics of the car. While other IIT students and lecturers, they mainly dealt with:
– construction,
– engine,
– steering system,
– brakes.

The speed record broken at Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, USA.

This place is located 160 km west of Salt Lake City. Because 32 thousand years ago there was a huge lake 305 m deep. After it disappeared and the salt substrate hardened. It was created one of the most noteworthy places on Earth, to develop enormous speeds.

Gary Gabelich (29.08.1940 – 26.01.1984)

– During 43 years of life, this Croatian by origin. First of all, he won races, and set speed records on:
– asphalt,
Earth,
– water (motorboats),
– salt tracks.

He died on a motorcycle on the streets of Long Beach in January 1984. While working on the design and construction of a vehicle capable of reaching supersonic speed (1225 km / h). Prototype named „American Way”, but because of Gabelich death. Work on it canceled.

Mount Vesuvius – Italy

Mount Vesuvius in Italy on New Years DayRAF Spitfires flying around a still steaming Vesuvius after the March 1944 eruptionJ.C.Dahl - Eruption of the Volcano VesuviusVesuvius Volcano - NASA-ISSEdward Okuń - Bay of Naples and Vesuvius - 1937Vesuvius AsterSeismograph on the VesuviusMount Vesuvius - Relief Map

 
 

Mount Vesuvius – Italy

 

  • Location: Italy
  • Peak: 1281 m a. s. l.

 
Mount Vesuvius is an active stratovolcano located on the Apennine Peninsula in Italy. It is one of the most famous volcanoes in the world. The cone of this mountain grew inside the Monte Somma massif, whose age is estimated to be several thousand years old. Vesuvius is dangerous not only because nearly 3 million people live in its vicinity, but also because its peaceful period has lasted for a very long time.

The volcano became infamous due to the eruption that took place in 79 A.D. Which led to the disappearance of the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabie. During the explosion, a huge amount of dust and volcanic gases got into the atmosphere, forming a cloud probably reaching as much as 37 meters in height. During the eruption, a fiery pyroclastic avalanche (a mixture of volcanic gases, ashes and rock crumbs) was produced from the volcano, which buried 25,000 people in one moment. Death was sudden, people were dying mainly due to thermal shock.

The volcano erupted for the last time in 1944 and destroyed the funicular that took tourists to the crater. The mountain spit out lava and hot ashes for 11 days. As a result of the explosion, 26 people died, and another 1200 were without a roof over their heads.