Long ago forbidden – Today completely normal

Long ago forbidden – Today completely normal

Long ago forbidden – Today something completely normal:

Long ago forbidden - Football - icon

1. Football: 4 bln fans

In the XIV century England men have to train archery,
and do not waste time on games. Effect: banning football.

Long ago forbidden - Christmas in art

2. Christmas

England, between 1644 and 1660: the Puritans forbid festivities in days
winter solstice – already celebrated by pagans.

Long ago forbidden - Chess

3. Chess

Year 1254: King of France Louis IX considers this strategy game
too boring and useless, so it is forbidden to think about it.

Long ago forbidden - Popcorn

4. Popcorn

In the era of silent film popcorn is considered a cheap snack of the street people,
therefore it is banished from the “luxury” cinemas.

Long ago forbidden - Bowling game

5. Bowling game

In the years 1366-1477 in England only aristocrats can play bowling.
You have to pay 100 pounds for running the bowling alley.

Long ago forbidden - Trousers for women

6. Trousers for women

For 214 years law prohibits Parisiennes wearing trousers.
The law finally disappears in 2013.

Long ago forbidden - Credit card - front

7. Credit cards for women

Until 1974, American women can get a credit card,
only with the consent of her husband.

Long ago forbidden - Coffee - Antoccino Espresso

8. Coffee shops

In 1675, King of England Charles II tries to forbid coffee shops – from fear
that his critics could plan a rebellion there.

Long ago forbidden - Swimsuit

9. Swimsuits

In the early XX century, American cities issue regulations
with a minimum length of swimsuits.

Long ago forbidden - Scrabble

10. Scrabble

Communist dictator of Romania, Nicolae Ceausescu,
forbids this game as “over-intellectualized”.

Topiary – Artistic shaping shrubs and trees

Topiary gardenTopiary garden - Beckley Park

Topiary – Artistic shaping shrubs and trees

Topiary – Artistic shaping shrubs and trees. Both shrubs and conifers as well as deciduous trees are used to form shapes. It is best to carve: boxwood, thuja, myrtle, laurel, privet or holly. Shaping tools as well as wire frames that give the plants the right shape are used when shaping the shrubs. The technique, which is actually called ars topiaria, was known in antiquity, and then forgotten for centuries, revived in Europe in the sixteenth century. Especially during the Baroque period, it flourished up to the 18th century. Although Versailles are the flagship examples of the outer gardens, they have never been as complex as the somewhat later artistic structures in the Netherlands or England. Where this art spread after 1660. This is one of the most difficult gardening techniques, requires a lot of time and patience. Creating perfect shapes and motifs is not a matter of one season, but often many years of powerful work. You always have to cut out individual twigs of shrubs and trees.