Mount Vesuvius – Italy

Mount Vesuvius in Italy on New Years DayRAF Spitfires flying around a still steaming Vesuvius after the March 1944 eruptionJ.C.Dahl - Eruption of the Volcano VesuviusVesuvius Volcano - NASA-ISSEdward Okuń - Bay of Naples and Vesuvius - 1937Vesuvius AsterSeismograph on the VesuviusMount Vesuvius - Relief Map


Mount Vesuvius – Italy


  • Location: Italy
  • Peak: 1281 m a. s. l.

Mount Vesuvius is an active stratovolcano located on the Apennine Peninsula in Italy. It is one of the most famous volcanoes in the world. The cone of this mountain grew inside the Monte Somma massif, whose age is estimated to be several thousand years old. Vesuvius is dangerous not only because nearly 3 million people live in its vicinity, but also because its peaceful period has lasted for a very long time.

The volcano became infamous due to the eruption that took place in 79 A.D. Which led to the disappearance of the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabie. During the explosion, a huge amount of dust and volcanic gases got into the atmosphere, forming a cloud probably reaching as much as 37 meters in height. During the eruption, a fiery pyroclastic avalanche (a mixture of volcanic gases, ashes and rock crumbs) was produced from the volcano, which buried 25,000 people in one moment. Death was sudden, people were dying mainly due to thermal shock.

The volcano erupted for the last time in 1944 and destroyed the funicular that took tourists to the crater. The mountain spit out lava and hot ashes for 11 days. As a result of the explosion, 26 people died, and another 1200 were without a roof over their heads.

Oscar records holders – Stars with the most statuettes

Oscar records holders – Stars with the most statuettes


Oscar records holders - Walt Disney and Wernher von BraunOscar records holders - Walt Disney (1)Oscar records holders - Walt Disney (2)


Walt Disney (1901 – 1966) – Number of statuettes: 26

The American film producer, director, screenwriter, dubbing actor, creator of the animation and philanthropist was nominated for the award 59 times. In 1954 he scored 4 at a time. Known throughout the world thanks to the animated film “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” (1937), and the creation of the Mickey Mouse character.

Oscar records holders - Diane Keaton, Woody Allen, Jerry Lacy - „Play it Again, Sam”Oscar records holders - Woody Allen - „Take the Money” (1969)Oscar records holders - Woody Allen, Johnny Carson - The Tonight Show (NBC-1964)


Woody Allen (born in 1935) – Number of statuettes: 4

Director, screenwriter, actor, comedian, writer and playwright who was born in 1935 in New York as Allen Stewart Konigsberg. He is one of the few American filmmakers who became famous as creators of authorial films. For the film “Annie Hall”, considered by viewers and critics as his best picture, in 1997 he received 2 Oscars (for screenplay and direction).

Oscar records holders - Katharine Hepburn (1951)Oscar records holders - Katharine Hepburn (1)Oscar records holders - Katharine Hepburn (2)


Katharine Hepburn (1907 – 2003) – Number of statuettes: 4

The American actress Katharine Hepburn has been nominated for an Oscar 12 times during her seventy-year career. She received the award four times, in 1934 (“Morning Glory”), 1968 (“Guess who’s coming to dinner”), 1969 (“The Lion in Winter”) and 1982 (“On Golden Pond”). In 1999, the American Film Institute announced her the best actress of all time.

Oscar records holders - Meryl Streep (02.2016)Oscar records holders - Meryl Streep - US Embassy in Berlin (2016)Oscar records holders - Meryl Streep (Cheerleader - 1966)


Meryl Streep (born in 1949) – Number of statuettes: 3

Meryl Streep, who already has 3 statuettes at home (in the number of nominations she has already overtaken K. Hepburn). The first Oscar Streep received for supporting role in the film “Kramer vs. Kramer” (1979), the second for the main role in “Sophie’s Choice” (1982), and the third for creating Margaret Thatcher in “The Iron Lady” (2011).

Oscar records holders - Ingrid Bergman (1945)Oscar records holders - Ingrid Bergman „Casablanca” (trailer)Oscar records holders - Ingrid Bergman „Dr.Jekyll and Mr.Hyde” (trailer)


Ingrid Bergman (1915 – 1980) – Number of statuettes: 3

A Swede who can also boast of Oscars. She won the prizes thanks to her supporting role in the film “Murder on the Orient Express” (1974), and two more for the leading roles in “Gaslight” (1944) and “Anastasia” (1956).

Oscar records holders - Jack Nicholson - „Little Shop of Horrors”Oscar records holders - Jack Nicholson - Walk of fameOscar records holders - Jack Nicholson (1976)


Jack Nicholson (born in 1937) – Number of statuettes: 3

The American actor, director, producer and screenwriter has been nominated for the Oscar 12 times. What has not been done by any other actor yet. Is the owner of the largest number of Academy Awards among male actors. Two Oscars were awarded to him for the main roles in the pictures “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” (1976) and “As Good as It Gets” (1998). The third one brought him a supporting role in the production of “Terms of Endearment” (1984).

Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks

Ponte Vecchio - Florence, Italy, 2004Ponte Vecchio - Florence bridges

Ponte Vecchio - Snowy

Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks

Ponte Vecchio – Old Bridge connects two Arno banks. It is also known as the Bridge of Goldsmiths. It managed to survive long centuries, wars and floods. Thanks to which, became a symbol of Florence. It was based on the design of the architect Neri di Fioravante. The original tenants of the picturesque stalls, however, were not artisans who dealt with the production of artistic objects from precious metals, but fish traders, tanners and butchers. The Arno River served them as a garbage dump, to which they threw all waste. This was what the space with the arcades under the central arches of the bridge served. At the end of the sixteenth century, Prince Ferdynand I of the Medici family removed from the stalls representatives of “smelly” professions, and offered their place to jewelers and goldsmiths. On the orders of Cosimo Medici over their studios, a covered corridor was created that connected his Florentine palaces.

It resisted destruction during World War II. When in 1944 the Germans withdrew from Italy, Adolf Hitler ordered the commanding German forces to the field marshal Albert Kesselring not to destroy the bridge. Who took him with his beauty while traveling to Italy.

First in vitro

First in vitro - John Rock

First in vitro

First in vitro – Scientists have debated whether the experiment  of John Rock and Miriam Menkin in 1944. Actually been fertilized. However, even if announced to the world the success was a mistake, fulfilled its role in the history of medicinepushed forward research on in vitro fertilization. 25 July 1978 through in vitro fertilization was born the first baby – Louise Brown today – more than 5 million children.