Helicopter Ingenuity – Capable fly in Mars atmosphere
Helicopter Ingenuity – Capable fly in Mars atmosphere, hundred times rarer than Earthian. We already knew about the possibility of flight in thin Martian air in the 90s of the last century. The problem was technology. We needed super-light and durable materials, a miniaturization of electronic components on a scale impossible to achieve 30 years ago. And to significantly increase the computing power and memory of computers. For example, a desktop PC had 16 MB of memory back then, today the average phone has 32 GB, which is two thousand times more.
The idea of building a Martian helicopter returned about five years ago – and here’s Ingenuity is flying with the Perseverance rover to the Red Planet. We’ll know in a few months if it will go up there. It is scheduled to land on Mars on February 18, 2021.
In flight, they are even more united. Ingenuity with folded propellers and solar panels is hidden in a tray on the rover’s chassis. Large and heavy Perseverance protects the tiny helicopter during space travel.
It is a unit that is absolutely independent of the rover. Their activities on Mars are not correlated with each other, they are not complementary. The helicopter is to demonstrate technological capabilities and that’s it. All he has to do is unfold properly, charge the batteries. Show that it can take to the air and land.
Weight: 1,8 kg
Length: 49 cm
The spacing of the propellers comes to 120 cm
The propellers can move at a frequency of 2400 rpm
Can fly at a time for 90 seconds, (the first flight of the Wright brothers took only 12 seconds).
During this time it can travel 300 m , flying at height of 3-4 m.
Powered by solar batteries.
A completely autonomous control system equipped with two cameras, sensors supporting navigation and a simple computer.