Maglev – In approx 8 min. covers a distance 30 km
- Speed: 431 km/h
- Location: China (Shanghai)
- Route: Pudong International Airport Shanghai – Shanghai center
- Number of seats: 574
- Commencement of exploitation: December 31, 2002
Maglev – This high-speed rail is not a traditional rail link. It is the route that connects the Shanghai Pudong International Airport with the center of Shanghai. The train covers a distance of 30 kilometers in about 8 minutes. It is 153 meters long and can carry 574 passengers. What distinguishes it from the others is the fact that it does not run on tracks, but rises above the “track” due to the action of a repulsive magnetic field. Superconducting electromagnets are built into not only the train but also the track itself. The German company Siemens participated in its production.
The main problem with this new mode of transport is cost. Because for safety reasons, the tracks must be routed over bridges or in tunnels. On the other hand, their speed is not limited by anything. That is why, in 2015, the test track managed to break the record when the train reached an incredible speed of 603 km / h. In practice, the speed is limited by energy consumption and aerodynamic drag. The advantage of magnetic cushions is also that while driving, no harmful exhaust gases or noise caused by the operation of the engine or wheels are produced. Moreover, energy consumption is lower than that of airplanes or cars.
The abbreviated name “maglev” began to be used in the 1960s by physicist Howard T. Coffey. In English, the word is not only used for technology transport systems, but also to describe the physical phenomenon – magnetic levitation.