Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

Amoco Milford Haven - Fire of sinking tankerAmoco Milford Haven - Sinking tankerMT Haven - Burning tankerMT Haven - Tanker fire

Amoco Milford Haven – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Genoa, Italy
  • Date: 11 April 1991
  • Amount of spill: 159 000 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 85 mln

Amoco Milford Haven – The tanker was built in Cardiz shipyards in 1973. The ship was 334 meters long and 51 meters wide. In 1991 a catastrophic explosion took place near Genoa, Italy. During routine pumping operations, a part of the load. To adjust the draft of the ship. At one point, a powerful explosion shook the front tanks, and a few minutes later a huge fire began on board. Although sailors and firemen fought together with fire. They could do nothing.

Precautions did not help

Flames reached 100 meters in height and a total of six crew members were killed. To prevent a major ecological disaster. Experts recommended towing the ship as far as possible into the open sea and leaving it at the bottom. It also happened. After another explosion, the ship broke into two parts and sank after three days. Spilled fuel reached the coasts of Italy and France. Despite immediate action after installing 10 km long barriers. Oil flooded local beaches and caused great damage.

ABT Summer – Supertanker – Biggest oil spills

ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill and fire - 1991ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill - Angola - 1991Supertanker - Aerial viewOil spill - Map - 18.05.1991

ABT Summer – Supertanker – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Angola
  • Date: 18 May 1991
  • Amount of spill: 305 280 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 178 mln

ABT Summer – Supertanker, which in May 1991 exploded almost 1500 km off the coast of Angola. The ship was built in the South Korean shipyard Ulsan. It traveled on the sea since 1974. It was over 344 meters long and 54 meters wide. The disaster took place on the route from Iran to Rotterdam. As a result of the accident, millions of liters of oil spilled. Which resulted in the formation of a 34 km long oil spot. The tanker burned for three days before sinking in the sea. Five crew members were killed at the explosion site. At ecological point of view this disaster was not very serious. Because it happened far from the coast.

Oil stain in Kuwait – Biggest oil spills

Oil stain in Kuwait - 1.01.1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 1.01.1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 5–14 June 1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 08.03.1991Oil fires in Kuwait - 7-April-1991Oil well fires rage outside Kuwait City - 21.03.1991Oil well fires south of Kuwait City - 01.03.1991

Oil stain in Kuwait – Biggest oil spills

  • Place: Kuwait
  • Date: 19 January 1991
  • Amount of spill: 906 300 000 liters
  • Costs: $ 484,5 million

Oil stain in Kuwait – The largest oil-related disaster took place during the Gulf War. This was not due to a technical defect or explosion, but to planned sabotage. Oil was released by the Iraqi army. Whose goal was to slow down US troops planning to take over Kuwait. To prevent further leakage, US Air Force destroyed the oil towers. According to international research, 5.7 barrels of oil spilled into the sea. Later, it was even speculated that Saddam Hussein wanted to light all continuous reserves. Thus destroy the global economy. Fortunately, this did not happen.

Animals in danger

A layer of oil, 12 centimeters thick, covered the sea over an area of ​​over 4,000 km². It has affected the entire marine ecosystem. While US soldiers could bypass the contaminated area. Animals did not have this option anymore. At least 30,000 sea birds wintering there have died. And a large number of fish. A quarter of the Kuwait desert was also flooded with oil.

Kevin Poulsen – Thanks to fraud won Porsche 994

Kevin Poulsen - Thanks to fraud won Porsche 994

Kevin Poulsen – Thanks to fraud won Porsche 994

Kevin Poulsen – born 30.11.1965, Pasadena, United States of America. Nickname: “Dark dante”. He started hacking as a 17-year-old in high school. He then broke into several systems on the Arpanet network, which was the predecessor of the Internet operated since 1969 by the US Defense Ministry. Telephones for Poulsen were more fascinating than computers. He managed to gain access to Bell, which was one of the best secured telephone companies in the US. In 1991 he made his biggest fraud. The KISS-FM radio station announced a competition in which competitor could win the Porsche 994. It was enough to be the 102 person who will connect with studio. Kevin and his friends took control of the telephone exchanges and at the right moment blocked the phones from other participants. Thanks to this fraud, Poulsen “won” the car. He was captured by the police in the same year. He spent 51 months in prison and had to pay a fine of $ 56,000.

Meteorological week analysis

Meteorological week analysis - Observatory Lindenberg, Germany

Meteorological week analysis

Meteorological week analysis – After analyzing the meteorological data from the years 1991-2005,
the German researchers found that the hottest day of the week is Wednesday, and the driest – Monday.
However, in the weekend usually it rains. Within a week, smog obscures the sun and the exhaust gases
are involved in the formation of clouds. On Saturday, this phenomenon goes critical.

Energy sources exhaustion forecasts

Energy sources exhaustion forecasts - Oil platform

Energy sources exhaustion forecasts

Energy sources exhaustion forecasts – In 1972. Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) predicted exhaustion of all primary energy sources in 20 years. In 1991. However, they had to re-evaluate their forecasts. It turned out that non-renewable resources is more than 20 years ago.

Biggest oil spills – Have long-term consequences

Biggest oil spills - Coast of Galicia after a leak from the tanker MT PrestigeBiggest oil spills - Fire on the Deepwater Horizon oil platformBiggest oil spills - Cleanup coast of Alaska after a leak from the tanker MT Exxon ValdezBiggest oil spills - Dark smoke and fire on the Deepwater Horizon oil platform

Biggest oil spills – Have long-term consequences

Biggest oil spills:

  • Oil stain in Kuwait

    Oil stain in Kuwait - 1.01.1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 1.01.1991Oil stain in Kuwait - 5–14 June 1991
     
     
     
    – The largest oil-related disaster took place during the Gulf War. This was not due to a technical defect or explosion, but to planned sabotage. Oil was released by the Iraqi army. Whose goal was to slow down US troops planning to take over Kuwait.

  • Deepwater Horizon

    Gulf of Mexico - 28-04-2010Aerial view reconnaissance of Louisiana coastline, USAU.S. Coast-Guard, BP, other federal agencies working after explosion in Gulf of Mexico
     
     
     
    – 20.04.2010 On an oil rig Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico exploded for unknown reasons, as a result of which sank the entire platform. The result was disaster oil spill area of 10 thousands km².

  • Ixtoc 1

    Ixtoc 1 - Oil well blowoutIxtoc 1 - Oil well blowoutOil well blowout - NOAA Photo
     
     
     
    – An oil well belonging to the Mexican oil company Pemex. It was in the Gulf of Mexico, almost 1,000 km off the coast of Texas. At that time, the company was extracting oil from a 3 km deep well. When a huge explosion broke out.

  • Atlantic Empress – Aegean Captain

    Atlantic Empress & Aegean Captain - Oil spill and fireAtlantic Empress & Aegean Captain - Oil spill and fire fightingAegean Captain in port
     
     
     
    – An accident that occurred near Tobago. It was not caused by the failure of the oil rig, but the collision of two tankers during a tropical storm.

  • Castillo de Bellver

    Castillo de Bellver - Oil spill and fire - 1983Castillo de Bellver - Oil spill and fire fighting - 1983MTCastillo de Bellver - Left side
     
     
     
    – The tanker exploded unexpectedly and burned off the coast of South Africa in 1983. The ship traveled on the sea since 1978.

  • ABT Summer – Supertanker

    ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill and fire - 1991ABT Summer - Supertanker - Oil spill - Angola - 1991Supertanker - Aerial view
     
     
     
    – In May 1991 exploded almost 1500 km off the coast of Angola. The ship was built in the South Korean shipyard Ulsan. It traveled on the sea since 1974.

  • Amoco Cadiz

    Amoco Cadiz - Grounding and oil spill - 01.03.1978Amoco Cadiz - Sinking tanker - Brittany-France - 01.03.1978Impact of oil spill - 01.03.1978
     
     
     
    – In 1978, the tanker crashed off the coast of France. On its standard route, from the Persian Gulf to the Dutch port of Rotterdam. When a 335 meter ship passed the west coast of France. It got inside a violent storm.

  • Tanker Odyssey

    Tanker Odyssey - Oil spill and fire - 1988Tanker Odyssey - Oil stain after spill - 1988Tanker Odyssey - Art presenting tragedy of animals after oil spill in 1988
     
     
     
    – An American ship exploded about a thousand kilometers, off the east coast of Canada. About 162 million liters of crude oil spilled out of it. Into the open sea.

  • Amoco Milford Haven

    Amoco Milford Haven - Sinking tankerMT Haven - Burning tankerMT Haven - Tanker fire
     
     
     
    – The tanker was built in Cardiz shipyards in 1973. The ship was 334 meters long and 51 meters wide. In 1991 a catastrophic explosion took place near Genoa, Italy. During routine pumping operations, a part of the load.

  • MT Prestige

    MT Prestige - Sinking tankerMT Prestige - Sinking shipMT Prestige - Monument to volunteers cleaning beaches - Galicia
     
     
     
    – 19.11.2002 Tanker MT Prestige sank off the northern coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Leaked it 63 thousand tons of oil, and the cost of their removal amounted to more than 8 billion euros.

  • MT Exxon Valdez

    MT Exxon Valdez - Oil spillInterview with Dennis KelsoSea birds in oil - After spill from tanker
     
     
     
    – 24.03.1989 Tanker Exxon Valdez crashed off the coast of Alaska. Leaked out of it approx. 41 million liters of crude oil. It was one of the biggest ecological disasters. It happened in Prince William’s Bay, where the ship crashed into a cliff. Having a full oil tank.


Biggest oil spills - Edredon turkan (Somateria spectabilis) covered in oilOil spill has long-term consequences. As a result, thousands are dying of marine animals including birds. Hazardous substances accumulate in the bodies of animals and also threaten the health of consumers.