Ricinus communis – Castor oil plant
Ricinus communis – It probably comes from the north of Africa. It is a 10-meter tall plant that enjoys great popularity in gardening.
- Deadly dose: 15 – 20 seeds
- Death: to 1 week
- Poison: ricin
- Aftermath: renal, liver and spleen failure
- Where it grows: in all tropical and subtropical areas of the world
- Occurrence in Poland: artificially bred
The most dangerous are the bars of its seeds, about 6,000 times more aggressive than cyanide. Causes agglutination of red blood cells and damages the liver, kidneys and spleen. The first symptoms are similar to a cold, followed by headaches, mouth burning, vomiting and internal bleeding. It gradually attacks the entire human circulatory system.
History of the plant:
Castor oil is squeezed from the seeds, from which soap, ointments, drops or perfumes are made. Apparently Cleopatra applied it to her eyes to have a “wider perspective”. In 1978, a Bulgarian secret interview was used to murder the writer and journalist Georgie Markov, who after several days of the fight for his life died of kidney failure in a London hospital.
Atropa belladonna – Most dangerous in Central Europe
Atropa belladonna – This plant is considered the most dangerous in Central Europe. Its all parts are very toxic.
- Deadly dose: 10 – 12 fruits
- Death: in few hours
- Poison: atropine, hyoscyamine
- Aftermath: nervous system and heart rate weakness, stopping breathing
- Where it grows: most of Europe, some places in Africa and Asia
- Occurrence in Poland: yes
The big danger lies in the fact that its shiny fruits can be easily confused with edible forest fruits. Man can poison not only through direct consumption, but also through goat’s milk or meat, if animal earlier ate it. Typical symptoms of poisoning are dilated pupils, an accelerated pulse or redness on the face. There may also be hallucinations and loss of consciousness.
History of the plant:
Atropa belladonna was a component of shampoo drinks and ointments, because after applying to the skin it caused hallucinations – a man seemed to be able to fly.
In ancient Rome, the wives of Emperor Augustus and Claudius poisoned them with a shout. Medieval women applied drops of juice to their eyes. It was to guarantee them beautiful, large eyes. In this way, they risked not only conjunctivitis and eye deterioration, but death as well. Atropine in eye tests doctors are using today.
Female reaction to danger
Female reaction – The reaction to danger is the strongest among women in the luteal phase.
Various fear forms – Formed as reaction to danger
Various fear forms – Fear is a natural emotion, formed as a reaction to danger. Sometimes even the greatest hero overwhelmed and there is nothing wrong with that. We distinguish between two basic types of fear:
The second type is the fear acquired, which is developed during the life. We can be afraid of old age, loneliness, job loss, etc.
A specific form of morbid fear are phobias, that is a very strong fear of specific objects, animals, people or situations. We have hundreds of kinds of phobias. The most popular are:
Arachnophobia – fear of spiders.
Claustrophobia – fear of small, enclosed spaces.