Gary Gabelich – Exceeded by car 1000 km/h in 1970
Gary Gabelich – Exceeded with „Blue Flame” 1000 km/h in 23.10.1970. The average speed was 1001.011968 km / h. Mile, which is measured the speed of the vehicle must overcome two times: back and forth.
The big shiny „The Blue Flame” to save fuel even more. Was pushed by the service car at the start. It further helped him to accelerate to 60 km / h.
During the first run, Gabelich achieved a speed of 993.722 km / h as a result. He drove in the opposite direction, but a little faster – that’s why the speed was 1009.305 km / h.
Until then, records were set with jet engines.
„The Blue Flame” rocket engine was powered by a combination of hydrogen peroxide, and liquid natural gas. Chilled to a temperature of -161 degrees Celsius. As a result, achieved 58 000 HP.
In this way, the engine was running with maximum thrust for 20 seconds. „Blue Flame” was similar to a rocket, except with additional catches at the front and rear for attaching wheels.
Tires, specially designed by Goodyear, had a rather smooth surface to reduce heat.
The vehicle was 11.4 m long and 2.3 m wide. He weighed 1814 kg, with fuel – 2994 kg. One of the biggest troubles just before the start. There was burning through the engine, braking parachute ropes. If you had to stop the car with only disc brakes. You would probably need stretch, a 19 km length.
„The Blue Flame” designed and built by Reaction Dynamics.
With the help of the Illinois Institute of Technology lecturers and students. Dr. T. Paul Torda and Dr. Sarunas C. Uzgiris, professors at IIT, worked on the aerodynamics of the car. While other IIT students and lecturers, they mainly dealt with:
– steering system,
The speed record broken at Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, USA.
This place is located 160 km west of Salt Lake City. Because 32 thousand years ago there was a huge lake 305 m deep. After it disappeared and the salt substrate hardened. It was created one of the most noteworthy places on Earth, to develop enormous speeds.
Gary Gabelich (29.08.1940 – 26.01.1984)
– During 43 years of life, this Croatian by origin. First of all, he won races, and set speed records on:
– water (motorboats),
– salt tracks.
He died on a motorcycle on the streets of Long Beach in January 1984. While working on the design and construction of a vehicle capable of reaching supersonic speed (1225 km / h). Prototype named „American Way”, but because of Gabelich death. Work on it canceled.
Truck height record – Zetros 4×4 at the top of volcano
Truck height record – When on the steep slope of the Ojos del Salado volcano, Matthias Jeschke turns off the engine, the GPS shows 6675 meters above sea level. Never before has a truck reached such a height – it is a new world record. The oxygen content in the air here is about 50% lower than in the valleys. What makes the efficiency of the engine and driver relentlessly decreases with every meter. The air becomes rarer. An adventurer, his team and their Zetros 4×4 vehicle, built to special order by Mercedes-Benz. They have fourteen days and nights of climbing behind them, or, more accurately, climbing to the top. To be able to reach that far, Jeschke, who is an engineer, worked for almost a year with a 11-tonne car. He installed, among others halogen spotlights on the roof – He installed, among others halogen spotlights on the roof – indispensable in the Andes in dark nights. In addition, he equipped the car with an extremely strong rope hoist. He founded new, ultra-strong, specialist Alliance Agri-Transport 390HD tires. Mounted on 57 centimeter rims. The Zetros truck engine uses up to 90 liters of diesel per 100 km in the mountains.
Intelligent lighting system – Infrared cameras and lasers
Intelligent lighting system – Cars that see at night. In winter, when the day is very short, the role of lights and the so-called Night driving assistants (image analysis of the thermal imaging camera allows you to mark on the screen, for example, animals or pedestrians) is obvious. In Mercedes, the intelligent ILS system with adaptive bi-xenon headlamps automatically adapts to weather, light and road conditions, including fog. Audi, in turn, uses long-range laser spotlights – the range reaches even several hundred meters in optimal conditions.
In the latest Maybach, so-called digital lights. The beam is reflected in them from the matrix composed of a million miniature mirrors. Two headlights allow – at least theoretically – to create a HD resolution image on a roadway. They not only better illuminate the road, but also improve the visibility of lanes or pedestrian crossings. They can also display pictograms of relevant signs directly on the asphalt. What does it give? On the asphalt, for example, a snowflake can be shown to warn others of the risk of slipping. The headlights communicate with the navigation. They match the lighting level of the road to what is currently located on it – cars, pedestrians, motorcyclists and of course corners and hills.
Active drive control – Faster overcome the bend
Active drive control – Active Torque Vectoring, or active torque control. It allows the internal wheels to be braked in the bend, while transferring the “moment injection” to the outer wheels. As a result, the car performs more efficiently and the driver has better control over it. The Subaru, which has equipped the Levorg model with the system, boasts.
Other brands, such as the Fiat, Jeep, and also the Range Rover, are equipped with separate modes that adjust engine operation, response to gas, brakes and gearbox (in the Jeep, combined in this way, there are up to 12 different systems) so that the car – with Snow mode enabled (snow) – maintained maximum traction and was able to run without any problems.
Intelligent power distribution – All-wheel drive
Intelligent power distribution – In many cars, the drive is electronically controlled, which allows better separation of torque between wheels. Some systems, as in the case of the Haldex system, redirect drive to the second axis when the sensors catch the slip.
In others – as in the xDrive system in BMW – the drive hits both axles. In normal conditions, i.e. when the grip is good or very good, 40% of the drive is directed to the front and the rest to the rear – BMW thus behaves typically sports characteristics. Torque, through a multi-plate clutch with a suitable control computer. It can be easily and continuously distributed in xDrive between axles – up to 100%, only for two wheels.
In Subaru, the drive was driven with semi-axles driving the wheels, which are the same length. This “symmetry”, according to the Japanese, greatly improves the confidence of running on curves, especially on slippery surfaces.
Winter tires – Special compound of rubber and lamellas
Winter tires – The surface of the tire’s contact with the road surface is comparable to the A4 sheet. Driving on ice, snow or just on a wet but very cold road presents many challenges for tire manufacturers.
First of all, the rubber compound that the tire is made of. It must be flexible in the cold – the more the tread adheres to the surface, the better. Second, the shape of so-called lamellas or notches in the tread. They make the car better or worse on a slippery road that will not get out of the way, etc. In winter, it must provide traction and the shortest braking distance, but also the so-called drivability – driveability on snowy surfaces. Goodyear UltraGrip Performance tires, for example, have achieved this not only thanks to the use of special rubber. But also self-locking lamellas (literally biting into the ground). Does the hydrodynamic grooves discharge water from under the tire and increase the slip resistance on the so-called Water film (aquaplaning). These tires shorten the braking distance by up to 3%.