Ellora – religious complex – Largest temple of world

Ellora - religious complex

Maharashtra - Hindu temple

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora Caves - (06-09-2016)

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - (06-09-2016) - 85

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - Aurangabad-Maharashtra-India - (08-03-2015)

Ellora - religious complex

Art at Ellora caves - (06-06-2017)

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - panorama

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora – religious complex – Largest temple of world

Ellora – religious complex – The largest temple of world. One of the largest monastic rock cave complexes in the world. It is located approximately 29 km southwest of Aurangabad, in Maharashtra, India. Due to its uniqueness, beauty and cultural value, it has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1983.

34 temples :

17 – Ancient Hindu (dated to the 600-900 A.D.),

Kailasa – Hindu temple, considered the most beautiful of all buildings in Ellora.

12 – Buddhist (dated to the 600-800 A.D.),

5 – Jain (dated to the 800-1000 A.D.).

Jainism arose in response to Hinduism and its caste system. Its main idea was non-violence and respect for all living things.

On the walls of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples there are frescoes depicting serpent creatures. They are much smaller than the people and the authorship of this place is questioned. There are theories that it is man-made. And that it was created by representatives of extraterrestrial civilization. Which used the special technologies from other worlds that cut stone like butter. It is estimated that today, with ten punching machines in operation, the construction of such a complex would require 200 days of uninterrupted excavation.

There are many different ventilation shafts in Ellora leading to underground and narrow corridors and under earth tunnels that cannot fit humans. There are hundreds of drilled holes in the floors.

Kailasa – monolithic construction – Hindu temple

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Sculptural friezes from Ellora

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Kailasa Temple - Aurangabad-India - (08-03-2015)

Kailasa – monolithic construction – Hindu temple

Kailasa – monolithic construction – Hindu temple – The most beautiful of all buildings in Ellora. Which is the world’s largest monolithic (i.e. made of one stone) structure carved in rocks.

It is dedicated to the god Shiva, one of the three highest gods of Hinduism, next to Brahma and Vishnu.

7000 people worked on it for 150 years. During the construction of Kailasa, 200 000 tons of stone were required to be mined. The temple is situated in a courtyard carved in the rocks. It measures 55 x 36 meters and is 33 meters high. The lower part of the temple, eight meters high, consists of giant statues of elephants and lions. During work, the builders did not use scaffolding, the stone was mined from top to bottom.

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company

R. Durtnell and Sons

R. Durtnell and Sons

Poundsbridge Manor - 1995

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company. Founded in England in 1593. The carpentry brothers John and Brian Durtnell built an impressive house from oak wood for their father. The object named Poundsbridge Manor destroyed during World War II. It was rebuilt by the same company that built it. Centuries ago, he aroused such interest that later the builders were immediately overwhelmed with orders.
The company has grown, but despite the changing architectural fashions, it remained faithful to wood. Although it has now fallen out of the market and has focused on paying off its debt, it still remains in the hands of the Durtnell family.

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder

Kongo Gumi - Gate (16-03-2014)

Workers in early 20th century - 1930

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder, of 1427 years in business. It was established in 578 and led by 51 successive generations of the Korean Kongo family. Headquarters was based in Osaka, and in 2006 was absorbed by the Takamatsu consortium.
It specialized in building wooden structures. Firstly, temples and palaces. Secondly, hotels and restaurants. The unique skills of its carpenters, joiners and woodcarvers, have given Kongo Gumi the reputation of one of the most solid companies in the industry.

After World War II, it expanded into residential and industrial construction. It earned more, but lost the uniqueness. At the turn of the XX and XXI centuries, representatives of the 51st generation were seduced by the vision of huge profits. Brought by housing prices rising at a rapid pace. To multiply them, they took larger loans, and when the bubble in the real estate market burst. They were left with a giant debt. As a result, in 2005, the oldest company in the world went bankrupt.

Top 10 night fighter planes – WWI & WWII and post-war era

Top 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planesTop 10 night fighter planes

Top 10 night fighter planes – WWI & WWII and post-war era

Top 10 night fighter planes:


  • World War I:


  • Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c – Night flights were already taking place during World War I. It was not machines specially designed for these purposes. But fighters usually reworked. Such an example was a single-engine, two-seat, biplane – Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c.

  • Sopwith Camel “Comic” Nightfighter

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Sopwith Camel Sopwith Camel Sopwith Camel – “Comic” Nightfighter – A modified version of the British military aircraft Sopwith Camel also participated in World War I. Manufactured by Sopwith Aviation Company. Equipped with an improved Neame sight.


  • World War II:


  • Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4 – Was a heavy twin-engine fighter aircraft. One of the best machines for conducting night raids. Because the machine was poorly manoeuvrable, the Germans decided to use it as a bombing and intercepting fighter.

  • Heinkel He 219 UHU

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Heinkel He 219 UHUHeinkel He 219 UHUHeinkel He 219 UHU – In the summer of 1943, the German Luftwaffe I/NJG 1 with a base in Venlo, the Netherlands, received a prototype of the Heinkel He 219 UHU night fighter. During tests it proved to be reliable and quickly gained recognition in battle. Throwing down 15 enemy bombers.

  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Focke-Wulf Ta 154Focke-Wulf Ta 154Focke-Wulf Ta 154 – Nazi Germany, for the third time. This time with a machine inspired by a hostile multi-purpose aircraft: de Havilland Mosquito. The original had a fairly old wooden structure. But it troubled the Germans so much that they decided to build something similar.

  • Northrop P-61 Black Widow

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Northrop P-61 Black WidowNorthrop P-61 Black WidowNorthrop P-61 Black Widow – The “Black Widow” aircraft from the manufacturer Northrop Corporation was the only fighter of World War II. From the beginning, designed exclusively for night flying.


  • Post-war era:


  • Northrop F-89 Scorpion

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Northrop F-89 ScorpionNorthrop F-89 ScorpionNorthrop F-89 Scorpion – Trying to replace the “Black Widow” Northrop P-61. A slightly better night fighter, American designers developed the F-89. It was a self-supporting medium wing.

  • Gloster Javelin

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Gloster JavelinGloster JavelinGloster Javelin – First fighter manufactured by Gloster Aircraft Company was Meteor – with a jet propulsion. The first night machine, from this factory was Gloster Javelin.

  • Sud Aviation Vautour II

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Sud Aviation Vautour IISud Aviation Vautour IISud Aviation Vautour II – The first test flight of the French machine, took place on 16th October 1952. But it was not included in active service until 1958. The prototype was improved and finally created in three versions: IIA, IIB, IIN.

  • Jakovlev Jak-25

    Top 10 night fighter planes - Jakovlev Jak-25Jakovlev Jak-25Jakovlev Jak-25 – The first in the USSR created to operate on the areas of Siberia and the Far East. A twin-engine long-range fighter, adapted to all weather conditions. And for day and night flights.


During the war, the time of day does not matter. The fight lasts around the clock, regardless of weather conditions or time. That’s why the designers created night fighters. Which could have carried out the attack when most people calmly rest.

Northrop F-89 Scorpion – Top 10 night fighter planes

Northrop F-89 Scorpion - (01-01-1954)Northrop F-89 Scorpion - (14-10-2006)Northrop F-89 ScorpionUSAF - Northrop F-89 Scorpion - 59th Fighter-Interceptor-Squadrons437th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron - (01.01.1955)119th Fighter Group - The Happy Hooligans - North Dakota-(01.01.1965)433d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron - Ladd-AFB-Alaska-(01.01.1956)USAF-Dyess Linear Air-Park - Dyess - AFB-Texas-USA - (28-04-2009)

Northrop F-89 Scorpion – Top 10 night fighter planes

  • Place: USA
  • First flight: 1948
  • Built: 1050 pcs.

Northrop F-89 Scorpion – Trying to replace the “Black Widow” Northrop P-61. A slightly better night fighter, American designers developed the F-89 Scorpion. It was a self-supporting medium wing, capable of operating regardless of weather conditions. It had: 2 seats, 2 Allison J35 engines, all-metal construction. It was the first aircraft armed with nuclear weapons – intended for aerial combat.

Focke-Wulf Ta 154 – Top 10 night fighter planes

Focke-Wulf Ta 154 - Model - Aviation-museumFocke-Wulf Ta 154 - ModelFocke-Wulf Ta 154Horizontal - (15-03-2012)Profil3D view - (20-08-2012)

Focke-Wulf Ta 154 – Top 10 night fighter planes

  • Place: Germany
  • First flight: 1943
  • Built: approx. 8 pcs.

Focke-Wulf Ta 154 – Nazi Germany, for the third time. This time with a machine inspired by a hostile multi-purpose aircraft: de Havilland Mosquito. The original had a fairly old wooden structure. But he troubled the Germans so much that they decided to build something similar. In this way Focke-Wulf Ta 154 was created. Which had a partly wooden skeleton. During test flights, it won with stronger competitors: Junkers Ju 388 and Heinkel He 219 UHU. It should be added here that, it was the only one not armed. Weapons received only the third version of the aircraft: 2 30 mm pistols, 2 20 mm cannons, good quality FuG 212 Lichtenstein C-1 radar. In 1944 the program was completed.

Royal Aircraft Factory – Top 10 night fighter planes

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cRoyal Aircraft Factory B.E.2cB.E.2c (08-06-2014)BE2C-(15-07-2018)

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c – Top 10 night fighter planes

  • Place: Great Britain
  • First flight: 1912
  • Built: approx. 3500 pcs.

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c – Night flights were already taking place during World War I. It was not machines specially designed for these purposes. But fighters usually reworked. Such an example was a single-engine, two-seat, biplane – Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c. An improved version of the original designed by Royal Baloon Factory for Royal Flying Corps.

Great Sphinx in Giza – Egypt

Great Sphinx in Giza - Egypt - (01.01.1871)Great Sphinx in Giza - Egypt - (05.04.2007)Great Sphinx in Giza - Egypt - backGiza - Egypt - (18.03.2010)Giza - Egypt - (10.11.2015)Sphinx in Egypt - (08.09.2006)

Great Sphinx in Giza – Egypt

Great Sphinx in Giza – Egypt – Archaeologists discover centimeter by centimeter of the Sphinx itself and its surroundings. Ramps appeared before their eyes, from which through the gate entered the corridors of monumental temples . One of them is directed directly towards the Chefren Pyramid. The pharaoh’s funeral scene suddenly becomes clearer. Did they carry the mummy before the Sphinx? Did they bring before the death gate to the Sphinx Temple for the last goodbye? That’s what most scientists assume.

The canals dried up, and Giza was covered with sand.

It is not clear where the corridors leading from the temple end. Most of them are covered by sand. Just like the Sphinx 150 years ago. After the last funeral in the Giza necropolis, the real end of the world took place here. Workers left the construction site in the middle of work. The canals on which the boats previously sailed dried up. According to geologists, the sphinx sank into the swamp a few meters. The rest did the sand.

Curiosities:

  • To this day, it was not possible to determine what the ancient Egyptians called the Sphinx.
  • The ancient sphinx was invented by ancient Greeks. Apparently it comes from the Egyptian word “szesepankh”, meaning “living image”.
  • Egyptian Arabs used the term “Abul-Hol” for the Great Sphinx in Giza, which means “Father of fear”.

The Ghan – Most luxurious trains

The Ghan - Overview Alice-Springs with RailwaystationThe Ghan - Platinium Classhe Ghan - LocomotiveRestaurant - 1-Class (1-February-2009)Restaurant - 2-Class (1-February-2009)Salon - 1-Class (1-February-2009)

The Ghan – Most luxurious trains

  • Place: Australia
  • Route: Adelaide – Alice Springs – Darwin
  • Number of seats: 348
  • Cost: from 10 000 PLN per person

The Ghan – It has been driving on the route from Adelaide to Darwin since 1929. At that time, it was still a narrow-gauge railway, and construction work was suspended for several decades. After the construction of a new railway line in 1980, it was possible to return to this project. But it didn’t happen until 2004. The train got its original name from Afghan camel breeders. Who traveled through Central Australia. The original name was “Afghan Express”, but Australians shortened it to “Ghan”.

Interior:

Modern apartments with wooden panels contrast with the characteristic Australian character. Travelers can also admire the beautiful landscapes of Australia, thanks to the panoramic windows. In Ghan, passengers have a choice of three travel classes: the first two have bedding, and meals are also included. The train has one more specialty – you can try kangaroo dishes on board.

Curiosity:

This Australian train maintains a unique record. A total of 49 wagons reach a length of 1.2 km. Which makes it the longest train in the world.