Plant nutrition speed – Plants also hunters

Plant nutrition speed - Drosera intermedia (2018)Plant nutrition speed - Drosera rotundifolia (2011)Plant nutrition speed - Drosera rotundifolia at Corsica (1998)Plant nutrition speed - Drosera rotundifolia (1)Plant nutrition speed - Drosera rotundifolia (2)Plant nutrition speed - Drosera rotundifolia (3)Plant nutrition speed - Itermediate sundewPlant nutrition speed - Round leaf sundew
 
 
 
Plant nutrition speedPlant nutrition speedPlant nutrition speedPlant nutrition speed

Plant nutrition speed – Plants also hunters

Plant nutrition speed – And it’s not just about insectivorous representatives of the world of flora. Their victims are quanta of light, necessary for photosynthesis (the biological process of obtaining energy). The photon flux reaches the leaf at an unbelievable rate of about 300,000 km / s – and thus at the speed of light in a vacuum. To deprive him of the energy necessary for the development of the plant, he most often uses chlorophyll: the so-called chlorophyll antenna catches quanta, whose energy in a maximum of about one picosecond (10-12 seconds) is temporarily stored during the first photosynthesis reaction. At this time, the photon ceases to exist.

New type of clouds – Asperitas (Undulatus asperatus)

New type of clouds - AsperitasNew type of clouds - AsperitasNew type of clouds - AsperitasNew type of clouds - Asperitas

New type of clouds – Asperitas (Undulatus asperatus)

New type of clouds – Asperitas (formerly known as Undulatus asperatus). Meteorologists distinguish 10 types of clouds. But a certain mysterious formation discovered a decade ago. We are stubbornly involved in this degree that a separate variety has been introduced especially for it – for the first time in 60 years! It was introduced to the classification by the founder of cloud appreciation society, Gavin Pretor-Pinney. This is the first since 1951 (after cirrus intortus) added to the New International Cloud Atlas of the World Meteorological Organization. Which new edition appeared in 2017 What separates the so-called. Asperitas (what in translation means as much as “Stormy”) from other clouds, is their uneven and very uneven basis. This formation rarely appears in Poland, for this in the USA is observed regularly. Especially in the areas of the Great Plain, East of the Rocky Mountains.
Since their discovery, in the United States, there were observed m. In. In Norway, Scotland, France, Estonia and Poland.

Light pillar – Sun pillar – Optical phenomenon in atmosphere

Light pillar - Sun pillar (1) - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar and Sun dog (parhelion) - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar forms as the sun rises over the Arctic plain - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar - (NOAA Photo Library)Light pillar - Sun pillar - Optical effect march sunset - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar - Halos, arcs and sundogs - Antarctica, South Pole Station, 1981(NOAA Photo Library)Light pillar - Sun pillar - Illuminated Clean Air Facility - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar - December sundog - NOAA
 
 
 
Light pillar - Sun Dog and Turbo TrainLight pillar - Sun pillar (2) - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar (3) - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar (4) - NOAALight pillar - Sun pillar (5) - NOAALight pillar - Sun Dog - Ice crystals formed in the stable morning airLight pillar - Sun pillar - Lake LucerneLight pillar - Sunset at the port of Plouhinec Pors Poulhan in Brittany
 
 
 
Light pillar - Sun pillar - Seen when the sun is still behind the horizon - False SunriseLight pillar - Sun pillar - Susak, island in Croatia, view from the islandLight pillar - Sun pillar - Seen when the sun is still behind the horizon - False Sunrise (parhelion)

Light pillar – Sun pillar – Optical phenomenon in atmosphere

Light pillar is an optical phenomenon. That arises in very cold weather when there are ice crystals in the shape of tiles in the air. They are also visible in clearly illuminated parts of cities. They are typical of the clouds of the high floor, but in the big cold they form at earth. They reflect then light from strong sources such as lanterns or fireworks on new year’s eve. As a result of such a source of light, the observer can see high light. Most often you can see them just before sunrise, or soon after his west. Another name of the whole phenomenon is a solar pillar.

Sans Forgetica – Font that improves memory

Sans Forgetica - formSans ForgeticaSans Forgetica - example

Sans Forgetica – Font that improves memory

Sans Forgetica – Font that streamlines memory – Australian researchers from the RMIT University (Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology) have found that our brain reads the fonts that it already knows more quickly, such as Arial or Times New Roman. By which, however, it remembers less content contained in a given text. Therefore, in collaboration with ethologists, psychologists and professor of typography, they have developed a font that is harder to read. Sans Forgetica called it – which in translation means more or less “without forgetting”.
The letters have gaps, are slightly tilted to the left and are in contradiction with the typical way of reading. Deciphering them requires more effort from the brain. Which activates the gray cells and forces you to stop at each word for a little longer. It improves memory and allows you to learn about 7% more information!

Strongest acid – Fluoroantimonic acid

Strongest acid - Fluoroantimonic acid

Colors:

Hydrogen, H: white
Fluorine, F: green
Antimony, Sb: violet

Strongest acid – Fluoroantimonic acid

Strongest acid – Fluoroantimonic acid – Actually, it is a super acid that is a mixture of hydrofluoric acid (HF) and antimony pentafluoride (SbF5). It is a thousand trillion times stronger than concentrated sulfuric acid. Even short-term contact with the skin can result in serious injuries or death – just like inhaling its vapors. Fluoroantimonic acid is stored in special containers.

Our planet composition – What is inside the Earth?

Our planet composition - Earth crust - cutaway

Our planet composition – What is inside the Earth?

Our planet composition – Crust, mantle and core. In this abbreviated way one could characterize three layers of Earth, which were created at the beginning of its existence.

  • Lithosphere – Top layer of Earth, which is in direct interaction with other terrestrial spheres, such as the hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere.
  • Crust – It consists of the oceanic and earth’s crust. The thickness of the earth’s reaches up to 70 kilometers. The oceanic is thinner and its thickness varies between five and ten kilometers.
  • Conrad’s discontinuity – Horizontal surface of the discontinuity in the earth’s crust that forms the transition between the upper and lower layers. Its depth varies in different types of crust from 5 to 30 km.
  • Mohorovićic’s discontinuity – A layer that geologically defines the passage of the earth’s crust and upper mantle. Occurs in 20-90 kilometers deep under continents, and 10-20 kilometers under the oceans.
  • Earth’s mantle – Layer consisting of upper and lower mantle. The upper reaches the depth of 90 kilometers. The lower one is assigned a depth of 650 km to the Earth’s core, and therefore approximately 2,900 km.
  • Repetti’s discontinuity – The area between the upper and the lower mantle.
  • Gutenberg’s discontinuity – Part of the Earth’s envelope, which is assigned at depth of 2,900 kilometers. Below it is the core of the Earth.
  • Core – Geosphere, located in the center of the Earth. It starts at depth of 2,900 kilometers below the surface and covers approximately 31% of the Earth’s mass, with iron and nickel being the largest part of it. The core is twice as heavy as the Earth’s mantle and consists of a semi-internal inner core, which, among other things, creates the Earth’s magnetic field.

Andre-Marie Ampere – Thoughtful and versatile scientist

Andre-Marie AmpereAndre-Marie AmpereAndre-Marie AmpereAndre-Marie Ampere - Museum of Ampere - Poleymieux, Mont d'Or, France, 2007Andre-Marie Ampere - Ampere grave in Montmartre, Paris, 2006Andre-Marie Ampere - Ampere grave (detail) - Montmartre, Paris, France, 2006Andre-Marie Ampere - Museum of Ampere - Poleymieux, Mont d'Or, FranceAndre-Marie Ampere - Museum of Ampere - Poleymieux, Mont d'Or, France

Andre-Marie Ampere – Thoughtful and versatile scientist

Andre-Marie Ampere – (1775 – 1836) – The ancestor of electrodynamics did not go to primary school, his father taught him alone. Ampere sent his first scientific work to the Lyon Academy of Sciences (Academie de Lyon) at the age of 13! A quiet life and urgent studies were interrupted when his father was guillotined in 1793 for the Jacobin dictatorship. Eighteen-year-old Ampere has suffered this trauma. After the period of mourning, he returned to science and spiritual work. He was interested in mathematics and physics as well as in philosophy, botany, chemistry, as well as Latin, Italian and Greek.

Son Jean-Jacques Ampere (1800 – 1864) after his father’s death finished his work. Which was to classify the sciences –

Sketches from the philosophy of science, or an analytic representation of the general classification of all human knowledge

But his greatest merit is description of magnetism and subsequent establishment of the theory of electromagnetic phenomena as the basis of electrodynamics. He also created the first magnetic coil, which became the basis for the later telegraph.

At the age of 22, he began to teach mathematics in Lyon and later became a professor of chemistry and physics. For nineteen years he taught at the Polytechnique in Paris. During his lifetime he belonged to many scientific societies and he was also appreciated abroad. Unfortunately, his financial situation did not reflect merit. He often lacked money for experiments, which delayed his work.
He spent most of his life traveling, while on one of them in Marseilles, on June 10, 1836, he died. On the gravestone, according to his wishes, engraved: Tandem felix – Finally happy.

Oldest pictogram – Presentation of concept

Oldest pictogram - presentation of concept with image - Göbekli Tepe map

Oldest pictogram – Presentation of concept

Oldest pictogram – Presentation of concept with image – Archaeologists in Gobekli Tepe
in Turkey have found the oldest pictogram, the representation of the concept with the image.

On one of the obelisks they discovered the drawing of a human head in the wing of the vulture
and the headless human body under the stele.
Around the body are birds and scorpions.
According to experts, this is a pictorial representation of a particular event.
The drawing comes
from 12 thousands
years.

Probably the scene is related to funeral rituals. At that time, people buried dead in open graves,
where they left them to devour predators and scavengers.

The locals believed that the soul of the deceased would then go to heaven.
Imagery about
the funeral habits of the then Gobekli Tepe inhabitants, archaeologists gain first of all from
the findings of the oldest temple complex that served as a religious center for a larger region.

First birds – Victims of dinosaurs

First birds - victims of dinosaurs - Microraptor_575_AL

First birds – Victims of dinosaurs

First birds – Victims of dinosaurs – Paleontologist Jingmal O’Connor made in China discovery,
that the first
birds were victims of representatives of the dinosaurs.

– “125 million years ago, dinosaur Microraptor Gui hunted and devoured entirely
representative of
primitive birds from the group Enantiornithines.
The find
confirms our belief that the dromerosaurs lived on the trees.

Brussels tunnel – Experiment with photocatalysis

Brussels tunnel - Arcades and tunnel Cinquantenaire, Belgium

Brussels tunnel – Experiment with photocatalysis

Brussels tunnel – Experiment with photocatalysis – In 09.2011. European experts began their
experiment
in the Brussels tunnel, through which passes every day 25 thousand. cars.
100
meter length of building was covered with cement with titanium dioxide TiO2,
which
is the source of a chemical process called photocatalysis, acts as a catalyst driven by
solar radiation
(UV).