Hammurabi Codex – Set of laws of ancient Babylon
Hammurabi Codex – It was a set of laws that were valid in Babylon. The text of the codex was engraved in the diorite with a cuneiform script in the Babylonian dialect of the Akkadian language. He covered all areas of life – inheritances, adoptions, thefts, medical and many more. With the exception of the king, society was divided into three layers: nobles, plebeians and slaves. In all the layers men were higher than women. Penalties were performed according to the “eye for an eye” principle – if someone damaged the eye of a Babylonian nobleman, he was deprived of his eye. However, when a nobleman who damaged the plebeian’s eye was a nobleman, he was only fined. Robbing the house during a fire was punished with burning, while adultery resulted in throwing connected lovers into the river.