Popocatépetl – Mexico
- Location: Mexico
- Peak: 5452 m a. s. l.
Popocatépetl volcano lies about 72 km south-west of the capital of Mexico, it is the second largest peak of the country. Popocatépetl is connected by a pass with a height of 3000 meters above sea level. Paso de Cortés and the second volcano – Iztaccihuatl. The top of the mountain is covered with snow and ice throughout the year. Often, over the top, visible clouds appear that arise from ongoing volcanic processes. The highest volcanic activity took place in 1994, when ash and gases covered an area of 25 km.
The Aztecs considered the mountain to be holy. According to their mythology, the volcano depicts a Popocatépetl warrior in which the Princess Iztaccihuatl fell in love. Her father, however, was not sympathetic to their feelings and sent the young man to war. The princess lied to him, claiming that Popocatépetl died in battle. Iztaccihuatl died of sorrow for her beloved. When the man returned from the war and learned about her death, his heart could not stand and he also died of grief. Gods turned lovers into snow-covered mountains. Locals believe that eruptions are the image of Popocatépetl drama – In Aztec language, this word means “Smokey Mountain”.
Due to volcanic activity, the mountain is guarded by the army, and only groups of scientists have access to it.
Oleander – Nerium oleander
Oleander – Nerium oleander – This beautifully blooming shrub belongs to the most common plants not only in the countries of the Mediterranean.
- Deadly dose: 2 leaves
- Death: in few hours
- Poison: oleander
- Aftermath: cardiac arrhythmia
- Where it grows: from the Mediterranean, through North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, to southern Asia
- Occurrence in Poland: artificially bred
In order to say goodbye to your life, it’s enough to chew on one leaf. The honey obtained from oleander flowers may also be toxic. The first signs of intoxication include vomiting, fever and dizziness. The substance directly attacks the heart and increases muscle tone.
History of the plant:
Together with Conium maculatum was the most popular medieval poison. It was used as a means to control rats and mice. In the past, many people lost their lives because they roasted meat on oleander branches.
Mostly practiced sports – 10 most popular disciplines in the world:
1. Football: 4 bln fans
It is practiced all over the world. In Poland, sports clubs play over 300,000 people.
2. Cricket: 2,5 bln fans
A team game based on bouncing the ball with a stick. The most popular is in Great Britain and its former colonies.
3. Field hockey: 2 bln fans
Team game is popular mainly in Western Europe, South Asia, South Africa and Australia.
4. Tennis: 1 bln fans
The History of tennis dates back to the 12th century. Its original form evolved in French … monasteries.
5. Volleyball: 900 mln fans
Volleyball is popular especially in Europe and America.
6. Table tennis: 875 mln fans
Also known as ping pong, it is played and is seen mainly in Europe and Asia.
7. Basketball: 875 mln fans
This sports discipline is particularly popular in the USA. Around 450 million people throw in the basket all over the world.
8. Baseball: 500 mln fans
Team game derived from with cricket, very popular in the United States.
9. Rugby: 475 mln fans
This discipline requiring great physical effort is mainly cultivated in the Great Britain, RSA and on the antipodes.
10. Golf: 450 mln fans
North America, Western Europe, East Asia – golf is popular primarily in developed countries.
Men’s emancipation – Matriarchate in India
Men’s emancipation – Matriarchate in India – In some cultures people have a subordinate position in society. They slowly begin to rebel. Khasi’s people, who live in the Meghalaya region in the north-east of India, are demanding their rights. In this ethnic group, after the marriage, the man takes the wife’s surname. She enters her home and her mother-in-law rules. Women are the main heirs, almost all their assets are in their hands. They enjoy much more freedom than in the rest of the country.
“In my community, people are only useful for breeding, I feel useless.” He complained in the Indian magazine “Caravan” Keith Pariat, president of Syngkhong Rympei Thymmai (SRT), an organization fighting for the equal rights of Khasi men. They are obliged to maintain the household, but they can not decide on what money they will be spent on. Banks refuse to grant them loans because they do not have the right to make a pledge without holding property rights. All this leads to frustration and drunkenness. Which in turn makes them unattractive in the eyes of Khasi women who prefer men outside this community, so they threaten to be extinct.
Worlds smallest countries – 10 record breakers
1. Vatican City – The record is church enclave in Italy with an area of only 0.44 km². Official languages: Italian and … Latin.
2. Monaco – This principality, covering only 2.02 km², has an impressive population density of 18,775 people per km².
3. Nauru – The island state in the Pacific Ocean has an area of 21.3 km², so it is smaller than Zielona Góra.
4. Tuvalu – Located also in the Pacific, the archipelago occupies 26 km², and its highest point rises only 5 meters above sea level.
5. San Marino – The enclave, surrounded by Italy, has an area of 61 km² and is the oldest republic in the world.
6. Liechtenstein – It is the only country located entirely in the Alps. It has an area of 160 km², and up to 33% of its inhabitants are foreigners.
7. Marshall Islands – More than 1,200 islands included in this Pacific located country have a total area of 181 km².
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis – This Caribbean federation covers 269 km². The islands were discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493.
9. Maldives – Located in the Indian Ocean, the archipelago includes 1196 islands. It has a total area of 300 km² and a height of max. 1 m above sea level.
10. Malta – This state in the Mediterranean Sea extends over an area of 316 km² (similar to Cracow) and consists of three inhabited and several uninhabited islands.
St. Petersburg declaration
St. Petersburg declaration – 11.12.1868 – It was signed by representatives of 19 countries Declaration of St. Petersburg. Prohibiting the use of weapons causing unnecessary suffering soldiers of the enemy and deny accommodation defeated soldiers.