Oldest pictogram – Presentation of concept
Oldest pictogram – Presentation of concept with image – Archaeologists in Gobekli Tepe
in Turkey have found the oldest pictogram, the representation of the concept with the image.
On one of the obelisks they discovered the drawing of a human head in the wing of the vulture
and the headless human body under the stele. Around the body are birds and scorpions.
According to experts, this is a pictorial representation of a particular event. The drawing comes
from 12 thousands years.
Probably the scene is related to funeral rituals. At that time, people buried dead in open graves,
where they left them to devour predators and scavengers.
The locals believed that the soul of the deceased would then go to heaven. Imagery about
the funeral habits of the then Gobekli Tepe inhabitants, archaeologists gain first of all from
the findings of the oldest temple complex that served as a religious center for a larger region.
Devil’s work – Catholic fight against tattoos
Devil’s work – The Catholic Church led the fight against tattoos. Which is called the devil’s work, and later – a sign of witchcraft. Thus virtually abolished the tradition of tattooing in Europe.
Bible confusion – Describes creation of the world
Bible confusion – Form of the Old Testament, which describes the creation of the world, the revelation of the rights of God’s people. The story chosen by God to the Jewish people and important prophecies. Established in Judaism at the latest at the end of the century. If we exclude some marginal sect itself the Jewish religion – Judaism – also not recorded since then time major changes. The Christians took over this part of the Bible and completed books, which are not included in the canon of Judaism. Their number varies with Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox people. However, these differences are not very big.
Evangelical discussions – Interests of different groups
Evangelical discussions – Discussions often targets the interests of different groups, lasted several centuries. According to the biblical historian Richard Sisson final verdict fell on the council, who in the fifth century. The 568 majority votes against 563 considered canon of the Gospel of St. Luke, Matthew, Mark and John. It should be added that the participants of the council voted on the overall appearance of the Bible, and to agree on the choice of the gospel has been informally for many years before.
Nag Hammadi Gospels – Christian texts from Egypt
Nag Hammadi Gospels – In 1945. The greatest discoveries made unbiblical Christian texts Egyptian farmer from the village of Nag Hammadi. That is why it is called discovery of the Nag Hammadi Library. It contains more than 50 texts. The most famous are the Gospels of St. Thomas, St. Philip, Mary Magdalene, the Truth and the Egyptians. Scientific studies have confirmed that the letters come from a similar time as the gospels of the Bible. The oldest of them, the Gospel of St. Thomas, is even older than the Gospel of St. John.
Different gnostic bible – Unlike the canonical texts
Different gnostic bible – In the Gospel of St. Philip says eg. That Jesus often kissed Mary Magdalene on the mouth, unlike the canonical texts. And the Apocrypha appears as one of the disciples of Jesus.
Bible authors – Writers inspired by God
Bible authors – Believing Christians and Jews do not doubt that the real author of the Bible is God. Human writers frequented only inspired by God. Scientists have for a long time could not answer the question, how many of these writers were men. Modern science recognizes that the biblical text is the work of different authors. Distinguishable on the basis of their ideological attitudes and language style. Moshe Koppel of Bar-Ilan University with the help of a computer program split the text on the part of the priestly and no priestly within a few minutes.
Reading tea leaves – Shows the best future
Reading tea leaves – What grounds will show the best future? According to the proponents tasseomancy (or otherwise – tasseography), which is the art of divination tea leaves, it does not matter. You can foretell both the tea leaves of tea and coffee, and even from the sediment after wine.
Pope changes name – Direction of pontificate
Pope changes name – They show in this way the direction of his pontificate, as the name refers generally to its predecessor, on which the new pope’s model. The first, which changed his secular name was John II, who served as the head of the church in the years 533 – 535. He is probably because his name – Mercurius – was the name of the Roman god. With lasting from 913. He broke tradition until the present Pope, who first took the name Francis.
Polish Catholics – What they believe
Polish Catholics – What they believe – The research center CBOS follows:
- 82% of respondents stated belief that God hears the prayers (but it is not too intense faith, he regularly prays less than half of the Catholics).
- 70% believe in the Last Judgement, in miracles and in the fact that man has an immortal soul (but 36% believe that they have it also animals).
- 66% do not accept derived from the teachings of the Church faith in destiny, the existence of good or bad fortune, horoscopes and talismans.
- 62% – believe in the resurrection of the dead,
- 59% – the burden of original sin,
- 56% – in hell,
- 35% – all the elements of the Catholic faith.