Fuxing Hao – The Chinese railway also ranks second

Fuxing Hao - CR400AF-2011 - At Shanghai Station - Shanghai, China

Fuxing Hao - CR400AF-2016 - Departs from Shanghai Station - Shanghai, China

Fuxing Hao - CR400AF-2053 - At Dongxiao Signal Base, China

Fuxing Hao - CR400AF-2053 - In Jinhua, China

Fuxing Hao - CR400AF-2157 - At Yichangdong Station, China

CR400AF-A-2110 as G1731 - Enters into Hangzhoudong Station, China

CR400AF-A as G1305 - Enters into Jinhua Station, China

G1305 - Approaches to Dongxiao Signal Base, China

Fuxing Hao – The Chinese railway also ranks second

  • Speed: 400 km/h
  • Location: China
  • Route: Beijing – Shanghai
  • Number of seats: 1280
  • Commencement of exploitation: August 15, 2016

Fuxing Hao – Chinese rail transport, the Fuxing Hao model, also ranks second. A high-speed train that connects important Chinese cities such as Beijing and Shanghai. The constructor and sole carrier are the state railways China Railway Bejiing Group. Multiple units are constantly being improved and modified. Therefore, in 2019, the train was expanded from eight carriages to 17. At present, they can carry over 1,280 passengers.

Improved technology

During construction, Chinese engineers created new ones technologies, which increase sound insulation and reduce vibrations. Although the train can reach a speed of 400 km / h, it was lowered to 350 km / h due to the speed limit. The aerodynamic body is made of an aluminum alloy. The train is even adapted to difficult conditions and temperatures. Which in some regions of China reach minus 40 degrees Celsius in winter.

The train is equipped with 2,500 sensors that help to steer the train automatically. Including window control, air conditioning or lighting.

Shinkansen – One of the oldest high-speed railway

Shinkansen - N700 x 2 - At Kyoto Station, Japan

Shinkansen - N700 - Shin-Yokohama Station, Japan

Shinkansen - N700 - At Shin-Yokohama Station, Japan

Shinkansen - Okayama station, Japan

Shinkansen - JRC-TEC-N700 - Between Shin-Yokohama and Odawara Stations, Japan

JRW N700A - Series F4

N700A Series - Set Z1 - Approaching Shin-Yokohama Station, Japan

N700 Series - Arriving at Kyoto Station, Japan

Shinkansen – One of the oldest high-speed railway

  • Speed: 350 km/h
  • Location: Japan
  • Route: 2,900 km in length – around 14% of the islands rail network
  • Number of seats:
  • Commencement of exploitation: October 1, 1964

Shinkansen – It is one of the oldest high-speed trains in the world. They were built after World War II, when the Japanese railway infrastructure was in a deplorable condition. Therefore, in the 1950s, a project was created to build separate railway lines, on the basis of which the two largest Japanese cities – Tokyo and Osaka were connected. The route was opened to the public in 1964 for the Tokyo Summer Olympics. Due to this event, 66 tunnels and 96 bridges had to be built.

Safety comes first

The construction was a great success among people, already in the three years after it was put into operation, the Shinkansen carried 100 million travelers. It currently consists of eight lines. Which for safety reasons are separated from the other tracks. Together, they are 2,900 km long and account for around 14% of the islands rail network. The 15-meter front is an unusual feature of the train. Which is to minimize aerodynamic noise and eliminate vibrations when the train passes through tunnels.

Getting on and off the train is organized in an interesting way. Reserved passengers line up in lanes other than those for unbooked travelers.

AVE Class 103 – Drive along the entire length of train

AVE Class 103 - Madrid Atocha, Spain

AVE Class 103 - Vinaixa, Catalonia, Spain

AVE Class 103 - Velaro Barcelona - Figueres, Spain

AVE Class 103 - Figueres-Vilafant, Spain

Train Madrid-Barcelona Siemens - Station Saragossa-Delicias, Spain

Fast Train Spain - Siemens - Bridge Macanet-Massanes

Renfe - Station Vilafant, Spain

Spain express train - Macanet-Massanes

AVE Class 103 – Drive along the entire length of train

  • Speed: 350 km/h
  • Location: Spain
  • Route: Madrid – Barcelona (621 km)
  • Number of seats: 404
  • Commencement of exploitation: June 22, 2007

AVE Class 103 – Also in Spain there is a large network of high-speed trains. One of the fastest is the type AVE Class 103, which runs from Madrid to Barcelona (621 km) and takes just two and a half hours. The manufacturer of these trains is the German company Siemens, but the Veraro version is intended for the Spanish railway. During the test drive, the train reached a speed of 403 km / h, but during normal trips it is 50 km / h lower.

The train consists of eight carriages, adapted for 404 passengers. Unlike other railcars pulled by a locomotive. The train consists of individual technical modules and a drive located under the floor along the entire length of the train. Which allows you to develop more speed. During morning and evening rush hours, trains run every thirty minutes.

The construction of the line between Madrid and Barcelona cost 7.83 billion euros, a significant part of the costs were covered by subsidies from the European Union.

Eurostar e320 – Glides along the tracks of Eurotunnel

Eurostar e320 - 4013-4014 - At Arnhem Centraal-station, Netherlands

Eurostar e320 - In Paris-Nord station, France

Eurostar e320 - In Paris-Nord station - Paris, France

Eurostar e320 - On High Speed 1 - Near Sellindge, UK

Eurostar e320 - (15-10-2015)

Train service coming from London - At Amsterdam Centraal-station, Netherlands

Train service - At Amsterdam Centraal-station, Netherlands

2 trains - At St Pancras railway station - London, United Kingdom

Eurostar e320 – Glides along the tracks of Eurotunnel

  • Speed: 320 km/h
  • Location: Eurotunnel between France and Great Britain
  • Route:
  • Number of seats:
  • Commencement of exploitation: November 20, 2015

Eurostar e320 – Glides along the tracks in Eurotunnel since 2015. The trains are 390.2 meters long and are designed to meet the technical specifications of European railways. The trains entered service in 1994 for the opening of the Channel Tunnel. The Eurostar e320 was built by Siemens in Germany, and the railway company ordered seven train sets.

European Connection

The producers took their inspiration from the French train TGV. This transnational rail operator connects London with several important European cities and its trains reach speeds of up to 300 km / h. For example, a journey from London to Paris takes only two hours and sixteen minutes.

In 2009, the train crashed due to frost and snow, and over two thousand passengers were stuck in the tunnel. Snow has entered the ventilation system and there has been a short circuit in the electric motor system of the units.

Berkut – Spacesuit for spacecraft Voskhod 2

Space suit - BerkutSpace suit - Memorial Museum of AstronauticsBerkut - Smithsonian National Air and Space MuseumBerkut - Smithsonian Air and Space Museum

Berkut – Spacesuit for spacecraft Voskhod 2

 

  • In use over the years: 1964 – 1965
  • Space ships: Voskhod 2.
  • Mass: 20 kg plus backpack 21 kg.

 
Berkut – Created on the order of the conversion of a one-person cabin from Vostok to Voskhod. Adapted to a three-person crew. The equipment of the cabin had to be kept to a minimum, and this also applied to the suits. On October 12, 1964, the Voskhod 1 spacecraft took off into space. There were three cosmonauts in it, dressed only in woolen trousers and jackets. The mission was surprisingly successful, but the risk was very high. Another goal of the competing US and USSR was to go out into the open space (EVA).

In order to save space in the cabin, the new Soviet suit, called Berkut, i.e. the golden eagle, chose a soft construction for itself. To keep it supplied with oxygen for an extended period of time, a backpack containing three 2-liter oxygen cylinders is included. Providing its inflow for 45 minutes. With this equipment, on March 18, 1965, the Voschod 2 spacecraft set off into space. The crew was made up of Pavel Belyayev and Alexey Leonov. Under the conditions of space vacuum, his suit expanded in volume and literally turned into concrete. On his way back to the ship, Leonov realized that he simply couldn’t fit into the pressure chamber anymore.

He started fighting for his life. He lowered the pressure to the critical 270 hPa, which corresponds to a pressure of 10,000 meters above sea level. It reduced the stiffness of the suit and eventually got into the chamber, but head first. So he had to flexibly get into the correct position for returning to the ship. During this maneuver, he got stuck in the narrower part of the chamber, but eventually succeeded. He spent 23 minutes outside the ship, 12 of them in open space. Cooling the suit turned out to be problematic as well, Leonov was overheating during the space walk and he was in danger of collapsing.

Space suit – Cosmonautic symbol over the years

Space suit - USAF colonel - NASA astronaut - Jack Fischer

Space suit - U.S. Astronaut - Nicole Stott - participates in an EMU fit check

Space suit - ESA astronaut - Christer Fuglesang - STS-116 mission specialist

Space suit - USA astronauts - Rick Mastracchio (r.) and Mike Hopkins in EMU spacesuits

Space suit - ESA astronaut - Timothy Peake - During fit check

Space suit - Scott Kelly relocates hardware inside the Quest Airlock

Space suit - JAXA astronaut - Hoshide Akihiko - in space (EVA)

Space suit - Pictured with plush-doll mascots - Quest Airlock of ISS

Space suit – Cosmonautic symbol over the years

Space suit – The first suits for the Americans were produced by the B. F. Goodrich Company in 1959. It was a modernized version of high-pressure pressure suits that the company had already produced for naval aviation. Tailor-made for everyone to occupy as little space as possible in the rocket cabin. So the astronauts could not gain weight. Otherwise, they wouldn’t fit into it.

In the Soviet Union for the supplier of the spacesuit for the Vostok program selected plant nr. 918. Also known as NPP Zvezda. Since 1952, its employees have been involved in the construction of pressure suits for aviation. They also made a container that allowed the dog “Laika”, the first living creature, to travel into orbit. Unlike the Americans, the Soviets considered the suit redundant. Because they assumed that the probability of a pressure drop in the spaceship was very low. The one who insisted on using the suit was the “great constructor” of the Russian space program, Sergei Korolev (1907-1966).

List of space suits over the years:

 
Space suit - U.S. astronaut - Wally SchirraSpace suit - U.S. astronaut - John H. GlennU.S. astronaut - Alan B. Shepard - On deck of USS Lake ChamplainAstronaut Gus Grissom chats with spaceflight equip. spec. - Joe-W.-SchmidtMercury – Spacesuits for program of the same name
 
 


Space suit - SK-1 - Gateway to space 2016 - Budapest, HungarySpace suit - SK-1 - Gateway to space 2016Spacesuit SK-1 - Gateway to space 2016SK-1 - Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics - Moscow, RussiaSK-1 – Spacesuit of Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin
 
 


Space suit - Gemini-3 - Crew astronautsSpace suit - Gemini-3 - Astronaut and suit technician Gemini-G-3C - GlovesGemini-Titan 4 - Astronauts NASA - James A. McDivitt (l.) and Edward H. White - TrainingGemini – For program with two-person crew
 
 


Space suit - BerkutSpace suit - Memorial Museum of AstronauticsBerkut - Smithsonian National Air and Space MuseumBerkut - Smithsonian Air and Space MuseumBerkut – Spacesuit for spacecraft Voskhod 2
 
 


Space suit - KrechetSpace suit - Krechet - Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum - Washington D.C., USAKrechet - Soviet moon suitKrechet - Memorial Museum of Astronautics - Moscow, RussiaKrechet – Designed for travel to the moon
 
 


Space suit - Yastreb - Moscow, RussiaSpace suit Yastreb - For work in EVA - Moscow Polytechnical MuseumYastreb - Used by soviet cosmonauts - Aleksei Yeliseyev and Yevgeny KhrunovYastreb - Memorial Museum of Astronautics - Moscow, RussiaYastreb – For ships Soyuz 1, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5
 
 


Space suit - A7L - Apollo-11 lunar mission crewSpace suit - A7L - Apollo-12 lunar mission crewA7L - Buzz Aldrin near lunar Module legA7LB - Gateway to space 2016 - BudapestPro Apollo – Lunar suit, versions A7L and A7LB
 
 


Space suit - Expedition-26 - Russian cosmonaut Dmitry Kondratyev wearing Orlan-MKSpace suit - Russian cosmonaut - Gennady Padalka and OrlanISS-22 - Russian cosmonaut - Maxim Suraew and 2 Orlan-MKISS-22 - Russian cosmonaut - Oleg Kotov and 2 OrlanOrlan – For ships Soyuz and stations Salyut, Mir and ISS
 
 


Space suit - Expedition 49 - Crew members of Soyuz TMA spacecraftSpace suit - Expedition 63Expedition 50 - After landing of Soyuz MS-02 - KazakhstanExpedition 63 - Official crew portrait - Cassidy, Ivanishin, VagnerSokol – Only for Intra-vehicular activity
 
 


STS-115 - NASA astronaut Heidemarie M. Stefanyshyn Piper in suit EMU - trainingSTS-123 - NASA astronaut  Robert L. BehnkenESA astronaut - Samantha Cristoforetti in suit EMU - trainingSTS-134 - NASA astronaut Andrew Feustel in suit EMUEMU – Used in Space Shuttle, currently at the ISS
 
 


SpaceX Crew - NASA astronauts - (from l.) Walker, Glover, Hopkins and JAXA astronaut - NoguchiSpaceX - Astronauts Hurley (l.) and BehnkenSpaceX - Astronauts Behnken and Hurley - Chat with NASA Admin Bridenstine (l.) and Deputy Adm. MorhardSpaceX - Astronauts Behnken (r.) and Hurley walk down the hallway of Neil A. ArmstrongSpaceX Starman – For work on spacecrafts Dragon
 
 


Rimac C Two – One of fastest electric cars

Rimac C Two - Geneva Show 2018

Rimac C Two - Geneva Show

Rimac C Two - 2018

Rimac C Two - from left side, front

Rimac C Two - from right side, front

View of prototype from right side - Geneva Motor Show 2018

View of prototype from right side, back - Geneva

Geneva Motor Show 2018 - (10-03-2018)

Rimac C Two – One of fastest electric cars

Rimac C Two – One of the fastest electric cars in the world, currently going into production. R. Automobili is a company that operates in the Croatian town of Veliko Trgovišće. Work has been underway there for several years on a car capable of overcoming the barrier of 400 km / h. solely thanks to electricity.

First, a prototype of the C One was created, and its designers, as an incentive, began by stating the maximum speed (412 km / h) and acceleration values to a hundred (0-100 km / h in 2 seconds). After several years of work, when the small-series production of C Two will begin literally in a moment, these data are confirmed. The first 150 copies of the Croatian supercar will go to the hands of demanding and wealthy customers. F1 driver Nico Rosberg among them. The estimated price is: € 2.2 million.

The most important thing is monocoque, i.e. a self-supporting body element. To which the suspension with wheels and drivetrain are attached. It is light, stiff and durable – it is made of composites (carbon fiber). Inside, there are hundreds of different fixings that are made of aluminum and carefully glued. Drilling would weaken the structure too much.

The drive has all-wheel drive and four electric motors. The total power is: 1914 HP and the torque: 2300 Nm. A special battery with a capacity of 120 kWh is hidden between the seats. This is enough for 550 kilometers, or 2 laps of the Nurburgring race track, at full speed.

During the assembly process, the car is carefully scanned and this image is compared with an electronic project – “technical drawing”. It is undergoing the approval process, and to obtain it, several prototypes had to be crash-tested. It has also undergone polishing in the wind tunnel, and the first units are also checked for leakage.

Ellora – religious complex – Largest temple of world

Ellora - religious complex

Maharashtra - Hindu temple

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora Caves - (06-09-2016)

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - (06-09-2016) - 85

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - Aurangabad-Maharashtra-India - (08-03-2015)

Ellora - religious complex

Art at Ellora caves - (06-06-2017)

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora - panorama

Ellora - religious complex

Ellora – religious complex – Largest temple of world

Ellora – religious complex – The largest temple of world. One of the largest monastic rock cave complexes in the world. It is located approximately 29 km southwest of Aurangabad, in Maharashtra, India. Due to its uniqueness, beauty and cultural value, it has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1983.

34 temples :

17 – Ancient Hindu (dated to the 600-900 A.D.),

Kailasa – Hindu temple, considered the most beautiful of all buildings in Ellora.

12 – Buddhist (dated to the 600-800 A.D.),

5 – Jain (dated to the 800-1000 A.D.).

Jainism arose in response to Hinduism and its caste system. Its main idea was non-violence and respect for all living things.

On the walls of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples there are frescoes depicting serpent creatures. They are much smaller than the people and the authorship of this place is questioned. There are theories that it is man-made. And that it was created by representatives of extraterrestrial civilization. Which used the special technologies from other worlds that cut stone like butter. It is estimated that today, with ten punching machines in operation, the construction of such a complex would require 200 days of uninterrupted excavation.

There are many different ventilation shafts in Ellora leading to underground and narrow corridors and under earth tunnels that cannot fit humans. There are hundreds of drilled holes in the floors.

Kailasa – monolithic construction – Hindu temple

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Sculptural friezes from Ellora

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Kailasa - monolithic construction

Kailasa Temple - Aurangabad-India - (08-03-2015)

Kailasa – monolithic construction – Hindu temple

Kailasa – monolithic construction – Hindu temple – The most beautiful of all buildings in Ellora. Which is the world’s largest monolithic (i.e. made of one stone) structure carved in rocks.

It is dedicated to the god Shiva, one of the three highest gods of Hinduism, next to Brahma and Vishnu.

7000 people worked on it for 150 years. During the construction of Kailasa, 200 000 tons of stone were required to be mined. The temple is situated in a courtyard carved in the rocks. It measures 55 x 36 meters and is 33 meters high. The lower part of the temple, eight meters high, consists of giant statues of elephants and lions. During work, the builders did not use scaffolding, the stone was mined from top to bottom.

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company

R. Durtnell and Sons

R. Durtnell and Sons

Poundsbridge Manor - 1995

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company. Founded in England in 1593. The carpentry brothers John and Brian Durtnell built an impressive house from oak wood for their father. The object named Poundsbridge Manor destroyed during World War II. It was rebuilt by the same company that built it. Centuries ago, he aroused such interest that later the builders were immediately overwhelmed with orders.
The company has grown, but despite the changing architectural fashions, it remained faithful to wood. Although it has now fallen out of the market and has focused on paying off its debt, it still remains in the hands of the Durtnell family.

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