Oleander – Nerium oleander

Oleander - Nerium oleander (1)Oleander - Nerium oleander (2)Oleander - Nerium oleander (3)

Oleander – Nerium oleander

Oleander – Nerium oleander – This beautifully blooming shrub belongs to the most common plants not only in the countries of the Mediterranean.

  • Deadly dose: 2 leaves
  • Death: in few hours
  • Poison: oleander
  • Aftermath: cardiac arrhythmia
  • Where it grows: from the Mediterranean, through North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, to southern Asia
  • Occurrence in Poland: artificially bred

In order to say goodbye to your life, it’s enough to chew on one leaf. The honey obtained from oleander flowers may also be toxic. The first signs of intoxication include vomiting, fever and dizziness. The substance directly attacks the heart and increases muscle tone.

History of the plant:
Together with Conium maculatum was the most popular medieval poison. It was used as a means to control rats and mice. In the past, many people lost their lives because they roasted meat on oleander branches.

Atropa belladonna – Most dangerous in Central Europe

Atropa belladonna - Botanic Garden - Leipzig, GermanyAtropa belladonna (2)Atropa belladonna (3)Atropa belladonna (4)

Atropa belladonna – Most dangerous in Central Europe

Atropa belladonna – This plant is considered the most dangerous in Central Europe. Its all parts are very toxic.

  • Deadly dose: 10 – 12 fruits
  • Death: in few hours
  • Poison: atropine, hyoscyamine
  • Aftermath: nervous system and heart rate weakness, stopping breathing
  • Where it grows: most of Europe, some places in Africa and Asia
  • Occurrence in Poland: yes

The big danger lies in the fact that its shiny fruits can be easily confused with edible forest fruits. Man can poison not only through direct consumption, but also through goat’s milk or meat, if animal earlier ate it. Typical symptoms of poisoning are dilated pupils, an accelerated pulse or redness on the face. There may also be hallucinations and loss of consciousness.

History of the plant:
Atropa belladonna was a component of shampoo drinks and ointments, because after applying to the skin it caused hallucinations – a man seemed to be able to fly.
In ancient Rome, the wives of Emperor Augustus and Claudius poisoned them with a shout. Medieval women applied drops of juice to their eyes. It was to guarantee them beautiful, large eyes. In this way, they risked not only conjunctivitis and eye deterioration, but death as well. Atropine in eye tests doctors are using today.

Human beauty ideal – Man inscribed in circle and square

Human beauty ideal - Man inscribed in circle and square - Homo quadratus - Leonardo da Vinci

Human beauty ideal – Man inscribed in circle and square

Human beauty ideal – Man inscribed in circle and square – figure popularized by Leonardo da Vinci approx. 1490, or Homo quadratus. The proportions are based on the so-called. the principle of the golden ratio. A smaller part of the section in such proportion greater, and more to the entire episode. After da Vinci proportions of man came to Albrecht Dürer. Which specifically determined the division of the ideal form: 1/2 h (the full height of a man) is the upper part of the body of step up, 1/4 h – length of the leg from the ankle to the knee and the distance from the chin to the navel, 1/6 h – height and width (including ear) face and the length of the hand and the wrist.

What leads to success?

What leads to success - Power house mechanic cropped

What leads to success?

What leads to success? – Daniel S. Hamermesh, an economist at Princeton University, describes in his publication “Beauty Pays: Why Attractive People Are More Successful”, which besides the beautiful appearance raises a salary :

  1. Education
  2. Age (for approx. 55 years of age, then decreases)
  3. Health
  4. Belonging to trade union (in the US called unions, affiliating employees of free professions, and corporations are powerful opponent)
  5. Marriage (increases in men, decreases in women)
  6. Breed (minorities earn less)
  7. The size of the city (greater premium on)
  8. Nationality (immigrants earn less)
  9. Company size (greater premium on)
  10. Seniority in the company