Xerox – Known for production of copiers and printers
Xerox – The company, known primarily for the production of copiers and printers, was founded in 1906 in Rochester in the USA. Initially, it focused on the production of photographic paper. Chester Carlson in 1938 created the first photocopier in the laboratory. Gradually, the company began to specialize in the production of copiers. In 1956, the 914 model was released to the market. It was the first fully automatic office copier. Later, the company started cooperation with Apple. It is no secret that in 1963, Douglas Engelbart presented the design of the device, which began to be called a mouse. It was to make it easier to control a computer with a graphical interface. Xerox also produced personal computers. The most famous is Alto. Despite the revolutionary idea, the board decided not to sell the device. They invited Steve Jobs, who liked the project so much that he immediately used it in his project Lisa, which he worked on. Other known products include the 9700 laser printer, Ethernet and electronic paper known as the SmartPaper.
IBM – International Business Machines Corporation
IBM – International Business Machines Corporation, also known under the pseudonym Big Blue, was founded on June 16, 1911. Initially, the company was involved in the production of everyday items, such as scales, meat slicers and other appliances. From 1924, was involved in the production of equipment for perforated cards. Later, the company devoted itself to information technology. Produced and sold computer equipment, software and services. With assets of USD 120.4 billion and 355,776 employees, it is today one of the largest companies in the world. Her main achievements include the creation of a compact IBM PC in 1981. These devices have become the most popular type of microcomputers on the electronics market. Their success ensured not only a low price, but also a high degree of compatibility. In 2004, IBM stopped producing computers. The last step was the sale of ThinkPad notebooks to the Chinese company Lenovo.
Atari – Founded in 1972 by N. Bushnell and T. Dabney
Atari – Company founded in 1972 by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney, was a pioneer in the field of computer games. In the 1980s, it belonged to the most important manufacturers of personal computers and computer games. The Pong game was the first video game console to be connected to TV. It subscribed to history thanks to game consoles such as Atari 2600 or the revolutionary 64-bit Atari Jaguar console. It also created one of the first portable Atari Lynx gaming consoles. Among the personal computers, the hit was the 16-bit Atari ST computer system, and later the 8-bit versions of Atari 400/800 / XL / XE, which production lasted until 1992. Four years later, the company was in crisis and the brand Atari was slowly disappearing.
In 2000, the company was taken over by the French company Infogrames. Under the Atari brand, several games have been released. However, on January 21, 2013, the company officially declared bankruptcy.