Ant – Doesn’t get sick because of the minority complex

Ant - In a wall

Ant - On a rotten fruit

Ant - Ramat Gan

Ant - Iran

Ant - Insect of the family Formicidae - Iran

Ant - Aretidris buenaventei - profile view

Ant - Camponotus novaeboracensis - Queen

Ant - Fearsome

Ant – Doesn’t get sick because of the minority complex

Ant – 100 million years of evolution has developed its characteristic features, social behavior, order, hierarchy and abundance unmatched in the entire animal kingdom. It is estimated that the weight of all ants on Earth is equal to the weight of all people. Formicidae form a family of insects belonging to the order Hymenoptera.

One ant has virtually no meaning, but a million colony of ants is a perfectly organized mass that knows what it wants and how to get it. They are among the most specialized insects that make up caste communities – in which each individual has a clearly defined task. The number of species is estimated at around 12,000, but some scientists say that it may be as much as 30,000. Probably even half of them are still not described.

40 thousand insects in one colony have a total of the same number of brain cells as one human. In relation to their body, they have the largest brain in the world. It accounts for about 6% of their total weight, while in humans the brain is about 2%. A queen can live over 20 years and sire up to 150 million descendants.

At night, they lay eggs and larvae deep into the anthill to protect them from the cold. During the day, they move them closer to the top of the nest to keep them warm. They can raise the temperature in the anthill 10 ° C above the ambient temperature. Temp. in the anthill there are ventilation shafts supervised by the worker caste.

Adult individuals are unable to chew and swallow solid food, therefore they eat the sweet juice squeezed out of the food. When the workers are full, after returning from hunting, they excrete some of the food for workers working in the nest.

List of Ants species:

 
Ant - Gigantiops destructor - WorkerAnt - Gigantiops destructor - DorsalGigantiops destructor - ProfileGigantiops destructor - HeadGigantiops destructor – Has the ability to navigate
 
 


Ant - Camponotus herculeanusAnt - Camponotus herculeanus - femaleCamponotus herculeanus - Queen - ItalyCamponotus herculeanus - QueenCarpenter ant – Camponotus herculeanus – Builds     nests in trees
 


Ant - Camponotus ligniperda - In old oakAnt - Camponotus ligniperda - WorkerBrown-black carpenter ant - QueenBrown-black carpenter ant - Camponotus ligniperdaBrown-black carpenter ant – Camponotus ligniperda –     Builds nests in decaying tree trunks
 


Meadow ant - Formica pratensis - profileMeadow ant - Formica pratensis - Queen - dorsal viewFormica pratensis - Queen - ventral viewFormica pratensis - Queen - Haute-Savoie, FranceMeadow ant – Formica pratensis – It is common     throughout Eurasia
 


Red wood ant - Formica rufa - ConversationRed wood ant - Formica rufa - Gmina Police, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, PolandFormica rufa - Mixed forest - UkraineFormica rufa - (27-07-2015)Red wood ant – Formica rufa – It lives mainly in     coniferous and mixed forests
 


Yellow meadow ant - Lasius flavusYellow meadow ant - Lasius flavus - Soborg, DenmarkLasius flavus - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyLasius flavus - Worker with root aphidYellow meadow ant – Lasius flavus – Extremely agile     and durable insect
 


Weaver ant - Oecophylla smaragdina - Charles Darwin National Park - Darwin, AustraliaWeaver ant - Oecophylla smaragdina - Kakadu National Park - AustraliaOecophylla smaragdina - On a leafOecophylla smaragdina - Cape Tribulation, Queensland, AustraliaWeaver ant – Oecophylla smaragdina – Often lives in     symbiosis with caterpillars
 


Inchman ant - Myrmecia forficata - WorkerInchman ant - Myrmecia - Nest in lateritic soils - Darling Range, Western AustraliaMyrmecia - Honeysuckle Creek, Namadgi National Park, AustraliaMyrmecia - Terrick Terrick National Park, Victoria, AustraliaInchman ant – Myrmecia forficata – It is big, fast and     extremely aggressive
 


European fire ant - Myrmica rubra - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyAnt - European fire - Myrmica rubra - Kirchwerder-Hamburg, GermanyEuropean fire ant - Myrmica rubraMyrmica rubra - (30-07-2020)European fire ant – Myrmica rubra – Queen is not     much bigger than worker
 


Cicuta virosa – It is 150 centimeters high

Cicuta virosa - Oulu, Finland (18.07.2013)Cicuta virosa (1)Cicuta virosa (2)

Cicuta virosa – It is 150 centimeters high

The highest concentration of toxic substances is found in its rhizome.

  • Deadly dose: 2g root
  • Death: within 24 hours
  • Poison: cicutoxin
  • Aftermath: degeneration of skeletal muscles
  • Where it grows: North and South America, Europe, Asia
  • Occurrence in Poland: yes

In North America it has hundreds of poisoned sheep per year on its conscience. People can mistake its root with the parsley root, and the most common victims of harmful substances are children. Cicutoxin works very quickly, after just a few minutes you can observe irritations of mucous membranes and abdominal pain. If a man survives poisoning, it is very likely that he will struggle with damage to the central nervous system for the rest of his life. Unlike other animals, mice can without fear of poisoning eat plant seeds.

Three most common allergies – Causes of allergy development

Three most common allergies - Skin prick testing for allergies

Three most common allergies – Causes of allergy development

Three most common allergies – causes of allergy developmentRegardless of what causes allergy,
it is always
inadequate reaction of the body.
Allergy is considered a disease of civilization.
Which affects approx. 20-30% of people, and this number is constantly growing.
Recent
studies indicate that the risk of developing allergies carry the genes.

Food allergies: In the food allergy is caused primarily by protein. Allergens work even after heat treatment and after passing through the digestive tract. The spectrum of food allergies is very wide. Mostly allergic to eggs, fish, hazelnuts, milk, celery, fruit, vegetables, flour, peanuts, meat, potatoes and cocoa.

Pollen allergies: This is one of the most common types of allergies. Its occurrence is related to the flowering of plants, whose pollen is the patient’s allergen. Most often they are grass pollen, less common perennial, shrubs and trees. Sometimes the disease persists throughout the year, but during the flowering of the plant. Symptoms such as swelling of the mucous membranes, rhinitis, tearing, and breathing difficulties occur.

Animal allergies: The most common is allergy to cats, dogs, rabbits, hamsters, horses and exotic birds. Allergens in this case are skin or fur. However, allergens can also cause faeces, urine and saliva of animals.

Aggression among animals – Defending the young

Aggression among animals - Hippos fighting in Amboseli National Park

Aggression among animals – Defending the young

Aggression among animals – Many species of animals avoiding battles, shows aggression usually defending the defenseless young. Musk oxen during the attack of wolves to protect offspring by surrounding them with a circle forming on the outside wall with sharp corners. Blackbirds attack cats located near their outlet. Sow boar in fear of children can compel a man to flee to the tree.

Territorial behavior – Fighting for supremacy

Territorial behavior - Fighting for supremacy

Territorial behavior – Fighting for supremacy

Territorial behavior – The primary manifestation of aggressive behavior of animals is called. territorial behavior. Each species has its own territory, the living space. It provides them with the right resources present in the area. The most important of these is food (including water), the presence of the opposite sex partner and a suitable place to nest, burrow or other accommodation.

Tanzania Udzungwa mountains monkeys

Tanzania Udzungwa mountains monkeys - Monkey in Udzungwa mountains National Park, Tanzania

Tanzania Udzungwa mountains monkeys

Tanzania Udzungwa mountains monkeys – Researchers from the University of New York. Studied in the Udzungwa Mountains in Tanzania population of monkeys Gerez. Studies have shown that environmental changes threaten the animals chief much more than previously assumed. Danger constitute both a decreasing area of forests, as well as grinding them into smaller areas at the expense of farmland.

Lake Baikal bottom – Russian mini-submarine Mir-2

Lake Baikal bottom - Moon on Baikal

Lake Baikal bottom – Russian mini-submarine Mir2

Lake Baikal bottom – In July, 2008. Russian mini-submarine Mir2 reached located at a depth of 1637 m the bottom of the Siberian Lake Baikal. It was the deepest immersion in fresh water in history. Lake Baikal contains 20% of the world‘s fresh water. The lake that formed approx. 20 million years ago, living approx. 1000 unique species of animals and plants. During immersion, scientists collected samples at different depths of the ecosystem so that they could determine the impact of global warming on the lake.

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea – Although only takes a 462,840 square kilometers, according to current statistics, the country lives 6-8% of all species of living organisms on Earth. The report of the international conservation organization World Wide Fund (WWF) shows that in the years 1998-2008 in New Guinea and in the immediate vicinity were discovered 1,060 new species of animals.

Eye evolution – Development of sight

Eye evolution

Eye evolution – Development of sight

Eye evolution – Development of sight – We see the world around us through opsins – proteins containing photosensitive dyes, produced by the receptors of the retina. In humans and other animals with type chordates Branchiostoma lanceolatum, fish, amphibian, reptile or bird. The variety is known as copsin. Meanwhile, in arthropods and cephalopods so the spiders and octopuses. This is the function differently built r-opsin. So it looks as if nature created two different ways of development of sight, at a very early stage of evolution.

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