Natives role – Weapons are knowledge and tenacity

Natives role - Alicia Cawiya - Vicepresident of people Waorani - Ecuador

Natives role - Ecuador map

Natives role - Nemonte Nenquimo - Ecuador

Natives role - Nemonte Nenquimo - Ecuador - TIME-100

Natives role - Nemonte Nenquimo - Amazon Frontlines

Nemonte Nenquimo - (11-09-2020)

Waorani - Education - Ecuador

Waorani family - Ecuador

Natives role – Weapons are knowledge and tenacity

Natives role – Weapons are knowledge and tenacity. They showed it, among others members of the Waorani tribe who have been on the warpath with the Ecuadorian government for years. Ecuador has plots of large parts of its oil-rich forests. In order to patch the budget holes, decided to sell mining concessions to foreign companies.

When their land became part of one of the plots, and the mandatory consultation looked like a facade, Waorani brought the Ecuadorian government to trial. They came to hearings with spears, and they interrupted the hearing, which took place without a certified interpreter, with a traditional song. The verdict in favor of the tribe was made in April 2019. – This verdict blocked the possibility of oil extraction in the area covering 180 thousand. ha. For the respondents make it clear that even with proper consultation, they will not agree to the decision to exploit their land. The trial itself has helped to strengthen and consolidate the strategy of the indigenous community movement in the region.

Alicia Cawiya – Vice-president of the people of Waorani

In 2013, the Ecuadorian government announced plans to build an oil production and exploitation infrastructure in the Yasuni area. Alicia Cawiya, vice-president of the Ecuadorian people of Waorani, was invited to a parliamentary session. She was to give a speech approving plans to drill oil on her home soil. Cawiya, however, spoke in her own words – first in Waorani, then in Spanish. While defending land rights, she spoke of the negative impact of oil production on the Amazon and accused many officials of indifference over deforestation. Although the government’s plans were approved, the vice president won many allies. She also received threats after speaking, but continued to work for her community. Currently, she is the president of the Ecuadorian Amazon women association.

Nemonte Nenquimo – Leader of the people of Waorani

“Our people will not survive without free decisions about their land,” said Waorani’s leader after the verdict of Nemonte Nenquimo was announced. “And if our people disappear, our planet will disappear.” The words of Nenquimo should be taken literally. The Waorani and other tribes are doing the rest of the world a favor by caring for their land. According to data from March 2020, the Amazonian forests store as much as 250 billion tons of carbon, generating more than 20% of the world’s oxygen. After a court shut down mining operations in the Waorani lands, Nenquimo became recognizable and appeared on the cover of Time magazine. As one of the “100 Most Influential People”.

Long-lived companies – Record holders are real Methuselah’s

Kongo Gumi

Long-lived companies - Kongo Gumi

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan

Staffelter Hof

Zum Roten Bären

Long-lived companies

The Olde Bell

Long-lived companies

Sudo Honke

Sudo Honke

Long-lived companies - Sudo-Honke

Frapin

Long-lived companies - Frapin

R. Durtnell and Sons

R. Durtnell and Sons

Long-lived companies - Poundsbridge-Manor

Long-lived companies – Record holders are real Methuselah’s

Long-lived companies – Record holders are real Methuselah’s, operating continuously for over ten centuries. Tokyo Shoko Research agency dealing with market research since 1892. It found over 5.5 thousand enterprises that have existed for at least 200 years.
More than half of long-lived companies operate in Japan. There are six in the top ten. Among the aforementioned 5.5 thousand – up to 3100. As the reason for this dominance, scientists point to the island’s location of the country and centuries-old isolation.
Most of these long-lived businesses are family businesses, emphasizes prof. Toshio Goto from Japan University of Economics. He sees the root cause of their longevity in the system known as Ie. It is a set of rules determining the position of individual family members, and most importantly – the rules of inheritance of property.

Ie system

It began to take shape in the XII century, when Japan plunged into the chaos of civil wars. The survival of families living in constant danger depended on the strength and intellect of their leaders. According to eternal tradition, the eldest son should be the head of the family. In wartime, however, this only worked if he had the warrior’s qualities and talents. If he did not have them, the family was in grave danger.
To prevent it, the so-called adoption Ie. It consisted in the fact that the aging patriarch of the family found a young, promising man. Which he provided with appropriate education. When the chosen one met his expectations and proved himself in battle, he became the official heir. All other family members had to submit to him. The Ie system thus replaced traditional blood ties and prevented the division of property between heirs. As a result, the estate, workshop, and trading company passed from generation to generation in an unchanged form.
Rules tested in warrior families were adopted by other social groups, especially merchants and craftsmen. In the XVII century, Ie was formally introduced into the legal system and was in force until the end of World War II. When civil law changed under pressure from Americans, it gave all children equal shares in the parents’ estate. This threatened old family businesses, but the tradition turned out to be strong enough that many of them survived to this day. Professor Toshio Goto calls them the Japanese treasure.

Record holders list:

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder. 1427 years of existence,

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan – Traditional Japanese hotel – ryokan. 1315 years of existence,

Staffelter Hof – Oldest winery in Europe. 1158 years of existence,

Zum Roten Bären – Hotel The Red Bear. 900 years of existence,

The Olde Bell – Oldest english hotel in Hurley. 885 years of existence,

Sudo Honke – Sake brewery oldest of world. 879 years of existence,

Frapin – Cognac producer from Grande Champagne. 750 years of existence,

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company. 429 years of existence,

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company

R. Durtnell and Sons

R. Durtnell and Sons

Poundsbridge Manor - 1995

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company

R. Durtnell and Sons – Oldest european construction company. Founded in England in 1593. The carpentry brothers John and Brian Durtnell built an impressive house from oak wood for their father. The object named Poundsbridge Manor destroyed during World War II. It was rebuilt by the same company that built it. Centuries ago, he aroused such interest that later the builders were immediately overwhelmed with orders.
The company has grown, but despite the changing architectural fashions, it remained faithful to wood. Although it has now fallen out of the market and has focused on paying off its debt, it still remains in the hands of the Durtnell family.

Staffelter Hof – The oldest winery in Europe

Staffelter Hof

Staffelter Hof – The oldest winery in Europe

Staffelter Hof – The oldest winery in Europe. Established when the king of Lorraine gave the Cistercians earth on the Moselle. That’s how it rolled history a company from the German town of Kröv, which in 2012 celebrated its 1150 anniversary. Its origins date back to 862, when a Cistercian estate founded a vineyard on their estate. They dealt with it for almost a thousand years – until 1804. When Napoleon’s decision deprived them of earth. The confiscated vineyard was bought by the French court clerk Peter Schneiders.
Heirloom after him was taken over by children and grandchildren. When the male line expired, great-granddaughter Maria Schneiders married the winemaker Kilian Klein in 1894 – their descendants run the company to this day. They stopped at a modest family business, skillfully responding to the challenges of the times. In 1960, they built a small guest house at a 10-hectare vineyard, in 2014 they obtained an ecological certificate for their wines.
Staffelter Hof is one of the most typical companies with longevity. Brilliant inventors or fashion creators did not set up businesses that survived several centuries. Almost exclusively ventures that met the basic needs of customers had a chance to do so.

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan – Japanese hotel-ryokan

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan – Traditional Japanese hotel – ryokan

Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan – Traditional Japanese hotel – ryokan. In 2011, this hotel, located about 130 km from Tokyo. Was entered in the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest in the world. The top 100 companies that have the longest existence have 20 hotels and inns. The list opens with Japanese Nishiyama in the town of Hayakawa, which after the fall of Kongo Gumi became the oldest enterprise in the world.
Founded in 705 by a court clerk Fujiwara Mahito. Currently managed by the 52th generation of his descendants – natural and adopted. Although you can use Wi-Fi and television and other achievements of civilization. In addition, it has kept the decor of a traditional Japanese hotel – ryokan.
It was built near hot springs, which the owners were able to use even during civil wars. They touted bathing in warm water as an excellent remedy for sore muscles. Which certainly attracted exhausted samurai and even powerful shoguns. Their stay was then used for advertising, because who would not like to immerse in the bath tub, in which they took baths the most important characters in history of Japan. With the great shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu?

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder

Kongo Gumi - Gate (16-03-2014)

Workers in early 20th century - 1930

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder

Kongo Gumi – Japanese construction company is record holder, of 1427 years in business. It was established in 578 and led by 51 successive generations of the Korean Kongo family. Headquarters was based in Osaka, and in 2006 was absorbed by the Takamatsu consortium.
It specialized in building wooden structures. Firstly, temples and palaces. Secondly, hotels and restaurants. The unique skills of its carpenters, joiners and woodcarvers, have given Kongo Gumi the reputation of one of the most solid companies in the industry.

After World War II, it expanded into residential and industrial construction. It earned more, but lost the uniqueness. At the turn of the XX and XXI centuries, representatives of the 51st generation were seduced by the vision of huge profits. Brought by housing prices rising at a rapid pace. To multiply them, they took larger loans, and when the bubble in the real estate market burst. They were left with a giant debt. As a result, in 2005, the oldest company in the world went bankrupt.

Ixtoc 1 – Biggest oil spills

Ixtoc 1 - Oil well blowoutIxtoc 1 - Oil well blowoutOil well blowout - NOAA PhotoOil well blowout - NOAA Photo

Ixtoc 1 – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Gulf of Mexico
  • Date: 3 June 1979
  • Amount of spill: 531 017 565 liters
  • Costs: $ 283,9 million

Ixtoc 1 – An oil well belonging to the Mexican oil company Pemex. It was in the Gulf of Mexico, almost 1,000 km off the coast of Texas. At that time, the company was extracting oil from a 3 km deep well. When a huge explosion broke out. This caused a pressure difference, resulting in the leakage of tens of thousands of barrels of oil. In a few days, a huge oil spill, 640 km long. It approached the coast of Texas.

How to stop oil

Attempts to stop the oil flow failed. Because the wind was constantly changing and the heavy oil fell below sea level. And although floating limiters were placed on the surface, the oil continued to flow through them. The United States government has been struggling with the stain for over two months. Pemex himself refused to participate in the costs of cleaning work.

Ferrari SF90 Stradale – Hybrid with power of 1000 HP

Ferrari SF90 Stradale - Hybrid with power of 1000 HP

 

Ferrari SF90 Stradale – Hybrid with power of 1000 HP

Ferrari SF90 Stradale – Hybrid with power of 1000 HP. – It reaches a top speed of 340 km / h, accelerates to a hundred in 2.5 seconds. In the city it is able to drive 25 km without starting the four-liter V8 engine.
Presented in Maranello SF90 Stradale is the first model of the company with hybrid drive. Permitting to drive only with electric drive. The internal combustion engine has a power of 780 HP – the rest is provided by three electric motors (two at the front wheels and one at the transmission).
The supercar was created thanks to the experience with hybrid drives in racing cars.
2,000 selected clients were invited to view the new work of engineers from Maranello. Cars can reach them in 2020.

Adobe Systems – Deals with graphics software

Adobe Systems - HQ in San Jose, USAAdobe Systems - Adobe Flash Player v10 iconAdobe Systems LogoAdobe Systems - portfolio

Adobe Systems – Deals with graphics software

Adobe Systems – One of the leading companies dealing with software in the field of computer graphics, publishing and preparation for printing. It was founded in December 1982 in San Jose by John Warnock and Charles Geschke. Their products are known all over the world. For example, Adobe Acrobat / Reader for publishing and reading PDF documents. Adobe Photoshop, where you can edit photos and create different compositions. Other known programs are Adobe Illustrator (vector graphics and illustrations) and Adobe InDesign (design and layout of a page for printing digital publications).

AMD – Advanced Micro Devices

AMD - Radeon HD-7870AMD - Ryzen 1800XAMD - Sapphire Radeon HD-7750

AMD – Advanced Micro Devices

AMD – Advanced Micro Devices – An enterprise that manufactures processors, APUs, GPUs and chipsets. It was established on May 1, 1969 in Sunnyvale in the United States. Currently, AMD also provides APU and GPU for Playstation and Xbox consoles. A known product is, for example, Radeon graphics processors. They are mounted on Radeon and FireGL graphics cards. Other well-known companies involved in the production of graphics cards and other computer accessories are ATI and nVidia.